Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber to 2018

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Date: 5-Jun-2014
No. of pages: 364
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US demand to jump more than10% annually

US demand for wood-plastic composite and plastic lumber is expected to increase more than 10 percent annually to $8.4 billion in 2018, creating a market for nearly four billion pounds of plastic. A rebound in new housing completions from the low 2013 level and gains in residential improvement and repair expenditures will generate increases in demand. Demand gains will also be boosted by increased market penetration in decking applications, the predominant use for composite and plastic lumber.

Decking to remain key application

Decking applications will account for more than two-fifths of composite and plastic lumber demand by 2018. Homeowners will increasingly choose decks made from alternative lumber because it has greater resistance to degradation by moisture, changes in humidity, insect attack, and time, and because it requires minimal maintenance over its long service life. Ongoing changes to manufacturing technologies that will improve the color-fade resistance and the resemblance to natural wood, particularly expensive hardwoods such as ipe and redwood, will further boost composite and plastic decking demand. Further gains will result from efforts by manufacturers to increase the scope of decking accessories offered. Among other applications, molding and trim applications are also expected to advance at a strong pace through 2018. Wood-plastic composite and plastic lumber use in molding and trim will benefit from renewed housing activity and performance characteristics — such as resistance to moisture and ease of shaping — that are superior to those of lumber and engineered wood.

Wood-plastic composite lumber to outpace plastic

Increases in overall construction activity will support demand gains for both types of alternative lumber through 2018, but wood-plastic composite demand will rise at a quicker pace than demand for plastic lumber, albeit from a smaller base. As nearly two-thirds of composite and plastic lumber demand is generated by the residential market, expansion in that market will boost composite lumber demand. In large, high-growth residential applications such as decking, wood-plastic composite is increasingly preferred to plastic lumber. Several factors will support its rapid growth. For instance, composite lumber includes cellulosic fibers and is better able to resemble the look and texture of traditional wood, an appealing trait to consumers looking for attractive but low maintenance decks. Furthermore, because composite lumber frequently is manufactured using recycled materials — including consumable plastic such as grocery bags and stretch film, and wood scraps from mills and other lumber operations — it is often marketed as an environmentally friendly building material.

Company Profiles

Profiles for US industry competitors such as Axiall, CPG International, Fiberon, Headwaters & Trex

Additional Information

This study examines the US market for two types of materials serving as alternatives to wood in construction: composites of cellulose fiber and plastic — referred to in the study as “wood-plastic composite lumber” or “composites” — and plastic resins — referred to as “plastic lumber.” Both materials are manufactured using techniques — primarily extrusion but also injection molding — common to the plastics industry. Applications for these materials covered in this study include decking, molding and trim, fencing, landscaping and outdoor products, windows, doors, and assorted applications such as spa cabinets, marine decks, and railroad ties.

This study does not address applications for plastic lumber in which plastics (primarily vinyl) are not in competition with wood or in which they have already attained substantial market share. Applications falling under these categories include plastic siding, extruded plastic windows and doors, plastic playground equipment not competing with traditional lumber, vinyl patio furniture, and vinyl flooring. Cellulose-resin products, such as plywood, strawboard, and oriented strand board, are also excluded from demand considerations for composite lumber.

Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber to 2018

Table Of Contents

Introduction XIII

I. Executive Summary 1

II. Market Environment 4
General 4
Macroeconomic Overview 5
Consumer Trends 9
Personal Income & Expenditures 10
Consumer Financing 12
Demographic Outlook 15
Construction Outlook 20
Building Construction 23
Residential Buildings 25
Housing Completions 27
Housing Stock 32
Improvement & Repairs 36
Nonresidential Buildings 37
New 38
Nonresidential Building Stock 40
Improvement & Repairs 42
Nonbuilding Construction 43
Construction Expenditures 44
Nonbuilding Construction Stock 45
Pricing 47
Environmental Issues 49
Regulations & Standards 53
Building Codes 53
Materials Standards 55
Treated Lumber 56
Foreign Trade 57
World Market 58
North America 59
Western Europe 60
Asia/Pacific 61
Other Regions 62

III. Materials 63
General 63
Material Demand 64
Wood-Plastic Composite Lumber 65
Material Characteristics 67
Cellulosic Material 68
Plastic Resins 71
Polyethylene 72
PVC 73
Other Resins 74
Additives & Modifiers 75
Plastic Lumber 75
Material Characteristics 78
PVC 78
Material Characteristics 78
Characteristics by Application 80
Polyethylene 81
Material Characteristics 81
Characteristics by Application 82
Other Resins 83

IV. Applications 86
General 86
Decking 89
Decking Outlook 90
Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Decking 92
Wood-Plastic Composite Decking 94
Demand by Function 96
Demand by Market 97
Demand by Material Type 98
Product Characteristics 99
Product Development 102
Suppliers 102
Plastic Decking 103
Demand by Function 104
Demand by Market 105
Demand by Material Type 106
Suppliers 109
Molding & Trim 110
Molding & Trim Outlook 111
Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Molding & Trim 114
Wood-Plastic Composite Molding & Trim 115
Demand by Market 116
Product Characteristics 117
Plastic Molding & Trim 118
Demand by Market 118
Product Characteristics 119
Resins 119
Suppliers 122
Fencing 123
Fencing Outlook 124
Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Fencing 126
Wood-Plastic Composite Fencing 128
PVC Fencing 128
HDPE & Other Plastic Fencing 129
Suppliers 130
Landscaping & Outdoor Products 131
Landscaping & Outdoor Products Outlook 132
Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Landscaping & Outdoor Products Demand 133
Demand by Product Type 134
Demand by Material & Market 136
Suppliers 138
Windows & Doors 139
Windows & Door Outlook 140
Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Windows & Doors 142
Demand by Material & Market 144
Product Characteristics & Suppliers 145
Other Applications 147
Demand by Market 148
Demand by Application 149
Suppliers 150

V. Markets 151
General 151
Residential Buildings 154
New 155
Improvement & Repair 157
Demand by Application 160
Demand by Housing Type 163
Single-Family 164
Multifamily 165
Manufactured Housing 167
Nonresidential Buildings 168
New 170
Improvement & Repair 172
Demand by Application 175
Nonbuilding Construction 178
New 179
Improvement & Repair 182
Demand by Application 184
Agricultural 185

VI. Regions 188
General 188
Regional Demographic & Economic Activity 189
Population Patterns 189
Economic Outlook 193
Construction Activity 196
Housing Trends 199
Regional Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand 202
Northeast 204
New England 206
Middle Atlantic 207
Midwest 208
East North Central 212
West North Central 213
South 214
South Atlantic 216
East South Central 217
West South Central 218
West 219
Mountain 221
Pacific 223

VII. Industry Structure 225
General 225
Industry Composition 226
Market Share 230
Manufacturing 234
Extrusion 234
Injection Molding 235
Equipment 236
Developments 237
Product Development 238
Competitive Strategies 239
Marketing 240
Distribution 243
Mergers & Acquisitions 244
Cooperative Agreements 246
Company Profiles 255
ACT Composite Timbers Incorporated 256
ActiveYards, see Barrette-Chapais Advanced Environmental Recycling Technologies Incorporated 257
Alside, see Associated Materials American Vinyl Concepts Incorporated 260
Andersen Corporation 261
Associated Materials LLC 264
Atlantic Premium Shutters, see Headwaters Atrium Corporation 269
Avon Plastics, see Master Mark Plastics Axiall Corporation 272
Axion International Holdings Incorporated 275
AZEK Building Products, see CPG International Barrette-Chapais Limited 277
Bedford Technology LLC 281
Berger Building Products, see Euramax Holdings Bright Idea Shops LLC 283
Builders Edge, see Headwaters Building Materials Corporation of America 284
Cascades Incorporated 285
CertainTeed, see Saint-Gobain CPG International LLC 287
Crane Group 297
Dinesol Building Products, see Headwaters Endura Products Incorporated 298
Envirolastech Incorporated 300
Eovations, see Universal Forest Products Euramax Holdings Incorporated 301
Exterior Portfolio, see Axiall Fiberon LLC 303
Fortune Brands Home & Security Incorporated 310
Fypon, see Fortune Brands Home & Security Genova Products Incorporated 313
Gentek Building Products, see Associated Materials Georgia Gulf, see Axiall Gracious Living Corporation 315
Green Bay Decking LLC 317
HB&G Building Products Incorporated 319
Headwaters Incorporated 322
Integrity Composites LLC 327
Inteplast Group Limited 329
Kleer Lumber, see Headwaters LB Plastics Incorporated 330
Louisiana-Pacific Corporation 332
Master Mark Plastics 333
Mid-America Siding Components, see Headwaters N.E.W. Plastics Corporation 335
Ply Gem Holdings Incorporated 336
Quanex Building Products Corporation 341
Railing Dynamics, see Barrette-Chapais RENEW Plastics, see N.E.W. Plastics Revere Building Products, see Associated Materials Royal Building Products, see Axiall Saint-Gobain 343
Strandex Corporation 347
TAMKO Building Products Incorporated 348
Thermal Industries, see Atrium TimberTech, see CPG International Trex Company Incorporated 350
Turnkey Millwork, see HB&G Building Products Universal Forest Products Incorporated 355
Vantage Building Products, see Headwaters VEKA AG 359
Westech Building Products, see Westlake Chemical Westlake Chemical Corporation 362
World-Pak, see Inteplast Group Xpanse, see Barrette-Chapais Y City Recycling, see Axion International Holdings

List Of Tables

Section I -- Executive Summary
Summary Table 3

Section II -- Market Environment
1 Macroeconomic Indicators 9
2 Personal Consumption Expenditures 12
3 Consumer Financing Environment, 2003-2013 15
4 Population & Households 20
5 Construction Expenditures 22
6 Building Construction Expenditures 25
7 Residential Building Construction Expenditures 27
8 New Housing Indicators 32
9 Housing Stock by Type 35
10 Residential Improvement & Repair Expenditures 37
11 Nonresidential Building Construction Expenditures 40
12 Nonresidential Building Stock 42
13 Nonresidential Building Improvement & Repair Expenditures 43
14 Nonbuilding Construction Expenditures 45
15 Nonbuilding Construction Stock 47

Section III -- Materials
1 Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Product & Material 65
2 Wood-Plastic Composite Lumber Demand by Material 66
3 Plastic Lumber Demand by Resin Type 77

Section IV -- Applications
1 Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Application & Material 88
2 Decking Demand 92
3 Decking Demand for Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber 93
4 Wood-Plastic Composite Decking Demand by Function & Market 96
5 Wood-Plastic Composite Decking Demand by Material Type 99
6 Plastic Decking Demand by Function & Market 104
7 Plastic Decking Demand by Material Type 107
8 Molding & Trim Demand 113
9 Molding & Trim Demand for Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber by Material & Market 115
10 Molding & Trim Demand for Wood-Plastic Composite Lumber by Market 116
11 Molding & Trim Demand for Plastic Lumber by Market 118
12 Fencing Demand 125
13 Fencing Demand for Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber by Material & Market 127
14 Landscaping & Outdoor Products Demand 133
15 Landscaping & Outdoor Products Demand for Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber 136
16 Landscaping & Outdoor Products Demand for Composite & Plastic Lumber by Material & Market 137
17 Window & Door Demand 142
18 Window & Door Demand for Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber by Material & Market 144
19 Other Applications Demand for Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber 148

Section V -- Markets
1 Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Market 153
2 Residential Building Market for Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber 155
3 New Residential Building Market for Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber 157
4 Residential Improvement & Repair Market for Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber 160
5 Residential Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Application 162
6 Residential Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Housing Type 164
7 Single-Family Housing Market for Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber 165
8 Multifamily Housing Market for Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber 167
9 Manufactured Housing Market for Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber 168
10 Nonresidential Building Construction Market for Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber 169
11 New Nonresidential Building Market for Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber 172
12 Nonresidential Building Construction Improvement & Repair Market for Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber 175
13 Nonresidential Building Construction Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Application 177
14 Nonbuilding Construction Market for Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber 179
15 New Nonbuilding Construction Market for Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber 181
16 Nonbuilding Construction Improvement & Repair Market for Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber 184
17 Nonbuilding Construction Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Application 185
18 Agricultural Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Material 187

Section VI -- Regions
1 Population by Region 192
2 Gross Domestic Product by Region 196
3 Construction Expenditures by Region 198
4 Regional Housing Indicators 201
5 Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Region 203
6 Northeast Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Subregion & Application 206
7 Midwest Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Subregion & Application 212
8 South Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Subregion & Application 216
9 West Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Subregion & Application 221

Section VII -- Industry Structure
1 Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Sales for Selected Companies, 2013 228
2 Selected Acquisitions & Divestitures 245
3 Selected Cooperative Agreements 247

List Of Charts

Section II -- Market Environment
1 Year of Construction of Housing Stock, 2013 35
2 World Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Region, 2013 59

Section III -- Materials
1 Wood-Plastic Composite Lumber Demand by Material, 2013 67
2 Plastic Lumber Demand by Resin Type, 2013 77

Section IV -- Applications
1 Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Application, 2013 89
2 Wood-Plastic Composite Lumber Decking Market Share, 2013 103
3 Plastic Lumber Decking Market Share, 2013 110
4 Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Molding & Trim Market Share, 2013 123
5 Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Fencing Market Share, 2013 131
6 Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Windows & Doors Market Share, 2013 147

Section V -- Markets
1 Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Market, 2013 153
2 Residential Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Application, 2013 162
3 Nonresidential Building Construction Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Application, 2013 177

Section VI -- Regions
1 Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Demand by Region, 2013 204

Section VII -- Industry Structure
1 Wood-Plastic Composite & Plastic Lumber Market Share, 2013 231

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