Global Metakaolin Market Size, Manufacturers, Supply Chain, Sales Channel and Clients, 2022-2028

Publisher Name :
Date: 16-Sep-2022
No. of pages: 129
Inquire Before Buying

Metakaolin is a dehydroxylated form of the clay mineral kaolinite. Metakaolin is available in many different varieties and qualities. The purity will define the binding capacity for free lime. Some of them also provide special reactivity.

Highlights

Considering the economic change due to COVID-19 and Russia-Ukraine War Influence, the global Metakaolin market is projected to reach US$ 192.2 million by 2028 from an estimated US$ 144.3 million in 2022, at a CAGR of 4.9% during 2023 and 2028.

Global Metakaolin key players include BASF, Imerys, Poraver, I-Minerals, SCR-Sibelco, etc. Global top five manufacturers hold a share over 55%.

China is the largest market, with a share about 40%, followed by Europe, and South America, both have a share over 40 percent.

In terms of product, 2~10µm is the largest segment, with a share about 40%. And in terms of application, the largest application is Infrastructure Works, followed by Commercial, Industrial and Residential Buildings, Artifacts, etc.

Report Scope

This report aims to provide a comprehensive presentation of the global market for Metakaolin, with both quantitative and qualitative analysis, to help readers develop business/growth strategies, assess the market competitive situation, analyse their position in the current marketplace, and make informed business decisions regarding Metakaolin.

The Metakaolin market size, estimations, and forecasts are provided in terms of sales volume (K MT) and revenue ($ millions), considering 2021 as the base year, with history and forecast data for the period from 2017 to 2028. This report segments the global Metakaolin market comprehensively. Regional market sizes, concerning products by types, by application, and by players, are also provided. The influence of COVID-19 and the Russia-Ukraine War were considered while estimating market sizes.

For a more in-depth understanding of the market, the report provides profiles of the competitive landscape, key competitors, and their respective market ranks. The report also discusses technological trends and new product developments.

The report will help the Metakaolin manufacturers, new entrants, and industry chain related companies in this market with information on the revenues, sales volume, and average price for the overall market and the sub-segments across the different segments, by company, product type, application, and regions.

Key Companies & Market Share Insights

In this section, the readers will gain an understanding of the key players competing. This report has studied the key growth strategies, such as innovative trends and developments, intensification of product portfolio, mergers and acquisitions, collaborations, new product innovation, and geographical expansion, undertaken by these participants to maintain their presence. Apart from business strategies, the study includes current developments and key financials. The readers will also get access to the data related to global revenue, price, and sales by manufacturers for the period 2017-2022. This all-inclusive report will certainly serve the clients to stay updated and make effective decisions in their businesses. Some of the prominent players reviewed in the research report include:

- BASF

- Imerys

- I-Minerals

- SCR-Sibelco

- Thiele Kaolin

- Burgess

- Poraver

- Advanced Cement Technologies

- KERAMOST

- Arciresa

- Metacaulim

- Yukun Minine

- MMK

- Jinyu Kaolin Chemical

- Jinyang Kaolin

Product Type Insights

Global markets are presented by Metakaolin type, along with growth forecasts through 2028. Estimates on sales and revenue are based on the price in the supply chain at which the Metakaolin are procured by the manufacturers.

This report has studied every segment and provided the market size using historical data. They have also talked about the growth opportunities that the segment may pose in the future. This study bestows sales and revenue data by type, and during the historical period (2017-2022) and forecast period (2023-2028).

Metakaolin Segment by Type

- Below 2µm

- 2~10µm

- 10~20µm

- Over 20µm

Application Insights

This report has provided the market size (sales and revenue data) by application, during the historical period (2017-2022) and forecast period (2023-2028).

This report also outlines the market trends of each segment and consumer behaviors impacting the Metakaolin market and what implications these may have on the industry's future. This report can help to understand the relevant market and consumer trends that are driving the Metakaolin market.

Metakaolin Segment by Application

- Infrastructure Works

- Commercial, Industrial and Residential Buildings

- Artifacts

- Other

Regional Outlook

This section of the report provides key insights regarding various regions and the key players operating in each region. Economic, social, environmental, technological, and political factors have been taken into consideration while assessing the growth of the particular region/country. The readers will also get their hands on the revenue and sales data of each region and country for the period 2017-2028.

The market has been segmented into various major geographies, including North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East & Africa. Detailed analysis of major countries such as the USA, Germany, the U.K., Italy, France, China, Japan, South Korea, Southeast Asia, and India will be covered within the regional segment. For market estimates, data are going to be provided for 2021 because of the base year, with estimates for 2022 and forecast revenue for 2028.

- North America

- - United States

- - Canada

- Europe

- - Germany

- - France

- - U.K.

- - Italy

- - Russia

- - Nordic Countries

- - Benelux

- - Rest of Europe

- Asia-Pacific

- - China

- - Japan

- - South Korea

- - India

- - Southeast Asia

- - Australia

- - Rest of Asia-Pacific

- Latin America

- - Mexico

- - Brazil

- - Argentina

- - Rest of Latin America

- Middle East & Africa

- - Turkey

- - Saudi Arabia

- - UAE

- - Rest of Middle East & Africa

Key Drivers & Barriers

High-impact rendering factors and drivers have been studied in this report to aid the readers to understand the general development. Moreover, the report includes restraints and challenges that may act as stumbling blocks on the way of the players. This will assist the users to be attentive and make informed decisions related to business. Specialists have also laid their focus on the upcoming business prospects.

COVID-19 and Russia-Ukraine War Influence Analysis

The readers in the section will understand how the Metakaolin market scenario changed across the globe during the pandemic, post-pandemic and Russia-Ukraine War. The study is done keeping in view the changes in aspects such as demand, consumption, transportation, consumer behavior, supply chain management, export and import, and production. The industry experts have also highlighted the key factors that will help create opportunities for players and stabilize the overall industry in the years to come.

Reasons to Buy This Report

This report will help the readers to understand the competition within the industries and strategies for the competitive environment to enhance the potential profit. The report also focuses on the competitive landscape of the global Metakaolin market, and introduces in detail the market share, industry ranking, competitor ecosystem, market performance, new product development, operation situation, expansion, and acquisition. etc. of the main players, which helps the readers to identify the main competitors and deeply understand the competition pattern of the market.

This report will help stakeholders to understand the global industry status and trends of Metakaolin and provides them with information on key market drivers, restraints, challenges, and opportunities.

This report will help stakeholders to understand competitors better and gain more insights to strengthen their position in their businesses. The competitive landscape section includes the market share and rank (in volume and value), competitor ecosystem, new product development, expansion, and acquisition.

This report stays updated with novel technology integration, features, and the latest developments in the market

This report helps stakeholders to understand the COVID-19 and Russia-Ukraine War Influence on the Metakaolin industry.

This report helps stakeholders to gain insights into which regions to target globally

This report helps stakeholders to gain insights into the end-user perception concerning the adoption of Metakaolin

This report helps stakeholders to identify some of the key players in the market and understand their valuable contribution

Global Metakaolin Market Size, Manufacturers, Supply Chain, Sales Channel and Clients, 2022-2028

Table of Contents
1 Study Coverage
1.1 Metakaolin Product Introduction
1.2 Market by Type
1.2.1 Global Metakaolin Market Size Growth Rate by Type (2017 VS 2021 VS 2028)
1.2.2 Below 2?m
1.2.3 2~10?m
1.2.4 10~20?m
1.2.5 Over 20?m
1.3 Market by Application
1.3.1 Global Metakaolin Market Size Growth Rate by Application (2017 VS 2021 VS 2028)
1.3.2 Infrastructure Works
1.3.3 Commercial, Industrial and Residential Buildings
1.3.4 Artifacts
1.3.5 Other
1.4 Study Objectives
1.5 Years Considered
2 Executive Summary
2.1 Global Metakaolin Market Size Estimates and Forecasts
2.1.1 Global Metakaolin Revenue 2017-2028
2.1.2 Global Metakaolin Sales 2017-2028
2.2 Metakaolin Market Size by Region: 2022 Versus 2028
2.3 Metakaolin Sales by Region (2017-2028)
2.3.1 Global Metakaolin Sales by Region: 2017-2022
2.3.2 Global Metakaolin Sales Forecast by Region (2023-2028)
2.3.3 Global Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Region (2017-2028)
2.4 Metakaolin Market Estimates and Projections by Region (2023-2028)
2.4.1 Global Metakaolin Revenue by Region: 2017-2022
2.4.2 Global Metakaolin Revenue Forecast by Region (2023-2028)
2.4.3 Global Metakaolin Revenue Market Share by Region (2017-2028)
3 Global Metakaolin by Manufacturers
3.1 Global Top Metakaolin Manufacturers by Sales
3.1.1 Global Metakaolin Sales by Manufacturer (2017-2022)
3.1.2 Global Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Manufacturer (2017-2022)
3.2 Global Top Metakaolin Manufacturers by Revenue
3.2.1 Global Metakaolin Revenue by Manufacturer (2017-2022)
3.2.2 Global Metakaolin Revenue Share by Manufacturer (2017-2022)
3.3 Global Metakaolin Price by Manufacturer (2017-2022)
3.4 Competitive Landscape
3.4.1 Key Metakaolin Manufacturers Covered: Ranking by Revenue
3.4.2 Global Metakaolin Market Concentration Ratio (CR5 and HHI) & (2017-2022)
3.4.3 Global Metakaolin Market Share by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3)
3.5 Global Metakaolin Manufacturing Base Distribution, Product Type
3.5.1 Metakaolin Manufacturers Manufacturing Base Distribution, Headquarters
3.5.2 Manufacturers Metakaolin Product Type
3.5.3 Date of International Manufacturers Enter into Metakaolin Market
3.6 Manufacturers Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans
4 Company Profiles
4.1 BASF
4.1.1 BASF Corporation Information
4.1.2 BASF Description, Business Overview
4.1.3 BASF Metakaolin Products Offered
4.1.4 BASF Metakaolin Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
4.1.5 BASF Metakaolin Sales by Product in 2021
4.1.6 BASF Metakaolin Sales by Application in 2021
4.1.7 BASF Metakaolin Sales by Geographic Area in 2021
4.1.8 BASF Recent Developments
4.2 Imerys
4.2.1 Imerys Corporation Information
4.2.2 Imerys Description, Business Overview
4.2.3 Imerys Metakaolin Products Offered
4.2.4 Imerys Metakaolin Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
4.2.5 Imerys Metakaolin Sales by Product in 2021
4.2.6 Imerys Metakaolin Sales by Application in 2021
4.2.7 Imerys Metakaolin Sales by Geographic Area in 2021
4.2.8 Imerys Recent Developments
4.3 I-Minerals
4.3.1 I-Minerals Corporation Information
4.3.2 I-Minerals Description, Business Overview
4.3.3 I-Minerals Metakaolin Products Offered
4.3.4 I-Minerals Metakaolin Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
4.3.5 I-Minerals Metakaolin Sales by Product in 2021
4.3.6 I-Minerals Metakaolin Sales by Application in 2021
4.3.7 I-Minerals Metakaolin Sales by Geographic Area in 2021
4.3.8 I-Minerals Recent Developments
4.4 SCR-Sibelco
4.4.1 SCR-Sibelco Corporation Information
4.4.2 SCR-Sibelco Description, Business Overview
4.4.3 SCR-Sibelco Metakaolin Products Offered
4.4.4 SCR-Sibelco Metakaolin Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
4.4.5 SCR-Sibelco Metakaolin Sales by Product in 2021
4.4.6 SCR-Sibelco Metakaolin Sales by Application in 2021
4.4.7 SCR-Sibelco Metakaolin Sales by Geographic Area in 2021
4.4.8 SCR-Sibelco Recent Developments
4.5 Thiele Kaolin
4.5.1 Thiele Kaolin Corporation Information
4.5.2 Thiele Kaolin Description, Business Overview
4.5.3 Thiele Kaolin Metakaolin Products Offered
4.5.4 Thiele Kaolin Metakaolin Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
4.5.5 Thiele Kaolin Metakaolin Sales by Product in 2021
4.5.6 Thiele Kaolin Metakaolin Sales by Application in 2021
4.5.7 Thiele Kaolin Metakaolin Sales by Geographic Area in 2021
4.5.8 Thiele Kaolin Recent Developments
4.6 Burgess
4.6.1 Burgess Corporation Information
4.6.2 Burgess Description, Business Overview
4.6.3 Burgess Metakaolin Products Offered
4.6.4 Burgess Metakaolin Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
4.6.5 Burgess Metakaolin Sales by Product in 2021
4.6.6 Burgess Metakaolin Sales by Application in 2021
4.6.7 Burgess Metakaolin Sales by Geographic Area in 2021
4.6.8 Burgess Recent Development
4.7 Poraver
4.7.1 Poraver Corporation Information
4.7.2 Poraver Description, Business Overview
4.7.3 Poraver Metakaolin Products Offered
4.7.4 Poraver Metakaolin Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
4.7.5 Poraver Metakaolin Sales by Product in 2021
4.7.6 Poraver Metakaolin Sales by Application in 2021
4.7.7 Poraver Metakaolin Sales by Geographic Area in 2021
4.7.8 Poraver Recent Development
4.8 Advanced Cement Technologies
4.8.1 Advanced Cement Technologies Corporation Information
4.8.2 Advanced Cement Technologies Description, Business Overview
4.8.3 Advanced Cement Technologies Metakaolin Products Offered
4.8.4 Advanced Cement Technologies Metakaolin Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
4.8.5 Advanced Cement Technologies Metakaolin Sales by Product in 2021
4.8.6 Advanced Cement Technologies Metakaolin Sales by Application in 2021
4.8.7 Advanced Cement Technologies Metakaolin Sales by Geographic Area in 2021
4.8.8 Advanced Cement Technologies Recent Development
4.9 KERAMOST
4.9.1 KERAMOST Corporation Information
4.9.2 KERAMOST Description, Business Overview
4.9.3 KERAMOST Metakaolin Products Offered
4.9.4 KERAMOST Metakaolin Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
4.9.5 KERAMOST Metakaolin Sales by Product in 2021
4.9.6 KERAMOST Metakaolin Sales by Application in 2021
4.9.7 KERAMOST Metakaolin Sales by Geographic Area in 2021
4.9.8 KERAMOST Recent Development
4.10 Arciresa
4.10.1 Arciresa Corporation Information
4.10.2 Arciresa Description, Business Overview
4.10.3 Arciresa Metakaolin Products Offered
4.10.4 Arciresa Metakaolin Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
4.10.5 Arciresa Metakaolin Sales by Product in 2021
4.10.6 Arciresa Metakaolin Sales by Application in 2021
4.10.7 Arciresa Metakaolin Sales by Geographic Area in 2021
4.10.8 Arciresa Recent Development
4.11 Metacaulim
4.11.1 Metacaulim Corporation Information
4.11.2 Metacaulim Description, Business Overview
4.11.3 Metacaulim Metakaolin Products Offered
4.11.4 Metacaulim Metakaolin Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
4.11.5 Metacaulim Metakaolin Sales by Product in 2021
4.11.6 Metacaulim Metakaolin Sales by Application in 2021
4.11.7 Metacaulim Metakaolin Sales by Geographic Area in 2021
4.11.8 Metacaulim Recent Development
4.12 Yukun Minine
4.12.1 Yukun Minine Corporation Information
4.12.2 Yukun Minine Description, Business Overview
4.12.3 Yukun Minine Metakaolin Products Offered
4.12.4 Yukun Minine Metakaolin Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
4.12.5 Yukun Minine Metakaolin Sales by Product in 2021
4.12.6 Yukun Minine Metakaolin Sales by Application in 2021
4.12.7 Yukun Minine Metakaolin Sales by Geographic Area in 2021
4.12.8 Yukun Minine Recent Development
4.13 MMK
4.13.1 MMK Corporation Information
4.13.2 MMK Description, Business Overview
4.13.3 MMK Metakaolin Products Offered
4.13.4 MMK Metakaolin Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
4.13.5 MMK Metakaolin Sales by Product in 2021
4.13.6 MMK Metakaolin Sales by Application in 2021
4.13.7 MMK Metakaolin Sales by Geographic Area in 2021
4.13.8 MMK Recent Development
4.14 Jinyu Kaolin Chemical
4.14.1 Jinyu Kaolin Chemical Corporation Information
4.14.2 Jinyu Kaolin Chemical Description, Business Overview
4.14.3 Jinyu Kaolin Chemical Metakaolin Products Offered
4.14.4 Jinyu Kaolin Chemical Metakaolin Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
4.14.5 Jinyu Kaolin Chemical Metakaolin Sales by Product in 2021
4.14.6 Jinyu Kaolin Chemical Metakaolin Sales by Application in 2021
4.14.7 Jinyu Kaolin Chemical Metakaolin Sales by Geographic Area in 2021
4.14.8 Jinyu Kaolin Chemical Recent Development
4.15 Jinyang Kaolin
4.15.1 Jinyang Kaolin Corporation Information
4.15.2 Jinyang Kaolin Description, Business Overview
4.15.3 Jinyang Kaolin Metakaolin Products Offered
4.15.4 Jinyang Kaolin Metakaolin Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
4.15.5 Jinyang Kaolin Metakaolin Sales by Product in 2021
4.15.6 Jinyang Kaolin Metakaolin Sales by Application in 2021
4.15.7 Jinyang Kaolin Metakaolin Sales by Geographic Area in 2021
4.15.8 Jinyang Kaolin Recent Development
5 Breakdown Data by Type
5.1 Global Metakaolin Sales by Type (2017-2028)
5.1.1 Global Metakaolin Sales by Type (2017-2022)
5.1.2 Global Metakaolin Sales Forecast by Type (2023-2028)
5.1.3 Global Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Type (2017-2028)
5.2 Global Metakaolin Revenue Forecast by Type (2017-2028)
5.2.1 Global Metakaolin Revenue by Type (2017-2022)
5.2.2 Global Metakaolin Revenue Forecast by Type (2023-2028)
5.2.3 Global Metakaolin Revenue Market Share by Type (2017-2028)
5.3 Metakaolin Average Selling Price (ASP) by Type (2017-2028)
6 Breakdown Data by Application
6.1 Global Metakaolin Sales by Application (2017-2028)
6.1.1 Global Metakaolin Sales by Application (2017-2022)
6.1.2 Global Metakaolin Sales Forecast by Application (2023-2028)
6.1.3 Global Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Application (2017-2028)
6.2 Global Metakaolin Revenue Forecast by Application (2017-2028)
6.2.1 Global Metakaolin Revenue by Application (2017-2022)
6.2.2 Global Metakaolin Revenue Forecast by Application (2023-2028)
6.2.3 Global Metakaolin Revenue Market Share by Application (2017-2028)
6.3 Metakaolin Average Selling Price (ASP) by Application (2017-2028)
7 North America
7.1 North America Metakaolin Market Size YoY Growth 2017-2028
7.2 North America Metakaolin Market Facts & Figures by Country
7.2.1 North America Metakaolin Sales by Country (2017-2028)
7.2.2 North America Metakaolin Revenue by Country (2017-2028)
7.3 North America Metakaolin Sales by Type
7.4 North America Metakaolin Sales by Application
8 Asia-Pacific
8.1 Asia-Pacific Metakaolin Market Size YoY Growth 2017-2028
8.2 Asia-Pacific Metakaolin Market Facts & Figures by Region
8.2.1 Asia-Pacific Metakaolin Sales by Region (2017-2028)
8.2.2 Asia-Pacific Metakaolin Revenue by Region (2017-2028)
8.3 Asia-Pacific Metakaolin Sales by Type
8.4 Asia-Pacific Metakaolin Sales by Application
9 Europe
9.1 Europe Metakaolin Market Size YoY Growth 2017-2028
9.2 Europe Metakaolin Market Facts & Figures by Country
9.2.1 Europe Metakaolin Sales by Country (2017-2028)
9.2.2 Europe Metakaolin Revenue by Country (2017-2028)
9.3 Europe Metakaolin Sales by Type
9.4 Europe Metakaolin Sales by Application
10 Latin America
10.1 Latin America Metakaolin Market Size YoY Growth 2017-2028
10.2 Latin America Metakaolin Market Facts & Figures by Country
10.2.1 Latin America Metakaolin Sales by Country (2017-2028)
10.2.2 Latin America Metakaolin Revenue by Country (2017-2028)
10.3 Latin America Metakaolin Sales by Type
10.4 Latin America Metakaolin Sales by Application
11 Middle East and Africa
11.1 Middle East and Africa Metakaolin Market Size YoY Growth 2017-2028
11.2 Middle East and Africa Metakaolin Market Facts & Figures by Country
11.2.1 Middle East and Africa Metakaolin Sales by Country (2017-2028)
11.2.2 Middle East and Africa Metakaolin Revenue by Country (2017-2028)
11.3 Middle East and Africa Metakaolin Sales by Type
11.4 Middle East and Africa Metakaolin Sales by Application
12 Supply Chain and Sales Channel Analysis
12.1 Metakaolin Supply Chain Analysis
12.2 Metakaolin Key Raw Materials and Upstream Suppliers
12.3 Metakaolin Clients Analysis
12.4 Metakaolin Sales Channel and Sales Model Analysis
12.4.1 Metakaolin Distribution Channel Analysis: Indirect Sales VS Direct Sales
12.4.2 Metakaolin Distribution Channel Analysis: Online Sales VS Offline Sales
12.4.3 Metakaolin Distributors
13 Market Dynamics
13.1 Metakaolin Industry Trends
13.2 Metakaolin Market Drivers
13.3 Metakaolin Market Challenges
13.4 Metakaolin Market Restraints
13.5 Porter's Five Forces Analysis
14 Research Findings and Conclusion
15 Appendix
15.1 Research Methodology
15.1.1 Methodology/Research Approach
15.1.2 Data Source
15.2 Author Details
15.3 Disclaimer
List of Tables
Table 1. Global Metakaolin Market Size Growth Rate by Type (US$ Million): 2017 VS 2021 VS 2028
Table 2. Major Manufacturers of Below 2?m
Table 3. Major Manufacturers of 2~10?m
Table 4. Major Manufacturers of 10~20?m
Table 5. Major Manufacturers of Over 20?m
Table 6. Global Metakaolin Market Size Growth by Application (US$ Million): 2017 VS 2021 VS 2028
Table 7. Global Metakaolin Market Size by Region (US$ Million): 2021 VS 2022 VS 2028
Table 8. Global Metakaolin Sales by Region (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 9. Global Metakaolin Sales Forecast by Region (2023-2028) & (K MT)
Table 10. Global Metakaolin Revenue by Region (2017-2022) & (US$ Million)
Table 11. Global Metakaolin Revenue Forecast by Region (2023-2028) & (US$ Million)
Table 12. Global Metakaolin Sales by Manufacturer (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 13. Global Metakaolin Sales Share by Manufacturer (2017-2022)
Table 14. Metakaolin Revenue by Manufacturer (2017-2022) & (US$ Million)
Table 15. Metakaolin Revenue Share by Manufacturer (2017-2022)
Table 16. Key Manufacturers Metakaolin Price (2017-2022) & (USD/MT)
Table 17. Ranking of Global Top Metakaolin Manufacturers by Revenue (US$ Million) in 2021
Table 18. Global Metakaolin Manufacturers Market Concentration Ratio (CR5 and HHI) & (2017-2022)
Table 19. Global Metakaolin by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3) & (based on the Revenue in Metakaolin as of 2021)
Table 20. Metakaolin Manufacturers Manufacturing Base Distribution and Headquarters
Table 21. Manufacturers Metakaolin Product Type
Table 22. Date of International Manufacturers Enter into Metakaolin Market
Table 23. Manufacturers Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans
Table 24. BASF Corporation Information
Table 25. BASF Description and Business Overview
Table 26. BASF Metakaolin Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$ Million), Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
Table 27. BASF Metakaolin Product
Table 28. BASF Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Product in 2021
Table 29. BASF Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Application in 2021
Table 30. BASF Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Geographic Area in 2021
Table 31. BASF Recent Development
Table 32. Imerys Corporation Information
Table 33. Imerys Description and Business Overview
Table 34. Imerys Metakaolin Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$ Million), Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
Table 35. Imerys Metakaolin Product
Table 36. Imerys Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Product in 2021
Table 37. Imerys Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Application in 2021
Table 38. Imerys Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Geographic Area in 2021
Table 39. Imerys Recent Development
Table 40. I-Minerals Corporation Information
Table 41. I-Minerals Description and Business Overview
Table 42. I-Minerals Metakaolin Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$ Million), Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
Table 43. I-Minerals Metakaolin Product
Table 44. I-Minerals Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Product in 2021
Table 45. I-Minerals Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Application in 2021
Table 46. I-Minerals Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Geographic Area in 2021
Table 47. I-Minerals Recent Development
Table 48. SCR-Sibelco Corporation Information
Table 49. SCR-Sibelco Description and Business Overview
Table 50. SCR-Sibelco Metakaolin Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$ Million), Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
Table 51. SCR-Sibelco Metakaolin Product
Table 52. SCR-Sibelco Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Product in 2021
Table 53. SCR-Sibelco Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Application in 2021
Table 54. SCR-Sibelco Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Geographic Area in 2021
Table 55. SCR-Sibelco Recent Development
Table 56. Thiele Kaolin Corporation Information
Table 57. Thiele Kaolin Description and Business Overview
Table 58. Thiele Kaolin Metakaolin Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$ Million), Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
Table 59. Thiele Kaolin Metakaolin Product
Table 60. Thiele Kaolin Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Product in 2021
Table 61. Thiele Kaolin Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Application in 2021
Table 62. Thiele Kaolin Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Geographic Area in 2021
Table 63. Thiele Kaolin Recent Development
Table 64. Burgess Corporation Information
Table 65. Burgess Description and Business Overview
Table 66. Burgess Metakaolin Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$ Million), Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
Table 67. Burgess Metakaolin Product
Table 68. Burgess Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Product in 2021
Table 69. Burgess Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Application in 2021
Table 70. Burgess Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Geographic Area in 2021
Table 71. Poraver Corporation Information
Table 72. Poraver Description and Business Overview
Table 73. Poraver Metakaolin Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$ Million), Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
Table 74. Poraver Metakaolin Product
Table 75. Poraver Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Product in 2021
Table 76. Poraver Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Application in 2021
Table 77. Poraver Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Geographic Area in 2021
Table 78. Advanced Cement Technologies Corporation Information
Table 79. Advanced Cement Technologies Description and Business Overview
Table 80. Advanced Cement Technologies Metakaolin Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$ Million), Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
Table 81. Advanced Cement Technologies Metakaolin Product
Table 82. Advanced Cement Technologies Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Product in 2021
Table 83. Advanced Cement Technologies Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Application in 2021
Table 84. Advanced Cement Technologies Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Geographic Area in 2021
Table 85. KERAMOST Corporation Information
Table 86. KERAMOST Description and Business Overview
Table 87. KERAMOST Metakaolin Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$ Million), Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
Table 88. KERAMOST Metakaolin Product
Table 89. KERAMOST Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Product in 2021
Table 90. KERAMOST Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Application in 2021
Table 91. KERAMOST Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Geographic Area in 2021
Table 92. Arciresa Corporation Information
Table 93. Arciresa Description and Business Overview
Table 94. Arciresa Metakaolin Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$ Million), Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
Table 95. Arciresa Metakaolin Product
Table 96. Arciresa Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Product in 2021
Table 97. Arciresa Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Application in 2021
Table 98. Arciresa Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Geographic Area in 2021
Table 99. Metacaulim Corporation Information
Table 100. Metacaulim Description and Business Overview
Table 101. Metacaulim Metakaolin Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$ Million), Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
Table 102. Metacaulim Metakaolin Product
Table 103. Metacaulim Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Product in 2021
Table 104. Metacaulim Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Application in 2021
Table 105. Metacaulim Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Geographic Area in 2021
Table 106. Yukun Minine Corporation Information
Table 107. Yukun Minine Description and Business Overview
Table 108. Yukun Minine Metakaolin Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$ Million), Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
Table 109. Yukun Minine Metakaolin Product
Table 110. Yukun Minine Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Product in 2021
Table 111. Yukun Minine Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Application in 2021
Table 112. Yukun Minine Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Geographic Area in 2021
Table 113. MMK Corporation Information
Table 114. MMK Description and Business Overview
Table 115. MMK Metakaolin Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$ Million), Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
Table 116. MMK Metakaolin Product
Table 117. MMK Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Product in 2021
Table 118. MMK Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Application in 2021
Table 119. MMK Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Geographic Area in 2021
Table 120. Jinyu Kaolin Chemical Corporation Information
Table 121. Jinyu Kaolin Chemical Description and Business Overview
Table 122. Jinyu Kaolin Chemical Metakaolin Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$ Million), Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
Table 123. Jinyu Kaolin Chemical Metakaolin Product
Table 124. Jinyu Kaolin Chemical Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Product in 2021
Table 125. Jinyu Kaolin Chemical Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Application in 2021
Table 126. Jinyu Kaolin Chemical Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Geographic Area in 2021
Table 127. Jinyang Kaolin Corporation Information
Table 128. Jinyang Kaolin Description and Business Overview
Table 129. Jinyang Kaolin Metakaolin Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$ Million), Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
Table 130. Jinyang Kaolin Metakaolin Product
Table 131. Jinyang Kaolin Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Product in 2021
Table 132. Jinyang Kaolin Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Application in 2021
Table 133. Jinyang Kaolin Metakaolin Sales Proportion of Metakaolin by Geographic Area in 2021
Table 134. Global Metakaolin Sales by Type (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 135. Global Metakaolin Sales Forecast by Type (2023-2028) & (K MT)
Table 136. Global Metakaolin Revenue by Type (2017-2022) & (US$ Million)
Table 137. Global Metakaolin Revenue Forecast by Type (2023-2028) & (US$ Million)
Table 138. Global Metakaolin Sales by Application (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 139. Global Metakaolin Sales Forecast by Application (2023-2028) & (K MT)
Table 140. Global Metakaolin Revenue by Application (2017-2022) & (US$ Million)
Table 141. Global Metakaolin Revenue Forecast by Application (2023-2028) & (US$ Million)
Table 142. North America Metakaolin Sales by Country (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 143. North America Metakaolin Sales by Country (2023-2028) & (K MT)
Table 144. North America Metakaolin Revenue by Country (2017-2022) & (US$ Million)
Table 145. North America Metakaolin Revenue by Country (2023-2028) & (US$ Million)
Table 146. North America Metakaolin Sales by Type (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 147. North America Metakaolin Sales by Application (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 148. Asia-Pacific Metakaolin Sales by Region (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 149. Asia-Pacific Metakaolin Sales by Region (2023-2028) & (K MT)
Table 150. Asia-Pacific Metakaolin Revenue by Region (2017-2028) & (US$ Million)
Table 151. Asia-Pacific Metakaolin Revenue by Region (2023-2028) & (US$ Million)
Table 152. Asia-Pacific Metakaolin Sales by Type (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 153. Asia-Pacific Metakaolin Sales by Application (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 154. Europe Metakaolin Sales by Country (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 155. Europe Metakaolin Sales by Country (2023-2028) & (K MT)
Table 156. Europe Metakaolin Revenue by Country (2017-2022) & (US$ Million)
Table 157. Europe Metakaolin Revenue by Country (2023-2028) & (US$ Million)
Table 158. Europe Metakaolin Sales by Type (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 159. Europe Metakaolin Sales by Application (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 160. Latin America Metakaolin Sales by Country (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 161. Latin America Metakaolin Sales by Country (2023-2028) & (K MT)
Table 162. Latin America Metakaolin Revenue by Country (2017-2022) & (US$ Million)
Table 163. Latin America Metakaolin Revenue by Country (2023-2028) & (US$ Million)
Table 164. Latin America Metakaolin Sales by Type (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 165. Latin America Metakaolin Sales by Application (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 166. Middle East and Africa Metakaolin Sales by Country (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 167. Middle East and Africa Metakaolin Sales by Country (2023-2028) & (K MT)
Table 168. Middle East and Africa Metakaolin Revenue by Country (2017-2022) & (US$ Million)
Table 169. Middle East and Africa Metakaolin Revenue by Country (2023-2028) & (US$ Million)
Table 170. Middle East and Africa Metakaolin Sales by Type (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 171. Middle East and Africa Metakaolin Sales by Application (2017-2022) & (K MT)
Table 172. Metakaolin Key Raw Materials, Industry Status and Trend
Table 173. Metakaolin Key Raw Materials and Upstream Suppliers
Table 174. Metakaolin Clients Status and Trend
Table 175. Metakaolin Typical Clients
Table 176. Metakaolin Distributors
Table 177. Metakaolin Market Trends
Table 178. Metakaolin Market Drivers
Table 179. Metakaolin Market Challenges
Table 180. Metakaolin Market Restraints
Table 181. Research Programs/Design for This Report
Table 182. Key Data Information from Secondary Sources
Table 183. Key Data Information from Primary Sources
List of Figures
Figure 1. Metakaolin Product Picture
Figure 2. Global Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Type in 2021 & 2028
Figure 3. Below 2?m Product Picture
Figure 4. 2~10?m Product Picture
Figure 5. 10~20?m Product Picture
Figure 6. Over 20?m Product Picture
Figure 7. Global Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Application in 2021 & 2028
Figure 8. Infrastructure Works Examples
Figure 9. Commercial, Industrial and Residential Buildings Examples
Figure 10. Artifacts Examples
Figure 11. Other Examples
Figure 12. Metakaolin Report Years Considered
Figure 13. Global Metakaolin Market Size, (US$ Million), 2017 VS 2021 VS 2028
Figure 14. Global Metakaolin Market Size 2017-2028 (US$ Million)
Figure 15. Global Metakaolin Sales 2017-2028 (K MT)
Figure 16. Global Metakaolin Market Size Market Share by Region: 2022 Versus 2028
Figure 17. Global Metakaolin Sales Market Share Forecast by Region (2017-2028)
Figure 18. Global Metakaolin Revenue Market Share by Region (2017-2028)
Figure 19. Global Metakaolin Sales Share by Manufacturer in 2021
Figure 20. Metakaolin Market Share by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3): 2017 VS 2021
Figure 21. Global Metakaolin Sales Market Share Forecast by Type (2017-2028)
Figure 22. Global Metakaolin Revenue Market Share Forecast by Type (2017-2028)
Figure 23. Metakaolin Average Selling Price (ASP) by Type (2017-2022) & (USD/MT)
Figure 24. Global Metakaolin Sales Market Share Forecast by Application (2017-2028)
Figure 25. Global Metakaolin Revenue Market Share Forecast by Application (2017-2028)
Figure 26. Metakaolin Average Selling Price (ASP) by Application (2017-2022) & (USD/MT)
Figure 27. North America Metakaolin Revenue 2017-2028 (US$ Million)
Figure 28. North America Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
Figure 29. North America Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
Figure 30. Asia-Pacific Metakaolin Revenue 2017-2028 (US$ Million)
Figure 31. Asia-Pacific Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Region (2017-2028)
Figure 32. Asia-Pacific Metakaolin Revenue Market Share by Region (2017-2028)
Figure 33. Asia-Pacific Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
Figure 34. Asia-Pacific Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
Figure 35. Europe Metakaolin Revenue Growth Rate 2017-2028 (US$ Million)
Figure 36. Europe Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Country (2017-2028)
Figure 37. Europe Metakaolin Revenue Market Share by Country (2017-2028)
Figure 38. Europe Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
Figure 39. Europe Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
Figure 40. Latin America Metakaolin Revenue Growth Rate 2017-2028 (US$ Million)
Figure 41. Latin America Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Country (2017-2028)
Figure 42. Latin America Metakaolin Revenue Market Share by Country (2017-2022)
Figure 43. Latin America Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
Figure 44. Latin America Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
Figure 45. Middle East and Africa Metakaolin Revenue Growth Rate 2017-2028 (US$ Million)
Figure 46. Middle East and Africa Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Country (2017-2028)
Figure 47. Middle East and Africa Metakaolin Revenue Market Share by Country (2017-2028)
Figure 48. Middle East and Africa Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
Figure 49. Middle East and Africa Metakaolin Sales Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
Figure 50. Metakaolin Supply Chain (Upstream and Downstream Market)
Figure 51. Global Production Market Share of Metakaolin Raw Materials by Region in 2021
Figure 52. Metakaolin Distribution Channels
Figure 53. Global Metakaolin Percentage 2017-2028: Indirect Sales VS Direct Sales
Figure 54. Global Metakaolin Percentage 2017-2028: Online Sales VS Offline Sales
Figure 55. Bottom-up and Top-down Approaches for This Report
Figure 56. Data Triangulation
  • Global Metakaolin Market Analysis 2017-2022 and Forecast 2023-2028
    Published: 18-Dec-2022        Price: US 2980 Onwards        Pages: 110
    Snapshot Metakaolin is a dehydroxylated form of the clay mineral kaolinite. Metakaolin is available in many different varieties and qualities. The purity will define the binding capacity for free lime. Some of them also provide special reactivity. The global Metakaolin market size is estimated at xxx million USD with a CAGR xx% from 2017-2022 and is expected to reach xxx Million USD in 2022 with a CAGR xx% from 2022 to 2028. The report begins from overview of Industry Chain structu......
  • 2023 Kaolin Market Outlook Report - Market Size, Market Split, Market Shares Data, Insights, Trends, Opportunities, Companies, the impact of inflation and supply-chain: Growth Forecasts by product type, application, and region from 2022 to 2030
    Published: 10-Nov-2022        Price: US 4150 Onwards        Pages: 143
    Kaolin Market Insights - Market Size, Share and Growth Outlook The Kaolin market is expected to register fluctuating growth trends in the long term, while inflation and supply chain concerns are expected to continue in 2023. Shifting consumer preferences in a projected economic downturn scenario, amendments to industrial policies to align with growing environmental concerns, huge fluctuations in raw material costs triggered by prevailing geo-political tensions, and......
  • 2023 Metakaolin Market Outlook Report - Market Size, Market Split, Market Shares Data, Insights, Trends, Opportunities, Companies, the impact of inflation and supply-chain: Growth Forecasts by product type, application, and region from 2022 to 2030
    Published: 10-Nov-2022        Price: US 4150 Onwards        Pages: 143
    Metakaolin Market Insights - Market Size, Share and Growth Outlook The Metakaolin market is expected to register fluctuating growth trends in the long term, while inflation and supply chain concerns are expected to continue in 2023. Shifting consumer preferences in a projected economic downturn scenario, amendments to industrial policies to align with growing environmental concerns, huge fluctuations in raw material costs triggered by prevailing geo-political tensi......
  • Global Kaolin Market Research Report 2022 - Market Size, Current Insights and Development Trends
    Published: 13-Oct-2022        Price: US 3450 Onwards        Pages: 120
    The report focuses on the Kaolin market size, segment size (mainly covering product type, application, and geography), competitor landscape, recent status, and development trends. Furthermore, the report provides strategies for companies to overcome threats posed by COVID-19. Technological innovation and advancement will further optimize the performance of the product, enabling it to acquire a wider range of applications in the downstream market. Moreover, customer......
  • Global Metakaolin Market Research Report 2022 - Market Size, Current Insights and Development Trends
    Published: 04-Oct-2022        Price: US 3450 Onwards        Pages: 111
    The report focuses on the Metakaolin market size, segment size (mainly covering product type, application, and geography), competitor landscape, recent status, and development trends. Furthermore, the report provides strategies for companies to overcome threats posed by COVID-19. Technological innovation and advancement will further optimize the performance of the product, enabling it to acquire a wider range of applications in the downstream market. Moreover, cust......
  • Global Kaolin Market Size, Manufacturers, Supply Chain, Sales Channel and Clients, 2022-2028
    Published: 22-Sep-2022        Price: US 5900 Onwards        Pages: 118
    Kaolin, also called china clay, is white, soft, plastic clay mainly composed of fine-grained plate-like particles. It is distinguished from other industrial clays based on its fine particle size and pure coloring. Highlights Considering the economic change due to COVID-19 and Russia-Ukraine War Influence, the global Kaolin market is projected to reach US$ 8427 million by 2028 from an estimated US$ 6660 million in 2022, at a CAGR of 4.0% during 2023 and 2028. Global K......
  • Global Metakaolin Market Size, Manufacturers, Supply Chain, Sales Channel and Clients, 2022-2028
    Published: 16-Sep-2022        Price: US 5900 Onwards        Pages: 129
    Metakaolin is a dehydroxylated form of the clay mineral kaolinite. Metakaolin is available in many different varieties and qualities. The purity will define the binding capacity for free lime. Some of them also provide special reactivity. Highlights Considering the economic change due to COVID-19 and Russia-Ukraine War Influence, the global Metakaolin market is projected to reach US$ 192.2 million by 2028 from an estimated US$ 144.3 million in 2022, at a CAGR of 4.9% during......
  • Post-pandemic Era - Global Metakaolin Market Analysis 2022, With Top Companies, Production, Revenue, Consumption, Price and Growth Rate
    Published: 14-Sep-2022        Price: US 4850 Onwards        Pages: 96
    Summary The global and Chinese economies were hit hard in 2020, and the global GDP grew by 5.9% in 2021. Although the global growth prospects improved and there was a V-shaped rebound, this does not mean that the economy has really recovered to the level before the epidemic. The vast majority of countries are still in the stage of recovery after heavy damage and are far from achieving real recovery. 2022 is a year of continuous recovery. Global supply chain disturba......
  • (Post-pandemic Era) - Global Metakaolin Market Segment Research Report 2022
    Published: 14-Sep-2022        Price: US 3300 Onwards        Pages: 95
    Summary The global and Chinese economies were hit hard in 2020, and the global GDP grew by 5.9% in 2021. Although the global growth prospects improved and there was a V-shaped rebound, this does not mean that the economy has really recovered to the level before the epidemic. The vast majority of countries are still in the stage of recovery after heavy damage and are far from achieving real recovery. 2022 is a year of continuous recovery. Global supply chain disturba......
  • SERVICES
    Value for Money
    We believe in "optimum utilization of available budget and resources". While servicing our clients' (your) market research requirements, we keep the same approach in focus to help you get the best value for your $$s.
    Ever Growing Inventory
    Ranging from the smallest feasible / required data (datasheets, data facts, SWOT analysis, company profiles, etc) to full research reports that help you make decisions, our inventory is updated almost on a daily basis with the latest industry reports from domain experts that track more than 5000 niche sectors.
    One Stop Solution
    Need a custom research report on medical devices market? Require all available business intelligence on 3D printing industry? Exploring F&B sector of a particular country/region? RnRMarketResearch.com is your one-stop-solution to all market intelligence needs. We not only offer custom research and consulting services, we also "bundle" reports to meet your needs and help you fetch the data analysis you require for your business.
    Dedicated Client Engagement
    Not limited to only "finding" relevant reports for you, our client engagement team dedicates its efforts to understand your "business need" and accordingly maps available research data to help you move forward. Call "your" client engagement executive any time of your day and get your questions answered in order to make the correct business decision.
    Saving Time and Efforts
    Simply share your research requirement details with us and let us do all the hard work to find required intelligence for you. When you add up our "one stop solution" and "dedicated client engagement" services mentioned above, you obviously know the time and effort saving you do by working with us.
    Payment Flexibility
    Working with Fortune 500 organizations, we understand the importance of being flexible for payments. Share your payment terms with us and we will surely match up to them to ensure you get access to required business intelligence data without having to wait for the payment to be done.
    Post-Purchase Research Support
    Have questions after reading a report / datasheet bought through us? Not sure about the methodology used for data available in the research? Talk to us / Share your questions with us and if required, we will connect you with the analyst(s)/author(s) of the report(s) and ensure you get satisfactory answers for the same. Need more data / analysis / report(s) on the topic of your research/project? The RnRMarketResearch.com team is here for you 24X7 to support you with your post-purchase requirements. Subscription Offers & Packages (Get in touch with us for more details - [email protected] / +1 888 391 5441 )
    • Ad Hoc
    • Pay - as - you - go / Bucket Subscriptions
    • Fixed Cost for #of reports
    • Customize / Personalize as per your needs