The Carbon Nanotubes Global Opportunity Report

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Date: 08-Sep-2016
No. of pages: 670
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Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been attracted huge attention over the past two decades, based on their extraordinary physical and chemical properties that are a result of their intrinsic nano-sized one-dimensional nature. Once the most promising of all nanomaterials, CNTs face stiff competition in conductive applications from graphene and other 2D materials and in mechanically enhanced composites from nanocellulose. However, after considerable research efforts, numerous multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs)-enhanced products are commercially available. Super-aligned CNT arrays, films and yarns have found applications in consumer electronics, batteries, polymer composites, aerospace, sensors, heaters, filters and biomedicine. Large-scale industrial production of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) has been initiated, promising new market opportunities in transparent conductive films, transistors, sensors and memory devices. SWNTs are regarded as one of the most promising candidates to utilized as building blocks in next generation electronics.

What Does The Report Include?


  • Assessment of the carbon nanotubes market including production volumes, competitive landscape, commercial prospects, applications,  commercialization timelines, prices and producer profiles.

  • Assessment of end user markets for carbon nanotubes including market drivers and trends, applications, market opportunity, market challenges and application and product developer profiles.

  • Unique assessment tools for the carbon nanotubes, end user applications, economic impact, addressable markets and market challenges to provide the complete picture of where the real opportunities in carbon nanotubes are.

  • Full company profiles of carbon nanotubes producers and application developers including technology descriptions and end user markets targeted

The Carbon Nanotubes Global Opportunity Report

Table of Contents

1 Research Methodology 37
1.1 Nanomaterials Market Rating System 38
1.2 Commercial Impact Rating System 40
1.3 Market Challenges Rating System 42

2 Executive Summary 44
2.1 Exceptional properties 48
2.2 Products and applications 50
2.3 Threat from the graphene market 51
2.4 Production 51
2.4.1 Multi-walled nanotube (MWNT) production 51
2.4.2 Single-walled nanotube (SWNT) production 53
2.5 Global demand for carbon nanotubes 56
2.5.1 Current products 58
2.5.2 Future products 59
2.6 Market drivers and trends 60
2.6.1 Electronics 60
2.6.1.1 EMI/RFI shielding 60
2.6.1.2 Transparent conductive film 60
2.6.1.3 Silicon replacement 61
2.6.2 Electric vehicles and lithium-ion batteries 61
2.7 Market and production challenges 62
2.7.1 Safety issues 63
2.7.2 Dispersion 64
2.7.3 Synthesis and supply quality 65
2.7.4 Cost 65
2.7.5 Competition from other materials 66
2.8 Competitive analysis of carbon nanotubes and graphene 67

3 Introduction 69
3.1 Properties of nanomaterials 69
3.2 Categorization 70
3.3 CARBON NANOTUBES 72
3.3.1 Multi-walled nanotubes (MWNT) 73
3.3.2 Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT) 74
3.3.2.1 Single-chirality 77
3.3.3 Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs) 79
3.3.4 Few-walled carbon nanotubes (FWNTs) 80
3.3.5 Carbon Nanohorns (CNHs) 80
3.3.6 Carbon Onions 81
3.3.7 Fullerenes 84
3.3.8 Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) 85
3.4 Properties 87
3.5 Applications of carbon nanotubes 88
3.5.1 High volume applications 88
3.5.2 Low volume applications 89
3.5.3 Novel applications 89

4 Comparative Analysis With Graphene 91
4.1 Comparative properties 92
4.2 Cost and production 94
4.3 Carbon nanotube-graphene hybrids 96
4.4 Competitive market analysis of carbon nanotubes and graphene 97

5 Carbon Nanotube Synthesis 100
5.1 Arc discharge synthesis 102
5.2 Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) 104
5.3 Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) 105
5.4 High-pressure carbon monoxide synthesis 106
5.4.1 High Pressure CO (HiPco) 106
5.4.2 CoMoCAT 107
5.5 Flame synthesis 108
5.6 Laser ablation synthesis 109
5.7 Silane solution method 110

6 Carbon Nanotubes Market Structure 111

7 Regulations and Standards 114
7.1 Europe 115
7.1.1 REACH 115
7.1.2 Biocidal Products Regulation 115
7.1.3 National nanomaterials registers 116
7.1.4 Cosmetics regulation 117
7.1.5 Food safety 119
7.2 United States 120
7.2.1 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) 120
7.3 Asia 122
7.3.1 Japan 122
7.3.2 South Korea 122
7.3.3 Taiwan 123
7.3.4 Australia 123

8 Carbon Nanotubes Patents 126

9 Carbon Nanotubes Technology Readiness Level 131

10 Carbon Nanotubes End User Market Segment Analysis 134
10.1 Production volumes in metric tons, 2010-2025 134
10.2 Carbon nanotube producer production capacities 139
10.3 Regional demand for carbon nanotubes 142
10.3.1 Japan 145
10.3.2 China 146
10.4 Main carbon nanotubes producers 147
10.4.1 SWNT production 148
10.4.1.1 OCSiAl 148
10.4.1.2 FGV Cambridge Nanosystems 148
10.4.1.3 Zeon Corporation 149
10.5 Price of carbon nanotubes-MWNTs, SWNTs and FWNTs 149
10.5.1 MWNTs 151
10.5.2 SWNTs 151
10.6 Applications 153

11 Carbon Nanotubes Industry News 2013-2016 158
11.1 January 2013 158
11.2 August 2013 158
11.3 November 2013 158
11.4 December 2013 159
11.5 January 2014 159
11.6 February 2014 160
11.7 March 2014 161
11.8 April 2014 162
11.9 May 2014 163
11.10 July 2014 164
11.11 September 2014 164
11.12 January 2015 166
11.13 February 2015 167
11.14 March 2015 168
11.15 April 2015 168
11.16 May 2015 169
11.17 June 2015 169
11.18 July 2015 170
11.19 September 2015 170
11.20 December 2015 171
11.21 April 216 171
11.22 May 2016 171
11.23 June 2016 172
11.24 August 2016 173
11.25 September 2016 173

12 Electronics 174
12.1 Flexible Electronics, Conductive Films and Displays 175
12.1.1 Market Drivers and Trends 175
12.1.1.1 Growth in wearable electronics 178
12.1.1.2 Touch technology requirements 180
12.1.2 Applications 182
12.1.2.1 Transparent electrodes in flexible electronics 182
12.1.2.2 SWNTs 183
12.1.2.3 Double-walled carbon nanotubes 185
12.1.3 Market Size and Opportunity 186
12.1.3.1 Touch panel and ITO replacement 186
12.1.3.2 Wearable electronics 201
12.1.4 Market Challenges 204
12.1.4.1 Fabricating SWNT devices 204
12.1.4.2 Competing materials 205
12.1.5 Product Developers 206
12.2 Conductive Inks 210
12.2.1 Market Drivers and Trends 210
12.2.1.1 Increased demand for printed electronics 210
12.2.1.2 Limitations of existing conductive inks 211
12.2.1.3 Growth in the 3D printing market 213
12.2.1.4 Growth in the printed sensors market 213
12.2.2 Applications 214
12.2.3 Market Size and Opportunity 215
12.2.4 Market Challenges 219
12.2.5 Product Developers 220
12.3 Transistors, Integrated Circuits and Other Components 221
12.3.1 Market Drivers and Trends 221
12.3.1.1 Scaling 221
12.3.1.2 Limitations of current materials 224
12.3.1.3 Limitations of copper as interconnect materials 225
12.3.1.4 Need to improve bonding technology 226
12.3.1.5 Need to improve thermal properties 226
12.3.2 Applications 226
12.3.2.1 Thin film transistors (TFT) 227
12.3.2.2 Electronics packaging 228
12.3.2.3 Thermal management 229
12.3.2.4 Insulation 230
12.3.3 Market Size and Opportunity 230
12.3.4 Market Challenges 232
12.3.5 Product Developers 233
12.4 Memory Devices 234
12.4.1 Market Drivers and Trends 234
12.4.1.1 Density and voltage scaling 234
12.4.1.2 Growth in the smartphone and tablet markets 235
12.4.1.3 Growth in the flexible electronics market 235
12.4.2 Applications 237
12.4.3 Market Size and Opportunity 241
12.4.4 Market Challenges 243
12.4.5 Product Developers 244

13 Composites 249
13.1 Market Drivers and Trends 249
13.1.1 Growing use of polymer composites 249
13.1.2 Increased need for advanced, protective materials 249
13.1.3 Improved performance over traditional composites 250
13.1.4 Multi-functionality 251
13.1.5 Growth in use in the wind energy market 252
13.1.6 Need for new flame retardant materials 252
13.1.7 Environmental impact of carbon fibers 253
13.1.8 Shortcomings of natural fiber composites and glass fiber reinforced composites 253
13.2 Applications 254
13.2.1 Electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding 255
13.2.2 Wind turbines 255
13.2.3 Construction 256
13.2.4 Sporting goods 258
13.2.5 Ballistic protection 258
13.2.6 Wire and cable 259
13.2.7 Thermal management 259
13.2.8 Elastomers and rubber 260
13.3 Market Size and Opportunity 261
13.4 Market Challenges 263
13.5 Product Developers 265

14 Aerospace and Aviation 271
14.1 Market Drivers and Trends 271
14.1.1 Safety 271
14.1.2 Reduced fuel consumption and costs 272
14.1.3 Increased durability 272
14.1.4 Multi-functionality 273
14.1.5 Need for new de-icing solutions 274
14.1.6 Weight reduction 274
14.1.7 Need for improved lightning protection materials 274
14.2 Applications 275
14.2.1 Composites 276
14.2.1.1 ESD protection 276
14.2.1.2 Conductive cables 276
14.2.1.3 Anti-friction braking systems 276
14.2.2 Coatings 277
14.2.2.1 Anti-icing 279
14.2.3 Sensors 281
14.3 Market Size and Opportunity 281
14.3.1 Market Challenges 283
14.4 Product Developers 284

15 Automotive 289
15.1 Market Driver and Trends 289
15.1.1 Environmental regulations 289
15.1.2 Lightweighting 290
15.1.3 Increasing use of natural fiber composites 292
15.1.4 Safety 294
15.1.5 Cost 294
15.1.6 Need for enhanced conductivity in fuel components 295
15.1.7 Increase in the use of touch-based automotive applications 295
15.2 Applications 297
15.2.1 Composites 298
15.2.2 Lithium-ion batteries in electric and hybrid vehicles 299
15.2.3 Coatings 299
15.2.3.1 Thermally conductive 304
15.2.3.2 Flame retardant 304
15.2.4 Tires 304
15.3 Market Size and Opportunity 305
15.3.1 Composites 305
15.3.2 Coatings 307
15.4 Market Challenges 309
15.5 Product Developers 310

16 Biomedical & Healthcare 313
16.1 Market Drivers and Trends 314
16.1.1 Improved drug delivery for cancer therapy 314
16.1.2 Shortcomings of chemotherapies 318
16.1.3 Biocompatibility of medical implants 318
16.1.4 Modern healthcare demands for novel diagnostic tools 319
16.1.5 Growth in the handheld point-of-care market 320
16.1.6 Growth in the wearable monitoring market 321
16.1.7 Need for improved medical imaging 322
16.1.8 Biocompatibility of medical implants 323
16.1.9 Implant infections 324
16.1.10 Failure of metal implants 324
16.1.11 Aging population driving growth 325
16.2 Applications 325
16.2.1 Cancer therapy 326
16.2.1.1 Drug delivery 326
16.2.1.2 Immunotherapy 330
16.2.1.3 Thermal ablation 331
16.2.1.4 Stem cell therapy 331
16.2.2 Medical implants 332
16.2.3 Biosensors 333
16.2.4 Medical imaging and diagnositcs 334
16.2.5 Tissue engineering 336
16.3 Market Size and Opportunity 336
16.3.1 Biosensors 337
16.3.2 Drug formulation and delivery 338
16.3.3 Diagnostics 340
16.3.4 Medical implants 342
16.4 Market Challenges 344
16.4.1 Potential toxicity 344
16.4.2 Safety 344
16.4.3 Dispersion 345
16.4.4 Cost 345
16.5 Product Developers 346

17 Coatings 349
17.1 Market Drivers and Trends 349
17.1.1 Sustainability and regulation 349
17.1.2 Cost of corrosion 350
17.1.3 Improved hygiene 351
17.1.4 Cost of weather-related damage 353
17.2 Applications 355
17.2.1 Anti-static coatings 355
17.2.2 Anti-corrosion coatings 356
17.2.2.1 Oil and gas 358
17.2.2.2 Marine 358
17.2.3 Anti-microbial 359
17.2.4 Anti-icing 360
17.2.5 Heat protection 362
17.2.6 Anti-fouling 363
17.2.7 Wear and abrasion resistance 365
17.3 Market Size and Opportunity 366
17.4 Product Developers 368

18 Filtration and Separation 370
18.1 Market Drivers and Trends 370
18.1.1 Water shortage and population growth 370
18.1.2 Need for improved and low cost membrane technology 371
18.1.3 Need for improved groundwater treatment technologies 371
18.1.4 Cost and efficiency 372
18.1.5 Growth in the air filter market 372
18.1.6 Need for environmentally, safe filters 373
18.2 APPLICATIONS 374
18.2.1 Desalination and water filtration 376
18.2.2 Airborne filters 377
18.2.3 Gas separation 379
18.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 379
18.4 APPLICATIONS 381
18.5 Market Challenges 384
18.5.1 Uniform pore size and distribution 384
18.5.2 Reducing pore size for improved desalination 385
18.5.3 Difficulties of CNT growth 385
18.5.4 Cost 386
18.6 Product Developers 387

19 Energy Storage, Conversion and Exploration Markets 389
19.1 Batteries 390
19.1.1 Market Drivers and Trends 390
19.1.1.1 Growth in personal electronics, electric vehicles and smart grids markets 391
19.1.1.2 Reduce dependence on lithium 391
19.1.1.3 Shortcomings of existing battery and supercapacitor technology 392
19.1.1.4 Reduced costs for widespread application 394
19.1.1.5 Power sources for flexible electronics 394
19.2 Applications 394
19.2.1 Lithium-ion batteries (LIB) 394
19.2.1.1 CNT Anodes 398
19.2.1.2 CNT Cathodes 400
19.3 Market Size and Opportunity 401
19.4 Market Challenges 403
19.5 Supercapacitors 405
19.5.1 Market Drivers and Trends 405
19.5.1.1 Reducing costs 405
19.5.1.2 Demand from portable electronics 405
19.5.1.3 Inefficiencies of standard battery technology 406
19.5.1.4 Problems with activated carbon 406
19.6 Applications 406
19.6.1 Graphene/CNT hybrids 407
19.7 Market Size and Opportunity 408
19.8 Photovoltaics 409
19.8.1 Market Drivers and Trends 409
19.8.1.1 Need to improve solar cell efficiency 409
19.8.1.2 Reduce costs 410
19.8.1.3 Varying environmental conditions 410
19.9 Applications 410
19.9.1 Organic-inorganic perovskite solar cells 412
19.10 Market Size and Opportunity 413
19.11 Fuel Cells 414
19.11.1 Market Drivers 414
19.11.1.1 Limitations of platinum 414
19.11.1.2 Cost 414
19.12 Applications 415
19.12.1 Electrocatalyst supports 415
19.13 Market Size and Opportunity 416
19.14 Oil and Gas 417
19.14.1 Market Drivers and Trends 417
19.14.1.1 Need to reduce operating costs and improve operation efficiency 418
19.14.1.2 Increased demands of drilling environments 419
19.14.1.3 Increased exploration in extreme environments 420
19.14.1.4 Environmental and regulatory 421
19.14.2 Applications 421
19.14.2.1 Sensing and reservoir management 422
19.14.2.2 Coatings 422
19.14.2.3 Drilling fluids 423
19.14.2.4 Sorbent materials 423
19.15 Market Size and Opportunity 424
19.16 Market Challenges 426
19.17 Product Developers 427

20 Sensors 432
20.1 Market Drivers and Trends 432
20.1.1 Increased power and performance with reduced cost 432
20.1.2 Enhanced sensitivity 432
20.1.3 Replacing silver electrodes 433
20.1.4 Growth in the home diagnostics and point of care market.... 434
20.1.5 Improved thermal stability 434
20.2 Applications 435
20.2.1 Gas sensors 436
20.2.2 Pressure sensors 437
20.2.3 Biosensors 438
20.2.4 Infrared (IR) sensors 439
20.3 Market Size and Opportunity 440
20.4 Market Challenges 441
20.5 Product Developers 443

21 3d Printing 446
21.1.1 Market Drivers and Trends 446
21.1.1.1 Improved materials at lower cost 446
21.1.1.2 Limitations of current thermoplastics 447
21.2 Applications 447
21.3 Market Size and Opportunity 450
21.4 Market Challenges 451
21.5 Product Developers 452

22 Adhesives 453
22.1 Market Drivers and Trends 453
22.1.1 Thermal management in high temperature electronics 453
22.1.1.1 Environmental sustainability 453
22.2 Applications 454
22.3 Market Size and Opportunity 458
22.4 Market Challenges 460
22.5 Product Developers 461

23 Lubricants 462
23.1 Market Drivers and Trendsb 462
23.1.1 Need for new additives that provide “more for less” 462
23.1.2 Need for higher-performing lubricants for fuel efficiency 463
23.1.3 Environmental concerns 463
23.2 Applications 464
23.3 Market Size and Opportunity 466
23.4 Market Challenges 467
23.5 Product Developers 468

24 Textiles 469
24.1 Market Drivers and Trends 469
24.1.1 Growth in the wearable electronics market 469
24.1.2 Growth in remote health monitoring and diagnostics 471
24.2 Applicatons 472
24.2.1 Protective textiles 474
24.2.2 Electronic textiles 475
24.2.3 Superhydrophobic coatings 486
24.2.4 Conductive coatings 487
24.2.5 Flame retardant textiles 488
24.3 Market Size and Opportunity 489
24.3.1 Protective textiles 489
24.3.2 Electronic textiles 490
24.4 Market Challenges 491
24.5 Product Developers 492

25 Carbon Nanotubes Producers and Product Developers 493-669

List of Tables and Figures

Table 1: Nanomaterials scorecard for carbon nanotubes 45
Table 2: Market summary for carbon nanotubes-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 46
Table 3: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials 48
Table 4: Annual production capacity of MWNT and SWNT producers 52
Table 5: SWNT producers production capacities 2015 55
Table 6: Global production of carbon nanotubes, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014 57
Table 7: Competitive analysis of Carbon nanotubes and graphene by application area and potential impact by 2025 67
Table 8: Categorization of nanomaterials 71
Table 9: Comparison between single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) and multiwalled carbon nanotubes 78
Table 10: Properties of carbon nanotubes 87
Table 11: Comparative properties of carbon materials 93
Table 12: Comparative properties of graphene with nanoclays and carbon nanotubes. 96
Table 13: Competitive analysis of Carbon nanotubes and graphene by application area and potential impact by 2025 98
Table 14: SWNT synthesis methods 101
Table 15: Carbon nanotubes market structure 111
Table 16: National nanomaterials registries in Europe 116
Table 17: Nanomaterials regulatory bodies in Australia 124
Table 18: Top ten countries based on number of nanotechnology patents in USPTO 2014-2015. 127
Table 19: Production volumes of carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2025 135
Table 20: Annual production capacity of MWNT producers 140
Table 21: SWNT producers production capacities 2015 141
Table 22: Example carbon nanotubes prices 152
Table 23: Markets, benefits and applications of Carbon Nanotubes 153
Table 24: Comparison of ITO replacements 177
Table 25: Overview of Metal-based TCFs 192
Table 26: Application markets, competing materials, nanomaterials advantages and current market size in flexible substrates 200
Table 27: Carbon nanotubes in the flexible electronics, conductive films and displays market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 204
Table 28: Market challenges rating for carbon nanotubes in the flexible electronics, conductive films and displays market 206
Table 29: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in transparent conductive films and displays 206
Table 30: Comparative properties of conductive inks 212
Table 31: Opportunities for nanomaterials in printed electronics 217
Table 32: Carbon nanotubes in the conductive inks market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 219
Table 33: Market challenges rating for carbon nanotubes in the conductive inks market. 220
Table 34: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in conductive inks. 220
Table 35: Comparison of Cu, CNTs and graphene as interconnect materials. 225
Table 36: Carbon nanotubes in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact. 231
Table 37: Market challenges rating for carbon nanotubes in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market 233
Table 38: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in transistors, integrated circuits and other components 233
Table 39: Applications in memory devices, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 238
Table 40: Carbon nanotubes in the memory devices market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 242
Table 41: Market challenges rating for carbon nanotubes in the memory devices market. 243
Table 42: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in memory devices. 248
Table 43: Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials. 254
Table 44: Carbon nanotubes in thermal management composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 260
Table 45: Carbon nanotubes in the composites market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 262
Table 46: Market challenges rating for carbon nanotubes in the composites market 265
Table 47: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the composites industry. 265
Table 48: Types of nanocoatings utilized in aerospace and application.. 278
Table 49: Carbon nanotubes in the aerospace and aviation market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 282
Table 50: Market challenges rating for carbon nanotubes in the aerospace market. 284
Table 51: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the aerospace industry. 284
Table 52: Applications of natural fiber composites in vehicles by manufacturers. 293
Table 53: Applications in automotive composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 298
Table 54: Nanocoatings applied in the automotive industry 300
Table 55: Application markets, competing materials, nanomaterials advantages and current market size in the automotive sector 305
Table 56: Carbon nanotubes in the automotive market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 307
Table 57: Applications and commercailization challenges in the automotive market. 309
Table 58: Market challenges rating for carbon nanotubes in the automotive market 309
Table 59: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the automotive industry. 310
Table 60: Applications of carbon nanotubes in drug formulation and delivery. 316
Table 61: CNTs in life sciences and biomedicine 326
Table 62: Applications in medical imaging and diagnostics, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 335
Table 63: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the medical biosensors market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 338
Table 64: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the drug formulation and delivery market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact. 339
Table 65: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the imaging and diagnostics market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact. 341
Table 66: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in medical implants and devices market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact. 343
Table 67: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the medical and healthcare industry 346
Table 68: Carbon nanotubes in the coatings market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size 367
Table 69: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the coatings industry. 368
Table 70: Types of filtration 375
Table 71: Applications in desalination and water filtration, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 377
Table 72: Applications in gas separation, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 379
Table 73: Carbon nanotubes in the filtration and environmental remediation marketapplications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 380
Table 74: Comparison of CNT membranes with other membrane technologies 382
Table 75: Market challenges rating for carbon nanotubes in the filtration and environmental remediation market 386
Table 76: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the filtration industry. 387
Table 77: Applications in LIB, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 395
Table 78: Carbon nanotubes in the batteries market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 403
Table 79: Market challenges in batteries 403
Table 80: Market challenges rating for carbon nanotubes in the batteries market. 404
Table 81: Properties of carbon materials in high-performance supercapacitors. 408
Table 82: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the oil and gas market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 426
Table 83: Market challenges rating for carbon nanotubes in the oil and gas exploration market. 427
Table 84: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the energy industry. 427
Table 85: Applications in strain sensors 437
Table 86: First generation point of care diagnostics 439
Table 87: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the sensors market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 441
Table 88: Market challenges rating carbon nanotubes in the sensors market. 442
Table 89: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the sensors industry. 443
Table 90: Applications in 3D printing, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 447
Table 91: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the 3D printing market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 450
Table 92: Market challenges rating for carbon nanotubes in the 3D printing market. 451
Table 93: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the 3D printing industry. 452
Table 94: Nanomaterials properties relevant to application in adhesives. 454
Table 95: Applications in adhesives, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 455
Table 96: Nanomaterials in the adhesives market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 459
Table 97: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the adhesives market 460
Table 98: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the adhesives industry. 461
Table 99: Applications of carbon nanotubes in lubricants 464
Table 100: Applications in lubricants, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 465
Table 101: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in lubricants market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 467
Table 102: Market challenges rating for carbon nanotubes in the lubricants market. 467
Table 103: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the lubricants industry. 468
Table 104: Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry afforded by the use of nanomaterials 473
Table 105: Applications in textiles, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 476
Table 106: Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications 480
Table 107: Nanomaterials in the textiles market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 490
Table 108: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the textiles and apparel market . 491
Table 109: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the textiles industry. 492
Table 110: CNT producers and companies they supply/licence to 494
Figure 1: Molecular structures of SWNT and MWNT 48
Figure 2: Production capacities for SWNTs in kilograms, 2005-2014 56
Figure 3: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube 76
Figure 4: Double-walled carbon nanotube bundle cross-section micrograph and model. 79
Figure 5: Schematic representation of carbon nanohorns 81
Figure 6: TEM image of carbon onion 83
Figure 7: Fullerene schematic 85
Figure 8: Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs). Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red 87
Figure 9: Graphene can be rolled up into a carbon nanotube, wrapped into a fullerene, and stacked into graphite 92
Figure 10: Schematic representation of methods used for carbon nanotube synthesis (a) Arc discharge (b) Chemical vapor deposition (c) Laser ablation (d) hydrocarbon flames. 101
Figure 11: Arc discharge process for CNTs 103
Figure 12: Schematic of thermal-CVD method 105
Figure 13: Schematic of plasma-CVD method 106
Figure 14: CoMoCAT® process 108
Figure 15: Schematic for flame synthesis of carbon nanotubes (a) premixed flame (b) counter-flow diffusion flame (c) co-flow diffusion flame (d) inverse diffusion flame 109
Figure 16: Schematic of laser ablation synthesis 110
Figure 17: Nanotechnology patent applications, 1991-2015 127
Figure 18: Share of nanotechnology related patent applications since 1972, by country. 128
Figure 19: CNT patents filed 2000-2014 129
Figure 20: Patent distribution of CNT application areas to 2014 130
Figure 21: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Carbon Nanotubes 133
Figure 22: Production volumes of carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2025 136
Figure 23: Production capacities for SWNTs in kilograms, 2005-2014 137
Figure 24: Demand for carbon nanotubes, by market 138
Figure 25: Production volumes of Carbon Nanotubes 2015, by region 143
Figure 26: Regional demand for CNTs utilized in batteries 143
Figure 27: Regional demand for CNTs utilized in Polymer reinforcement 144
Figure 28: Global touch panel market ($ million), 2011-2018 186
Figure 29: Capacitive touch panel market forecast by layer structure (Ksqm). 187
Figure 30: Global transparent conductive film market forecast (million $). 188
Figure 31: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2015, % 189
Figure 32: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2020, % 190
Figure 33: Global market for smart wearables (Millions US$) 191
Figure 34: A large transparent conductive graphene film (about 20 × 20 cm2) manufactured by 2D Carbon Tech.
Figure 24a (right): Prototype of a mobile phone produced by 2D Carbon Tech using a graphene touch panel 194
Figure 35: Global touch panel market ($ million), 2011-2018 194
Figure 36: Capacitive touch panel market forecast by layer structure (Ksqm). 195
Figure 37: Global transparent conductive film market forecast (million $). 196
Figure 38: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2012-2020, millions $ 197
Figure 39: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2015, % 198
Figure 40: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2020, % 199
Figure 41: Global market for smart sports clothing (Millions US$) 202
Figure 42: Global market for smart wearables (Millions US$) 203
Figure 43: Nanotube inks 215
Figure 44: Global market for conductive inks and pastes in printed electronics. 216
Figure 45: Transistor architecture trend chart 223
Figure 46: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and agraphene field-effect transistor (GFET,right) 223
Figure 47: CMOS Technology Roadmap 224
Figure 48: Figure 38: Thin film transistor incorporating CNTs 228
Figure 49: Emerging logic devices 231
Figure 50: Stretchable CNT memory and logic devices for wearable electronics. 236
Figure 51: Graphene oxide-based RRAm device on a flexible substrate.... 237
Figure 52: Emerging memory devices 240
Figure 53: Carbon nanotubes NRAM chip 241
Figure 54: Schematic of NRAM cell 246
Figure 55: Nanomaterials-based automotive components 295
Figure 56: The Tesla S's touchscreen interface 296
Figure 57: Global Paints and Coatings Market, share by end user market. 367
Figure 58: Energy densities and specific energy of rechargeable batteries. 393
Figure 59: Nano Lithium X Battery 401
Figure 60: Suntech/TCNT nanotube frame module 411
Figure 61: 3D Printed tweezers incorporating Carbon Nanotube Filament. 449

  • Global Needle Coke Market by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2021
    Published: 02-Dec-2016        Price: US 3480 Onwards        Pages: 117
    Needle coke is a needle-shaped carbon material. With low electrical resistance, strong shock resistance and good anti-oxidation ability, it can be widely used in ultra high graphite electrode, nuclear reactor deceleration materials and LIB anode materials. According to different raw material, needle coke can be classified as coal-based and petroleum-based. Scope of the Report: This report focuses on the Needle Coke in Global market, especially in North America, Europe and A......
  • China Natural Graphite Market Research Report 2016
    Published: 01-Dec-2016        Price: US 3200 Onwards        Pages: 121
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Natural Graphite Revenue, means the sales value of Natural Graphite This report studies Natural Graphite in China market, focuses on the top players in China market, with capacity, production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - South Graphite - Lutang Graphite - Zhongjia Graphite - Botai Graphite - Aoyu Graphite - Jixi Changyuan Mining Industry - Qi......
  • Global Medium Coal Tar Pitch Market Research Report 2016
    Published: 29-Nov-2016        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 112
    Notes: Production, means the output of Medium Coal Tar Pitch Revenue, means the sales value of Medium Coal Tar Pitch This report studies Medium Coal Tar Pitch in Global market, especially in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, focuses on top manufacturers in global market, with capacity, production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - RuTGERS Group - JFE - CAREX Canada - Shanghai Bao......
  • Global Activated Carbon for Mercury Control Sales Market Report 2016
    Published: 29-Nov-2016        Price: US 4000 Onwards        Pages: 119
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Activated Carbon for Mercury Control Revenue, means the sales value of Activated Carbon for Mercury Control This report studies sales (consumption) of Activated Carbon for Mercury Control in Global market, especially in United States, China, Europe, Japan, focuses on top players in these regions/countries, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player in these regions, covering - Hayward Plc - Carbot......
  • Europe Carbon Graphite Market Report 2016
    Published: 29-Nov-2016        Price: US 3900 Onwards        Pages: 110
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Carbon Graphite Revenue, means the sales value of Carbon Graphite This report studies sales (consumption) of Carbon Graphite in Europe market, especially in Germany, UK, France, Russia, Italy, Benelux and Spain, focuses on top players in these countries, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player in these Countries, covering - Fortune Graphite - Worldwide Graphite Producers - Grafitbergbau ......
  • United States Metallurgical Coke Market Report 2016
    Published: 29-Nov-2016        Price: US 3800 Onwards        Pages: 105
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Metallurgical Coke Revenue, means the sales value of Metallurgical Coke This report studies sales (consumption) of Metallurgical Coke in United States market, focuses on the top players, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player, covering - China Shenhua - Sinochem - SunCoke Energy - China pingmei shenma group - Jiangsu surung High-carbon - Shanxi Yaxin Energy Group......
  • United States Graphite Electrode Rod Market Report 2016
    Published: 28-Nov-2016        Price: US 3800 Onwards        Pages: 99
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Graphite Electrode Rod Revenue, means the sales value of Graphite Electrode Rod This report studies sales (consumption) of Graphite Electrode Rod in United States market, focuses on the top players, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player, covering - SGL Group - Toyo Tanso - Mersen - SDK - GES Graphite - HEG Limited - Graphite Cova - Poco Graphite, Inc......
  • United States Carbon Nanotube (CNT) Market Report 2016
    Published: 25-Nov-2016        Price: US 3800 Onwards        Pages: 113
    Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Carbon Nanotube (CNT) Revenue, means the sales value of Carbon Nanotube (CNT) This report studies sales (consumption) of Carbon Nanotube (CNT) in United States market, focuses on the top players, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player, covering - Nanocyl SA - Showa Denko K.K. - CNano Technology Ltd. - Bayer MaterialScience AG - Arkema SA - Hyperion Catalysis Interna......
  • Global Graphene Oxide Market by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2021
    Published: 10-Nov-2016        Price: US 3480 Onwards        Pages: 108
    Graphene, a multi or single layer sheet of graphTechnologye, is the strongest material available, as well as being highly transparent, flexible, and the best conductor of heat and electricTechnologyy. Great effort is devoted to developing an effective yet inexpensive way to produce graphene materials in industrial quantTechnologyies. Scope of the Report: This report focuses on the Graphene Oxide in Global market, especially in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific, South A......
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