World Bioplastics to 2017

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Date: 27-Nov-2013
No. of pages: 367
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This study analyzes the world bioplastic industry. It presents historical demand data for 2002, 2007 and 2012, and forecasts for 2017 and 2022 by product (e.g., starch-based resins, polylactic acid, polyester bioplastics, PHAs, bio-based polyethylene, biobased polyamides), market (e.g., containers, packaging film, loose-fill, bags, foodservice disposables, agriculture, automotive and electronics), world region and major country. The study also considers market environment factors, details industry structure, evaluates company market share and profiles industry players.

World demand to skyrocket 19% annually through 2017

Global demand for biobased and biodegradable plastics will rise 19 percent per year to 950,000 metric tons in 2017. The bioplastics industry, while still in the emerging growth phase, has established itself as a fixture in a number of commercial markets and applications. Robust growth in demand is expected in virtually all geographic markets, stimulated by consumer preferences for sustainable materials, the increased adoption of bioplastics by plastic processors and compounders, and new product development that expands the range of uses for bioplastics.

Despite the rapid increase in demand, bioplastics are still expected to account for less than one percent of the overall plastic resin market in 2022. The success of the bioplastics industry will ultimately depend on price and performance considerations, and large scale conversion to bioplastics will not occur until price parity with conventional plastic resins is achieved.

Biobased commodity resins to post fastest growth

Starch-based resins and polylactic acid (PLA) will remain the leading bioplastic products through 2017, combining to account for over 60 percent of demand. For starch-based resins, advances will be bolstered by increased regulation of conventional plastic products, particularly plastic bags, as governments around the world continue to promote sustainability PLA demand will benefit from the development of resins and compounds with enhanced performance for more durable applications such as fibers, automotive parts, and electronic parts.

The most rapid gains in demand, however, are expected for biobased commodity resins such as polyethylene and polypropylene, which are just beginning to enter the commercial market. The rapid adoption of these bioplastics will be fueled by their ability to be used as a “drop-in” for existing applications, as well as an increased focus on biobased content rather than biodegradability as a desired attribute. By 2022, biobased polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is also expected to become available in commercial quantities and begin to penetrate the beverage container market.

Brazil to become leading global producer

Western Europe was the largest regional consumer of bioplastics in 2012, accounting for over half of global demand. The region will see strong gains through 2017 as well, bolstered by added regulations and incentives that favor bioplastics over conventional resins. North American demand is expected to more than double, driven by rising consumption of PLA and biobased commodity resins. Advances in the Asia/Pacific region will be fueled by robust growth in China, which has become a major consumer of bioplastic resins used to produce manufactured goods for export.

World bioplastics production used to be concentrated in the US and Western Europe. This began to change in 2012 as production of biobased polyethylene came online in Brazil, and the addition of future capacity will likely make the country the world’s leading producer of bioplastics by 2022. Furthermore, China and Thailand are expected to become some of the top world bioplastics producers.

Company Profiles

Profiles for 34 global competitors such as Arkema, BASF, Braskem, Corbion, NatureWorks, Novamont, Purac and Rodenburg Biopolymers

Additional Information

This report covers the world market for bioplastics by product type (e.g., starch-based resins, polylactic acid, biobased polyethylene, polyester bioplastics, biobased polyamides) and market (packaging and nonpackaging). Historical data from 2002, 2007, and 2012 and forecasts for 2017 and 2022 are provided in metric tons unless otherwise indicated. The term “demand” is used synonymously with “sales” and/or “apparent consumption.” Demand is presented at the manufacturers’ level. Production is defined as demand plus exports minus imports, and includes recycled products. Tabular details may not add to totals due to independent rounding, and ratios may be rounded for the sake of clarity. Corporate figures presented in Section VIII, “Industry Structure,” represent estimates based on the best available information at the time of writing. Sources include annual reports, SEC 10-K reports, securities analyst reports, corporate literature, and interviews with industry competitors and participants.

Bioplastics are defined as plastic resins which are either biodegradable or derived from plant-based raw materials. Only base plastic resins are included in demand totals; coatings, adhesives, composites, compounds, and finished products are not considered. Oxo-biodegradable plastics, which use additives to promote biodegradation, are not covered within the scope of this study because they are not accepted as fully biodegradable by international standards and they are not able to compost satisfactorily in actively managed compost facilities.

For biobased resins, it should also be noted that only plastics which are derived entirely from biobased raw materials are included in the demand totals. There are a number of partially biobased plastics on the commercial market which are excluded for the purposes of this study. This primarily includes plastics which are produced from multiple monomers, but only one monomer is plant-based, while the others are petrochemical-based. These include polyesters such as DuPont’s SORONA polytrimethylene terephthalate and all currently available versions of biobased polyethylene terephthalate (including Coca- Cola’s PLANTBOTTLE soft drink containers), as well as certain polyamides such as DSM’s ECOPAXX polyamide 4,10.

World Bioplastics to 2017

Table Of Contents

Introduction XI

I. Executive Summary 1

II. Market Environment 4
General 4
World Economic Overview 5
Recent Historical Trends 5
World Economic Outlook 7
World Population Outlook 10
World Manufacturing Outlook 12
World Agricultural Outlook 15
Maize 17
Sugar Crops 18
Cassava 20
World Plastics Overview 21
Plastic Resin Demand 22
Plastic Resin Production 25
Pricing Trends 27
World Packaging Overview 31
Regulatory & Environmental Considerations 34
Standards & Certification 35
Composting & Recycling 38
Legislation 41

III. Overview 44
General 44
Product Overview 45
Starch-Based Resins 48
Polylactic Acid 53
Biobased Polyethylene 58
Polyester Bioplastics 61
Biobased Polyamides 65
Other Bioplastics 68
Cellulose-Based Resins 70
PHAs 71
All Other 75
Market Overview 78
Packaging 79
Containers 82
Packaging Film 84
Loose-Fill & Other 85
Nonpackaging 86
Bags 88
Foodservice Disposables 90
Automotive & Electronics 91
Agriculture 92
Other Nonpackaging 93
Regional Overview 95
Demand 95
Production 97
Trade Flows 100

IV. North America 103
Economic Overview 103
Bioplastics Demand 105
United States 108
Canada 117
Mexico 122

V. Western Europe 130
Economic Overview 130
Bioplastics Demand 132
Germany 136
Italy 142
United Kingdom 150
France 156
Netherlands 162
Other Western Europe 168
Belgium 173
Norway 173
All Other 173

VI. Asia/Pacific 176
Economic Overview 176
Bioplastics Demand 178
Japan 181
China 188
Taiwan 196
South Korea 202
Other Asia/Pacific 208
Thailand 214
Australia 214
All Other 215

VII. Other Regions 218
Central & South America 218
Brazil 222
Other Central & South America 229
Eastern Europe 234
Africa/Mideast 240

VIII. Industry Structure 247
General 247
Market Share 249
Mergers & Acquisitions 252
Manufacturing Requirements 255
Research & Development 256
Marketing Strategies 258
Channels of Distribution 260
Cooperative Agreements 262
Joint Ventures & Manufacturing Agreements 262
Supply Agreements 264
Distribution & Marketing Agreements 266
Product Development & Licensing Agreements 270
Company Profiles 275
Algaeplast, see Cereplast Altuglas International, see Arkema AmberWorks, see NatureWorks Arkema SA 277
BASF SE 282
Bionolle Group, see Showa Denko Biotec, see Sphere Braskem SA 284
Cardia Bioplastics Limited 288
Cargill Incorporated 294
Cereplast Incorporated 295
Corbion nv 299
CSM, see Corbion
Daesang Corporation 304
DuPont (EI) de Nemours 306
Evonik Industries AG 310
FKuR Kunststoff GmbH 312
Grabio Greentech Corporation 315
Grace Biotech, see Grabio Greentech Green Dot Holdings LLC 316
Groupe Limagrain Holding SA 318
Hebei Casda Biomaterials, see Arkema Innovia Films Limited 320
Metabolix Incorporated 322
Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings Corporation 325
Myriant, see PTT Global Chemical Public NatureWorks LLC 328
Newlight Technologies LLC 333
Novamont SpA 335
Plantic Technologies Limited 338
PTT Global Chemical Public Company Limited 340
Purac biochem, see Corbion
Rodenburg Biopolymers BV 343
Roquette Frères SA 344
Showa Denko KK 346
Solae, see DuPont
Sphere SA 348
StarchTech Incorporated 350
Suzhou HiPro Polymers, see Arkema Synbra Holding BV 351
Teijin Limited 352
Tianjin GreenBio Materials Company Limited 353
Toray Industries Incorporated 355
Wuhan Huali Environmental Technology Company Limited 357
Zhejiang Hangzhou Xinfu Pharmaceutical Company Limited 358
Zhejiang Hisun Biomaterials Company Limited 359
Other Companies Mentioned in Study 361

List Of Tables

Section I -- Executive Summary
Summary Table 3

Section II -- Market Environment
1 World Gross Domestic Product by Region 10
2 World Population by Region 12
3 World Manufacturing Value Added by Region 14
4 World Agricultural Value Added by Region 16
5 World Plastic Resin Demand by Region 24
6 World Plastic Resin Production by Region 27
7 Plastic Resin Pricing 30
8 World Packaging Demand by Region 34

Section III -- Overview
1 World Bioplastics Demand by Product 47
2 World Starch-Based Resin Demand by Region & Market 52
3 World Polylactic Acid Demand by Region & Market 57
4 World Biobased Polyethylene Demand by Region & Market 61
5 World Polyester Bioplastics Demand by Region & Market 65
6 World Biobased Polyamide Demand by Region & Market 68
7 World Other Bioplastic Resin Demand by Type, Region, & Market 69
8 World Bioplastics Demand by Market 79
9 World Packaging Demand for Bioplastics by Application  & Region 81
10 World Nonpackaging Demand for Bioplastics by Application  & Region 87
11 World Bioplastics Demand by Region 96
12 World Bioplastics Production by Region 99
13 World Bioplastics Net Exports by Region 102

Section IV -- North America
1 North America: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 105
2 North America: Bioplastics Demand by Product & Market 107
3 United States: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 111
4 United States: Bioplastics Demand by Product 114
5 United States: Bioplastics Demand by Market 116
6 Canada: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 119
7 Canada: Bioplastics Demand by Product 120
8 Canada: Bioplastics Demand by Market 122
9 Mexico: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 125
10 Mexico: Bioplastics Demand by Product 127
11 Mexico: Bioplastics Demand by Market 129

Section V -- Western Europe
1 Western Europe: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 132
2 Western Europe: Bioplastics Demand by Product & Market 135
3 Germany: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 138
4 Germany: Bioplastics Demand by Product 140
5 Germany: Bioplastics Demand by Market 142
6 Italy: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 145
7 Italy: Bioplastics Demand by Product 147
8 Italy: Bioplastics Demand by Market 149
9 United Kingdom: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 152
10 United Kingdom: Bioplastics Demand by Product 153
11 United Kingdom: Bioplastics Demand by Market 155
12 France: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 158
13 France: Bioplastics Demand by Product 160
14 France: Bioplastics Demand by Market 162
15 Netherlands: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 164
16 Netherlands: Bioplastics Demand by Product 166
17 Netherlands: Bioplastics Demand by Market 168
18 Other Western Europe: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 170
19 Other Western Europe: Bioplastics Demand by Country  & Product 172
20 Other Western Europe: Bioplastics Demand by Market 175

Section VI -- Asia/Pacific
1 Asia/Pacific: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 178
2 Asia/Pacific: Bioplastics Demand by Product & Market 180
3 Japan: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 183
4 Japan: Bioplastics Demand by Product 185
5 Japan: Bioplastics Demand by Market 188
6 China: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 191
7 China: Bioplastics Demand by Product 193
8 China: Bioplastics Demand by Market 195
9 Taiwan: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 198
10 Taiwan: Bioplastics Demand by Product 200
11 Taiwan: Bioplastics Demand by Market 202
12 South Korea: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 204
13 South Korea: Bioplastics Demand by Product 206
14 South Korea: Bioplastics Demand by Market 208
15 Other Asia/Pacific: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 211
16 Other Asia/Pacific: Bioplastics Demand by Country  & Product 213
17 Other Asia/Pacific: Bioplastics Demand by Market 217

Section VII -- Other Regions
1 Central & South America: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 220
2 Central & South America: Bioplastics Demand by Product  & Market 222
3 Brazil: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 225
4 Brazil: Bioplastics Demand by Product 227
5 Brazil: Bioplastics Demand by Market 229
6 Other Central & South America: Bioplastics Supply  & Demand 231
7 Other Central & South America: Bioplastics Demand  by Product 232
8 Other Central & South America: Bioplastics Demand  by Market 233
9 Eastern Europe: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 236
10 Eastern Europe: Bioplastics Demand by Country & Product 238
11 Eastern Europe: Bioplastics Demand by Market 240
12 Africa/Mideast: Bioplastics Supply & Demand 243
13 Africa/Mideast: Bioplastics Demand by Product 245
14 Africa/Mideast: Bioplastics Demand by Market 246

Section VIII -- Industry Structure
1 World Bioplastics Sales by Company, 2012 248
2 Selected Acquisitions & Divestitures 254
3 Selected Joint Ventures & Manufacturing Agreements 263
4 Selected Supply Agreements 265
5 Selected Distribution & Marketing Agreements 267
6 Selected Product Development & Licensing Agreements 271

List Of Charts

Section II -- Market Environment
1 World Maize Production by Region, 2012 18
2 World Sugar Crop Production by Region, 2012 20
3 World Plastic Resin Demand by Region, 2012 25
4 Plastic Resin Pricing Patterns, 2002-2022 31

Section III -- Overview
1 World Bioplastics Demand by Product, 2002-2022 48
2 World Packaging Demand for Bioplastics by Application, 2012 82
3 World Nonpackaging Demand for Bioplastics by Application, 2012 88
4 World Bioplastics Demand by Region, 2002-2022 97
5 World Bioplastics Production by Region, 2002-2022 100

Section IV -- North America
1 North America: Bioplastics Demand by Country, 2012 108

Section V -- Western Europe
1 Western Europe: Bioplastics Demand by Country, 2012 136

Section VI -- Asia/Pacific
1 Asia/Pacific: Bioplastics Demand by Country, 2012 181

Section VIII -- Industry Structure
1 World Bioplastics Market Share by Company, 2012 249

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