United States Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Market Report 2016

Publisher Name :
Date: 09-Oct-2016
No. of pages: 115
Inquire Before Buying

Notes:

Sales, means the sales volume of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film

Revenue, means the sales value of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film

This report studies sales (consumption) of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film in USA market, focuses on the top players, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player, covering

- Toppan Printing

- Mitsubishi Plastic

- Amcor

- Bemis

- Berry Plastics

- 3M

- AMPAC

- Celplast Metallized Products

- Charter Nex Films

- Daibochi Plastic

- Innovia Films

- LINPAC Group

- Mondi

- Prairie State Group

- Printpack

- RPC Group

- Schur Flexibles Group

- Taghleef Industries

- Toray Plastics

- Wipak

Split by product types, with sales, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, can be divided into

- Type I

- Type II

- Type III

Split by applications, this report focuses on sales, market share and growth rate of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film in each application, can be divided into

- Food

- Healthcare

- Consumer goods

United States Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Market Report 2016

Table of Contents
United States Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Market Report 2016
1 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Overview
1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film
1.2 Classification of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film
1.2.1 Type I
1.2.2 Type II
1.2.3 Type III
1.3 Application of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film
1.3.1 Food
1.3.2 Healthcare
1.3.3 Consumer goods
1.4 USA Market Size Sales (Value) and Revenue (Volume) of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film (2011-2021)
1.4.1 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
1.4.2 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
2 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Competition by Manufacturers
2.1 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales and Market Share of Key Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
2.2 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Revenue and Share by Manufactures (2015 and 2016)
2.3 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Average Price by Manufactures (2015 and 2016)
2.4 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Market Competitive Situation and Trends
2.4.1 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Market Concentration Rate
2.4.2 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Market Share of Top 3 and Top 5 Manufacturers
2.4.3 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion
3 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales (Volume) and Revenue (Value) by Type (2011-2016)
3.1 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
3.2 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
3.3 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Price by Type (2011-2016)
3.4 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Growth Rate by Type (2011-2016)
4 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales (Volume) by Application (2011-2016)
4.1 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales and Market Share by Application (2011-2016)
4.2 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Growth Rate by Application (2011-2016)
4.3 Market Drivers and Opportunities
5 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis
5.1 Toppan Printing
5.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors
5.1.2 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Product Type, Application and Specification
5.1.2.1 Type I
5.1.2.2 Type II
5.1.3 Toppan Printing Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.2 Mitsubishi Plastic
5.2.2 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Product Type, Application and Specification
5.2.2.1 Type I
5.2.2.2 Type II
5.2.3 Mitsubishi Plastic Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.3 Amcor
5.3.2 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Product Type, Application and Specification
5.3.2.1 Type I
5.3.2.2 Type II
5.3.3 Amcor Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.4 Bemis
5.4.2 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Product Type, Application and Specification
5.4.2.1 Type I
5.4.2.2 Type II
5.4.3 Bemis Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.4.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.5 Berry Plastics
5.5.2 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Product Type, Application and Specification
5.5.2.1 Type I
5.5.2.2 Type II
5.5.3 Berry Plastics Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.5.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.6 3M
5.6.2 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Product Type, Application and Specification
5.6.2.1 Type I
5.6.2.2 Type II
5.6.3 3M Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.6.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.7 AMPAC
5.7.2 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Product Type, Application and Specification
5.7.2.1 Type I
5.7.2.2 Type II
5.7.3 AMPAC Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.7.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.8 Celplast Metallized Products
5.8.2 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Product Type, Application and Specification
5.8.2.1 Type I
5.8.2.2 Type II
5.8.3 Celplast Metallized Products Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.8.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.9 Charter Nex Films
5.9.2 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Product Type, Application and Specification
5.9.2.1 Type I
5.9.2.2 Type II
5.9.3 Charter Nex Films Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.9.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.10 Daibochi Plastic
5.10.2 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Product Type, Application and Specification
5.10.2.1 Type I
5.10.2.2 Type II
5.10.3 Daibochi Plastic Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.10.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.11 Innovia Films
5.12 LINPAC Group
5.13 Mondi
5.14 Prairie State Group
5.15 Printpack
5.16 RPC Group
5.17 Schur Flexibles Group
5.18 Taghleef Industries
5.19 Toray Plastics
5.20 Wipak
6 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Manufacturing Cost Analysis
6.1 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Key Raw Materials Analysis
6.1.1 Key Raw Materials
6.1.2 Price Trend of Key Raw Materials
6.1.3 Key Suppliers of Raw Materials
6.1.4 Market Concentration Rate of Raw Materials
6.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure
6.2.1 Raw Materials
6.2.2 Labor Cost
6.2.3 Manufacturing Expenses
6.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film
7 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers
7.1 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Industrial Chain Analysis
7.2 Upstream Raw Materials Sourcing
7.3 Raw Materials Sources of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Major Manufacturers in 2015
7.4 Downstream Buyers
8 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders
8.1 Marketing Channel
8.1.1 Direct Marketing
8.1.2 Indirect Marketing
8.1.3 Marketing Channel Development Trend
8.2 Market Positioning
8.2.1 Pricing Strategy
8.2.2 Brand Strategy
8.2.3 Target Client
8.3 Distributors/Traders List
9 Market Effect Factors Analysis
9.1 Technology Progress/Risk
9.1.1 Substitutes Threat
9.1.2 Technology Progress in Related Industry
9.2 Consumer Needs/Customer Preference Change
9.3 Economic/Political Environmental Change
10 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Market Forecast (2016-2021)
10.1 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue Forecast (2016-2021)
10.2 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Forecast by Type (2016-2021)
10.3 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Forecast by Application (2016-2021)
10.4 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Price Forecast (2016-2021)
11 Research Findings and Conclusion
12 Appendix
Author List
Disclosure Section
Research Methodology
Data Source
Disclaimer
List of Tables and Figures
Figure Picture of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film
Table Classification of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film
Figure USA Sales Market Share of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film by Type in 2015
Table Application of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film
Figure USA Sales Market Share of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film by Application in 2015
Figure Food Examples
Figure Healthcare Examples
Figure Consumer goods Examples
Figure USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
Figure USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
Table USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales of Key Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Table USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Figure 2015 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Share by Manufacturers
Figure 2016 Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Share by Manufacturers
Table USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Revenue by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Table USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Table 2015 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Revenue Share by Manufacturers
Table 2016 USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Revenue Share by Manufacturers
Table USA Market Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Average Price of Key Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Figure USA Market Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Average Price of Key Manufacturers in 2015
Figure Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Market Share of Top 3 Manufacturers
Figure Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Market Share of Top 5 Manufacturers
Table USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales by Type (2011-2016)
Table USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Share by Type (2011-2016)
Figure USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share by Type in 2015
Table USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
Table USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Revenue Share by Type (2011-2016)
Figure Revenue Market Share of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film by Type (2011-2016)
Table USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Price by Type (2011-2016)
Figure USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Growth Rate by Type (2011-2016)
Table USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales by Application (2011-2016)
Table USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share by Application (2011-2016)
Figure USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share by Application in 2015
Table USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Growth Rate by Application (2011-2016)
Figure USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Growth Rate by Application (2011-2016)
Table Toppan Printing Basic Information List
Table Toppan Printing Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Figure Toppan Printing Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Mitsubishi Plastic Basic Information List
Table Mitsubishi Plastic Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Mitsubishi Plastic Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Amcor Basic Information List
Table Amcor Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Amcor Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Bemis Basic Information List
Table Bemis Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Bemis Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Berry Plastics Basic Information List
Table Berry Plastics Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Berry Plastics Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table 3M Basic Information List
Table 3M Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table 3M Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table AMPAC Basic Information List
Table AMPAC Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table AMPAC Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Celplast Metallized Products Basic Information List
Table Celplast Metallized Products Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Celplast Metallized Products Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Charter Nex Films Basic Information List
Table Charter Nex Films Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Charter Nex Films Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Daibochi Plastic Basic Information List
Table Daibochi Plastic Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Daibochi Plastic Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Innovia Films Basic Information List
Table Innovia Films Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Innovia Films Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table LINPAC Group Basic Information List
Table LINPAC Group Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table LINPAC Group Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Mondi Basic Information List
Table Mondi Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Mondi Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Prairie State Group Basic Information List
Table Prairie State Group Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Prairie State Group Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Printpack Basic Information List
Table Printpack Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Printpack Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table RPC Group Basic Information List
Table RPC Group Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table RPC Group Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Schur Flexibles Group Basic Information List
Table Schur Flexibles Group Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Schur Flexibles Group Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Taghleef Industries Basic Information List
Table Taghleef Industries Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Taghleef Industries Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Toray Plastics Basic Information List
Table Toray Plastics Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Toray Plastics Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Wipak Basic Information List
Table Wipak Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Wipak Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Production Base and Market Concentration Rate of Raw Material
Figure Price Trend of Key Raw Materials
Table Key Suppliers of Raw Materials
Figure Manufacturing Cost Structure of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film
Figure Manufacturing Process Analysis of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film
Figure Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Industrial Chain Analysis
Table Raw Materials Sources of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Major Manufacturers in 2015
Table Major Buyers of Transparent Barrier Packaging Film
Table Distributors/Traders List
Figure USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Production and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)
Figure USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)
Table USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Production Forecast by Type (2016-2021)
Table USA Transparent Barrier Packaging Film Consumption Forecast by Application (2016-2021)
  • China Tungsten Market Research Report 2016
    Published: 07-Dec-2016        Price: US 4600 Onwards        Pages: 131
    sten Market Research Report 2016 Hard Copy: 4600USD PDF Copy (single user): 4600USD Enterprise wide License: 9200USD Pages: 131 Tables and Figures: 168 Published Date: Dec. 2016 Publisher: QYR Tungsten Research Center Contact: Mr. Zhang Dong 1-6262952442; 86-10-82945717; sales@qyresearch.com This report focuses on the Industry Chain of Tungsten in China and global market, covering Tungsten Concentrate, APT (Ammonium P......
  • Europe Nano Composite Zirconia Market Report 2016
    Published: 06-Dec-2016        Price: US 3900 Onwards        Pages: 103
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Nano Composite Zirconia Revenue, means the sales value of Nano Composite Zirconia This report studies sales (consumption) of Nano Composite Zirconia in Europe market, especially in Germany, UK, France, Russia, Italy, Benelux and Spain, focuses on top players in these countries, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player in these Countries, covering - Saint-Gobain - Daiichi Kigenso Kagaku Kogyo......
  • Global Borosilicate Glass Tubes Market Research Report 2016
    Published: 05-Dec-2016        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 110
    Notes: Production, means the output of Borosilicate Glass Tubes Revenue, means the sales value of Borosilicate Glass Tubes This report studies Borosilicate Glass Tubes in Global market, especially in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, focuses on top manufacturers in global market, with capacity, production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - Four Stars Glass - Schott - Corning-Gerresheime......
  • United States Heavy Duty Wear Protection Systems Market Report 2016
    Published: 05-Dec-2016        Price: US 3800 Onwards        Pages: 124
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Heavy Duty Wear Protection Systems Revenue, means the sales value of Heavy Duty Wear Protection Systems This report studies sales (consumption) of Heavy Duty Wear Protection Systems in United States market, focuses on the top players, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player, covering - Sandvik Construction - Blair Rubber Company - Polycorp Ltd. - West American Rubber Company, LLC......
  • Global Gallium Arsenide Market Research Report 2016
    Published: 05-Dec-2016        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 118
    Notes: Production, means the output of Gallium Arsenide Revenue, means the sales value of Gallium Arsenide This report studies Gallium Arsenide in Global market, especially in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, focuses on top manufacturers in global market, with capacity, production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - Sumitomo Electric - Freiberger Compound Materials - AXT - China ......
  • China Filter Media Market Research Report 2016
    Published: 05-Dec-2016        Price: US 3200 Onwards        Pages: 104
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Filter Media Revenue, means the sales value of Filter Media This report studies Filter Media in China market, focuses on the top players in China market, with capacity, production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - 3M - Air Handler - Dayton - Watts - Trico - Aprilaire - Honeywell - Proteam - Spacepak Split by product ty......
  • United States LTO Anode Material Market Report 2016
    Published: 05-Dec-2016        Price: US 3800 Onwards        Pages: 101
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of LTO Anode Material Revenue, means the sales value of LTO Anode Material This report studies sales (consumption) of LTO Anode Material in United States market, focuses on the top players, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player, covering - Toshiba - Altairnano - CEA - LG Chemical - EnderDel - Hydro-Quebec - Panasonic - Bloomberg - Samsung ......
  • China Liquid Filter Media Market Research Report 2016
    Published: 05-Dec-2016        Price: US 3200 Onwards        Pages: 98
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Liquid Filter Media Revenue, means the sales value of Liquid Filter Media This report studies Liquid Filter Media in China market, focuses on the top players in China market, with capacity, production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - Klinkau - Martin Kurz - FAUDI Aviation - Lydall Filtration - PALL - Trico - CCI Thermal Technologies Inc. -......
  • Global Container Glass Sales Market Report 2016
    Published: 05-Dec-2016        Price: US 4000 Onwards        Pages: 118
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Container Glass Revenue, means the sales value of Container Glass This report studies sales (consumption) of Container Glass in Global market, especially in United States, China, Europe, Japan, focuses on top players in these regions/countries, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player in these regions, covering - Owens-Illinois, Inc. - Saint Gobain - Vetropack Holding Ltd. - Volnog......
  • SERVICES
    Value for Money
    We believe in "optimum utilization of available budget and resources". While servicing our clients' (your) market research requirements, we keep the same approach in focus to help you get the best value for your $$s.
    Ever Growing Inventory
    Ranging from the smallest feasible / required data (datasheets, data facts, SWOT analysis, company profiles, etc) to full research reports that help you make decisions, our inventory is updated almost on a daily basis with the latest industry reports from domain experts that track more than 5000 niche sectors.
    One Stop Solution
    Need a custom research report on medical devices market? Require all available business intelligence on 3D printing industry? Exploring F&B sector of a particular country/region? RnRMarketResearch.com is your one-stop-solution to all market intelligence needs. We not only offer custom research and consulting services, we also "bundle" reports to meet your needs and help you fetch the data analysis you require for your business.
    Dedicated Client Engagement
    Not limited to only "finding" relevant reports for you, our client engagement team dedicates its efforts to understand your "business need" and accordingly maps available research data to help you move forward. Call "your" client engagement executive any time of your day and get your questions answered in order to make the correct business decision.
    Saving Time and Efforts
    Simply share your research requirement details with us and let us do all the hard work to find required intelligence for you. When you add up our "one stop solution" and "dedicated client engagement" services mentioned above, you obviously know the time and effort saving you do by working with us.
    Payment Flexibility
    Working with Fortune 500 organizations, we understand the importance of being flexible for payments. Share your payment terms with us and we will surely match up to them to ensure you get access to required business intelligence data without having to wait for the payment to be done.
    Post-Purchase Research Support
    Have questions after reading a report / datasheet bought through us? Not sure about the methodology used for data available in the research? Talk to us / Share your questions with us and if required, we will connect you with the analyst(s)/author(s) of the report(s) and ensure you get satisfactory answers for the same. Need more data / analysis / report(s) on the topic of your research/project? The RnRMarketResearch.com team is here for you 24X7 to support you with your post-purchase requirements. Subscription Offers & Packages (Get in touch with us for more details - sales@rnrmarketresearch.com / +1 888 391 5441 )
    • Ad Hoc
    • Pay - as - you - go / Bucket Subscriptions
    • Fixed Cost for #of reports
    • Customize / Personalize as per your needs