The Wireless Network Infrastructure Ecosystem: 2016 – 2030 – Macrocell RAN, Small Cells, C-RAN, RRH, DAS, Carrier Wi-Fi, Mobile Core, Backhaul & Fronthaul

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Date: 24-Mar-2016
No. of pages: 612
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The term “Wireless Network Infrastructure” has conventionally been associated with macrocell RAN (Radio Access Network) and mobile core segments of mobile operator networks. However, the scope of the term is expanding as mobile operators increase their investments in Heterogeneous Network or HetNet infrastructure such as small cells, carrier Wi-Fi and DAS (Distributed Antenna Systems), to cope with increasing capacity and coverage requirements.

In addition, mobile operators are keen to shift towards a C-RAN (Centralized RAN) architecture, which centralizes baseband functionality to be shared across a large number of distributed radio nodes. In comparison to standalone clusters of base stations, C-RAN provides significant performance and economic benefits such as baseband pooling, enhanced coordination between cells, virtualization, network extensibility and energy efficiency.

Due to a decline in macrocell RAN infrastructure spending, SNS Research estimates that the wireless network infrastructure market will remain relatively flat through 2020, with annual investments of over $61 Billion. We also expect a significant shift in investments towards small cells, C-RAN, DAS and carrier Wi-Fi infrastructure. By 2020, these four submarkets, together with their fronthaul and backhaul segments, will account for over 50% of all wireless network infrastructure spending.

The “Wireless Network Infrastructure Ecosystem: 2016 – 2030 – Macrocell RAN, Small Cells, C-RAN, RRH, DAS, Carrier Wi-Fi, Mobile Core, Backhaul & Fronthaul” report presents an in-depth assessment of the wireless network infrastructure ecosystem including enabling technologies, key trends, market drivers, challenges, investment trends, mobile operator revenue potential, regional CapEx commitments, network rollout strategies, future roadmap, value chain, ecosystem player profiles and vendor market share. The report also presents forecasts for wireless network infrastructure investments from 2016 till 2030. The forecasts cover 9 individual submarkets and 6 regions.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.

The report covers the following topics:


  •  Up-to-date coverage of market dynamics allowing wireless network infrastructure vendors to analyze opportunities and challenges of selling to mobile operators in different regional markets

  •  Analysis of demand and supply of wireless network infrastructure including forecasts of investment trends, technology requirements and deployment strategies for antenna, RAN, mobile core, backhaul and fronthaul deployments

  •  Review of mobile operator CapEx commitments, subscriptions, traffic projections and service revenue, by technology and region

  •  Market outlook for key technologies including TD-LTE, LTE-Advanced, VoLTE, RCS, LTE broadcast, unlicensed LTE small cells and 5G

  •  Industry roadmap and value chain

  •  Profiles and strategies of over 350 ecosystem players including wireless network infrastructure vendors and enabling technology providers

  •  Vendor market share for macrocell RAN, small cells, C-RAN, DAS, carrier Wi-Fi, mobile core, backhaul and fronthaul

  •  Market analysis and forecasts from 2016 till 2030


Forecast Segmentation

Market forecasts are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:

Macrocell RAN

Air Interface Technology Segmentation


  •  2G & 3G

  •  LTE FDD

  •  TD-LTE

  •  WiMAX


Mobile Core

Technology Segmentation


  •  3G Packet Core

  •  HLR (Home Location Register)

  •  MSS (Mobile Switching Subsystem)

  •  LTE EPC (Evolved Packet Core)

  •  WiMAX Mobile Core

  •  5G Mobile Core


Macrocell Backhaul

Technology Segmentation


  •  Ethernet

  •  Microwave & Millimeter Wave

  •  Satellite

  •  WDM (Wavelength Division Multiplexing)

  •  PON (Passive Optical Network)

  •  Others


Small Cells

Air Interface Technology Segmentation


  •  2G & 3G

  •  LTE

  •  5G


Deployment Model Segmentation


  •  Indoor

  •  Outdoor


Use Case Segmentation


  •  Residential

  •  Enterprise

  •  Urban

  •  Rural & Suburban


Cell Size Segmentation


  •  Femtocells

  •  Picocells

  •  Microcells


Small Cell Backhaul

Technology Segmentation


  •  DSL

  •  Ethernet

  •  Microwave

  •  Millimeter Wave

  •  Satellite

  •  Fiber & Others


Carrier Wi-Fi

Sub market Segmentation


  •  Access Points

  •  Access Point Controllers


Integration Approach Segmentation


  •  Standalone Wi-Fi Hotspots

  •  Managed Wi-Fi Offload


C-RAN

Air Interface Technology Segmentation


  •  3G & LTE

  •  5G


Deployment Model Segmentation


  •  Indoor

  •  Outdoor


Sub market Segmentation


  •  BBUs (Baseband Units)

  •  RRHs (Remote Radio Heads)


C-RAN Fronthaul

Technology Segmentation


  •  Dedicated Fiber

  •  WDM

  •  OTN (Optical Transport Network)

  •  PON

  •  Ethernet

  •  Microwave

  •  Millimeter Wave


DAS

Deployment Model Segmentation


  •  Indoor

  •  Outdoor


Regional Markets


  •  Asia Pacific

  •  Eastern Europe

  •  Latin & Central America

  •  Middle East & Africa

  •  North America

  •  Western Europe


Key Questions Answered

The report provides answers to the following key questions:


  •  How big is the 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G wireless network infrastructure opportunity?

  •  What trends, challenges and barriers are influencing its growth?

  •  How is the ecosystem evolving by segment and region?

  •  Which submarkets will see the highest percentage of growth?

  •  What will the market size be in 2020 and at what rate will it grow?

  •  How will the market shape for small cell, C-RAN, carrier Wi-Fi and DAS deployments?

  •  How much service revenue will be generated by mobile operator networks?  

  •  When will 2G and 3G infrastructure spending diminish?

  •  What is the outlook for LTE and 5G infrastructure investments?

  •  What are the future prospects of millimeter wave technology for backhaul, fronthaul and RAN deployments?

  •  Who are the key vendors in the market, what is their market share and what are their strategies?

  •  What strategies should wireless network infrastructure vendors and mobile operators adopt to remain competitive?


Key Findings

The report has the following key findings:


  •  Due to a decline in macrocell RAN infrastructure spending, SNS Research estimates that the wireless network infrastructure market will remain relatively flat through 2020, with annual investments of over $61 Billion.

  •  SNS Research expects a significant shift in investments towards small cells, C-RAN, DAS and carrier Wi-Fi infrastructure. By 2020, these four submarkets, together with their fronthaul and backhaul segments, will account for over 50% of all wireless network infrastructure spending.

  •  Small cell and C-RAN solutions are beginning to converge as small cell OEMs seek to capitalize on the benefits of centralized coordination for in-building and enterprise coverage.

  •  Driven by ongoing large scale deployments, we estimate that LTE networks will generate nearly $800 Billion in annual service revenue by 2020.

  •  Vendors are increasing their focus on profit margins. Many are already cutting staff, embracing operational excellence, evolving their new business models, acquiring niche businesses and expanding their managed services offerings.

  •  New CapEx commitment avenues such as HetNet infrastructure and virtualization will continue to usher industry restructuring, and market consolidation.


List of Companies Mentioned


  • 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project)

  • 3Roam

  • 4ipnet

  • 4RF

  • 6WIND

  • ABB

  • Ablaze Wireless

  • Absolute Analysis

  • Accedian Networks

  • Accelink Technologies

  • Accelleran

  • Accuris Networks

  • AceAxis

  • Actelis Networks

  • Actiontec

  • Actus Networks

  • Adax

  • ADB

  • ADI (Analog Devices Inc.)

  • ADLINK Technology

  • ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies)

  • ADTRAN

  • ADVA Optical Networking

  • Advantech

  • Advantech Wireless

  • Aerohive Networks

  • Affarii Technologies

  • Affirmed Networks

  • AirHop Communications

  • Airspan Networks

  • Airvana

  • AKM (Asahi Kasei Microdevices)

  • ALAXALA Networks

  • Albis Technologies

  • Alcatel-Lucent

  • ALCOMA

  • Allied Data Technologies

  • Allied Telesis

  • Allot Communications

  • Alpha Networks

  • Altiostar Networks

  • Alvarion Technologies

  • Amarisoft

  • Amdocs

  • American Tower Corporation

  • Anritsu Corporation

  • Aptilo Networks

  • Aquantia

  • Arcadyan Technology Corporation

  • Argela

  • Aricent

  • ARItel

  • ARM Holdings

  • Arqiva

  • Arris

  • Artemis Networks

  • Artesyn Embedded Technologies

  • Artiza Networks

  • Aruba Networks

  • Askey Computer Corporation

  • ASOCS

  • Astellia

  • ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)

  • AT&T Mobility

  • Athena Wireless Communications

  • Athonet

  • Autelan

  • Avago Technologies

  • Avanti Communications

  • Aviat Networks

  • AVM

  • Axis Teknologies

  • Axxcelera Broadband Wireless (Moseley Associates)

  • Azcom Technology

  • BandwidthX

  • Benetel

  • Bharti Airtel

  • Birdstep Technology

  • Black Box Corporation

  • BLiNQ Networks

  • Blu Wireless Technology

  • BluWan

  • BridgeWave Communications

  • Broadcom Corporation

  • Brocade Communications Systems

  • Browan Communications

  • BSG Wireless

  • BTI Systems

  • BTI Wireless

  • CableFree Solutions

  • Cadence Design Systems

  • Calix

  • Cambium Networks

  • Canoga Perkins

  • Carlson Wireless Technologies

  • Casa Systems

  • Cavium

  • CBNL (Cambridge Broadband Networks Ltd.)

  • CCI (Communication Components Inc.)

  • CCI (Competitive Companies, Inc.)

  • CCI (Crown Castle International)

  • CCI Systems

  • CCS (Cambridge Communication Systems)

  • CeedTec

  • Cellwize

  • Celtro

  • Ceragon

  • China Mobile

  • China Telecom

  • China Unicom

  • Cielo Networks

  • Ciena Corporation

  • Cisco Systems

  • Cobham Wireless

  • Coherent Logix

  • Comba Telecom Systems Holdings

  • Comcores ApS

  • CommAgility

  • CommScope

  • Comtrend

  • Contela

  • Corecess

  • Coriant

  • Corning

  • CS Corporation

  • D2 Technologies

  • Dali Wireless

  • DASAN Networks

  • Datang Mobile

  • Dell

  • DeltaNode (Bird Technologies)

  • Direct Beam

  • D-Link Corporation

  • Dongwon T&I

  • DragonWave

  • DT (Deutsche Telekom)

  • eASIC Corporation

  • E-Band Communications (Moseley Associates)

  • EBlink

  • ECI Telecom

  • Edgewater Wireless Systems

  • EDX Wireless

  • EION Wireless

  • Elva-1

  • Eoptolink Technology

  • ERCOM

  • Ericsson

  • Ethertronics

  • Exalt Communications

  • EXFO

  • ExteNet Systems

  • Extreme Networks

  • Faraday Technology Corporation

  • FastBack Networks

  • Federated Wireless

  • Femtel (Suzhou Femtel Communications)

  • Fiberhome Technologies

  • FibroLan

  • Finisar Corporation

  • Firetide

  • Fortinet

  • Foxcom

  • Front Porch

  • Fujitsu

  • Galtronics

  • Gemtek Technology Company

  • GENBAND

  • Genmix Technology

  • GigaLight (Shenzhen Gigalight Technology Company)

  • Gilat Satellite Networks

  • GlobalFoundaries

  • GoNet Systems

  • Goodman Networks

  • Google

  • GrenTech (China GrenTech Corporation)

  • GSMA

  • GWT (Global Wireless Technologies)

  • Handlink Technologies

  • HFR

  • HG Genuine

  • Hisense (Hisense Broadband Multimedia Technology)

  • Hitachi

  • HP (Hewlett-Packard)

  • Huahuan

  • Huawei

  • Hughes Network Systems

  • HXI

  • iDirect

  • IDT (Integrated Device Technology)

  • IMEC International

  • Infinera

  • InfoVista

  • InnoLight Technology Corporation

  • Intel Corporation

  • InterDigital

  • Intracom Telecom

  • ip.access

  • IPITEK

  • iPosi

  • Iskratel

  • ITU (International Telecommunications Union)

  • Ixia

  • JMA Wireless

  • JRC (Japan Radio Company)

  • Juni Global

  • Juniper Networks

  • Kathrein-Werke KG

  • KDDI

  • KEYMILE

  • Keysight Technologies

  • Kisan Telecom

  • KMW

  • KT Corporation

  • Kumu Networks

  • Lattice Semiconductor

  • Lemko

  • LG Uplus

  • LGS Innovations

  • LightPointe Communications

  • Lime Microsystems

  • Loea Corporation

  • Lumentum

  • Macom (M/A-COM Technology Solutions)

  • MAX4G

  • Maxim Integrated

  • Megafon

  • Mellanox Technologies

  • MER-CellO Wireless Solutions

  • Meru Networks

  • Microlab (Wireless Telecom Group)

  • Microsemi Corporation

  • Microwave Networks

  • MIMOtech

  • Mitel Networks Corporation

  • Mitsubishi Electric Corporation

  • Mobiveil

  • Molex

  • Movistar Venezuela

  • MRV Communications

  • MTI Mobile

  • MTS (Mobile TeleSystems)

  • Nash Technologies

  • NEC Corporation

  • NETGEAR

  • Netgem

  • NetScout Systems

  • New Postcom Equipment Company

  • NewNet Communication Technologies

  • Nexcomm Systems

  • Nexius

  • Nextivity

  • NexxComm Wireless

  • Node-H

  • Nokia Networks

  • Nomadix

  • Nomor Research

  • NTT DoCoMo

  • Nutaq

  • NXP Semiconductors

  • Oceus Networks

  • Octasic

  • OE Solutions

  • Omnitron Systems

  • OneAccess Networks

  • Optulink

  • Orange

  • P.I. Works

  • Panasonic Corporation

  • Panda Electronics (Nanjing Panda Electronics Company)

  • Parallel Wireless

  • Pletronics

  • PMC-Sierra

  • Polaris Networks

  • Polewall

  • Positron

  • Potevio (China Potevio Company)

  • Procera Networks

  • Proxim Wireless Corporation

  • Public Wireless

  • QEOS

  • Qualcomm

  • Quanta Computer

  • Qucell

  • Qulsar

  • Quortus

  • Qwilt

  • RACOM

  • RAD Data Communications

  • RADCOM

  • Radisys Corporation

  • RADWIN

  • Rakon

  • Red Hat

  • Redline Communications

  • Reverb Networks

  • RF DSP

  • RF Window

  • RFS (Radio Frequency Systems)

  • Rosenberger

  • Ro-Timak Technology

  • Ruckus Wireless

  • SAF Tehnika

  • Sagemcom

  • Saguna Networks

  • SAI Technology

  • Samji Electronics Company

  • Samsung Electronics

  • Sarokal Test Systems

  • Senao Networks

  • SerComm Corporation

  • SIAE Microelectronics (SIAE Microelectronica)

  • Siklu

  • Silicon Labs

  • Sistelbanda

  • SK Telecom

  • SK Telesys

  • SkyFiber

  • Small Cell Forum

  • SMC Networks

  • Smith Micro Software

  • SoftBank Corporation

  • Solectek

  • SOLiD (SOLiD Technologies)

  • Source Photonics

  • SpectrumMax

  • SpiderCloud Wireless

  • Sprint Corporation

  • Star Microwave

  • Star Solutions

  • Sumitomo Electric Industries

  • Sunnada (Fujian Sunnada Communication Company)

  • Sunwave Communications

  • Syniverse Technologies

  • Taqua

  • Tarana Wireless

  • Tata Elxsi

  • Tecom

  • TEKTELIC Communications

  • Telco Systems

  • Telenor Group

  • Telkomsel

  • Tellion

  • Tellumat

  • Telrad Networks

  • Telsey

  • Telum

  • TEOCO Corporation

  • TESSCO Technologies

  • TI (Texas Instruments)

  • Tilgin

  • TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile)

  • TIM Brazil

  • T-Mobile USA

  • TP-LINK Technologies

  • Trango Systems

  • Tranzeo Wireless Technologies

  • Tulinx

  • Ubiquiti Networks

  • Ubiquoss

  • U-blox

  • UTStarcom

  • Vectron International

  • Verizon Wireless

  • Viavi Solutions

  • Vivo

  • Vodafone Group

  • VPIsystems

  • Vubiq Networks

  • Wave1

  • Wavesight

  • WeFi

  • Westell Technologies

  • Wi-Fi Alliance

  • WiPro

  • WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)

  • Xavi Technologies

  • XCellAir

  • Xelic

  • Xilinx

  • Yamaha Corporation

  • Z-Com (ZDC Wireless)

  • Zebra Technologies Corporation

  • Zhone Technologies

  • Zinwave

  • ZTE

  • ZyXEL

The Wireless Network Infrastructure Ecosystem: 2016 – 2030 – Macrocell RAN, Small Cells, C-RAN, RRH, DAS, Carrier Wi-Fi, Mobile Core, Backhaul & Fronthaul

Table of Contents

1 Chapter 1: Introduction 34
1.1 Executive Summary 34
1.2 Topics Covered 36
1.3 Forecast Segmentation 37
1.4 Key Questions Answered 41
1.5 Key Findings 42
1.6 Methodology 43
1.7 Target Audience 44
1.8 Companies & Organizations Mentioned 45

2 Chapter 2: An Overview of Wireless Network Infrastructure 50
2.1 What is Wireless Network Infrastructure? 50
2.2 2G: GSM & CDMA 51
2.2.1 2G Trends & Developments 51
2.2.2 2G Market Summary 52
2.3 3G: W-CDMA, TD-SCDMA & CDMA2000 52
2.3.1 3G Trends & Developments 53
2.3.2 3G Market Summary 54
2.4 4G: LTE, LTE-Advanced & WiMAX 55
2.4.1 4G Trends & Developments 55
2.4.2 4G Market Summary 55
2.5 5G: IMT-2020 Technologies 57
2.5.1 5G Trends & Developments 57
2.5.2 5G Market Summary 58
2.6 Macrocell RAN 60
2.6.1 Macrocell RAN Trends & Developments 61
2.7 HetNet RAN 62
2.7.1 HetNet RAN Trends & Developments 63
2.7.2 Small Cells 63
2.7.3 C-RAN 63
2.7.4 DAS 64
2.7.5 Carrier Wi-Fi 64
2.8 Mobile Core 65
2.8.1 Mobile Core Trends & Developments 65
2.9 Mobile Backhaul & Fronthaul 67
2.9.1 Mobile Backhaul & Fronthaul Trends & Developments 68

3 Chapter 3: Market Drivers, Barriers & Risks 69
3.1 Market Drivers 69
3.1.1 Mobile Subscriptions Growth 69
3.1.2 Smartphone & Tablet Proliferation 70
3.1.3 Growing Penetration of Mobile Broadband 70
3.1.4 Mobile Data Traffic Growth 71
3.1.5 Interest from Vertical Markets 72
3.1.6 Reducing the TCO (Total Cost of Ownership) 73
3.1.7 Replacement of Legacy Infrastructure: Continued Growth in Transport Networking 74
3.1.8 Advances in Spectrum Flexibility & Carrier Aggregation: Driving HetNet Deployments 75
3.1.9 Strategic Choice for CDMA & WiMAX Operators: Join Mainstream Ecosystem 75
3.1.10 Addressing Legacy Network Congestion 75
3.1.11 Bringing Broadband to the Masses 76
3.1.12 Trend Summary: Which Segments of the Wireless Infrastructure Market Will Witness Growth? 76
3.2 Barriers & Risks 76
3.2.1 CapEx Commitments 76
3.2.2 Spectrum Scarcity 77
3.2.3 RAN Sharing: A Concept Embraced by Mobile Operators 77
3.2.4 Operators Are Finding Innovative Ways to Address Capacity Issues 77
3.2.5 Social, Political, Economic and Environmental Threats 78
3.2.6 Country Specific Risks 78
3.3 Key Strategic Options for Mobile Operators 79
3.4 Business Case for Investments in New and Existing Technologies 79
3.4.1 Gain Operational Efficiencies Through Strategic Investments 79
3.4.2 Invest in Capacity for Increased Revenue Opportunities 80
3.4.3 Deliver Best User Experience 80
3.4.4 Reduce Competitive Threats 80
3.4.5 Reserve Network Capacity the M2M Opportunities 81
3.4.6 Increase Customer Satisfaction 81
3.4.7 Capitalize on Differentiation Strategies 81
3.4.8 Evolve Towards the Next Generation 82

4 Chapter 4: Mobile Network CapEx Review 83
4.1 Global Mobile Network CapEx 83
4.2 Regional Split 84
4.3 Key Operator Commitments 85
4.3.1 China Mobile 86
4.3.2 China Unicom 86
4.3.3 AT&T Mobility 87
4.3.4 Vodafone Group 87
4.3.5 Verizon Wireless 88
4.3.6 China Telecom 88
4.3.7 NTT DoCoMo 89
4.3.8 Sprint Corporation 89
4.3.9 SoftBank Corporation 90
4.3.10 T-Mobile USA 90
4.3.11 KDDI 91
4.3.12 DT (Deutsche Telekom) 91
4.3.13 MTS (Mobile TeleSystems) 92
4.3.14 Orange 92
4.3.15 Telenor Group 93
4.3.16 SK Telecom 93
4.3.17 Vivo 94
4.3.18 TIM Brazil 94
4.3.19 LG Uplus 95
4.3.20 Telkomsel 95
4.3.21 Megafon 96
4.3.22 Bharti Airtel 96
4.3.23 Movistar Venezuela 97
4.3.24 TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile) 97
4.3.25 Vimpelcom 98
4.4 Asia Pacific Mobile Network CapEx 98
4.5 Eastern Europe Mobile Network CapEx 99
4.6 Latin & Central America Mobile Network CapEx 100
4.7 Middle East & Africa Mobile Network CapEx 101
4.8 North America Mobile Network CapEx 102
4.9 Western Europe Mobile Network CapEx 103

5 Chapter 5: Mobile Network Subscriptions & Service Revenue Review 104
5.1 Global Mobile Network Subscriptions 104
5.2 Global Mobile Network Service Revenue 105
5.3 Segmentation by Technology 106
5.3.1 2G & 3G 107
5.3.2 FDD LTE 108
5.3.3 TD-LTE 109
5.3.4 WiMAX 110
5.3.5 5G 111
5.4 Regional Split 112
5.5 Asia Pacific 113
5.6 Eastern Europe 114
5.7 Latin & Central America 115
5.8 Middle East & Africa 116
5.9 North America 117
5.10 Western Europe 118

6 Chapter 6: Wireless Network Deployment Strategies 119
6.1 Antenna & RAN Strategies 119
6.1.1 Single RAN vs. Overlay Deployment 119
6.1.2 Adopting an RRH and FTTA Design 120
6.1.3 Migrating Towards C-RAN Architecture 121
6.1.4 Optimal Antenna Selection 122
6.1.5 Interference Limitation Strategies 122
6.1.6 Managing Co-Existence with Legacy 2G/3G RF Sites 122
6.2 Mobile Core Strategies 123
6.2.1 Integration of Functions & Virtualization 123
6.2.2 Deployment Architecture Choices 123
6.2.3 Supporting Legacy Networks 124
6.2.4 Integration with IMS 124
6.2.5 Embedding DPI for Policy Enforcement & Network Optimization 124
6.3 Backhaul & Fronthaul Strategies 125
6.3.1 Architectural Impact of X2 Interface 125
6.3.2 LTE-Advanced Requirements 125
6.3.3 Growing Backhaul Capacity & Latency Requirements 126
6.3.4 IPsec 126
6.3.5 Technology Options: Fiber, Microwave & Millimeter Wave 127
6.3.6 Developing a HetNet Backhaul Strategy 127
6.3.7 Synchronization and Timing 127
6.3.8 Transport Network Sharing 128
6.3.9 Fronthaul Options: Alternatives to Dedicated Fiber 128

7 Chapter 7: Industry Roadmap & Value Chain 129
7.1 Industry Roadmap 129
7.1.1 2016 - 2020: Large Scale LTE & HetNet Infrastructure Rollouts 129
7.1.2 2020 - 2025: The Cloud RAN Era - Moving Towards C-RAN and Virtualization 130
7.1.3 2025 - 2030: Continued Investments with 5G Network Rollouts 131
7.2 Value Chain 132
7.3 Embedded Technology Ecosystem 132
7.3.1 Chipset Developers 132
7.3.2 Embedded Component/Software Providers 132
7.4 RAN Ecosystem 134
7.4.1 Macrocell RAN OEMs 134
7.4.2 Pure-Play Small Cell OEMs 134
7.4.3 Wi-Fi Access Point OEMs 134
7.4.4 DAS & Repeater Solution Providers 135
7.4.5 C-RAN Solution Providers 135
7.4.6 Other Technology Providers 135
7.5 Transport Networking Ecosystem 135
7.5.1 Backhaul & Fronthaul Solution Providers 135
7.6 Mobile Core Ecosystem 136
7.6.1 Mobile Core Solution Providers 136
7.7 Connectivity Ecosystem 136
7.7.1 Mobile Operators 136
7.7.2 Wi-Fi Connectivity Providers 136
7.7.3 SCaaS (Small Cells as a Service) Providers 137
7.8 SON Ecosystem 137
7.8.1 SON Solution Providers 137
7.9 SDN & NFV Ecosystem 137
7.9.1 SDN & NFV Providers 137

8 Chapter 8: Vendor Landscape 138
8.1 Vendor Outlook 138
8.1.1 Pricing & Growth Sustainability 138
8.1.2 Portfolio Diversification 138
8.2 Vendor Ranking 139
8.2.1 Macrocell RAN 139
8.2.2 Mobile Core 140
8.2.3 Small Cells 140
8.2.4 Carrier Wi-Fi 141
8.2.5 C-RAN 141
8.2.6 DAS 142
8.2.7 Backhaul & Fronthaul 142

9 Chapter 9: Wireless Network Infrastructure Incumbents 143
9.1 Cisco Systems 143
9.2 Ericsson 144
9.3 Fujitsu 146
9.4 Hitachi 147
9.5 Huawei 148
9.6 NEC Corporation 149
9.7 Nokia Networks & Alcatel-Lucent 150
9.8 Samsung Electronics 153
9.9 ZTE 155

10 Chapter 10: Macrocell RAN, Small Cell, C-RAN & Mobile Core Specialists 157
10.1 Accelleran 157
10.2 Adax 158
10.3 ADB 159
10.4 Affirmed Networks 160
10.5 Airspan Networks 161
10.6 Alpha Networks 162
10.7 Altiostar Networks 163
10.8 Arcadyan Technology Corporation 164
10.9 Argela 165
10.10 ARItel 166
10.11 Artemis Networks 167
10.12 Askey Computer Corporation 168
10.13 ASOCS 169
10.14 Athonet 170
10.15 Athena Wireless Communications (Google) 171
10.16 Axxcelera Broadband Wireless (Moseley Associates) 172
10.17 Brocade Communications Systems 173
10.18 Casa Systems 174
10.19 CCI (Competitive Companies, Inc.) 175
10.20 Contela 176
10.21 CS Corporation 177
10.22 Datang Mobile 178
10.23 Dongwon T&I 179
10.24 Femtel (Suzhou Femtel Communications) 180
10.25 Gemtek Technology Company 181
10.26 GENBAND 182
10.27 GWT (Global Wireless Technologies) 183
10.28 HP (Hewlett-Packard) 184
10.29 ip.access 185
10.30 Juni Global 186
10.31 Juniper Networks 187
10.32 Lemko 188
10.33 LGS Innovations 189
10.34 Mitel Networks Corporation 190
10.35 New Postcom Equipment Company 191
10.36 NewNet Communication Technologies 192
10.37 Nutaq 193
10.38 Oceus Networks 194
10.39 Panda Electronics (Nanjing Panda Electronics Company) 195
10.40 Parallel Wireless 196
10.41 Polaris Networks 197
10.42 Potevio (China Potevio Company) 198
10.43 Quanta Computer 199
10.44 Qucell 200
10.45 Quortus 201
10.46 Redline Communications 202
10.47 Sagemcom 203
10.48 Samji Electronics Company 204
10.49 SerComm Corporation 205
10.50 SK Telesys 206
10.51 SpiderCloud Wireless 207
10.52 Star Solutions 209
10.53 Sunnada (Fujian Sunnada Communication Company) 210
10.54 Taqua 211
10.55 Tecom 212
10.56 TEKTELIC Communications 213
10.57 Telum 214
10.58 Telrad Networks 215
10.59 WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation) 216
10.60 Z-Com (ZDC Wireless) 217

11 Chapter 11: Antenna, DAS & Repeater Solution Specialists 218
11.1 AceAxis 218
11.2 ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies) 218
11.3 Affarii Technologies 219
11.4 American Tower Corporation 219
11.5 Arqiva 220
11.6 Axis Teknologies 220
11.7 Black Box Corporation 221
11.8 BTI Wireless 222
11.9 CCI (Communication Components Inc.) 223
11.10 CCI (Crown Castle International) 224
11.11 CCI Systems 225
11.12 Cobham Wireless 226
11.13 Comba Telecom Systems Holdings 227
11.14 CommScope 228
11.15 Corning 229
11.16 Dali Wireless 230
11.17 DeltaNode (Bird Technologies) 231
11.18 Ethertronics 232
11.19 ExteNet Systems 233
11.20 Foxcom 234
11.21 Galtronics 234
11.22 Goodman Networks 235
11.23 GrenTech (China GrenTech Corporation) 236
11.24 JRC (Japan Radio Company) 237
11.25 JMA Wireless 238
11.26 Kisan Telecom 239
11.27 KMW 239
11.28 Kathrein-Werke KG 240
11.29 MER-CellO Wireless Solutions 241
11.30 Microlab (Wireless Telecom Group) 242
11.31 MTI Mobile 243
11.32 Nexius 244
11.33 Nextivity 245
11.34 RF Window 246
11.35 RFS (Radio Frequency Systems) 247
11.36 Rosenberger 248
11.37 SOLiD (SOLiD Technologies) 249
11.38 Sumitomo Electric Industries 250
11.39 Sunwave Communications 251
11.40 TESSCO Technologies 252
11.41 Westell Technologies 253
11.42 Zinwave 254

12 Chapter 12: Carrier Wi-Fi Specialists 255
12.1 4ipnet 255
12.2 ABB 256
12.3 Accuris Networks 257
12.4 Aerohive Networks 258
12.5 Alvarion Technologies 259
12.6 Aptilo Networks 260
12.7 Aruba Networks 261
12.8 Autelan 262
12.9 BandwidthX 263
12.10 Birdstep Technology 264
12.11 Browan Communications 265
12.12 BSG Wireless 266
12.13 D-Link Corporation 267
12.14 Edgewater Wireless Systems 268
12.15 EION Wireless 269
12.16 Firetide 270
12.17 Fortinet 271
12.18 Front Porch 272
12.19 GoNet Systems 273
12.20 Handlink Technologies 274
12.21 Meru Networks 275
12.22 Netgem 276
12.23 NETGEAR 277
12.24 Nomadix 278
12.25 Panasonic Corporation 279
12.26 Ro-Timak Technology 280
12.27 Ruckus Wireless 281
12.28 Senao Networks 282
12.29 Smith Micro Software 283
12.30 SpectrumMax 284
12.31 Syniverse Technologies 285
12.32 TP-LINK Technologies 286
12.33 Tranzeo Wireless Technologies 287
12.34 Ubiquiti Networks 288
12.35 WeFi 289
12.36 Zebra Technologies Corporation 290
12.37 ZyXEL 291

13 Chapter 13: Enabling Technology Providers 292
13.1 6WIND 292
13.2 Ablaze Wireless 293
13.3 Absolute Analysis 294
13.4 Accelink Technologies 295
13.5 ADLINK Technology 296
13.6 ADI (Analog Devices Inc.) 297
13.7 Advantech 298
13.8 AirHop Communications 299
13.9 AKM (Asahi Kasei Microdevices) 300
13.10 Allot Communications 300
13.11 Amarisoft 301
13.12 Amdocs 302
13.13 Anritsu Corporation 304
13.14 Aricent 304
13.15 ARM Holdings 305
13.16 Astellia 306
13.17 ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute) 307
13.18 Artesyn Embedded Technologies 308
13.19 Artiza Networks 309
13.20 Avago Technologies 310
13.21 Azcom Technology 311
13.22 Benetel 312
13.23 Blu Wireless Technology 313
13.24 Broadcom Corporation 314
13.25 Cadence Design Systems 315
13.26 Cavium 316
13.27 CeedTec 317
13.28 Cellwize 318
13.29 Celtro 319
13.30 Coherent Logix 320
13.31 Comcores ApS 321
13.32 CommAgility 322
13.33 D2 Technologies 323
13.34 Dell 324
13.35 Direct Beam 325
13.36 eASIC Corporation 326
13.37 EDX Wireless 327
13.38 Eoptolink Technology 328
13.39 ERCOM 329
13.40 EXFO 330
13.41 Federated Wireless 331
13.42 Faraday Technology Corporation 332
13.43 Finisar Corporation 333
13.44 GigaLight (Shenzhen Gigalight Technology Company) 334
13.45 GlobalFoundaries 335
13.46 Hisense (Hisense Broadband Multimedia Technology) 336
13.47 HG Genuine 337
13.48 IDT (Integrated Device Technology) 338
13.49 IMEC International 339
13.50 InfoVista 340
13.51 InnoLight Technology Corporation 341
13.52 Intel Corporation 342
13.53 InterDigital 343
13.54 iPosi 344
13.55 Ixia 345
13.56 Keysight Technologies 346
13.57 Kumu Networks 347
13.58 Lattice Semiconductor 348
13.59 Lime Microsystems 349
13.60 Lumentum 350
13.61 Macom (M/A-COM Technology Solutions) 351
13.62 Maxim Integrated 352
13.63 Mellanox Technologies 353
13.64 Microsemi Corporation 353
13.65 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation 354
13.66 Mobiveil 355
13.67 Molex 356
13.68 Nash Technologies 357
13.69 NetScout Systems 358
13.70 Node-H 359
13.71 Nomor Research 360
13.72 NXP Semiconductors 361
13.73 OE Solutions 362
13.74 Octasic 363
13.75 Optulink 364
13.76 P.I. Works 365
13.77 Pletronics 366
13.78 PMC-Sierra 367
13.79 Procera Networks 368
13.80 Public Wireless 369
13.81 Qualcomm 370
13.82 Qulsar 371
13.83 QEOS 372
13.84 Qwilt 373
13.85 RADCOM 374
13.86 Radisys Corporation 375
13.87 Rakon 376
13.88 Red Hat 377
13.89 Reverb Networks 378
13.90 RF DSP 379
13.91 Saguna Networks 380
13.92 SAI Technology 381
13.93 Sarokal Test Systems 382
13.94 Silicon Labs 383
13.95 Sistelbanda 384
13.96 Source Photonics 385
13.97 Tata Elxsi 386
13.98 TEOCO Corporation 387
13.99 TI (Texas Instruments) 388
13.100 Tulinx 389
13.101 U-blox 390
13.102 Vectron International 391
13.103 Viavi Solutions 392
13.104 VPIsystems 393
13.105 WiPro 394
13.106 XCellAir 395
13.107 Xelic 396
13.108 Xilinx 397

14 Chapter 14: Mobile Backhaul & Fronthaul Vendors 398
14.1 3Roam 398
14.2 4RF 398
14.3 Accedian Networks 399
14.4 Actelis Networks 400
14.5 Actiontec 400
14.6 Actus Networks 400
14.7 ADTRAN 401
14.8 ADVA Optical Networking 402
14.9 Advantech Wireless 402
14.10 ALAXALA Networks 403
14.11 Albis Technologies 403
14.12 ALCOMA 403
14.13 Allied Data Technologies 404
14.14 Allied Telesis 404
14.15 Aquantia 404
14.16 Arris 405
14.17 Avanti Communications 405
14.18 Aviat Networks 406
14.19 AVM 407
14.20 BLiNQ Networks 407
14.21 BluWan 408
14.22 BridgeWave Communications 409
14.23 BTI Systems 410
14.24 CableFree Solutions 410
14.25 Calix 411
14.26 Cambium Networks 411
14.27 Canoga Perkins 412
14.28 Carlson Wireless Technologies 412
14.29 CBNL (Cambridge Broadband Networks Ltd.) 413
14.30 CCS (Cambridge Communication Systems) 414
14.31 Ceragon 414
14.32 Cielo Networks 415
14.33 Ciena Corporation 415
14.34 Comtrend 416
14.35 Corecess 417
14.36 Coriant 417
14.37 DASAN Networks 418
14.38 DragonWave 419
14.39 E-Band Communications (Moseley Associates) 420
14.40 EBlink 421
14.41 ECI Telecom 422
14.42 Elva-1 422
14.43 Exalt Communications 423
14.44 Extreme Networks 424
14.45 FastBack Networks 425
14.46 Fiberhome Technologies 426
14.47 FibroLan 426
14.48 Genmix Technology 427
14.49 Gilat Satellite Networks 427
14.50 HFR 428
14.51 Huahuan 428
14.52 Hughes Network Systems 429
14.53 HXI 429
14.54 iDirect 430
14.55 Infinera 431
14.56 Intracom Telecom 432
14.57 IPITEK 433
14.58 Iskratel 433
14.59 KEYMILE 433
14.60 LightPointe Communications 434
14.61 Loea Corporation 435
14.62 MAX4G 435
14.63 Microwave Networks 436
14.64 MIMOtech 437
14.65 MRV Communications 438
14.66 Nexcomm Systems 438
14.67 NexxComm Wireless 438
14.68 Omnitron Systems 439
14.69 OneAccess Networks 439
14.70 Polewall 439
14.71 Positron 440
14.72 Proxim Wireless Corporation 440
14.73 RACOM 441
14.74 RAD Data Communications 441
14.75 RADWIN 442
14.76 SAF Tehnika 443
14.77 SIAE Microelectronics (SIAE Microelectronica) 443
14.78 Siklu 444
14.79 SkyFiber 445
14.80 SMC Networks 445
14.81 Solectek 445
14.82 Star Microwave 446
14.83 Tarana Wireless 446
14.84 Telco Systems 447
14.85 Tellion 448
14.86 Tellumat 448
14.87 Telsey 448
14.88 Tilgin 448
14.89 Trango Systems 449
14.90 Ubiquoss 449
14.91 UTStarcom 449
14.92 Vubiq Networks 450
14.93 Wave1 450
14.94 Wavesight 451
14.95 Xavi Technologies 451
14.96 Yamaha Corporation 451
14.97 Zhone Technologies 452

15 Chapter 15: Global Market Analysis & Forecasts 453
15.1 Market Definition 453
15.2 Decomposing the Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Market 453
15.3 Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core 456
15.4 Macrocells 457
15.4.1 Segmentation by Air Interface Technology 458
15.4.1.1 2G & 3G 459
15.4.1.2 FDD LTE 461
15.4.1.3 TD-LTE 462
15.4.1.4 WiMAX 463
15.4.1.5 5G 464
15.5 Mobile Core 465
15.5.1 Segmentation by Technology 465
15.5.1.1 3G Packet Core 466
15.5.1.2 HLR 466
15.5.1.3 MSS 467
15.5.1.4 LTE EPC 467
15.5.1.5 WiMAX 468
15.5.1.6 5G 468
15.6 Mobile Backhaul 469
15.6.1 Segmentation by Technology 469
15.6.1.1 Ethernet 470
15.6.1.2 Microwave & Millimeter Wave 470
15.6.1.3 Satellite 471
15.6.1.4 WDM 471
15.6.1.5 PON 472
15.6.1.6 Others 472
15.7 Small Cells 473
15.7.1 Segmentation by Use Case 474
15.7.1.1 Residential 475
15.7.1.2 Enterprise 476
15.7.1.3 Urban 477
15.7.1.4 Rural & Suburban 478
15.7.2 Segmentation by Form Factor 479
15.7.2.1 Femtocells 480
15.7.2.2 Picocells 481
15.7.2.3 Microcells 482
15.7.3 Segmentation by Air Interface Technology 483
15.7.3.1 2G & 3G 484
15.7.3.2 LTE 485
15.7.3.3 5G 486
15.7.4 Segmentation by Deployment Model 487
15.7.4.1 Indoor 488
15.7.4.2 Outdoor 489
15.8 Small Cell Backhaul 490
15.8.1 Segmentation by Technology 490
15.8.1.1 DSL 491
15.8.1.2 Ethernet 491
15.8.1.3 Microwave 492
15.8.1.4 Millimeter Wave 492
15.8.1.5 Satellite 493
15.8.1.6 Fiber & Others 493
15.9 Carrier Wi-Fi 494
15.9.1 Segmentation by Submarket 494
15.9.1.1 Access Points 495
15.9.1.2 Access Point Controllers 496
15.9.2 Segmentation by Integration Approach 497
15.9.2.1 Standalone Wi-Fi Hotspots 498
15.9.2.2 Managed Wi-Fi Offload 499
15.10 C-RAN 500
15.10.1 Segmentation by Submarket 500
15.10.1.1 RRHs (Remote Radio Heads) 501
15.10.1.2 BBUs (Baseband Units) 502
15.10.2 Segmentation by Air Interface Technology 503
15.10.2.1 3G & LTE 503
15.10.2.2 5G 504
15.10.3 Segmentation by Deployment Model 505
15.10.3.1 Indoor 506
15.10.3.2 Outdoor 507
15.11 C-RAN Fronthaul 508
15.11.1 Segmentation by Technology 508
15.11.1.1 Dedicated Fiber 509
15.11.1.2 WDM 509
15.11.1.3 OTN & PON 510
15.11.1.4 Ethernet 510
15.11.1.5 Microwave 511
15.11.1.6 Millimeter Wave 511
15.12 DAS 512
15.12.1 Segmentation by Deployment Model 513
15.12.1.1 Indoor 514
15.12.1.2 Outdoor 515

16 Chapter 16: Regional Market Analysis & Forecasts 516
16.1 Segmentation by Region 516
16.1.1 Macrocells 517
16.1.2 Mobile Core 518
16.1.3 Macrocell Backhaul 519
16.1.4 Small Cells 519
16.1.5 Small Cell Backhaul 520
16.1.6 Carrier Wi-Fi 521
16.1.7 C-RAN 523
16.1.8 C-RAN Fronthaul 525
16.1.9 DAS 525
16.2 Asia Pacific 527
16.2.1 Macrocells 527
16.2.2 Mobile Core 529
16.2.3 Macrocell Backhaul 529
16.2.4 Small Cells 530
16.2.5 Small Cell Backhaul 531
16.2.6 Carrier Wi-Fi 531
16.2.7 C-RAN 533
16.2.8 C-RAN Fronthaul 535
16.2.9 DAS 536
16.3 Eastern Europe 537
16.3.1 Macrocells 537
16.3.2 Mobile Core 539
16.3.3 Macrocell Backhaul 539
16.3.4 Small Cells 540
16.3.5 Small Cell Backhaul 541
16.3.6 Carrier Wi-Fi 541
16.3.7 C-RAN 543
16.3.8 C-RAN Fronthaul 545
16.3.9 DAS 546
16.4 Latin & Central America 547
16.4.1 Macrocells 547
16.4.2 Mobile Core 549
16.4.3 Macrocell Backhaul 549
16.4.4 Small Cells 550
16.4.5 Small Cell Backhaul 551
16.4.6 Carrier Wi-Fi 551
16.4.7 C-RAN 553
16.4.8 C-RAN Fronthaul 555
16.4.9 DAS 556
16.5 Middle East & Africa 557
16.5.1 Macrocells 557
16.5.2 Mobile Core 559
16.5.3 Macrocell Backhaul 559
16.5.4 Small Cells 560
16.5.5 Small Cell Backhaul 561
16.5.6 Carrier Wi-Fi 561
16.5.7 C-RAN 563
16.5.8 C-RAN Fronthaul 565
16.5.9 DAS 566
16.6 North America 567
16.6.1 Macrocells 567
16.6.2 Mobile Core 569
16.6.3 Macrocell Backhaul 569
16.6.4 Small Cells 570
16.6.5 Small Cell Backhaul 571
16.6.6 Carrier Wi-Fi 571
16.6.7 C-RAN 573
16.6.8 C-RAN Fronthaul 575
16.6.9 DAS 576
16.7 Western Europe 577
16.7.1 Macrocells 577
16.7.2 Mobile Core 579
16.7.3 Macrocell Backhaul 579
16.7.4 Small Cells 580
16.7.5 Small Cell Backhaul 581
16.7.6 Carrier Wi-Fi 581
16.7.7 C-RAN 583
16.7.8 C-RAN Fronthaul 585
16.7.9 DAS 586

17 Chapter 17: Conclusion & Strategic Recommendations 587
17.1 Competitive Industry Landscape: Acquisitions, Alliances & Consolidation 587
17.2 Is Virtualization a Threat to the Wireless Network Infrastructure Market? 588
17.3 Growing Focus on Enterprise RAN Deployments 589
17.4 Vendor Specific HetNet Offerings: Disrupting Traditional Network Architectures 590
17.5 Moving Towards C-RAN Architecture 590
17.5.1 Global Deployment Prospects 590
17.5.2 From Centralized to Cloud RAN: Virtualizing the RAN 591
17.5.3 Convergence of C-RAN and Small Cells: Distributing Baseband Intelligence 592
17.5.4 Interface Options: Is Ethernet a Feasible Solution? 593
17.5.5 Fronthaul Transport: Are Cheaper Options Emerging? 594
17.6 Standardization Driving RAN & Wi-Fi Integration 594
17.7 Outlook for LTE-Advanced 596
17.7.1 Upgrades for Capacity & Coverage Boosts 596
17.7.2 Moving Beyond Carrier Aggregation 596
17.7.3 Service Revenue Prospects 597
17.8 Status of TD-LTE Investments 597
17.8.1 China Mobile: Starting an Era of Large-Scale TD-LTE Deployments 597
17.8.2 Data Offloading Opportunities with TD-LTE Small Cells 597
17.8.3 Capitalizing on Tight Interworking Between TDD and FDD 598
17.9 Outlook for VoLTE & RCS 598
17.10 Bringing LTE-Broadcast & eMBMS into Focus 599
17.11 Outlook for Unlicensed LTE Small Cells 600
17.12 5G Development Efforts 601
17.12.1 Global Deployment Plans 601
17.12.2 R&D Focus Areas 602
17.12.3 5G Demonstrations & Performance Assessment 602
17.13 Smart Cities: Wireless Network Infrastructure Vendors to Lead the Way 603
17.14 Wireless Incumbents Could Face Cloud Rivals: Thanks to SDN & NFV 604
17.15 Spectrum: Driving Continued Acquisitions by Incumbent Mobile Operators 605
17.16 Mobile Operators Will Strive for Agility 605
17.17 Vertical Market Opportunities 605
17.18 SWOT Analysis 606
17.19 Strategic Recommendations 607
17.19.1 Recommendations for Mobile Operators 607
17.19.2 Recommendations for Wireless Network Infrastructure Vendors 608

List of Figures

Figure 1: Subsegments of the Wireless Network Infrastructure Market 54
Figure 2: IMT-2020 Development Roadmap 62
Figure 3: Macrocell RAN Component Segmentation by Technology 64
Figure 4: HetNet RAN Component Segmentation by Technology 66
Figure 5: Global VoLTE Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 70
Figure 6: Mobile Backhaul & Fronthaul Segmentation by Technology 71
Figure 7: Annual Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Exabytes) 75
Figure 8: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Access Network Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Exabytes) 76
Figure 9: Global Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Spending: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 77
Figure 10: TCO Comparison for 2G, 3G, LTE and HetNet Deployments ($ per GB) 78
Figure 11: Strategic Options for Mobile Operators 83
Figure 12: Global Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 87
Figure 13: Mobile Network CapEx by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 88
Figure 14: CapEx Commitments for Top 25 Mobile Operators: 2015 ($ Million) 89
Figure 15: China Mobile CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 90
Figure 16: China Unicom CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 90
Figure 17: AT&T Mobility CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 91
Figure 18: Vodafone CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 91
Figure 19: Verizon Wireless CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 92
Figure 20: China Telecom CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 92
Figure 21: NTT DoCoMo CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 93
Figure 22: Sprint CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 93
Figure 23: SoftBank CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 94
Figure 24: T-Mobile US CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 94
Figure 25: KDDI CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 95
Figure 26: DT (Deutsche Telekom) CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 95
Figure 27: MTS (Mobile TeleSystems) CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 96
Figure 28: Orange CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 96
Figure 29: Telenor Group CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 97
Figure 30: SK Telecom CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 97
Figure 31: Vivo CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 98
Figure 32: TIM Brazil CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 98
Figure 33: LG Uplus CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 99
Figure 34: Telkomsel CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 99
Figure 35: Megafon CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 100
Figure 36: Bharti Airtel CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 100
Figure 37: Movistar Venezuela CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 101
Figure 38: TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile) CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 101
Figure 39: Vimpelcom CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 102
Figure 40: Asia Pacific Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 102
Figure 41: Eastern Europe Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 103
Figure 42: Latin & Central America Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 104
Figure 43: Middle East & Africa Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 105
Figure 44: North America Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 106
Figure 45: Western Europe Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 107
Figure 46: Global Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 108
Figure 47: Global Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 109
Figure 48: Global Mobile Network Subscriptions by Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 110
Figure 49: Global Mobile Network Service Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 110
Figure 50: Global 2G & 3G Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 111
Figure 51: Global 2G & 3G Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 111
Figure 52: Global FDD LTE Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 112
Figure 53: Global FDD LTE Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 112
Figure 54: Global TD-LTE Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 113
Figure 55: Global TD-LTE Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 113
Figure 56: Global WiMAX Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 114
Figure 57: Global WiMAX Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 114
Figure 58: Global 5G Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 115
Figure 59: Global 5G Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 115
Figure 60: Mobile Network Subscriptions by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 116
Figure 61: Mobile Network Service Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 116
Figure 62: Asia Pacific Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 117
Figure 63: Asia Pacific Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 117
Figure 64: Eastern Europe Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 118
Figure 65: Eastern Europe Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 118
Figure 66: Latin & Central America Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 119
Figure 67: Latin & Central America Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 119
Figure 68: Middle East & Africa Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 120
Figure 69: Middle East & Africa Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 120
Figure 70: North America Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 121
Figure 71: North America Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 121
Figure 72: Western Europe Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 122
Figure 73: Western Europe Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 122
Figure 74: RRH & FTTA Design 124
Figure 75: Legacy RAN to C-RAN Architectural Migration 125
Figure 76: The Wireless Network Infrastructure Industry Roadmap: 2016 - 2030 133
Figure 77: Wireless Network Infrastructure Value Chain 137
Figure 78: Macrocell RAN Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 143
Figure 79: Mobile Core Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 144
Figure 80: Small Cell Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 144
Figure 81: Carrier Wi-Fi Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 145
Figure 82: C-RAN Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 145
Figure 83: DAS Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 146
Figure 84: Backhaul & Fronthaul Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 146
Figure 85: Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue by Submarket: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 458
Figure 86: Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Market Share by Submarket: 2016 (%) 459
Figure 87: Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Market Share by Submarket: 2020 (%) 459
Figure 88: Global Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 460
Figure 89: Global Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 461
Figure 90: Global Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 461
Figure 91: Global Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 462
Figure 92: Global Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 462
Figure 93: Global 2G & 3G Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 463
Figure 94: Global 2G & 3G Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 463
Figure 95: Global 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 464
Figure 96: Global LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 465
Figure 97: Global LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 465
Figure 98: Global TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 466
Figure 99: Global TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 466
Figure 100: Global WiMAX Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 467
Figure 101: Global WiMAX Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 467
Figure 102: Global 5G Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 468
Figure 103: Global 5G Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 468
Figure 104: Global Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 469
Figure 105: Global Mobile Core Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 469
Figure 106: Global 3G Packet Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 470
Figure 107: Global HLR Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 470
Figure 108: Global MSS Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 471
Figure 109: Global LTE EPC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 471
Figure 110: Global WIMAX Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 472
Figure 111: Global 5G Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 472
Figure 112: Global Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 473
Figure 113: Global Macrocell Backhaul Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 473
Figure 114: Global Ethernet Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 474
Figure 115: Global Microwave & Millimeter Wave Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 474
Figure 116: Global Satellite Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 475
Figure 117: Global WDM Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 475
Figure 118: Global PON Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 476
Figure 119: Global Other Technologies Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 476
Figure 120: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 477
Figure 121: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 477
Figure 122: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Use Case: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 478
Figure 123: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Use Case: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 478
Figure 124: Global Residential Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 479
Figure 125: Global Residential Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 479
Figure 126: Global Enterprise Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 480
Figure 127: Global Enterprise Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 480
Figure 128: Global Urban Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 481
Figure 129: Global Urban Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 481
Figure 130: Global Rural & Suburban Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 482
Figure 131: Global Rural & Suburban Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 482
Figure 132: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 483
Figure 133: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 483
Figure 134: Global Femtocell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 484
Figure 135: Global Femtocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 484
Figure 136: Global Picocell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 485
Figure 137: Global Picocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 485
Figure 138: Global Microcell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 486
Figure 139: Global Microcell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 486
Figure 140: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 487
Figure 141: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 487
Figure 142: Global 2G & 3G Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 488
Figure 143: Global 2G & 3G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 488
Figure 144: Global LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 489
Figure 145: Global LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 489
Figure 146: Global 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 490
Figure 147: Global 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 490
Figure 148: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 491
Figure 149: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 491
Figure 150: Global Indoor Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 492
Figure 151: Global Indoor Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 492
Figure 152: Global Outdoor Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 493
Figure 153: Global Outdoor Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 493
Figure 154: Global Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 494
Figure 155: Global Small Cell Backhaul Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 494
Figure 156: Global DSL Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 495
Figure 157: Global Ethernet Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 495
Figure 158: Global Microwave Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 496
Figure 159: Global Millimeter Wave Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 496
Figure 160: Global Satellite Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 497
Figure 161: Global Fiber & Other Technologies Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 497
Figure 162: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 498
Figure 163: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Revenue by Submarket: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 498
Figure 164: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 499
Figure 165: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 499
Figure 166: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 500
Figure 167: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 500
Figure 168: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments by Integration Approach: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 501
Figure 169: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue by Integration Approach: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 501
Figure 170: Global Standalone Carrier Wi-Fi Hotspot Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 502
Figure 171: Global Standalone Carrier Wi-Fi Hotspot Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 502
Figure 172: Global Managed Carrier Wi-Fi Offload Hotspot Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 503
Figure 173: Global Managed Carrier Wi-Fi Offload Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 503
Figure 174: Global C-RAN Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 504
Figure 175: Global C-RAN Revenue by Submarket: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 504
Figure 176: Global RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 505
Figure 177: Global RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 505
Figure 178: Global C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 506
Figure 179: Global C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 506
Figure 180: Global C-RAN Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 507
Figure 181: Global C-RAN Revenue in 3G & LTE Networks: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 507
Figure 182: Global C-RAN Revenue in 5G Networks: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 508
Figure 183: Global RRH Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 509
Figure 184: Global RRH Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 509
Figure 185: Global Indoor RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 510
Figure 186: Global Indoor RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 510
Figure 187: Global Outdoor RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 511
Figure 188: Global Outdoor RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 511
Figure 189: Global C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 512
Figure 190: Global C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 512
Figure 191: Global Dedicated Fiber Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 513
Figure 192: Global WDM Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 513
Figure 193: Global OTN & PON Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 514
Figure 194: Global Ethernet Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 514
Figure 195: Global Microwave Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 515
Figure 196: Global Millimeter Wave Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 515
Figure 197: Global DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 516
Figure 198: Global DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 516
Figure 199: Global DAS Node Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 517
Figure 200: Global DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 517
Figure 201: Global Indoor DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 518
Figure 202: Global Indoor DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 518
Figure 203: Global Outdoor DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 519
Figure 204: Global Outdoor DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 519
Figure 205: Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 520
Figure 206: Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 521
Figure 207: Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 521
Figure 208: 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 522
Figure 209: Mobile Core Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 522
Figure 210: Macrocell Backhaul Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 523
Figure 211: Small Cell Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 523
Figure 212: Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 524
Figure 213: Small Cell Backhaul Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 524
Figure 214: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 525
Figure 215: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 525
Figure 216: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 526
Figure 217: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 526
Figure 218: RRH Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 527
Figure 219: RRH Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 527
Figure 220: C-RAN BBU Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 528
Figure 221: C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 528
Figure 222: C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 529
Figure 223: DAS Node Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 529
Figure 224: DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 530
Figure 225: Asia Pacific Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 531
Figure 226: Asia Pacific Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 531
Figure 227: Asia Pacific Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 532
Figure 228: Asia Pacific 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 532
Figure 229: Asia Pacific Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 533
Figure 230: Asia Pacific Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 533
Figure 231: Asia Pacific Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 534
Figure 232: Asia Pacific Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 534
Figure 233: Asia Pacific Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 535
Figure 234: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 535
Figure 235: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 536
Figure 236: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 536
Figure 237: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 537
Figure 238: Asia Pacific RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 537
Figure 239: Asia Pacific RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 538
Figure 240: Asia Pacific C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 538
Figure 241: Asia Pacific C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 539
Figure 242: Asia Pacific C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 539
Figure 243: Asia Pacific DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 540
Figure 244: Asia Pacific DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 540
Figure 245: Eastern Europe Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 541
Figure 246: Eastern Europe Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 541
Figure 247: Eastern Europe Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 542
Figure 248: Eastern Europe 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 542
Figure 249: Eastern Europe Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 543
Figure 250: Eastern Europe Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 543
Figure 251: Eastern Europe Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 544
Figure 252: Eastern Europe Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 544
Figure 253: Eastern Europe Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 545
Figure 254: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 545
Figure 255: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 546
Figure 256: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 546
Figure 257: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 547
Figure 258: Eastern Europe RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 547
Figure 259: Eastern Europe RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 548
Figure 260: Eastern Europe C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 548
Figure 261: Eastern Europe C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 549
Figure 262: Eastern Europe C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 549
Figure 263: Eastern Europe DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 550
Figure 264: Eastern Europe DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 550
Figure 265: Latin & Central America Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 551
Figure 266: Latin & Central America Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 551
Figure 267: Latin & Central America Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 552
Figure 268: Latin & Central America 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 552
Figure 269: Latin & Central America Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 553
Figure 270: Latin & Central America Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 553
Figure 271: Latin & Central America Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 554
Figure 272: Latin & Central America Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 554
Figure 273: Latin & Central America Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 555
Figure 274: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 555
Figure 275: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 556
Figure 276: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 556
Figure 277: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 557
Figure 278: Latin & Central America RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 557
Figure 279: Latin & Central America RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 558
Figure 280: Latin & Central America C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 558
Figure 281: Latin & Central America C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 559
Figure 282: Latin & Central America C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 559
Figure 283: Latin & Central America DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 560
Figure 284: Latin & Central America DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 560
Figure 285: Middle East & Africa Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 561
Figure 286: Middle East & Africa Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 561
Figure 287: Middle East & Africa Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 562
Figure 288: Middle East & Africa 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 562
Figure 289: Middle East & Africa Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 563
Figure 290: Middle East & Africa Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 563
Figure 291: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 564
Figure 292: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 564
Figure 293: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 565
Figure 294: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 565
Figure 295: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 566
Figure 296: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 566
Figure 297: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 567
Figure 298: Middle East & Africa RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 567
Figure 299: Middle East & Africa RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 568
Figure 300: Middle East & Africa C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 568
Figure 301: Middle East & Africa C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 569
Figure 302: Middle East & Africa C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 569
Figure 303: Middle East & Africa DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 570
Figure 304: Middle East & Africa DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 570
Figure 305: North America Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 571
Figure 306: North America Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 571
Figure 307: North America Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 572
Figure 308: North America 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 572
Figure 309: North America Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 573
Figure 310: North America Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 573
Figure 311: North America Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 574
Figure 312: North America Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 574
Figure 313: North America Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 575
Figure 314: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 575
Figure 315: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 576
Figure 316: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 576
Figure 317: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 577
Figure 318: North America RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 577
Figure 319: North America RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 578
Figure 320: North America C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 578
Figure 321: North America C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 579
Figure 322: North America C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 579
Figure 323: North America DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 580
Figure 324: North America DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 580
Figure 325: Western Europe Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 581
Figure 326: Western Europe Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 581
Figure 327: Western Europe Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 582
Figure 328: Western Europe 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 582
Figure 329: Western Europe Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 583
Figure 330: Western Europe Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 583
Figure 331: Western Europe Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 584
Figure 332: Western Europe Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 584
Figure 333: Western Europe Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 585
Figure 334: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 585
Figure 335: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 586
Figure 336: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 586
Figure 337: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 587
Figure 338: Western Europe RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 587
Figure 339: Western Europe RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 588
Figure 340: Western Europe C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 588
Figure 341: Western Europe C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 589
Figure 342: Western Europe C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 589
Figure 343: Western Europe DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 590
Figure 344: Western Europe DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 590
Figure 345: Global Enterprise RAN Investments: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 593
Figure 346: Baseband Processing Distribution Options for C-RAN 596
Figure 347: Global Dual-Mode Cellular/Wi-Fi Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 599
Figure 348: SWOT Analysis of the Wireless Network Infrastructure Market 610

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