China Offshore Lubricants Market Report & Forecast 2021-2027

Publisher Name :
Date: 16-Nov-2021
No. of pages: 90
Inquire Before Buying

China Offshore Lubricants Market, By Type, 2016-2021, 2022-2027 ($ Millions) & (K MT)

China Offshore Lubricants Market Segment Percentages, By Type, 2020 (%)

- Engine Oil

- Hydraulic Oil

- Gear Oil

- Grease

China Offshore Lubricants Market, By Application, 2016-2021, 2022-2027 ($ Millions) & (K MT)

China Offshore Lubricants Market Segment Percentages, By Application, 2020 (%)

- Offshore Rigs

- FPSOs

- OSVs

Competitor Analysis

The report also provides analysis of leading market participants including:

Key companies Offshore Lubricants revenues in China market, 2016-2021 (Estimated), ($ millions)

Key companies Offshore Lubricants revenues share in China market, 2020 (%)

Key companies Offshore Lubricants sales in China market, 2016-2021 (Estimated), (K MT)

Key companies Offshore Lubricants sales share in China market, 2020 (%)

Further, the report presents profiles of competitors in the market, key players include:

- Royal Dutch Shell

- Chevron

- ExxonMobil

- Castrol

- Total

- British Petroleum

- Sinopec

- Idemitsu Kosan

- JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp

- Lukoil

China Offshore Lubricants Market Report & Forecast 2021-2027

Table of Contents
1 Introduction to Research & Analysis Reports
1.1 Offshore Lubricants Market Definition
1.2 Market Segments
1.2.1 Segment by Type
1.2.2 Segment by Application
1.3 China Offshore Lubricants Market Overview
1.4 Methodology & Sources of Information
1.4.1 Research Methodology
1.4.2 Research Process
1.4.3 Base Year
2 China Offshore Lubricants Overall Market Size
2.1 China Offshore Lubricants Market Size: 2021 VS 2027
2.2 China Offshore Lubricants Revenue, Prospects & Forecasts: 2016-2027
2.3 China Offshore Lubricants Sales: 2016-2027
3 Company Landscape
3.1 Top Offshore Lubricants Players in China Market
3.2 Top China Offshore Lubricants Companies Ranked by Revenue
3.3 China Offshore Lubricants Revenue by Companies
3.4 China Offshore Lubricants Sales by Companies
3.5 China Offshore Lubricants Price by Manufacturer (2016-2021)
3.6 Top 3 and Top 5 Offshore Lubricants Companies in China Market, by Revenue in 2020
3.7 Manufacturers Offshore Lubricants Product Type
3.8 Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3 Offshore Lubricants Players in China Market
3.8.1 List of Tier 1 Offshore Lubricants Companies in China
3.8.2 List of Tier 2 and Tier 3 Offshore Lubricants Companies in China
4 Sights by Type
4.1 Overview
4.1.1 By Type - China Offshore Lubricants Market Size Markets, 2021 & 2027
4.1.2 Engine Oil
4.1.3 Hydraulic Oil
4.1.4 Gear Oil
4.1.5 Grease
4.2 By Type - China Offshore Lubricants Revenue & Forecasts
4.2.1 By Type - China Offshore Lubricants Revenue, 2016-2021
4.2.2 By Type - China Offshore Lubricants Revenue, 2022-2027
4.2.3 By Type - China Offshore Lubricants Revenue Market Share, 2016-2027
4.3 By Type - China Offshore Lubricants Sales & Forecasts
4.3.1 By Type - China Offshore Lubricants Sales, 2016-2021
4.3.2 By Type - China Offshore Lubricants Sales, 2022-2027
4.3.3 By Type - China Offshore Lubricants Sales Market Share, 2016-2027
4.4 By Type - China Offshore Lubricants Price (Manufacturers Selling Prices), 2016-2027
5 Sights by Application
5.1 Overview
5.1.1 By Application - China Offshore Lubricants Market Size, 2021 & 2027
5.1.2 Offshore Rigs
5.1.3 FPSOs
5.1.4 OSVs
5.2 By Application - China Offshore Lubricants Revenue & Forecasts
5.2.1 By Application - China Offshore Lubricants Revenue, 2016-2021
5.2.2 By Application - China Offshore Lubricants Revenue, 2022-2027
5.2.3 By Application - China Offshore Lubricants Revenue Market Share, 2016-2027
5.3 By Application - China Offshore Lubricants Sales & Forecasts
5.3.1 By Application - China Offshore Lubricants Sales, 2016-2021
5.3.2 By Application - China Offshore Lubricants Sales, 2022-2027
5.3.3 By Application - China Offshore Lubricants Sales Market Share, 2016-2027
5.4 By Application - China Offshore Lubricants Price (Manufacturers Selling Prices), 2016-2027
6 Manufacturers & Brands Profiles
6.1 Royal Dutch Shell
6.1.1 Royal Dutch Shell Corporation Information
6.1.2 Royal Dutch Shell Overview
6.1.3 Royal Dutch Shell Offshore Lubricants Sales and Revenue in China Market (2016-2021)
6.1.4 Royal Dutch Shell Offshore Lubricants Product Description
6.1.5 Royal Dutch Shell Recent Developments
6.2 Chevron
6.2.1 Chevron Corporation Information
6.2.2 Chevron Overview
6.2.3 Chevron Offshore Lubricants Sales and Revenue in China Market (2016-2021)
6.2.4 Chevron Offshore Lubricants Product Description
6.2.5 Chevron Recent Developments
6.3 ExxonMobil
6.3.1 ExxonMobil Corporation Information
6.3.2 ExxonMobil Overview
6.3.3 ExxonMobil Offshore Lubricants Sales and Revenue in China Market (2016-2021)
6.3.4 ExxonMobil Offshore Lubricants Product Description
6.3.5 ExxonMobil Recent Developments
6.4 Castrol
6.4.1 Castrol Corporation Information
6.4.2 Castrol Overview
6.4.3 Castrol Offshore Lubricants Sales and Revenue in China Market (2016-2021)
6.4.4 Castrol Offshore Lubricants Product Description
6.4.5 Castrol Recent Developments
6.5 Total
6.5.1 Total Corporation Information
6.5.2 Total Overview
6.5.3 Total Offshore Lubricants Sales and Revenue in China Market (2016-2021)
6.5.4 Total Offshore Lubricants Product Description
6.5.5 Total Recent Developments
6.6 British Petroleum
6.6.1 British Petroleum Corporation Information
6.6.2 British Petroleum Overview
6.6.3 British Petroleum Offshore Lubricants Sales and Revenue in China Market (2016-2021)
6.6.4 British Petroleum Offshore Lubricants Product Description
6.6.5 British Petroleum Recent Developments
6.7 Sinopec
6.7.1 Sinopec Corporation Information
6.7.2 Sinopec Overview
6.7.3 Sinopec Offshore Lubricants Sales and Revenue in China Market (2016-2021)
6.7.4 Sinopec Offshore Lubricants Product Description
6.7.5 Sinopec Recent Developments
6.8 Idemitsu Kosan
6.8.1 Idemitsu Kosan Corporation Information
6.8.2 Idemitsu Kosan Overview
6.8.3 Idemitsu Kosan Offshore Lubricants Sales and Revenue in China Market (2016-2021)
6.8.4 Idemitsu Kosan Offshore Lubricants Product Description
6.8.5 Idemitsu Kosan Recent Developments
6.9 JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp
6.9.1 JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp Corporation Information
6.9.2 JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp Overview
6.9.3 JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp Offshore Lubricants Sales and Revenue in China Market (2016-2021)
6.9.4 JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp Offshore Lubricants Product Description
6.9.5 JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp Recent Developments
6.10 Lukoil
6.10.1 Lukoil Corporation Information
6.10.2 Lukoil Overview
6.10.3 Lukoil Offshore Lubricants Sales and Revenue in China Market (2016-2021)
6.10.4 Lukoil Offshore Lubricants Product Description
6.10.5 Lukoil Recent Developments
7 China Offshore Lubricants Production Capacity, Analysis
7.1 China Offshore Lubricants Production Capacity, 2016-2027
7.2 Offshore Lubricants Production Capacity of Key Manufacturers in China Market
8 Key Market Trends, Opportunity, Drivers and Restraints
8.1 Market Opportunities & Trends
8.2 Market Drivers
8.3 Market Restraints
9 Offshore Lubricants Supply Chain Analysis
9.1 Offshore Lubricants Industry Value Chain
9.2 Offshore Lubricants Upstream Market
9.3 Offshore Lubricants Downstream and Clients
9.4 Marketing Channels Analysis
9.4.1 Marketing Channels
9.4.2 Offshore Lubricants Distributors and Sales Agents in China Market
10 Conclusion
11 Appendix
11.1 Note
11.2 Examples of Clients
11.3 Author Details
11.4 Disclaimer
List of Tables
Table 1. Key Players of Offshore Lubricants in China Market
Table 2. Top Offshore Lubricants Players in China Market, Ranking by Revenue (2019)
Table 3. China Offshore Lubricants Revenue by Companies, (US$, Mn), 2016-2021
Table 4. China Offshore Lubricants Revenue Share by Companies, 2016-2021
Table 5. China Offshore Lubricants Sales by Companies, (K MT), 2016-2021
Table 6. China Offshore Lubricants Sales Share by Companies, 2016-2021
Table 7. Key Manufacturers Offshore Lubricants Price (2016-2021) & (USD/MT)
Table 8. Manufacturers Offshore Lubricants Product Type
Table 9. List of Tier 1 Offshore Lubricants Companies, Revenue (US$, Mn) in 2020 and Market Share
Table 10. List of Tier 2 and Tier 3 Offshore Lubricants Companies, Revenue (US$, Mn) in 2020 and Market Share
Table 11. Major Manufacturers of Engine Oil
Table 12. Major Manufacturers of Hydraulic Oil
Table 13. By Type - China Offshore Lubricants Revenue, (US$, Mn), 2021 & 2027
Table 14. By Type - China Offshore Lubricants Revenue (US$, Mn), 2016-2021
Table 15. By Type - China Offshore Lubricants Revenue (US$, Mn), 2022-2027
Table 16. By Type - China Offshore Lubricants Sales (K MT), 2016-2021
Table 17. By Type - China Offshore Lubricants Sales (K MT), 2022-2027
Table 18. By Application - China Offshore Lubricants Revenue, (US$, Mn), 2021 VS 2027
Table 19. By Application - China Offshore Lubricants Revenue (US$, Mn), 2016-2021
Table 20. By Application - China Offshore Lubricants Revenue (US$, Mn), 2022-2027
Table 21. By Application - China Offshore Lubricants Sales (K MT), 2016-2021
Table 22. By Application - China Offshore Lubricants Sales (K MT), 2022-2027
Table 23. Royal Dutch Shell Corporation Information
Table 24. Royal Dutch Shell Description and Major Businesses
Table 25. Royal Dutch Shell Offshore Lubricants Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$, Mn) and Gross Margin (USD/MT) (2016-2021)
Table 26. Royal Dutch Shell Offshore Lubricants Product
Table 27. Royal Dutch Shell Recent Developments
Table 28. Chevron Corporation Information
Table 29. Chevron Description and Major Businesses
Table 30. Chevron Offshore Lubricants Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$, Mn) and Gross Margin (USD/MT) (2016-2021)
Table 31. Chevron Offshore Lubricants Product
Table 32. Chevron Recent Developments
Table 33. ExxonMobil Corporation Information
Table 34. ExxonMobil Description and Major Businesses
Table 35. ExxonMobil Offshore Lubricants Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$, Mn) and Gross Margin (USD/MT) (2016-2021)
Table 36. ExxonMobil Offshore Lubricants Product
Table 37. ExxonMobil Recent Developments
Table 38. Castrol Corporation Information
Table 39. Castrol Description and Major Businesses
Table 40. Castrol Offshore Lubricants Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$, Mn) and Gross Margin (USD/MT) (2016-2021)
Table 41. Castrol Offshore Lubricants Product
Table 42. Castrol Recent Developments
Table 43. Total Corporation Information
Table 44. Total Description and Major Businesses
Table 45. Total Offshore Lubricants Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$, Mn) and Gross Margin (USD/MT) (2016-2021)
Table 46. Total Offshore Lubricants Product
Table 47. Total Recent Developments
Table 48. British Petroleum Corporation Information
Table 49. British Petroleum Description and Major Businesses
Table 50. British Petroleum Offshore Lubricants Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$, Mn) and Gross Margin (USD/MT) (2016-2021)
Table 51. British Petroleum Offshore Lubricants Product
Table 52. British Petroleum Recent Developments
Table 53. Sinopec Corporation Information
Table 54. Sinopec Description and Major Businesses
Table 55. Sinopec Offshore Lubricants Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$, Mn) and Gross Margin (USD/MT) (2016-2021)
Table 56. Sinopec Offshore Lubricants Product
Table 57. Sinopec Recent Developments
Table 58. Idemitsu Kosan Corporation Information
Table 59. Idemitsu Kosan Description and Major Businesses
Table 60. Idemitsu Kosan Offshore Lubricants Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$, Mn) and Gross Margin (USD/MT) (2016-2021)
Table 61. Idemitsu Kosan Offshore Lubricants Product
Table 62. Idemitsu Kosan Recent Developments
Table 63. JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp Corporation Information
Table 64. JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp Description and Major Businesses
Table 65. JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp Offshore Lubricants Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$, Mn) and Gross Margin (USD/MT) (2016-2021)
Table 66. JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp Offshore Lubricants Product
Table 67. JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp Recent Developments
Table 68. Lukoil Corporation Information
Table 69. Lukoil Description and Major Businesses
Table 70. Lukoil Offshore Lubricants Sales (K MT), Revenue (US$, Mn) and Gross Margin (USD/MT) (2016-2021)
Table 71. Lukoil Offshore Lubricants Product
Table 72. Lukoil Recent Developments
Table 73. Offshore Lubricants Production Capacity (K MT) of Key Manufacturers in China Market, 2019-2021 (K MT)
Table 74. China Offshore Lubricants Capacity Market Share of Key Manufacturers, 2019-2021
Table 75. Offshore Lubricants Market Opportunities & Trends in China Market
Table 76. Offshore Lubricants Market Drivers in China Market
Table 77. Offshore Lubricants Market Restraints in China Market
Table 78. Offshore Lubricants Raw Materials
Table 79. Offshore Lubricants Raw Materials Suppliers in China Market
Table 80. Typical Offshore Lubricants Downstream
Table 81. Offshore Lubricants Downstream Clients in China Market
Table 82. Offshore Lubricants Distributors and Sales Agents in China Market
List of Figures
Figure 1. Offshore Lubricants Product Picture
Figure 2. Offshore Lubricants Segment by Type
Figure 3. Offshore Lubricants Segment by Application
Figure 4. China Offshore Lubricants Market Overview: 2020
Figure 5. China Offshore Lubricants Market Size: 2021 VS 2027 (US$, Mn)
Figure 6. China Offshore Lubricants Revenue, 2016-2027 (US$, Mn)
Figure 7. Offshore Lubricants Sales in China Market: 2016-2027 (K MT)
Figure 8. The Top 3 and 5 Players Market Share by Offshore Lubricants Revenue in 2020
Figure 9. Engine Oil Product Picture
Figure 10. Hydraulic Oil Product Picture
Figure 11. Gear Oil Product Picture
Figure 12. Grease Product Picture
Figure 13. By Type - China Offshore Lubricants Sales Market Share, 2016-2027
Figure 14. By Type - China Offshore Lubricants Revenue Market Share, 2016-2027
Figure 15. By Type - China Offshore Lubricants Price (USD/MT), 2016-2027
Figure 16. Offshore Rigs
Figure 17. FPSOs
Figure 18. OSVs
Figure 19. By Application - China Offshore Lubricants Sales Market Share, 2016-2027
Figure 20. By Application - China Offshore Lubricants Revenue Market Share, 2016-2027
Figure 21. By Application - China Offshore Lubricants Price (USD/MT), 2016-2027
Figure 22. Royal Dutch Shell Offshore Lubricants Revenue Year Over Year Growth (US$, Mn) & (2016-2021)
Figure 23. Chevron Offshore Lubricants Revenue Year Over Year Growth (US$, Mn) & (2016-2021)
Figure 24. ExxonMobil Offshore Lubricants Revenue Year Over Year Growth (US$, Mn) & (2016-2021)
Figure 25. Castrol Offshore Lubricants Revenue Year Over Year Growth (US$, Mn) & (2016-2021)
Figure 26. Total Offshore Lubricants Revenue Year Over Year Growth (US$, Mn) & (2016-2021)
Figure 27. British Petroleum Offshore Lubricants Revenue Year Over Year Growth (US$, Mn) & (2016-2021)
Figure 28. Sinopec Offshore Lubricants Revenue Year Over Year Growth (US$, Mn) & (2016-2021)
Figure 29. Idemitsu Kosan Offshore Lubricants Revenue Year Over Year Growth (US$, Mn) & (2016-2021)
Figure 30. JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp Offshore Lubricants Revenue Year Over Year Growth (US$, Mn) & (2016-2021)
Figure 31. Lukoil Offshore Lubricants Revenue Year Over Year Growth (US$, Mn) & (2016-2021)
Figure 32. China Offshore Lubricants Production Capacity (K MT), 2016-2027
Figure 33. Offshore Lubricants Industry Value Chain
Figure 34. Marketing Channels
  • Global Gear Oil Market Insights and Forecast to 2028
    Published: 25-Jan-2022        Price: US 4900 Onwards        Pages: 113
    Gear Oil market is segmented by Type and by Application. Players, stakeholders, and other participants in the global Gear Oil market will be able to gain the upper hand as they use the report as a powerful resource. The segmental analysis focuses on production capacity, revenue and forecast by Type and by Application for the period 2017-2028. Segment by Type - Mineral Oil - Synthetic Oil - Semi-Synthetic Oil - Bio-based Oil Segment by App......
  • Global Process Oil Market Insights and Forecast to 2028
    Published: 25-Jan-2022        Price: US 4900 Onwards        Pages: 119
    Process Oil market is segmented by Type and by Application. Players, stakeholders, and other participants in the global Process Oil market will be able to gain the upper hand as they use the report as a powerful resource. The segmental analysis focuses on production capacity, revenue and forecast by Type and by Application for the period 2017-2028. Segment by Type - Naphthenic - Paraffinic - Aromatic - Others Segment by Application ......
  • Global Treated Distillate Aromatic Extract (TDAE) Market Insights and Forecast to 2028
    Published: 25-Jan-2022        Price: US 4900 Onwards        Pages: 89
    Treated Distillate Aromatic Extract (TDAE) market is segmented by Type and by Application. Players, stakeholders, and other participants in the global Treated Distillate Aromatic Extract (TDAE) market will be able to gain the upper hand as they use the report as a powerful resource. The segmental analysis focuses on production capacity, revenue and forecast by Type and by Application for the period 2017-2028. Segment by Type - High Sulphur TDAE - Low Sulphur TDAE......
  • Global Cajuput Oil Market Insights and Forecast to 2028
    Published: 25-Jan-2022        Price: US 4900 Onwards        Pages: 88
    Cajuput Oil market is segmented by Type and by Application. Players, stakeholders, and other participants in the global Cajuput Oil market will be able to gain the upper hand as they use the report as a powerful resource. The segmental analysis focuses on production capacity, revenue and forecast by Type and by Application for the period 2017-2028. Segment by Type - Distillation From The Leaves of The Myrtaceous Trees Melaleuca Cajuputi - Distillation From The Leaves......
  • Global Heat Transfer Fluids Market Insights and Forecast to 2028
    Published: 24-Jan-2022        Price: US 4900 Onwards        Pages: 113
    Heat Transfer Fluids market is segmented by Type and by Application. Players, stakeholders, and other participants in the global Heat Transfer Fluids market will be able to gain the upper hand as they use the report as a powerful resource. The segmental analysis focuses on production capacity, revenue and forecast by Type and by Application for the period 2017-2028. Segment by Type - Mineral Oils - Silicones & Aromatics - Glycols Segment by Appl......
  • Global Lubricants Market Insights and Forecast to 2028
    Published: 24-Jan-2022        Price: US 4900 Onwards        Pages: 91
    Lubricants market is segmented by Type and by Application. Players, stakeholders, and other participants in the global Lubricants market will be able to gain the upper hand as they use the report as a powerful resource. The segmental analysis focuses on production capacity, revenue and forecast by Type and by Application for the period 2017-2028. Segment by Type - Mineral Oil - Synthetic Lubricants - Bio-Based - Greases Segment by Applica......
  • Global Transmission Fluid Market Insights and Forecast to 2028
    Published: 24-Jan-2022        Price: US 4900 Onwards        Pages: 128
    Transmission Fluid market is segmented by Type and by Application. Players, stakeholders, and other participants in the global Transmission Fluid market will be able to gain the upper hand as they use the report as a powerful resource. The segmental analysis focuses on production capacity, revenue and forecast by Type and by Application for the period 2017-2028. Segment by Type - Synthetic Oil - Mineral Oil - Others Segment by Application ......
  • Global Hydraulic Oil Market Insights and Forecast to 2028
    Published: 24-Jan-2022        Price: US 4900 Onwards        Pages: 105
    Hydraulic Oil market is segmented by Type and by Application. Players, stakeholders, and other participants in the global Hydraulic Oil market will be able to gain the upper hand as they use the report as a powerful resource. The segmental analysis focuses on production capacity, revenue and forecast by Type and by Application for the period 2017-2028. Segment by Type - Mineral Oil - Synthetic Oil - Semi-Synthetic Oil - Bio-Based Oil Segm......
  • Global Quenching Oil Market Insights and Forecast to 2028
    Published: 24-Jan-2022        Price: US 4900 Onwards        Pages: 111
    Quenching Oil market is segmented by Type and by Application. Players, stakeholders, and other participants in the global Quenching Oil market will be able to gain the upper hand as they use the report as a powerful resource. The segmental analysis focuses on production capacity, revenue and forecast by Type and by Application for the period 2017-2028. Segment by Type - Ordinary Quenching Oil - Quick Quenching Oil - Speeding Quench Oil - Quick and Brigh......
  • SERVICES
    Value for Money
    We believe in "optimum utilization of available budget and resources". While servicing our clients' (your) market research requirements, we keep the same approach in focus to help you get the best value for your $$s.
    Ever Growing Inventory
    Ranging from the smallest feasible / required data (datasheets, data facts, SWOT analysis, company profiles, etc) to full research reports that help you make decisions, our inventory is updated almost on a daily basis with the latest industry reports from domain experts that track more than 5000 niche sectors.
    One Stop Solution
    Need a custom research report on medical devices market? Require all available business intelligence on 3D printing industry? Exploring F&B sector of a particular country/region? RnRMarketResearch.com is your one-stop-solution to all market intelligence needs. We not only offer custom research and consulting services, we also "bundle" reports to meet your needs and help you fetch the data analysis you require for your business.
    Dedicated Client Engagement
    Not limited to only "finding" relevant reports for you, our client engagement team dedicates its efforts to understand your "business need" and accordingly maps available research data to help you move forward. Call "your" client engagement executive any time of your day and get your questions answered in order to make the correct business decision.
    Saving Time and Efforts
    Simply share your research requirement details with us and let us do all the hard work to find required intelligence for you. When you add up our "one stop solution" and "dedicated client engagement" services mentioned above, you obviously know the time and effort saving you do by working with us.
    Payment Flexibility
    Working with Fortune 500 organizations, we understand the importance of being flexible for payments. Share your payment terms with us and we will surely match up to them to ensure you get access to required business intelligence data without having to wait for the payment to be done.
    Post-Purchase Research Support
    Have questions after reading a report / datasheet bought through us? Not sure about the methodology used for data available in the research? Talk to us / Share your questions with us and if required, we will connect you with the analyst(s)/author(s) of the report(s) and ensure you get satisfactory answers for the same. Need more data / analysis / report(s) on the topic of your research/project? The RnRMarketResearch.com team is here for you 24X7 to support you with your post-purchase requirements. Subscription Offers & Packages (Get in touch with us for more details - [email protected] / +1 888 391 5441 )
    • Ad Hoc
    • Pay - as - you - go / Bucket Subscriptions
    • Fixed Cost for #of reports
    • Customize / Personalize as per your needs