United States Comfort Bike Market Report 2016

Publisher Name :
Date: 15-Sep-2016
No. of pages: 124
Inquire Before Buying

Notes:

Sales, means the sales volume of Comfort Bike

Revenue, means the sales value of Comfort Bike

This report studies sales (consumption) of Comfort Bike in USA market, focuses on the top players, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player, covering

- Hero Cycles

- TI Cycles

- Atlas

- Avon Cycles

- Giant Bicycles

- GT

- Haro

- Micargi

- Razor

- Subrosa

- Merida

- Trek

- Specialized Bicycle Components

- Derby Cycle

- Grimaldi Industri

- Cannondale

- Gazelle

- Samchuly Bicycle

- Pacific Cycles

- Cube

- KHS

- Scott Sports

- Giant Bicycles

Split by product Types, with sales, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, can be divided into

- Type I

- Type II

- Type III

Split by applications, this report focuses on sales, market share and growth rate of Comfort Bike in each application, can be divided into

- Transportation tools

- Racing

- Recreation

- Physical Training

- Others

United States Comfort Bike Market Report 2016

Table of Contents
United States Comfort Bike Market Report 2016
1 Comfort Bike Overview
1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Comfort Bike
1.2 Classification of Comfort Bike
1.2.1 Type I
1.2.2 Type II
1.2.3 Type III
1.3 Application of Comfort Bike
1.3.1 Transportation tools
1.3.2 Racing
1.3.3 Recreation
1.3.4 Physical Training
1.3.5 Others
1.4 USA Market Size Sales (Value) and Revenue (Volume) of Comfort Bike (2011-2021)
1.4.1 USA Comfort Bike Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
1.4.2 USA Comfort Bike Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
2 USA Comfort Bike Competition by Manufacturers
2.1 USA Comfort Bike Sales and Market Share of Key Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
2.2 USA Comfort Bike Revenue and Share by Manufactures (2015 and 2016)
2.3 USA Comfort Bike Average Price by Manufactures (2015 and 2016)
2.4 Comfort Bike Market Competitive Situation and Trends
2.4.1 Comfort Bike Market Concentration Rate
2.4.2 Comfort Bike Market Share of Top 3 and Top 5 Manufacturers
2.4.3 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion
3 USA Comfort Bike Sales (Volume) and Revenue (Value) by Type (2011-2016)
3.1 USA Comfort Bike Sales and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
3.2 USA Comfort Bike Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
3.3 USA Comfort Bike Price by Type (2011-2016)
3.4 USA Comfort Bike Sales Growth Rate by Type (2011-2016)
4 USA Comfort Bike Sales (Volume) by Application (2011-2016)
4.1 USA Comfort Bike Sales and Market Share by Application (2011-2016)
4.2 USA Comfort Bike Sales Growth Rate by Application (2011-2016)
4.3 Market Drivers and Opportunities
5 USA Comfort Bike Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis
5.1 Hero Cycles
5.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors
5.1.2 Comfort Bike Product Type, Application and Specification
5.1.2.1 Type I
5.1.2.2 Type II
5.1.3 Hero Cycles Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.2 TI Cycles
5.2.2 Comfort Bike Product Type, Application and Specification
5.2.2.1 Type I
5.2.2.2 Type II
5.2.3 TI Cycles Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.3 Atlas
5.3.2 Comfort Bike Product Type, Application and Specification
5.3.2.1 Type I
5.3.2.2 Type II
5.3.3 Atlas Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.4 Avon Cycles
5.4.2 Comfort Bike Product Type, Application and Specification
5.4.2.1 Type I
5.4.2.2 Type II
5.4.3 Avon Cycles Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.4.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.5 Giant Bicycles
5.5.2 Comfort Bike Product Type, Application and Specification
5.5.2.1 Type I
5.5.2.2 Type II
5.5.3 Giant Bicycles Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.5.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.6 GT
5.6.2 Comfort Bike Product Type, Application and Specification
5.6.2.1 Type I
5.6.2.2 Type II
5.6.3 GT Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.6.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.7 Haro
5.7.2 Comfort Bike Product Type, Application and Specification
5.7.2.1 Type I
5.7.2.2 Type II
5.7.3 Haro Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.7.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.8 Micargi
5.8.2 Comfort Bike Product Type, Application and Specification
5.8.2.1 Type I
5.8.2.2 Type II
5.8.3 Micargi Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.8.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.9 Razor
5.9.2 Comfort Bike Product Type, Application and Specification
5.9.2.1 Type I
5.9.2.2 Type II
5.9.3 Razor Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.9.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.10 Subrosa
5.10.2 Comfort Bike Product Type, Application and Specification
5.10.2.1 Type I
5.10.2.2 Type II
5.10.3 Subrosa Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
5.10.4 Main Business/Business Overview
5.11 Merida
5.12 Trek
5.13 Specialized Bicycle Components
5.14 Derby Cycle
5.15 Grimaldi Industri
5.16 Cannondale
5.17 Gazelle
5.18 Samchuly Bicycle
5.19 Pacific Cycles
5.20 Cube
5.21 KHS
5.22 Scott Sports
5.23 Giant Bicycles
6 Comfort Bike Manufacturing Cost Analysis
6.1 Comfort Bike Key Raw Materials Analysis
6.1.1 Key Raw Materials
6.1.2 Price Trend of Key Raw Materials
6.1.3 Key Suppliers of Raw Materials
6.1.4 Market Concentration Rate of Raw Materials
6.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure
6.2.1 Raw Materials
6.2.2 Labor Cost
6.2.3 Manufacturing Expenses
6.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Comfort Bike
7 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers
7.1 Comfort Bike Industrial Chain Analysis
7.2 Upstream Raw Materials Sourcing
7.3 Raw Materials Sources of Comfort Bike Major Manufacturers in 2015
7.4 Downstream Buyers
8 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders
8.1 Marketing Channel
8.1.1 Direct Marketing
8.1.2 Indirect Marketing
8.1.3 Marketing Channel Development Trend
8.2 Market Positioning
8.2.1 Pricing Strategy
8.2.2 Brand Strategy
8.2.3 Target Client
8.3 Distributors/Traders List
9 Market Effect Factors Analysis
9.1 Technology Progress/Risk
9.1.1 Substitutes Threat
9.1.2 Technology Progress in Related Industry
9.2 Consumer Needs/Customer Preference Change
9.3 Economic/Political Environmental Change
10 USA Comfort Bike Market Forecast (2016-2021)
10.1 USA Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue Forecast (2016-2021)
10.2 USA Comfort Bike Sales Forecast by Type (2016-2021)
10.3 USA Comfort Bike Sales Forecast by Application (2016-2021)
10.4 Comfort Bike Price Forecast (2016-2021)
11 Research Findings and Conclusion
12 Appendix
Author List
Disclosure Section
Research Methodology
Data Source
Disclaimer
List of Tables and Figures
Figure Picture of Comfort Bike
Table Classification of Comfort Bike
Figure USA Sales Market Share of Comfort Bike by Type in 2015
Table Application of Comfort Bike
Figure USA Sales Market Share of Comfort Bike by Application in 2015
Figure Transportation tools Examples
Figure Racing Examples
Figure Recreation Examples
Figure Physical Training Examples
Figure Others Examples
Figure USA Comfort Bike Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
Figure USA Comfort Bike Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
Table USA Comfort Bike Sales of Key Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Table USA Comfort Bike Sales Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Figure 2015 Comfort Bike Sales Share by Manufacturers
Figure 2016 Comfort Bike Sales Share by Manufacturers
Table USA Comfort Bike Revenue by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Table USA Comfort Bike Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Table 2015 USA Comfort Bike Revenue Share by Manufacturers
Table 2016 USA Comfort Bike Revenue Share by Manufacturers
Table USA Market Comfort Bike Average Price of Key Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)
Figure USA Market Comfort Bike Average Price of Key Manufacturers in 2015
Figure Comfort Bike Market Share of Top 3 Manufacturers
Figure Comfort Bike Market Share of Top 5 Manufacturers
Table USA Comfort Bike Sales by Type (2011-2016)
Table USA Comfort Bike Sales Share by Type (2011-2016)
Figure USA Comfort Bike Sales Market Share by Type in 2015
Table USA Comfort Bike Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
Table USA Comfort Bike Revenue Share by Type (2011-2016)
Figure Revenue Market Share of Comfort Bike by Type (2011-2016)
Table USA Comfort Bike Price by Type (2011-2016)
Figure USA Comfort Bike Sales Growth Rate by Type (2011-2016)
Table USA Comfort Bike Sales by Application (2011-2016)
Table USA Comfort Bike Sales Market Share by Application (2011-2016)
Figure USA Comfort Bike Sales Market Share by Application in 2015
Table USA Comfort Bike Sales Growth Rate by Application (2011-2016)
Figure USA Comfort Bike Sales Growth Rate by Application (2011-2016)
Table Hero Cycles Basic Information List
Table Hero Cycles Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Figure Hero Cycles Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table TI Cycles Basic Information List
Table TI Cycles Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table TI Cycles Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Atlas Basic Information List
Table Atlas Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Atlas Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Avon Cycles Basic Information List
Table Avon Cycles Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Avon Cycles Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Giant Bicycles Basic Information List
Table Giant Bicycles Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Giant Bicycles Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table GT Basic Information List
Table GT Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table GT Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Haro Basic Information List
Table Haro Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Haro Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Micargi Basic Information List
Table Micargi Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Micargi Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Razor Basic Information List
Table Razor Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Razor Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Subrosa Basic Information List
Table Subrosa Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Subrosa Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Merida Basic Information List
Table Merida Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Merida Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Trek Basic Information List
Table Trek Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Trek Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Specialized Bicycle Components Basic Information List
Table Specialized Bicycle Components Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Specialized Bicycle Components Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Derby Cycle Basic Information List
Table Derby Cycle Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Derby Cycle Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Grimaldi Industri Basic Information List
Table Grimaldi Industri Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Grimaldi Industri Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Cannondale Basic Information List
Table Cannondale Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Cannondale Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Gazelle Basic Information List
Table Gazelle Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Gazelle Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Samchuly Bicycle Basic Information List
Table Samchuly Bicycle Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Samchuly Bicycle Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Pacific Cycles Basic Information List
Table Pacific Cycles Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Pacific Cycles Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Cube Basic Information List
Table Cube Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Cube Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table KHS Basic Information List
Table KHS Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table KHS Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Scott Sports Basic Information List
Table Scott Sports Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Scott Sports Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Giant Bicycles Basic Information List
Table Giant Bicycles Comfort Bike Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Table Giant Bicycles Comfort Bike Sales Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Production Base and Market Concentration Rate of Raw Material
Figure Price Trend of Key Raw Materials
Table Key Suppliers of Raw Materials
Figure Manufacturing Cost Structure of Comfort Bike
Figure Manufacturing Process Analysis of Comfort Bike
Figure Comfort Bike Industrial Chain Analysis
Table Raw Materials Sources of Comfort Bike Major Manufacturers in 2015
Table Major Buyers of Comfort Bike
Table Distributors/Traders List
Figure USA Comfort Bike Production and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)
Figure USA Comfort Bike Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)
Table USA Comfort Bike Production Forecast by Type (2016-2021)
Table USA Comfort Bike Consumption Forecast by Application (2016-2021)
  • Packaging Sector Driven By Innovation
    The financial development in numerous emerging nations has significantly influenced the progress of quite a lot of sectors, the packaging industry being one of them. The swell in transport undertakings outfitting to a substantial number of industries such as manufacturing, consumer goods, food and beverages, and others rest essentially on sturdy and resilient packaging solutions [...]
  • Global Eyewear Market To Gain From Increased Demand For Disposable Contact Lenses
    The global eyewear market was worth US$ 102.66 billion in 2015 and is predictable to reach US$ 184.03 billion by 2024. The rising population and upsurge in the number of optical disorders are likely to propel the industry in the near future. Moreover, the increasing cognizance amongst people as regards to the prominence of eye [...]
  • Global mHealth Market To Become A Multi-Billion Dollar Industry By 2020
    The mHealth market is in its embryonic stage and is projected to produce substantial profits with amassed awareness level and encouraging regulatory guidelines particular to the quality and practicality of mobile-based medical devices. The global mHealth market is projected to touch US$ 49.12 billion by 2020 rising at a CAGR of 47.6% from 2013 to 2020. Monitoring services [...]
  • Efficacy of Stand-alone Power Sources Drive The Global Distributed Energy Generation Market
    The global market for distributed energy generation is expected to magnify at a momentous CAGR of 11.4% between 2016 and 2020. The small-scale generation of electricity, oscillating from a few kilowatts to multitudes of megawatts, is denoted as distributed energy generation. In this process, power is usually produced using renewable resources or by generators during consumption. [...]
  • Global Organic Food Market Makes A Mark in Developed Economies
    Buyers throughout the world are becoming more and more health cognizant, which has occasioned in an alteration in their palates and inclinations. The global organic food market was worth US$88.1 billion in 2015 is anticipated to record a CAGR of over 16% between 2015 and 2020. Amongst the various different food products available, the fruits [...]
  • China Automotive Electronic Igniter Market Research Report 2017
    Published: 17-Jan-2017        Price: US 3200 Onwards        Pages: 98
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Automotive Electronic Igniter Revenue, means the sales value of Automotive Electronic Igniter This report studies Automotive Electronic Igniter in China market, focuses on the top players in China market, with capacity, production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - Bosch - Delphi - Honeywell - Ford - ACDelco - Standard Motor Products - Strattec......
  • China Automotive Engine Market Research Report 2017
    Published: 17-Jan-2017        Price: US 3200 Onwards        Pages: 110
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Automotive Engine Revenue, means the sales value of Automotive Engine This report studies Automotive Engine in China market, focuses on the top players in China market, with capacity, production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - - Volkswagen AG - - Toyota - - General Motors - - Ford - - Benz - - BMW - - Peugeot/Citroen - - Fiat - - H......
  • China Automotive Filters Market Research Report 2017
    Published: 17-Jan-2017        Price: US 3200 Onwards        Pages: 104
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Automotive Filters Revenue, means the sales value of Automotive Filters This report studies Automotive Filters in China market, focuses on the top players in China market, with capacity, production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - - MANN+HUMMEL - - Bosch - - MAHLE - - Universe Filter - - Freudenberg - - YBM - - Phoenix - - Baowang -......
  • China Automotive Halogen Headlight Lamps Market Research Report 2017
    Published: 17-Jan-2017        Price: US 3200 Onwards        Pages: 98
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Automotive Halogen Headlight Lamps Revenue, means the sales value of Automotive Halogen Headlight Lamps This report studies Automotive Halogen Headlight Lamps in China market, focuses on the top players in China market, with capacity, production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - - GE Lighting - - Philips Lighting - - Osram Group - - Eaton(Cooper) - - Toshiba......
  • China Automotive Hazard Flashers Lighting Fixtures Market Research Report 2017
    Published: 17-Jan-2017        Price: US 3200 Onwards        Pages: 107
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Automotive Hazard Flashers Lighting Fixtures Revenue, means the sales value of Automotive Hazard Flashers Lighting Fixtures This report studies Automotive Hazard Flashers Lighting Fixtures in China market, focuses on the top players in China market, with capacity, production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - - Koito - - Hella - - Automotive Lighting - - Stanley ......
  • Global Vehicle Exhaust Purification System Sales Market Report 2017
    Published: 17-Jan-2017        Price: US 4000 Onwards        Pages: 109
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Vehicle Exhaust Purification System Revenue, means the sales value of Vehicle Exhaust Purification System This report studies sales (consumption) of Vehicle Exhaust Purification System in Global market, especially in United States, China, Europe and Japan, focuses on top players in these regions/countries, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player in these regions, covering - - MagneGrip Group - ......
  • China Automotive Infrared Night Vision System Market Research Report 2017
    Published: 17-Jan-2017        Price: US 3200 Onwards        Pages: 106
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Automotive Infrared Night Vision System Revenue, means the sales value of Automotive Infrared Night Vision System This report studies Automotive Infrared Night Vision System in China market, focuses on the top players in China market, with capacity, production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - - Bosch - - Autoliv - - Denso - - Omron - - FLIR Systems - - ......
  • Global Vehicle Lighting Fixtures Sales Market Report 2017
    Published: 17-Jan-2017        Price: US 4000 Onwards        Pages: 103
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Vehicle Lighting Fixtures Revenue, means the sales value of Vehicle Lighting Fixtures This report studies sales (consumption) of Vehicle Lighting Fixtures in Global market, especially in United States, China, Europe and Japan, focuses on top players in these regions/countries, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player in these regions, covering - - Valeo SA - - Hella KGaA Hueck & Co. - - H......
  • China Automotive Interiors Market Research Report 2017
    Published: 17-Jan-2017        Price: US 3200 Onwards        Pages: 107
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Automotive Interiors Revenue, means the sales value of Automotive Interiors This report studies Automotive Interiors in China market, focuses on the top players in China market, with capacity, production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - - Johnson Controls - - DuPont - - Faurecia - - Borgers - - Eagle Ottawa - - International Textile Group - - Lea......
  • SERVICES
    Value for Money
    We believe in "optimum utilization of available budget and resources". While servicing our clients' (your) market research requirements, we keep the same approach in focus to help you get the best value for your $$s.
    Ever Growing Inventory
    Ranging from the smallest feasible / required data (datasheets, data facts, SWOT analysis, company profiles, etc) to full research reports that help you make decisions, our inventory is updated almost on a daily basis with the latest industry reports from domain experts that track more than 5000 niche sectors.
    One Stop Solution
    Need a custom research report on medical devices market? Require all available business intelligence on 3D printing industry? Exploring F&B sector of a particular country/region? RnRMarketResearch.com is your one-stop-solution to all market intelligence needs. We not only offer custom research and consulting services, we also "bundle" reports to meet your needs and help you fetch the data analysis you require for your business.
    Dedicated Client Engagement
    Not limited to only "finding" relevant reports for you, our client engagement team dedicates its efforts to understand your "business need" and accordingly maps available research data to help you move forward. Call "your" client engagement executive any time of your day and get your questions answered in order to make the correct business decision.
    Saving Time and Efforts
    Simply share your research requirement details with us and let us do all the hard work to find required intelligence for you. When you add up our "one stop solution" and "dedicated client engagement" services mentioned above, you obviously know the time and effort saving you do by working with us.
    Payment Flexibility
    Working with Fortune 500 organizations, we understand the importance of being flexible for payments. Share your payment terms with us and we will surely match up to them to ensure you get access to required business intelligence data without having to wait for the payment to be done.
    Post-Purchase Research Support
    Have questions after reading a report / datasheet bought through us? Not sure about the methodology used for data available in the research? Talk to us / Share your questions with us and if required, we will connect you with the analyst(s)/author(s) of the report(s) and ensure you get satisfactory answers for the same. Need more data / analysis / report(s) on the topic of your research/project? The RnRMarketResearch.com team is here for you 24X7 to support you with your post-purchase requirements. Subscription Offers & Packages (Get in touch with us for more details - sales@rnrmarketresearch.com / +1 888 391 5441 )
    • Ad Hoc
    • Pay - as - you - go / Bucket Subscriptions
    • Fixed Cost for #of reports
    • Customize / Personalize as per your needs