United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Market Report 2016

Publisher Name :
Date: 30-Sep-2016
No. of pages: 117
Inquire Before Buying

Notes:

Sales, means the sales volume of Hermetic Vapor Compression System

Revenue, means the sales value of Hermetic Vapor Compression System

This report studies sales (consumption) of Hermetic Vapor Compression System in United States market, focuses on the top players, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player, covering

- Carrier Transicold (USA)

- FRIGOBLOCK Grosskopf GmbH (Germany)

- GAH Refrigeration Ltd (UK)

- Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. (Japan)

- United Technologies Corporation (USA)

- Chereau SAS (France)

- Ingersoll-Rand plc (Ireland)

- Hubbard Products Ltd. (UK)

- Thermo King Corporation (USA)

- Wabash National Corporation (USA)

- Great Dane (USA)

- Morgan Corporation (USA)

- Schmitz Cargobull AG (Germany)

- Klege Europ Sainte Marie Constructions Isothermes (France)

- Lamberet Constructions Isothermes SA. (France)

Split by product types, with sales, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, can be divided into

- Type I

- Type II

- Type III

Split by applications, this report focuses on sales, market share and growth rate of Hermetic Vapor Compression System in each application, can be divided into

- Application 1

- Application 2

- Application 3

United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Market Report 2016

Table of Contents
United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Market Report 2016
1 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Overview
1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Hermetic Vapor Compression System
1.2 Classification of Hermetic Vapor Compression System
1.2.1 Type I
1.2.2 Type II
1.2.3 Type III
1.3 Application of Hermetic Vapor Compression System
1.3.1 Application 1
1.3.2 Application 2
1.3.3 Application 3
1.4 United States Market Size Sales (Value) and Revenue (Volume) of Hermetic Vapor Compression System (2011-2021)
1.4.1 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
1.4.2 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
2 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Competition by Manufacturers
2.1 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales and Market Share of Key Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
2.2 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Revenue and Share by Manufactures (2015 and 2016)
2.3 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Average Price by Manufactures (2015 and 2016)
2.4 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Market Competitive Situation and Trends
2.4.1 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Market Concentration Rate
2.4.2 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Market Share of Top 3 and Top 5 Manufacturers
2.4.3 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion
3 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales (Volume) and Revenue (Value) by Type (2011-2016)
3.1 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
3.2 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
3.3 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Price by Type (2011-2016)
3.4 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Growth Rate by Type (2011-2016)
4 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales (Volume) by Application (2011-2016)
4.1 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales and Market Share by Application (2011-2016)
4.2 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Growth Rate by Application (2011-2016)
4.3 Market Drivers and Opportunities
5 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis
5.1 Carrier Transicold (USA)
5.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors
5.1.2 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Product Type, Application and Specification
5.1.2.1 Type I
5.1.2.2 Type II
5.1.3 Carrier Transicold (USA) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.2 FRIGOBLOCK Grosskopf GmbH (Germany)
5.2.2 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Product Type, Application and Specification
5.2.2.1 Type I
5.2.2.2 Type II
5.2.3 FRIGOBLOCK Grosskopf GmbH (Germany) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.3 GAH Refrigeration Ltd (UK)
5.3.2 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Product Type, Application and Specification
5.3.2.1 Type I
5.3.2.2 Type II
5.3.3 GAH Refrigeration Ltd (UK) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.4 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. (Japan)
5.4.2 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Product Type, Application and Specification
5.4.2.1 Type I
5.4.2.2 Type II
5.4.3 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. (Japan) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.4.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.5 United Technologies Corporation (USA)
5.5.2 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Product Type, Application and Specification
5.5.2.1 Type I
5.5.2.2 Type II
5.5.3 United Technologies Corporation (USA) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.5.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.6 Chereau SAS (France)
5.6.2 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Product Type, Application and Specification
5.6.2.1 Type I
5.6.2.2 Type II
5.6.3 Chereau SAS (France) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.6.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.7 Ingersoll-Rand plc (Ireland)
5.7.2 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Product Type, Application and Specification
5.7.2.1 Type I
5.7.2.2 Type II
5.7.3 Ingersoll-Rand plc (Ireland) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.7.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.8 Hubbard Products Ltd. (UK)
5.8.2 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Product Type, Application and Specification
5.8.2.1 Type I
5.8.2.2 Type II
5.8.3 Hubbard Products Ltd. (UK) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.8.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.9 Thermo King Corporation (USA)
5.9.2 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Product Type, Application and Specification
5.9.2.1 Type I
5.9.2.2 Type II
5.9.3 Thermo King Corporation (USA) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.9.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.10 Wabash National Corporation (USA)
5.10.2 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Product Type, Application and Specification
5.10.2.1 Type I
5.10.2.2 Type II
5.10.3 Wabash National Corporation (USA) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.10.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.11 Great Dane (USA)
5.12 Morgan Corporation (USA)
5.13 Schmitz Cargobull AG (Germany)
5.14 Klege Europ Sainte Marie Constructions Isothermes (France)
5.15 Lamberet Constructions Isothermes SA. (France)
6 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Manufacturing Cost Analysis
6.1 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Key Raw Materials Analysis
6.1.1 Key Raw Materials
6.1.2 Price Trend of Key Raw Materials
6.1.3 Key Suppliers of Raw Materials
6.1.4 Market Concentration Rate of Raw Materials
6.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure
6.2.1 Raw Materials
6.2.2 Labor Cost
6.2.3 Manufacturing Expenses
6.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Hermetic Vapor Compression System
7 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers
7.1 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Industrial Chain Analysis
7.2 Upstream Raw Materials Sourcing
7.3 Raw Materials Sources of Hermetic Vapor Compression System Major Manufacturers in 2015
7.4 Downstream Buyers
8 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders
8.1 Marketing Channel
8.1.1 Direct Marketing
8.1.2 Indirect Marketing
8.1.3 Marketing Channel Development Trend
8.2 Market Positioning
8.2.1 Pricing Strategy
8.2.2 Brand Strategy
8.2.3 Target Client
8.3 Distributors/Traders List
9 Market Effect Factors Analysis
9.1 Technology Progress/Risk
9.1.1 Substitutes Threat
9.1.2 Technology Progress in Related Industry
9.2 Consumer Needs/Customer Preference Change
9.3 Economic/Political Environmental Change
10 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Market Forecast (2016-2021)
10.1 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue Forecast (2016-2021)
10.2 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Forecast by Type (2016-2021)
10.3 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Forecast by Application (2016-2021)
10.4 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Price Forecast (2016-2021)
11 Research Findings and Conclusion
12 Appendix
Author List
Disclosure Section
Research Methodology
Data Source
Disclaimer
List of Tables and Figures
Figure Picture of Hermetic Vapor Compression System
Table Classification of Hermetic Vapor Compression System
Figure United States Sales Market Share of Hermetic Vapor Compression System by Type in 2015
Table Application of Hermetic Vapor Compression System
Figure United States Sales Market Share of Hermetic Vapor Compression System by Application in 2015
Figure United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
Figure United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
Table United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales of Key Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Table United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Figure 2015 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Share by Manufacturers
Figure 2016 Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Share by Manufacturers
Table United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Revenue by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Table United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Table 2015 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Revenue Share by Manufacturers
Table 2016 United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Revenue Share by Manufacturers
Table United States Market Hermetic Vapor Compression System Average Price of Key Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Figure United States Market Hermetic Vapor Compression System Average Price of Key Manufacturers in 2015
Figure Hermetic Vapor Compression System Market Share of Top 3 Manufacturers
Figure Hermetic Vapor Compression System Market Share of Top 5 Manufacturers
Table United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales by Type (2011-2016)
Table United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Share by Type (2011-2016)
Figure United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Market Share by Type in 2015
Table United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
Table United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Revenue Share by Type (2011-2016)
Figure Revenue Market Share of Hermetic Vapor Compression System by Type (2011-2016)
Table United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Price by Type (2011-2016)
Figure United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Growth Rate by Type (2011-2016)
Table United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales by Application (2011-2016)
Table United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Market Share by Application (2011-2016)
Figure United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Market Share by Application in 2015
Table United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Growth Rate by Application (2011-2016)
Figure United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Growth Rate by Application (2011-2016)
Table Carrier Transicold (USA) Basic Information List
Table Carrier Transicold (USA) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Figure Carrier Transicold (USA) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table FRIGOBLOCK Grosskopf GmbH (Germany) Basic Information List
Table FRIGOBLOCK Grosskopf GmbH (Germany) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table FRIGOBLOCK Grosskopf GmbH (Germany) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table GAH Refrigeration Ltd (UK) Basic Information List
Table GAH Refrigeration Ltd (UK) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table GAH Refrigeration Ltd (UK) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. (Japan) Basic Information List
Table Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. (Japan) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. (Japan) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table United Technologies Corporation (USA) Basic Information List
Table United Technologies Corporation (USA) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table United Technologies Corporation (USA) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Chereau SAS (France) Basic Information List
Table Chereau SAS (France) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Chereau SAS (France) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Ingersoll-Rand plc (Ireland) Basic Information List
Table Ingersoll-Rand plc (Ireland) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Ingersoll-Rand plc (Ireland) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Hubbard Products Ltd. (UK) Basic Information List
Table Hubbard Products Ltd. (UK) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Hubbard Products Ltd. (UK) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Thermo King Corporation (USA) Basic Information List
Table Thermo King Corporation (USA) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Thermo King Corporation (USA) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Wabash National Corporation (USA) Basic Information List
Table Wabash National Corporation (USA) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Wabash National Corporation (USA) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Great Dane (USA) Basic Information List
Table Great Dane (USA) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Great Dane (USA) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Morgan Corporation (USA) Basic Information List
Table Morgan Corporation (USA) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Morgan Corporation (USA) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Schmitz Cargobull AG (Germany) Basic Information List
Table Schmitz Cargobull AG (Germany) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Schmitz Cargobull AG (Germany) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Klege Europ Sainte Marie Constructions Isothermes (France) Basic Information List
Table Klege Europ Sainte Marie Constructions Isothermes (France) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Klege Europ Sainte Marie Constructions Isothermes (France) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Lamberet Constructions Isothermes SA. (France) Basic Information List
Table Lamberet Constructions Isothermes SA. (France) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Lamberet Constructions Isothermes SA. (France) Hermetic Vapor Compression System Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Production Base and Market Concentration Rate of Raw Material
Figure Price Trend of Key Raw Materials
Table Key Suppliers of Raw Materials
Figure Manufacturing Cost Structure of Hermetic Vapor Compression System
Figure Manufacturing Process Analysis of Hermetic Vapor Compression System
Figure Hermetic Vapor Compression System Industrial Chain Analysis
Table Raw Materials Sources of Hermetic Vapor Compression System Major Manufacturers in 2015
Table Major Buyers of Hermetic Vapor Compression System
Table Distributors/Traders List
Figure United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Production and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)
Figure United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)
Table United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Production Forecast by Type (2016-2021)
Table United States Hermetic Vapor Compression System Consumption Forecast by Application (2016-2021)
  • Global Milk Tank Detailed Analysis Report 2018-2023
    Published: 22-Feb-2018        Price: US 4250 Onwards        Pages: 126
    This report mainly introduces volume and value market share by players, by regions, by product type, by consumers and also their price change details. As a Detailed Analysis report, it covers all details inside analysis and opinion in Milk Tank industry. This report splits Milk Tank market by Capacity, by Milk Tank Type, which covers the history data information from 2013 to 2017 and forecast from 2018 to 2023. This report focuses Global market, it covers details a......
  • EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa) Offshore AUV Market 2017 Forecast to 2022
    Published: 22-Feb-2018        Price: US 4480 Onwards        Pages: 122
    Autonomous Operated Vehicles (AUV) is the unmanned underwater vehicles which are operated without direct human intervention. They are being designed to perform underwater survey missions required in commercial, scientific research, and defense sectors. They are capable of carrying out an entire mission independently and return to the pre-programmed location where the data is collected and analyzed. Autonomous underwater vehicles are used in key application areas in commercial, scientific researc......
  • Global Grab Handles Market Professional Survey Report 2018
    Published: 21-Feb-2018        Price: US 3500 Onwards        Pages: 101
    This report studies Grab Handles in Global market, especially in North America, China, Europe, Southeast Asia, Japan and India, with production, revenue, consumption, import and export in these regions, from 2013 to 2018, and forecast to 2025. This report focuses on top manufacturers in global market, with production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - Eberhard Manufacturing Company - Industrilas - TriMark - Auxilab ......
  • United States Excavator Attachments Market by Manufacturers, States, Type and Application, Forecast to 2022
    Published: 21-Feb-2018        Price: US 4480 Onwards        Pages: 116
    This report studies the excavator attachments market. The application of Excavator attachments can realize the "multiple use of one machine" for excavator machinery, and then replace all kinds of single function, expensive and special machinery. Scope of the Report: This report focuses on the Excavator Attachments in United States market, to split the market based on manufacturers, states, type and application. Market Segment by Manufacturers, this report cov......
  • United States Flight Control Computer Market by Manufacturers, States, Type and Application, Forecast to 2022
    Published: 21-Feb-2018        Price: US 4480 Onwards        Pages: 121
    The flight control computer is at the core of any modern aircraft, both manned and unmanned. In both cases the typical flight control computer drives the primary flight control surfaces to drive the flight path of the aircraft but also provides finer control for stability. Given the criticality of this function these computers are often used in a dual or triple redundant configuration and subject to strict compliance to safety standards for software and hardware such as DO-178C and DO-254.......
  • United States Milk Tank Market Report 2018
    Published: 21-Feb-2018        Price: US 3800 Onwards        Pages: 111
    In this report, the United States Milk Tank market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025. Geographically, this report splits the United States market into seven regions: - The West - Southwest - The Middle Atlantic - New England - The South - The Midwest with sales (volume), revenue (value), market share and growth rate of Milk T......
  • Global High Pressure Seals Sales Market Report 2018
    Published: 21-Feb-2018        Price: US 4000 Onwards        Pages: 118
    In this report, the global High Pressure Seals market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025. Geographically, this report split global into several key Regions, with sales (K Units), revenue (Million USD), market share and growth rate of High Pressure Seals for these regions, from 2013 to 2025 (forecast), covering - United States - China - Europe - Ja......
  • Global and Chinese Rope Ladder Industry, 2018 Market Research Report
    Published: 20-Feb-2018        Price: US 3000 Onwards        Pages: 139
    The 'Global and Chinese Rope Ladder Industry, 2013-2023 Market Research Report' is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the global Rope Ladder industry with a focus on the Chinese market. The report provides key statistics on the market status of the Rope Ladder manufacturers and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the industry. Firstly, the report provides a basic overview of the industry including its definition, appli......
  • Global and Chinese Sandwich board Industry, 2018 Market Research Report
    Published: 20-Feb-2018        Price: US 3000 Onwards        Pages: 145
    The 'Global and Chinese Sandwich board Industry, 2013-2023 Market Research Report' is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the global Sandwich board industry with a focus on the Chinese market. The report provides key statistics on the market status of the Sandwich board manufacturers and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the industry. Firstly, the report provides a basic overview of the industry including its definiti......
  • SERVICES
    Value for Money
    We believe in "optimum utilization of available budget and resources". While servicing our clients' (your) market research requirements, we keep the same approach in focus to help you get the best value for your $$s.
    Ever Growing Inventory
    Ranging from the smallest feasible / required data (datasheets, data facts, SWOT analysis, company profiles, etc) to full research reports that help you make decisions, our inventory is updated almost on a daily basis with the latest industry reports from domain experts that track more than 5000 niche sectors.
    One Stop Solution
    Need a custom research report on medical devices market? Require all available business intelligence on 3D printing industry? Exploring F&B sector of a particular country/region? RnRMarketResearch.com is your one-stop-solution to all market intelligence needs. We not only offer custom research and consulting services, we also "bundle" reports to meet your needs and help you fetch the data analysis you require for your business.
    Dedicated Client Engagement
    Not limited to only "finding" relevant reports for you, our client engagement team dedicates its efforts to understand your "business need" and accordingly maps available research data to help you move forward. Call "your" client engagement executive any time of your day and get your questions answered in order to make the correct business decision.
    Saving Time and Efforts
    Simply share your research requirement details with us and let us do all the hard work to find required intelligence for you. When you add up our "one stop solution" and "dedicated client engagement" services mentioned above, you obviously know the time and effort saving you do by working with us.
    Payment Flexibility
    Working with Fortune 500 organizations, we understand the importance of being flexible for payments. Share your payment terms with us and we will surely match up to them to ensure you get access to required business intelligence data without having to wait for the payment to be done.
    Post-Purchase Research Support
    Have questions after reading a report / datasheet bought through us? Not sure about the methodology used for data available in the research? Talk to us / Share your questions with us and if required, we will connect you with the analyst(s)/author(s) of the report(s) and ensure you get satisfactory answers for the same. Need more data / analysis / report(s) on the topic of your research/project? The RnRMarketResearch.com team is here for you 24X7 to support you with your post-purchase requirements. Subscription Offers & Packages (Get in touch with us for more details - sales@rnrmarketresearch.com / +1 888 391 5441 )
    • Ad Hoc
    • Pay - as - you - go / Bucket Subscriptions
    • Fixed Cost for #of reports
    • Customize / Personalize as per your needs