United States Fixed IP Cameras Market Report 2016

Publisher Name :
Date: 07-Sep-2016
No. of pages: 109
Inquire Before Buying

Notes:

Sales, means the sales volume of Fixed IP Cameras

Revenue, means the sales value of Fixed IP Cameras

This report studies sales (consumption) of Fixed IP Cameras in United States market, focuses on the top players, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player, covering

- ACTi

- Axis Communications

- Arecont Vision

- Panasonic

- Pelco

- Honeywell

- Samsung

- Bosch

- Canon

- Vivotek

- Hikvision

- Marshall Electronics

- Blackhawk Imaging

- Dahua Technology

- Digital Watchdog

- MOBOTIX

- FLIR

- Foscam

- GEOVISION

- Lorex by FLIR

- Speco Technologies

- Swann

- Toshiba

- TRENDnet

- Ubiquiti Networks

- American Dynamics

Split by product types, with sales, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, can be divided into

- Type I

- Type II

- Type III

Split by applications, this report focuses on sales, market share and growth rate of Fixed IP Cameras in each application, can be divided into

- Application 1

- Application 2

- Application 3

United States Fixed IP Cameras Market Report 2016

Table of Contents
United States Fixed IP Cameras Market Report 2016
1 Fixed IP Cameras Overview
1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Fixed IP Cameras
1.2 Classification of Fixed IP Cameras
1.2.1 Type I
1.2.2 Type II
1.2.3 Type III
1.3 Application of Fixed IP Cameras
1.3.1 Application 1
1.3.2 Application 2
1.3.3 Application 3
1.4 United States Market Size Sales (Value) and Revenue (Volume) of Fixed IP Cameras (2011-2021)
1.4.1 United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
1.4.2 United States Fixed IP Cameras Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
2 United States Fixed IP Cameras Competition by Manufacturers
2.1 United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales and Market Share of Key Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
2.2 United States Fixed IP Cameras Revenue and Share by Manufactures (2015 and 2016)
2.3 United States Fixed IP Cameras Average Price by Manufactures (2015 and 2016)
2.4 Fixed IP Cameras Market Competitive Situation and Trends
2.4.1 Fixed IP Cameras Market Concentration Rate
2.4.2 Fixed IP Cameras Market Share of Top 3 and Top 5 Manufacturers
2.4.3 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion
3 United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales (Volume) and Revenue (Value) by Type (2011-2016)
3.1 United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
3.2 United States Fixed IP Cameras Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
3.3 United States Fixed IP Cameras Price by Type (2011-2016)
3.4 United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales Growth Rate by Type (2011-2016)
4 United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales (Volume) by Application (2011-2016)
4.1 United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales and Market Share by Application (2011-2016)
4.2 United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales Growth Rate by Application (2011-2016)
4.3 Market Drivers and Opportunities
5 United States Fixed IP Cameras Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis
5.1 ACTi
5.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors
5.1.2 Fixed IP Cameras Product Type, Application and Specification
5.1.2.1 Type I
5.1.2.2 Type II
5.1.3 ACTi Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.2 Axis Communications
5.2.2 Fixed IP Cameras Product Type, Application and Specification
5.2.2.1 Type I
5.2.2.2 Type II
5.2.3 Axis Communications Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.3 Arecont Vision
5.3.2 Fixed IP Cameras Product Type, Application and Specification
5.3.2.1 Type I
5.3.2.2 Type II
5.3.3 Arecont Vision Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.4 Panasonic
5.4.2 Fixed IP Cameras Product Type, Application and Specification
5.4.2.1 Type I
5.4.2.2 Type II
5.4.3 Panasonic Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.4.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.5 Pelco
5.5.2 Fixed IP Cameras Product Type, Application and Specification
5.5.2.1 Type I
5.5.2.2 Type II
5.5.3 Pelco Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.5.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.6 Honeywell
5.6.2 Fixed IP Cameras Product Type, Application and Specification
5.6.2.1 Type I
5.6.2.2 Type II
5.6.3 Honeywell Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.6.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.7 Samsung
5.7.2 Fixed IP Cameras Product Type, Application and Specification
5.7.2.1 Type I
5.7.2.2 Type II
5.7.3 Samsung Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.7.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.8 Bosch
5.8.2 Fixed IP Cameras Product Type, Application and Specification
5.8.2.1 Type I
5.8.2.2 Type II
5.8.3 Bosch Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.8.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.9 Canon
5.9.2 Fixed IP Cameras Product Type, Application and Specification
5.9.2.1 Type I
5.9.2.2 Type II
5.9.3 Canon Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.9.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.10 Vivotek
5.10.2 Fixed IP Cameras Product Type, Application and Specification
5.10.2.1 Type I
5.10.2.2 Type II
5.10.3 Vivotek Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.10.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.11 Hikvision
5.12 Marshall Electronics
5.13 Blackhawk Imaging
5.14 Dahua Technology
5.15 Digital Watchdog
5.16 MOBOTIX
5.17 FLIR
5.18 Foscam
5.19 GEOVISION
5.20 Lorex by FLIR
5.21 Speco Technologies
5.22 Swann
5.23 Toshiba
5.24 TRENDnet
5.25 Ubiquiti Networks
5.26 American Dynamics
6 Fixed IP Cameras Manufacturing Cost Analysis
6.1 Fixed IP Cameras Key Raw Materials Analysis
6.1.1 Key Raw Materials
6.1.2 Price Trend of Key Raw Materials
6.1.3 Key Suppliers of Raw Materials
6.1.4 Market Concentration Rate of Raw Materials
6.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure
6.2.1 Raw Materials
6.2.2 Labor Cost
6.2.3 Manufacturing Expenses
6.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Fixed IP Cameras
7 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers
7.1 Fixed IP Cameras Industrial Chain Analysis
7.2 Upstream Raw Materials Sourcing
7.3 Raw Materials Sources of Fixed IP Cameras Major Manufacturers in 2015
7.4 Downstream Buyers
8 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders
8.1 Marketing Channel
8.1.1 Direct Marketing
8.1.2 Indirect Marketing
8.1.3 Marketing Channel Development Trend
8.2 Market Positioning
8.2.1 Pricing Strategy
8.2.2 Brand Strategy
8.2.3 Target Client
8.3 Distributors/Traders List
9 Market Effect Factors Analysis
9.1 Technology Progress/Risk
9.1.1 Substitutes Threat
9.1.2 Technology Progress in Related Industry
9.2 Consumer Needs/Customer Preference Change
9.3 Economic/Political Environmental Change
10 United States Fixed IP Cameras Market Forecast (2016-2021)
10.1 United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue Forecast (2016-2021)
10.2 United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales Forecast by Type (2016-2021)
10.3 United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales Forecast by Application (2016-2021)
10.4 Fixed IP Cameras Price Forecast (2016-2021)
11 Research Findings and Conclusion
12 Appendix
Author List
Disclosure Section
Research Methodology
Data Source
Disclaimer
List of Tables and Figures
Figure Picture of Fixed IP Cameras
Table Classification of Fixed IP Cameras
Figure United States Sales Market Share of Fixed IP Cameras by Type in 2015
Table Application of Fixed IP Cameras
Figure United States Sales Market Share of Fixed IP Cameras by Application in 2015
Figure United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
Figure United States Fixed IP Cameras Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
Table United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales of Key Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Table United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Figure 2015 Fixed IP Cameras Sales Share by Manufacturers
Figure 2016 Fixed IP Cameras Sales Share by Manufacturers
Table United States Fixed IP Cameras Revenue by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Table United States Fixed IP Cameras Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Table 2015 United States Fixed IP Cameras Revenue Share by Manufacturers
Table 2016 United States Fixed IP Cameras Revenue Share by Manufacturers
Table United States Market Fixed IP Cameras Average Price of Key Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Figure United States Market Fixed IP Cameras Average Price of Key Manufacturers in 2015
Figure Fixed IP Cameras Market Share of Top 3 Manufacturers
Figure Fixed IP Cameras Market Share of Top 5 Manufacturers
Table United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales by Type (2011-2016)
Table United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales Share by Type (2011-2016)
Figure United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share by Type in 2015
Table United States Fixed IP Cameras Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
Table United States Fixed IP Cameras Revenue Share by Type (2011-2016)
Figure Revenue Market Share of Fixed IP Cameras by Type (2011-2016)
Table United States Fixed IP Cameras Price by Type (2011-2016)
Figure United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales Growth Rate by Type (2011-2016)
Table United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales by Application (2011-2016)
Table United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share by Application (2011-2016)
Figure United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share by Application in 2015
Table United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales Growth Rate by Application (2011-2016)
Figure United States Fixed IP Cameras Sales Growth Rate by Application (2011-2016)
Table ACTi Basic Information List
Table ACTi Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Figure ACTi Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Axis Communications Basic Information List
Table Axis Communications Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Axis Communications Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Arecont Vision Basic Information List
Table Arecont Vision Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Arecont Vision Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Panasonic Basic Information List
Table Panasonic Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Panasonic Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Pelco Basic Information List
Table Pelco Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Pelco Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Honeywell Basic Information List
Table Honeywell Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Honeywell Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Samsung Basic Information List
Table Samsung Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Samsung Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Bosch Basic Information List
Table Bosch Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Bosch Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Canon Basic Information List
Table Canon Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Canon Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Vivotek Basic Information List
Table Vivotek Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Vivotek Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Hikvision Basic Information List
Table Hikvision Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Hikvision Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Marshall Electronics Basic Information List
Table Marshall Electronics Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Marshall Electronics Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Blackhawk Imaging Basic Information List
Table Blackhawk Imaging Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Blackhawk Imaging Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Dahua Technology Basic Information List
Table Dahua Technology Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Dahua Technology Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Digital Watchdog Basic Information List
Table Digital Watchdog Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Digital Watchdog Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table MOBOTIX Basic Information List
Table MOBOTIX Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table MOBOTIX Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table FLIR Basic Information List
Table FLIR Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table FLIR Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Foscam Basic Information List
Table Foscam Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Foscam Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table GEOVISION Basic Information List
Table GEOVISION Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table GEOVISION Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Lorex by FLIR Basic Information List
Table Lorex by FLIR Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Lorex by FLIR Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Speco Technologies Basic Information List
Table Speco Technologies Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Speco Technologies Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Swann Basic Information List
Table Swann Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Swann Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Toshiba Basic Information List
Table Toshiba Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Toshiba Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table TRENDnet Basic Information List
Table TRENDnet Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table TRENDnet Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Ubiquiti Networks Basic Information List
Table Ubiquiti Networks Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Ubiquiti Networks Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table American Dynamics Basic Information List
Table American Dynamics Fixed IP Cameras Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table American Dynamics Fixed IP Cameras Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Production Base and Market Concentration Rate of Raw Material
Figure Price Trend of Key Raw Materials
Table Key Suppliers of Raw Materials
Figure Manufacturing Cost Structure of Fixed IP Cameras
Figure Manufacturing Process Analysis of Fixed IP Cameras
Figure Fixed IP Cameras Industrial Chain Analysis
Table Raw Materials Sources of Fixed IP Cameras Major Manufacturers in 2015
Table Major Buyers of Fixed IP Cameras
Table Distributors/Traders List
Figure United States Fixed IP Cameras Production and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)
Figure United States Fixed IP Cameras Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)
Table United States Fixed IP Cameras Production Forecast by Type (2016-2021)
Table United States Fixed IP Cameras Consumption Forecast by Application (2016-2021)
  • 2017-2022 United States Smart Door Lock Market Report (Status and Outlook)
    Published: 15-Dec-2017        Price: US 3360 Onwards        Pages: 118
    "This report will be delivered in 2-3 business days after the order is placed." In 2016, the Smart Door Lock market size was xx million USD in United States, and it will be xx million USD in 2022, with a CAGR of xx% between 2016 and 2022. In United States market, the top players include ASSA ABLOY Samsung Allegion Kwikset (Spectrum Brands) MIWA Lock Master......
  • 2017-2022 North America Smart Door Lock Market Report
    Published: 15-Dec-2017        Price: US 4660 Onwards        Pages: 118
    "This report will be delivered in 2-3 business days after the order is placed." In 2016, the North America Smart Door Lock market size was xx million USD and it will reach xx million USD in 2022, with a CAGR of xx% between 2016 and 2022. This report studies Smart Door Lock in North America market, especially in United States, Canada and Mexico, focuses on the top players in each country, covering ASSA ABLOY......
  • 2017-2022 India Smart Door Lock Market Report (Status and Outlook)
    Published: 15-Dec-2017        Price: US 3360 Onwards        Pages: 118
    "This report will be delivered in 2-3 business days after the order is placed." In 2016, the Smart Door Lock market size was xx million USD in China, and it will be xx million USD in 2022, with a CAGR of xx% between 2016 and 2022. In India market, the top players include ASSA ABLOY Samsung Allegion Kwikset (Spectrum Brands) MIWA Lock Master Lock (Fortune B......
  • 2017-2022 Global Top Countries Smart Door Lock Market Report
    Published: 15-Dec-2017        Price: US 4960 Onwards        Pages: 118
    "This report will be delivered in 2-3 business days after the order is placed." In 2016, the global Smart Door Lock market size was xx million USD, and it will be xx million USD in 2022, with a CAGR of xx% between 2016 and 2022. This report studies Smart Door Lock in Global market, especially in United States, Canada, Mexico, Germany, France, UK, Italy, Russia, China, Japan, India, Korea, Southeast Asia, Australia, Brazil, Middle East and Af......
  • 2017-2022 Europe Top Countries Smart Door Lock Market Report
    Published: 15-Dec-2017        Price: US 4660 Onwards        Pages: 118
    "This report will be delivered in 2-3 business days after the order is placed." In 2016, the Europe Smart Door Lock market size was xx million USD and it will reach xx million USD in 2022, with a CAGR of xx% between 2016 and 2022. This report studies Smart Door Lock in Europe market, especially in Germany, UK, France, Italy, Russia, Benelux, Turkey and other countries in Europe, focuses on the top players in each country, covering......
  • 2017-2022 China Smart Door Lock Market Report (Status and Outlook)
    Published: 15-Dec-2017        Price: US 3360 Onwards        Pages: 118
    "This report will be delivered in 2-3 business days after the order is placed." In 2016, the Smart Door Lock market size was xx million USD in China, and it will be xx million USD in 2022, with a CAGR of xx% between 2016 and 2022. In China market, the top players include ASSA ABLOY Samsung Allegion Kwikset (Spectrum Brands) MIWA Lock Master Lock (Fortune B......
  • 2017-2022 Asia-Pacific Top Countries Smart Door Lock Market Report
    Published: 15-Dec-2017        Price: US 4660 Onwards        Pages: 118
    "This report will be delivered in 2-3 business days after the order is placed." In 2016, the Asia-Pacific Smart Door Lock market size was xx million USD and it will reach xx million USD in 2022, with a CAGR of xx% between 2016 and 2022. This report studies Smart Door Lock in Asia-Pacific market, especially in China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, India, Australia, Indonesia, Thailand and Philippines, focuses on the top players in each country, coveri......
  • 2017 Top 5 Smart Door Lock Players in North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East and Africa
    Published: 15-Dec-2017        Price: US 4960 Onwards        Pages: 118
    "This report will be delivered in 2-3 business days after the order is placed." The Global Smart Door Lock market size will be XX million (USD) in 2022, from the XX million (USD) in 2016, with a CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) of XX% from between 2016 and 2022. This report studies the global Smart Door Lock market, especially in North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East and Africa, focuses on the top 5 Smart Door Loc......
  • 2015-2023 World Cycle Computer Market Research Report by Product Type, End-User / Application and Regions / Countries
    Published: 14-Dec-2017        Price: US 2800 Onwards        Pages: 141
    Summary A Cycle Computer is a device mounted on a bicycle that calculates and displays trip information, similar to the instruments in the dashboard of a car. The computer with display, or head unit, usually is attached to the handlebar for easy viewing. Cycle computers help you make the most of your time on the bike and are a great training tool, they have many functions including speed, distance, maximum speed, average speed and some even feature cadence (pedal ......
  • SERVICES
    Value for Money
    We believe in "optimum utilization of available budget and resources". While servicing our clients' (your) market research requirements, we keep the same approach in focus to help you get the best value for your $$s.
    Ever Growing Inventory
    Ranging from the smallest feasible / required data (datasheets, data facts, SWOT analysis, company profiles, etc) to full research reports that help you make decisions, our inventory is updated almost on a daily basis with the latest industry reports from domain experts that track more than 5000 niche sectors.
    One Stop Solution
    Need a custom research report on medical devices market? Require all available business intelligence on 3D printing industry? Exploring F&B sector of a particular country/region? RnRMarketResearch.com is your one-stop-solution to all market intelligence needs. We not only offer custom research and consulting services, we also "bundle" reports to meet your needs and help you fetch the data analysis you require for your business.
    Dedicated Client Engagement
    Not limited to only "finding" relevant reports for you, our client engagement team dedicates its efforts to understand your "business need" and accordingly maps available research data to help you move forward. Call "your" client engagement executive any time of your day and get your questions answered in order to make the correct business decision.
    Saving Time and Efforts
    Simply share your research requirement details with us and let us do all the hard work to find required intelligence for you. When you add up our "one stop solution" and "dedicated client engagement" services mentioned above, you obviously know the time and effort saving you do by working with us.
    Payment Flexibility
    Working with Fortune 500 organizations, we understand the importance of being flexible for payments. Share your payment terms with us and we will surely match up to them to ensure you get access to required business intelligence data without having to wait for the payment to be done.
    Post-Purchase Research Support
    Have questions after reading a report / datasheet bought through us? Not sure about the methodology used for data available in the research? Talk to us / Share your questions with us and if required, we will connect you with the analyst(s)/author(s) of the report(s) and ensure you get satisfactory answers for the same. Need more data / analysis / report(s) on the topic of your research/project? The RnRMarketResearch.com team is here for you 24X7 to support you with your post-purchase requirements. Subscription Offers & Packages (Get in touch with us for more details - sales@rnrmarketresearch.com / +1 888 391 5441 )
    • Ad Hoc
    • Pay - as - you - go / Bucket Subscriptions
    • Fixed Cost for #of reports
    • Customize / Personalize as per your needs