(Post-pandemic Era) - Global Display Bezels Market Analysis 2020, With Top Companies, Production, Revenue, Consumption, Price and Growth Rate

Publisher Name :
Date: 26-Oct-2020
No. of pages: 124

Summary

As the world continues to deal with COVID-19, economies are moving into recession, official counts of cases and deaths from COVID-19 have passed 4,000,000 and 280,000 at the time of this report. Many government announced a plan on reopening the national economy, but many countries are still at the stage of rising.

On a more positive note, we are already seeing signs of recovery as the COVID-19 risk is declining in China. Chinese original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and suppliers are ramping up production. And there are increased investments in digital footprints in manufacturing. OEMs in other parts of the world are offering incentives to drive sales. XYZResearch published a report for global Display Bezels market in this environment.

In terms of revenue, this research report indicated that the global Display Bezels market was valued at USD XXX million in 2019, and it is expected to reach a value of USD XXX million by 2026, at a CAGR of XX % over the forecast period 2021-2026. Correspondingly, the forecast analysis of Display Bezels industry comprises of China, USA, Japan, India, Korea and South America, with the production and revenue data in each of the sub-segments.

The ? ? Storm Interface aims at producing XX Display Bezels in 2020, with XX % production to take place in global market, ? ? Murata Power Solutions? accounts for a volume share of XX %.

Regional Segmentation (Value; Revenue, USD Million, 2015 - 2026) of Display Bezels Market by XYZResearch Include

China

EU

USA

Japan

India

Korea

South America

Competitive Analysis; Who are the Major Players in Display Bezels Market?

Storm Interface

Murata Power Solutions

PR Electronics

4D Systems

Anders Electronics

Omron Automation

Lascar

FIDI

IEE

Electronic Assembly

Advantech

Simpson

RS Pro

Trumeter

Yokogawa Corporation of America

Veeder-Root

Red Lion Controls

Raspberry Pi

Kingbright

ENM Company

Banner Engineering

Major Type of Display Bezels Covered in XYZResearch report:

Plastic

Metal

Application Segments Covered in XYZResearch Market

Consumer Electronics

Others

For any other requirements, please feel free to contact us and we will provide you customized report.

(Post-pandemic Era) - Global Display Bezels Market Analysis 2020, With Top Companies, Production, Revenue, Consumption, Price and Growth Rate

Table of Contents

Global Display Bezels Market Analysis 2020, With Top Companies, Production, Revenue, Consumption, Price and Growth Rate
1 Market Scope
1.1 Product Details and Introduction
1.1.1 Plastic -Product Introduction and Major Manufacturers
1.1.2 Metal -Product Introduction and Major Manufacturers
1.2 Market Snapshot
1.2.1 Major Companies Overview
1.2.2 Market Concentration
1.2.3 Six-Year Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)
2 Regional Market
2.1 Regional Market Share in Terms of Production (2019-2026)
2.2 Regional Market Share in Terms of Revenue (2019-2026)
2.3 Regional Market Share in Terms of Consumption (2019-2026)
3 Global Display Bezels Market Assessment by Type
3.1 Global Display Bezels Production by Type (2015-2026)
3.2 Global Display Bezels Revenue by Type (2015-2026)
3.3 China Display Bezels Production and Revenue by Type (2015-2026)
3.4 EU Display Bezels Production and Revenue by Type (2015-2026)
3.5 USA Display Bezels Production and Revenue by Type (2015-2026)
3.6 Japan Display Bezels Production and Revenue by Type (2015-2026)
3.7 India Display Bezels Production and Revenue by Type (2015-2026)
3.8 Korea Display Bezels Production and Revenue by Type (2015-2026)
3.9 South America Display Bezels Production and Revenue by Type (2015-2026)
4 Global Display Bezels Market Assessment by Application
4.1 Historical & Forecast Global Display Bezels Consumption, Different Application Field (2015-2026)
4.2 Historical & Forecast China Display Bezels Consumption, Different Application Field (2015-2026)
4.3 Historical & Forecast EU Display Bezels Consumption, Different Application Field (2015-2026)
4.4 Historical & Forecast USA Display Bezels Consumption, Different Application Field (2015-2026)
4.5 Historical & Forecast Japan Display Bezels Consumption, Different Application Field (2015-2026)
4.6 Historical & Forecast India Display Bezels Consumption, Different Application Field (2015-2026)
4.7 Historical & Forecast Korea Display Bezels Consumption, Different Application Field (2015-2026)
4.8 Historical & Forecast South America Display Bezels Consumption, Different Application Field (2015-2026)
5 Global Display Bezels Average Price Trend
5.1 Market Price for Each Type of Display Bezels in China (2015-2026)
5.2 Market Price for Each Type of Display Bezels in EU (2015-2026)
5.3 Market Price for Each Type of Display Bezels in USA (2015-2026)
5.4 Market Price for Each Type of Display Bezels in Japan (2015-2026)
5.5 Market Price for Each Type of Display Bezels in India (2015-2026)
5.6 Market Price for Each Type of Display Bezels in Korea (2015-2026)
5.7 Market Price for Each Type of Display Bezels in South America (2015-2026)
6 Value Chain (Impact of COVID-19)
6.1 Display Bezels Value Chain Analysis
6.1.1 Upstream
6.1.2 Downstream
6.2 COVID-19 Impact on Display Bezels Industry
6.2.1 Industrial Policy Issued Under the Epidemic Situation
6.3 Cost-Under the Epidemic Situation
6.3.1 Cost of Raw Material
6.4 Channel Analysis
6.4.1 Distribution Channel-Under the Epidemic Situation
6.4.2 Distributors
7 Display Bezels Competitive Analysis
7.1Storm Interface
7.1.1Storm Interface Company Profiles
7.1.2Storm Interface Product Introduction
7.1.3Storm Interface Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
7.1.4 SWOT Analysis
7.2Murata Power Solutions
7.2.1Murata Power Solutions Company Profiles
7.2.2Murata Power Solutions Product Introduction
7.2.3Murata Power Solutions Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
7.2.4 SWOT Analysis
7.3PR Electronics
7.3.1PR Electronics Company Profiles
7.3.2PR Electronics Product Introduction
7.3.3PR Electronics Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
7.3.4 SWOT Analysis
7.44D Systems
7.4.14D Systems Company Profiles
7.4.24D Systems Product Introduction
7.4.34D Systems Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
7.4.4 SWOT Analysis
7.5Anders Electronics
7.5.1Anders Electronics Company Profiles
7.5.2Anders Electronics Product Introduction
7.5.3Anders Electronics Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
7.5.4 SWOT Analysis
7.6Omron Automation
7.6.1Omron Automation Company Profiles
7.6.2Omron Automation Product Introduction
7.6.3Omron Automation Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
7.6.4 SWOT Analysis
7.7Lascar
7.7.1Lascar Company Profiles
7.7.2Lascar Product Introduction
7.7.3Lascar Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
7.7.4 SWOT Analysis
7.8FIDI
7.8.1FIDI Company Profiles
7.8.2FIDI Product Introduction
7.8.3FIDI Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
7.8.4 SWOT Analysis
7.9IEE
7.9.1IEE Company Profiles
7.9.2IEE Product Introduction
7.9.3IEE Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
7.9.4 SWOT Analysis
7.10Electronic Assembly
7.10.1Electronic Assembly Company Profiles
7.10.2Electronic Assembly Product Introduction
7.10.3Electronic Assembly Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
7.10.4 SWOT Analysis
7.11Advantech
7.12Simpson
7.13RS Pro
7.14Trumeter
7.15Yokogawa Corporation of America
7.16Veeder-Root
7.17Red Lion Controls
7.18Raspberry Pi
7.19Kingbright
7.20ENM Company
7.21Banner Engineering
8 Conclusion

List of Tables and Figures

Figure Product Introduction
Table Production (K Units) and Revenue (Million USD) of Major Players (2015-2020)
Figure Global Display Bezels Production Market Share of Top 5 Players
Table CAGR of Major Market (2021-2026)
Table CAGR in Terms of Production of Each Type (2015-2026)
Table Regional Market Share in Terms of Production (2019-2026)
Figure Regional Market Share in Terms of Production (2019 - 2020)
Table Regional Market Share in Terms of Revenue (2019-2026)
Figure Regional Market Share in Terms of Revenue (2019 - 2020)
Figure Regional Market Share in Terms of Consumption (2019 - 2020)
Figure Regional Market Share in Terms of Consumption (2019 - 2020)
Table Global Display Bezels Production (K Unit) by Type (2015-2026)
Figure Global Display Bezels Production (K Unit) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure Global Display Bezels Production Market Share (%) by Type (2019 -2020)
Table Global Display Bezels Revenue (Million USD) by Type (2015-2026)
Figure Global Display Bezels Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure Global Display Bezels Revenue Market Share (%) by Type (2019-2020)
Figure China Display Bezels Production (K Unit) by Type (2015-2026)
Figure China Display Bezels Production (K Unit) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure China Display Bezels Revenue (Million USD) by Type (2015-2026)
Figure China Display Bezels Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure EU Display Bezels Production (K Unit) by Type (2015-2026)
Figure EU Display Bezels Production (K Unit) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure EU Display Bezels Revenue (Million USD) by Type (2015-2026)
Figure EU Display Bezels Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure USA Display Bezels Production (K Unit) by Type (2015-2026)
Figure USA Display Bezels Production (K Unit) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure USA Display Bezels Revenue (Million USD) by Type (2015-2026)
Figure USA Display Bezels Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure Japan Display Bezels Production (K Unit) by Type (2015-2026)
Figure Japan Display Bezels Production (K Unit) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure Japan Display Bezels Revenue (Million USD) by Type (2015-2026)
Figure Japan Display Bezels Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure India Display Bezels Production (K Unit) by Type (2015-2026)
Figure India Display Bezels Production (K Unit) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure India Display Bezels Revenue (Million USD) by Type (2015-2026)
Figure India Display Bezels Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure Korea Display Bezels Production (K Unit) by Type (2015-2026)
Figure Korea Display Bezels Production (K Unit) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure Korea Display Bezels Revenue (Million USD) by Type (2015-2026)
Figure Korea Display Bezels Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure South America Display Bezels Production (K Unit) by Type (2015-2026)
Figure South America Display Bezels Production (K Unit) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure South America Display Bezels Revenue (Million USD) by Type (2015-2026)
Figure South America Display Bezels Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Table Historical & Forecast Display Bezels Different Application Field Consumption (K Unit)
Figure Consumption (K Unit) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure Different Application Field Consumption Market Share (%) (2019-2020)
Table Historical & Forecast Display Bezels Different Application Field Consumption (K Unit)
Figure China Display Bezels Consumption (K Unit) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure China Display Bezels Consumption Market Share (%) by Application (2015-2026)
Table Historical & Forecast Display Bezels Different Application Field Consumption (K Unit)
Figure EU Display Bezels Consumption (K Unit) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure EU Display Bezels Consumption Market Share (%) by Application (2015-2026)
Table Historical & Forecast Display Bezels Different Application Field Consumption (K Unit)
Figure USA Display Bezels Consumption (K Unit) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure USA Display Bezels Consumption Market Share (%) by Application (2015-2026)
Table Historical & Forecast Display Bezels Different Application Field Consumption (K Unit)
Figure Japan Display Bezels Consumption (K Unit) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure Japan Display Bezels Consumption Market Share (%) by Application (2015-2026)
Table Historical & Forecast Display Bezels Different Application Field Consumption (K Unit)
Figure India Display Bezels Consumption (K Unit) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure India Display Bezels Consumption Market Share (%) by Application (2015-2026)
Table Historical & Forecast Display Bezels Different Application Field Consumption (K Unit)
Figure Korea Display Bezels Consumption (K Unit) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure Korea Display Bezels Consumption Market Share (%) by Application (2015-2026)
Table Historical & Forecast Display Bezels Different Application Field Consumption (K Unit)
Figure South America Display Bezels Consumption (K Unit) and Growth Rate (2015-2026)
Figure South America Display Bezels Consumption Market Share (%) by Application (2015-2026)
Table Historical & Forecast Display Bezels Different Application Field Consumption (K Unit)
Table Market Price (USD/Unit) for Each Type of Display Bezels in China
Table Market Price (USD/Unit) for Each Type of Display Bezels in EU
Table Market Price (USD/Unit) for Each Type of Display Bezels in USA
Table Market Price (USD/Unit) for Each Type of Display Bezels in Japan
Table Market Price (USD/Unit) for Each Type of Display Bezels in India
Table Market Price (USD/Unit) for Each Type of Display Bezels in Southeast Asia
Table Market Price (USD/Unit) for Each Type of Display Bezels in South America
Figure Value Chain Structure of Display Bezels
Table Value Chain
Table Key Suppliers of Raw Material/Components
Table Key Downstream Customer in Each Application Field
Table Industry News List of Display Bezels
Figure Cost Structure of Display Bezels in 2020
Table Distributors/Traders List
TableStorm Interface Profiles
TableStorm Interface Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureStorm Interface Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigureStorm Interface SWOT Analysis
TableMurata Power Solutions? Profiles
TableMurata Power Solutions? Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureMurata Power Solutions? Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigureMurata Power Solutions? SWOT Analysis
TablePR Electronics Profiles
TablePR Electronics Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigurePR Electronics Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigurePR Electronics SWOT Analysis
Table4D Systems Profiles
Table4D Systems Display Bezels Product Introduction
Figure4D Systems Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
Figure4D Systems SWOT Analysis
TableAnders Electronics Profiles
TableAnders Electronics Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureAnders Electronics Electronics & Semiconductor Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigureAnders Electronics SWOT Analysis
TableOmron Automation Profiles
TableOmron Automation Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureOmron Automation Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigureOmron Automation SWOT Analysis
TableLascar Profiles
TableLascar Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureLascar Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigureLascar SWOT Analysis
TableFIDI Profiles
TableFIDI Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureFIDI Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigureFIDI SWOT Analysis
TableIEE Profiles
TableIEE Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureIEE Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigureIEE SWOT Analysis
TableElectronic Assembly Profiles
TableElectronic Assembly Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureElectronic Assembly Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigureElectronic Assembly SWOT Analysis
TableAdvantech Profiles
TableAdvantech Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureAdvantech Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigureAdvantech SWOT Analysis
TableSimpson Profiles
TableSimpson Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureSimpson Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigureSimpson SWOT Analysis
TableRS Pro Profiles
TableRS Pro Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureRS Pro Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigureRS Pro SWOT Analysis
TableTrumeter Profiles
TableTrumeter Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureTrumeter Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigureTrumeter SWOT Analysis
TableYokogawa Corporation of America Profiles
TableYokogawa Corporation of America Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureYokogawa Corporation of America Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigureYokogawa Corporation of America SWOT Analysis
TableVeeder-Root Profiles
TableVeeder-Root Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureVeeder-Root Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigureVeeder-Root SWOT Analysis
TableRed Lion Controls Profiles
TableRed Lion Controls Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureRed Lion Controls Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigureRed Lion Controls SWOT Analysis
TableRaspberry Pi Profiles
TableRaspberry Pi Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureRaspberry Pi Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigureRaspberry Pi SWOT Analysis
TableKingbright Profiles
TableKingbright Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureKingbright Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigureKingbright SWOT Analysis
TableENM Company Profiles
TableENM Company Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureENM Company Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
FigureENM Company SWOT Analysis
TableBanner Engineering Profiles
TableBanner Engineering Display Bezels Product Introduction
FigureBanner Engineering Display Bezels Production, Revenue (2015-2020)
  • Global CD and DVD Drive Market Research Report 2021
    Published: 27-Jan-2021        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 121
    The research report includes specific segments by region (country), by manufacturers, by Type and by Application. Each type provides information about the production during the forecast period of 2016 to 2027. by Application segment also provides consumption during the forecast period of 2016 to 2027. Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid the market growth. Segment by Type - CD-R/CD-RW Drives - DVD-R/DVD-RW Drive......
  • Global Wireless Chipsets Market Research Report 2021
    Published: 27-Jan-2021        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 119
    The research report includes specific segments by region (country), by manufacturers, by Type and by Application. Each type provides information about the production during the forecast period of 2016 to 2027. by Application segment also provides consumption during the forecast period of 2016 to 2027. Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid the market growth. Segment by Type - Wi-Fi/WLAN Chipsets - Wireless Display......
  • Global Piezo Buzzers Market Research Report 2021
    Published: 27-Jan-2021        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 121
    The research report includes specific segments by region (country), by manufacturers, by Type and by Application. Each type provides information about the production during the forecast period of 2016 to 2027. by Application segment also provides consumption during the forecast period of 2016 to 2027. Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid the market growth. Segment by Type - Active Piezo Buzzer - Passive Piezo Bu......
  • Global Road Lighting Market Research Report 2021
    Published: 27-Jan-2021        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 135
    The research report includes specific segments by region (country), by manufacturers, by Type and by Application. Each type provides information about the production during the forecast period of 2016 to 2027. by Application segment also provides consumption during the forecast period of 2016 to 2027. Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid the market growth. Segment by Type - Traditional Lighting - LED Lighting......
  • Global Coupling Capacitors Market Research Report 2021
    Published: 27-Jan-2021        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 120
    The research report includes specific segments by region (country), by manufacturers, by Type and by Application. Each type provides information about the production during the forecast period of 2016 to 2027. by Application segment also provides consumption during the forecast period of 2016 to 2027. Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid the market growth. Segment by Type - High Voltage - Low Voltage ......
  • Global Computer Bluetooth Modules Market Research Report 2021
    Published: 27-Jan-2021        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 115
    The research report includes specific segments by region (country), by manufacturers, by Type and by Application. Each type provides information about the production during the forecast period of 2016 to 2027. by Application segment also provides consumption during the forecast period of 2016 to 2027. Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid the market growth. Segment by Type - Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) Modules - D......
  • Global CompactFlash Market Research Report 2021
    Published: 27-Jan-2021        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 98
    The research report includes specific segments by region (country), by manufacturers, by Type and by Application. Each type provides information about the production during the forecast period of 2016 to 2027. by Application segment also provides consumption during the forecast period of 2016 to 2027. Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid the market growth. Segment by Type - CompactFlash I - CompactFlash II......
  • Global Compact Fluorescent Tube Market Research Report 2021
    Published: 27-Jan-2021        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 96
    The research report includes specific segments by region (country), by manufacturers, by Type and by Application. Each type provides information about the production during the forecast period of 2016 to 2027. by Application segment also provides consumption during the forecast period of 2016 to 2027. Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid the market growth. Segment by Type - Circline - Spiral - U-Bent......
  • Global 4G Modem Chips Market Research Report 2021
    Published: 27-Jan-2021        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 123
    The research report includes specific segments by region (country), by manufacturers, by Type and by Application. Each type provides information about the production during the forecast period of 2016 to 2027. by Application segment also provides consumption during the forecast period of 2016 to 2027. Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid the market growth. Segment by Type - Silicon Chip - Germanium Chip -......
  • SERVICES
    Value for Money
    We believe in "optimum utilization of available budget and resources". While servicing our clients' (your) market research requirements, we keep the same approach in focus to help you get the best value for your $$s.
    Ever Growing Inventory
    Ranging from the smallest feasible / required data (datasheets, data facts, SWOT analysis, company profiles, etc) to full research reports that help you make decisions, our inventory is updated almost on a daily basis with the latest industry reports from domain experts that track more than 5000 niche sectors.
    One Stop Solution
    Need a custom research report on medical devices market? Require all available business intelligence on 3D printing industry? Exploring F&B sector of a particular country/region? RnRMarketResearch.com is your one-stop-solution to all market intelligence needs. We not only offer custom research and consulting services, we also "bundle" reports to meet your needs and help you fetch the data analysis you require for your business.
    Dedicated Client Engagement
    Not limited to only "finding" relevant reports for you, our client engagement team dedicates its efforts to understand your "business need" and accordingly maps available research data to help you move forward. Call "your" client engagement executive any time of your day and get your questions answered in order to make the correct business decision.
    Saving Time and Efforts
    Simply share your research requirement details with us and let us do all the hard work to find required intelligence for you. When you add up our "one stop solution" and "dedicated client engagement" services mentioned above, you obviously know the time and effort saving you do by working with us.
    Payment Flexibility
    Working with Fortune 500 organizations, we understand the importance of being flexible for payments. Share your payment terms with us and we will surely match up to them to ensure you get access to required business intelligence data without having to wait for the payment to be done.
    Post-Purchase Research Support
    Have questions after reading a report / datasheet bought through us? Not sure about the methodology used for data available in the research? Talk to us / Share your questions with us and if required, we will connect you with the analyst(s)/author(s) of the report(s) and ensure you get satisfactory answers for the same. Need more data / analysis / report(s) on the topic of your research/project? The RnRMarketResearch.com team is here for you 24X7 to support you with your post-purchase requirements. Subscription Offers & Packages (Get in touch with us for more details - [email protected] / +1 888 391 5441 )
    • Ad Hoc
    • Pay - as - you - go / Bucket Subscriptions
    • Fixed Cost for #of reports
    • Customize / Personalize as per your needs