LTE Profit Mantras 2014-2018

Publisher Name :
Date: 28-Feb-2014
No. of pages: 170

Chanting the Innovative Ways of doing Business with LTE, Tariff mechanisms, Mobile Convergence; Overcoming Post-Deployment Challenges; Case Studies on Network Sharing/ Spectral Efficiency/ Interoperability & Roaming; alongwith LTE-Advanced Roadmaps, 2014-2018

“LTE Profit Mantras 2014 - 2018 is a tribute to TRL for its unique management vision of endeavouring to deliver what its clientele actually look for – Progressive ARPUs leading towards greater profits via NGN technologies, in particular LTE/ LTE-Advanced.” – Analyst Team, TeleResearch Labs

Executive Summary

Profits – That's what this research intends to deliver to mobile operators, infrastructure providers and device manufacturers worldwide.

Mantras (Vedic chants) – Not for any religious pursuits, but aimed solely towards realising profits.

So, what's the unique charm of LTE Profit Mantras 2014- 2018?

The purpose of our Report is to ensure profits from your LTE ambitions, but the solutions we propose are simple – and not complex.

LTE might not be right strategy for every operator right now, however, when you do move to LTE, how you do so could well decide whether you would continue to exist in business or not. Our Report will greatly help you in formulating your LTE roadmap.

Our study covers all 3 sets of mobile operators – Those who are currently in the planning/ execution stages of LTE, those who have already launched LTE networks, and even those who haven't yet given LTE any serious consideration. Our experts have prioritised the various approaches for each set of operators and have also presented guidelines to help them ensure optimal return on investment.

As a mobile network operator you might have everything going for you – a great network, a range of device & service offerings, a substantial customer base, sufficient quantity & quality of spectrum. However, this isn't 2010, when LTE networks just started to bud. The telecom industry is at its most crucial phase now, and what the operators, infrastructure providers and device makers do or plan would decide if they actually manage to stay in business or not – forget about monetising LTE networks. Our Report offers a detailed analysis and solutions to help you in formulating strategies from pre-deployment to post deployment and monetisation of LTE network.

The Report begins by analysing the current state of LTE and the future revenue opportunities for network operators, device manufacturers, and infrastructure providers. In Chapter 2 - Evaluation of LTE Market Potential with Forecasts, we analysed the growth of LTE deployments across the globe and found that the number of LTE networks grew at much faster rate than HSDPA, HSUPA and HSPA+. Moreover, some of the early LTE launches have also witnessed substantial subscriber uptake. And, operators across the globe are now unanimous about the potential of LTE as a preferred option to deal with the future demand of mobile data services. The chapter further explores the future of mobile services in LTE environment and elaborates the role of LTE mobile technology in different industry verticals such as automobile, healthcare, railways, entertainment, and media. Apart from the services the chapter also gives an outlook of LTE ARPU trend for the next five years.

Chapter 3 is about Ideal CAPEX & OPEX Strategies. Rolling out an LTE network involves huge investments, posing really complex challenges for network operators. For network operators one of the major challenges is to prioritise the investment areas and decide the amount of capital allocation to maximise their return on investment (RoI) on rolling out the LTE network. The chapter covers the various investment areas with their relative importance in network monetisation and related CAPEX and OPEX strategies. The topics that are broadly covered in this chapter includes joint ventures and network sharing, various options of network sharing, cases on network sharing, estimates on CAPEX and OPEX saving through joint ventures and network sharing, Self Organising Networks (SON) and its impact on CAPEX & OPEX, smart use of Unpaired spectrum, Cloud Solutions to Reduce CAPEX/ OPEX, Evolved Packet Core (EPC), small cells, mobile backhaul options, various approaches of LTE deployment, integration of FDD and TDD Networks, investments in LTE-Advanced, and the cost advantage of TDD networks. A separate section is provided on key LTE Enablers that includes the profiles and offerings of LTE Infrastructure Vendors, LTE Vendor Market Share, LTE Backhaul Solution Vendors, LTE EPC Solution Providers, Major Chipset Providers, and other players participating in LTE.

In Chapter 4 we have analysed the post deployment challenges in LTE and how those challenges can be overcome.

The chapter starts with analysis of top LTE issues. The LTE technology is still in its evolution stage and poses considerable challenges for mobile network operators. The major challenges encompassing the LTE network adoption can be sorted out as technical issues, regulatory issues, ecosystem related challenges and RoI (Return on Investment).

The next section explores the issue of spectrum harmonisation and its impact on interoperability, roaming, and QoS. LTE operators will face spectrum crisis as a major challenge in the coming years and are worried about controlling the cost of acquiring more spectrum to match the demand for high bandwidth services. However, spectrum refarming can offer a cost effective solution to this perennial problem. Operators can make significant cost savings, by re-using existing 2G and 3G spectrum for LTE network.

LTE can carry all types of traffic, be it voice, video or data. However, most of the LTE networks currently focus only on data, with voice services over LTE network still being in its infancy stage. One major reason for this trend is the unavailability of LTE handsets uniformly and existence of multiple standards for voice. The section covers various options for offering voice on LTE networks with their pros and cons.

Rising consumption of data on smart mobile devices is increasing traffic on a regular basis and is causing a concern for operators to manage it. Launching LTE and expanding network capacity would not always be sufficient to manage the network traffic. Thus mobile data offload has become a focus area of all mobile operators. Apart from managing traffic data offloading also reduces cost and increases service revenues. Wi-Fi, with more Wi-Fi in-built devices and more Wi-Fi hotspots, performs the major role of data offloading as of now. Femtocells, which are another option for data offloading, act as a cellular base station at homes and business places. The chapter covers the smart application of Wi-Fi and femtocell to efficiently manage the data traffic.

Operators are currently offering a wide range services/ applications over their networks. Each service/ application has different charging and billing system and is being offered in different forms making them more complex. The integration of these complex charging and billing functions is really a major challenge for mobile network operators. The chapter explores how policy management can be used to manage network traffic, ensure QoS in LTE environment, and monetising the services at its best. The chapter covers policy management and PCRF/ policy server in detail.

Apart from these major issues, some other important issues like various backhaul costs and options, the challenges of All-IP Network architecture, and LTE handset availability and compatibility issues are also covered.

Chapter 5 focuses on LTE Business Models & Charging Mechanisms for 2013 – 2018. More than 200 LTE networks are already launched and several others operators are engaged in trias and feasibility studies. However, most of the LTE launches have failed to seize the real potential of LTE and are now burdened with huge Opex as they need to carry the legacy networks as well. LTE operators are experimenting with their strategies and few have been able to crack the “LTE Profit Mantras”. We have analysed here the launch, strategies and uptake of several LTE networks to find out – What prompted them to launch LTE? How have they fared so far? What are the various business models that are evolving in the context of LTE? And how other MNOs can have a better LTE program?

For example, Verizon Wireless initially had a hard time in convincing its 3G subscribers to upgrade their devices and move onto its LTE network. Consequently, the adoption was quite sluggish, and the telco had just 8 million LTE subscribers in the first quarter of 2012. To bolster its LTE adoption, the operator announced in January 2012 that going forward all its smartphones will be LTE-enabled. In the first quarter of 2012 the operator sold almost 3 million LTE devices, and now it's drawing upon its retail distribution network to offer a range of LTE devices. Such initiatives have really helped Verizon to increase its LTE subscriber base to over 35 million by the end of Q2 2013.

In June 2012, Verizon launched 'Share Everything' family plans for data, phone calls and text messages. The new plan changed the way consumers used to pay for wireless services. The plan allows users to choose types of devices and amount of data to be shared. The users get unlimited talk and text for all devices on the account (up to 10) and can also enjoy mobile hotspot on all capable devices. To construct a plan, subscribers need to pay a monthly fee for each device, which also varies depending on what devices are connected to the data plan. And then they can select a data plan based on how many gigabytes a month they plan to use across all devices on the plan. The introduction of shared data plan came with criticism from customers as well as from the media barons like Forbes and CNET. However, the response and result were above the expectations of Verizon Wireless. 13% of Verizon Wireless' customer base was on the new plan within 5 months of launch. And its EBITDA service margin increased to 50% in Q3 2012 from 49% in Q2 2012 as more customers opted for the new data plan. Not only this, the new data plan also boosted the sales of LTE equipped modems and tablets.

Several other business models such as wholesale LTE and LTE MVNO are also covered in detail in the chapter. Operators across the globe have been experimenting with LTE pricing for quite some time. However, our study reveals that even after trying variety of options (time based, usage based, unlimited, application based), operators have not been able to tap the entire pool of data users and there is enough scope for experimentation. The section explores the various ways to charge LTE services in a dedicated section LTE Pricing Strategies 2013-2018. At the end of this chapter, we have outlined ideal LTE strategy for late entrants as how they should move further.

Chapter 6 covers latest update on Key LTE Operators. The chapter discusses various LTE operators one by one with focus on their LTE launch timelines, LTE investments, LTE infrastructure, LTE service positioning, Tariff plans, Device strategy, Subscriber uptake, Revenue, ARPU, Achievements/ Setbacks, and their future strategies/ roadmaps. This chapter offers an extensive round-up on LTE operators from across the globe.

Chapter 7 offers Key Findings and Strategic Guidelines for securing future LTE profitability. This chapter highlights the key areas that operators need to have a fresh look at. Besides, the chapter also provides guidelines for mobile device manufacturers and LTE infrastructure providers.


Our preliminaries included a study of various other research works on the subject across the globe. We took into our ambit the past few years and for this particular study we regionally explored some of the prominent mobile operators, device makers, infrastructure providers and interviewed several telecoms experts, C-level and mid-level executives.

Information Sources: Major sources include both face to face and telephonic interviews with telecom industry experts and consumers. It also includes various surveys that were conducted in different regions of the world. Other sources comprise of organisations’ websites and financial reports, books, trade journals, magazines, white papers, industry portals and numerous government sources.

Forecasting Methodology: We used extensive database of macroeconomic and sector specific data to generate industry forecasts. We used Judgment based methods like the Delphi method and Extrapolation; Time series methods like Exponential smoothing, Cyclical and seasonal trends and Statistical modeling, as well as the Survey method. The initial baseline projection is computed with the most recent market data. After an initial baseline forecast, all probable future macroeconomic and industry specific occurrences and assumptions are taken into consideration to generate the final forecast.

Key Questions answered:

  • What are the appropriate LTE deployment, pricing and product positioning models to accomplish profit from shortest turnaround?

  • What are the various pre/ post deployment LTE issues operators are facing, and how to work around them?

  • What are the mechanisms to optimise LTE CAPEX and OPEX?

  • How best to integrate LTE TDD and LTE FDD?

  • What are the key global LTE operators' future strategies?

  • What should be your right timing for LTE deployment?

  • What are the ideal strategies for late LTE entrants?

  • What new business models can device makers work upon in collaboration with operators to mass-customise LTE services?

  • How can operators in under-developed/ developing economies turn the very disadvantages into their strengths vis-à-vis LTE deployments?

  • How best should MNOs handle the device subsidies issue?

  • What are the innovative and non-traditional business models for operators to make LTE bundling & branding viral (like various QoS/ value-based offerings etc.)?

  • What are our recommendations for effective business collaborations amongst operators and vendors?

Key findings:

  • USA, South Korea and Japan have established themselves as the early leaders in LTE. With large scale LTE roll out, Verizon is currently leading the LTE marketplace both globally and in the USA. However, the developing and underdeveloped markets in Asia and Africa hold huge business potential for LTE.

  • MVNOs have not been able to leverage the 2G/ 3G data services to its optimum level. However, the worldwide deployments of LTE networks and a number of factors such as availability of feature rich smartphones, ever growing demand for data and value added services are creating great proposition for MVNO business model.

  • Operators have been working on network sharing and MVNO business models for several years now. However, the LTE wholesale business is in its nascent stage and it will evolve over time. Wholesale operators are coming to the market with their own business model. However, it remains to be seen what works and what doesn't - but it's certain that more players will foray into the market as wholesale LTE operators in the coming years as new spectrum gets auctioned.

  • LTE service providers have been offering unlimited data usage as an introductory offer to attract more customers. This has helped in migrating customers from their existing networks; however, it has resulted in overloaded core network and loss of revenue from non-LTE services. As a result, the operators have started scrapping unlimited data plans and they are either charging for excess data consumed or throttling down the speeds beyond the usage limit.

  • LTE Network Coverage, Efficiency Enhancing Solutions (such as small cells, caching and self organizing networks), Commercial Contracts, Product/ Service Portfolio, and R&D/ Patents are the top five areas that have the maximum impact on operator's return on investments.

  • During 2013 and 2018 LTE operators' CAPEX and OPEX savings through SON implementation will be US$3.26 billion and US$5.8 billion respectively.

  • The ever growing demand for mobile broadband services is driving a large number of LTE network deployments worldwide. Spurred by the demand for LTE services, the global LTE service revenue is projected to cross US$500 billion in 2018 from US$78 billion in 2013, exhibiting a CAGR of 46% during this period.

  • By 2018 year-end, North America, Western Europe and Asia Pacific will account for around 90% of the global LTE service revenue. Asia Pacific will represent the largest LTE market in terms of service revenue closely followed by Western Europe and North America. Of the remaining 10% market, Africa & Middle East and Central & Eastern Europe will enjoy roughly equal share, while Latin America will have minimal share of the market by the end of 2018.

  • The global LTE subscriber base reached 62 million in 2012, exhibiting a year-on-year growth of over 370%. With more number of LTE networks as well as rise in the number of LTE smartphones in the market, LTE subscriber base will grow at faster pace during the forecasted period (at a CAGR of 40% during 2013-2018) and will cross 1 billion by the end of 2018.

  • LTE FDD has been globally adopted in majority of LTE deployments till now and will remain a major LTE technology in the coming years as well; however, LTE TDD is also being adopted by several major operators. LTE TDD technology has been widely adopted by operators in Asia Pacific, the Middle East, and Europe. All of the major license holders in India have chosen LTE TDD technology for their network deployments. In 2012 Bharti Airtel rolled-out the first ever LTE network in Indian market based on LTE TDD technology. With growing number of LTE TDD commercial deployments across the globe, the LTE TDD subscribers are expected to account for 33% of the total LTE market by the end of 2018.

  • Driven by premium pricing and higher uptake by enterprise users, LTE market is currently witnessing high ARPUs. The monthly average global LTE subscriber ARPU was around US$86 in 2012. However, as the LTE services move beyond early adopters and operators start offering the services to masses (especially in rural and semi-urban areas), LTE ARPU will face downward trend from 2013 onwards, reaching US$40 by 2018.

  • Mobile network operators have been subsidising devices to attract more customers to their network and reduce customer churn as consumers often must sign contracts to qualify for the device subsidies. However, device subsidies are putting heavy burden on operators' profit margin and this strategy would not be sustainable in the long run.

LTE Profit Mantras 2014-2018

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Executive Summary

Chapter 2: Evaluation of LTE Market Potential with Forecasts
2.1 Global LTE Deployment Trend
2.2 LTE Growing Faster than HSPA
2.3 LTE Uptake of Major Operators
2.4 Why is LTE Ecosystem rising so quickly?
2.4.1 Spectral Efficiency and CAPEX/ OPEX Reduction
2.4.2 LTE meets the demand of Exponentially Growing Data Consumption
2.4.3 4G/ LTE offers better Marketing Proposition than 3G/ HSPA
2.5 Will LTE & WiMAX Coexist?
2.6 LTE Market Revenue Potential 2013-2018
2.6.1 Global LTE Market Forecast by Service Revenue, Infrastructure Sales and Device Revenue
2.6.2 Global LTE Service Revenue 2013-2018
2.6.3 Regional LTE Service Revenue 2013-2018
2.6.4 LTE Devices Market 2013-2018
2.6.5 LTE Infrastructure Market 2013-2018 LTE RAN (E-UTRAN) and LTE EPC (Core Network) Market Forecast
2.7 Global LTE Subscribers 2013-2018
2.8 Regional LTE Subscribers 2013-2018
2.9 Global LTE Subscribers by Type (LTE TDD & LTE FDD) 2013-2018
2.10 LTE ARPU Trend 2013-2018
2.11 LTE Convergence: Facilitating New Avenues of Profits for Operators
2.11.1 Cloud Enabling Convergence
2.12 Smart Mobile Services in LTE Environment
2.12.1 Live TV Broadcast  Telefonica  Verizon Wireless  TeliaSonera
2.12.2 LTE Connected Cars  Verizon’s 4G Venture Forum for Connected Cars
2.12.3 Opportunities in Rail Industry
2.12.4 Health Surveillance
2.12.5 Machine Tele-monitoring
2.12.6 Vehicle Tracking
2.12.7 Video Surveillance
2.12.8 Public Safety LTE Market

Chapter 3:  Ideal CAPEX & OPEX Strategies
3.1 LTE CAPEX at an all time high
3.2  LTE Investment Priorities: Capital Allocation Strategies to Maximise RoI
3.3  Network Sharing – Substantial Savings in CAPEX & OPEX
3.3.1 How operators are monetising network sharing models?
3.3.2 Saving Estimates over a period of 5 years through network sharing
3.3.3 Active Network Sharing
3.3.4 Passive Network Sharing
3.4  How Self Organising Networks (SON) can reduce CAPEX & OPEX?
3.5  Unpaired spectrum can serve as a cost effective solution for the Operators
3.6  Leveraging Cloud Solutions to Reduce CAPEX/ OPEX
3.6.1 Samsung SmartCloud Solution
3.7  CAPEX and OPEX Categorisation
3.7.1 MNOs CAPEX and OPEX- Developed Vs. Emerging Markets
3.7.2 OPEX Categorisation
3.7.3 LTE Base Station Deployment Cost
3.7.4 Core Network Deployment Cost
3.7.5 Small Cell Deployment Cost
3.7.6 Mobile Backhaul Cost
3.8  Streamline Your Deployment Strategies
3.8.1 Operators' Key LTE Requirements
3.8.2 What are the deployment paths for LTE?
3.8.3 Which is the better option for you? Decide yourself!
3.8.4 Integration of FDD and TDD Networks
3.8.5 US LTE Time Build-outs
3.9  Network Planning for LTE-Advanced
3.9.1 SK Telecom - the world's first LTE-Advanced network
3.9.2 Key Performance Indicators: LTE vs. LTE-Advanced
3.9.3 LTE- Advanced Drivers
3.9.4 LTE-Advanced Subscriber Growth 2013-2018
3.10 Road-mapping on LTE technology Trends
3.10.1 LTE Deployments Current State in Key Countries (TDD/ FDD)
3.10.2 Different FDD and TDD Bands
3.10.3 Regional Analysis of Spectrum Bands Available
3.10.4 LTE TDD Market – A New Rising Wave LTE TDD Market Overview
3.10.5 LTE TDD Spectrum Bands
3.10.6 LTE Deployments in 1800 MHz Band
3.10.7 LTE Deployment Future Trends (FDD and TDD)
3.11 The LTE Enablers
3.11.1 Profiles of Key LTE Infrastructure Vendors
3.11.2 LTE Vendor Market Share
3.11.3 Primary LTE Backhaul Solution Vendors
3.11.4 Major LTE EPC Solution Providers
3.11.5 LTE Devices Strategy of Major handset Vendors
3.11.6 Latest Offerings and Future Plans of Major Chipset Providers
3.11.7 Other Players Participating in LTE Developments

Chapter 4:  Overcoming Post Deployment Challenges
4.1  Top LTE Issues Analysed
4.2  Lack of Spectrum Harmonisation Affecting Interoperability, Roaming and QoS
4.2.1 Spectrum in Demand
4.2.2 Spectrum Refarming
4.3  How Spectrum Crisis Affects Operators’ LTE Plans?
4.4  Band Fragmentation Leading to Complexities
4.5  Voice over LTE (VoLTE)
4.5.1 Circuit Switch Fallback (CS Fallback)
4.5.2 VoIP Approach as Proposed by NSN
4.5.3 SRVCC - IMS based VoIP
4.6  Traffic Management
4.6.1 Global Mobile Data Consumption Landscape
4.6.2 Soaring Bandwidth: Mobile Devices Boom
4.6.3 Data Offloading
4.6.4 Strategic Importance of Wi-Fi beyond Traffic Offloading
4.7  LTE Policy Management: Providing Optimised Solutions
4.7.1 Role of Policy Management  Minimising Network Congestion  Enhancing QoS (Quality of Service)  Service Monetisation
4.7.2 Challenges in Policy Management Implementation
4.7.3 PCRF/ Policy Server
4.7.4 What do LTE Operators need to insure for optimising their network performance?
4.8  Backhaul Costs and Options
4.9  Evolving to an All-IP Network
4.10 Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)
4.11 LTE Handset Availability and Compatibility Issues
4.12 Security
4.13 Pricing
4.14 Roaming

Chapter 5:  LTE Business Models & Charging Mechanisms for 2013 – 2018
5.1  LTE Deployments – Where should you begin for ensuring the shortest turnaround?
5.2  LTE Operator Types and Business Models
5.2.1 Verizon's LTE Rollout Roadmap, 2010 – 2013  Verizon's Share Everything plan No Unlimited Data Plans  Verizon Wireless: Towards VoLTE in 2014
5.2.2 TeliaSonera, Sweden - LTE Rollout Roadmap, 2010 - 2013  TeliaSonera LTE Pricing Strategy
5.2.3 Net4Mobility – A Commercial LTE Joint Venture by Tele2 and Telenor  Telenor LTE Pricing Strategy  Tele2 LTE Pricing Strategy
5.2.4 CyFrowy Polsat – Bundling LTE with other Telecom Services
5.2.5 Offering DSL- like Services in Rural Areas – Vodafone, Germany  Vodafone Germany LTE Rollout Roadmap, 2010-2013  Vodafone Germany LTE Pricing
5.2.6 LTE offers an attractive proposition for MVNOs
5.3  Wholesale/ Under-the-Floor Players' (UtF) LTE Network Business Model
5.3.1 Wholesale Business Model: Operators getting aggressive?
5.3.2 SWOT Analysis
5.3.3 Future of LTE Wholesale Business Model
5.3.4 Major Wholesale LTE Networks  LightSquared, USA  Yota, Russia  Aero2, Poland  MVS communications, Mexico  Kenya's LTE Wholesale Network: PPP Model
5.4  LTE Pricing Strategies 2013-2018
5.4.1  Throttling Unlimited Data Plans – How long can you offer?  Orange, UK  AT&T, USA
5.4.2  LTE Pricing – How does the end-user perceive it?
5.5  Positioning of LTE Services – A Make or Break Strategy for MNOs: Urban/Rural/ Unserved/Underserved/ Developed Areas – Suggestions & Guidelines
5.6  Ideal LTE Strategy for Late Entrants

Chapter 6: Latest update on Key LTE Operators
6.1  Verizon Wireless, USA
6.1.1  Company Overview
6.1.2  Data Price Plans
6.1.3  Verizon’s LTE Subscription
6.1.4  Verizon’s 4G LTE Devices Sold
6.1.5  Future Plans and Challenges
6.2  SK Telecom, South Korea
6.2.1  Company Overview
6.2.2  LTE Price Plans
6.2.3 Future Plans in LTE Segment
6.2.4 World’s First MultiCarrier LTE
6.3 NTT DoCoMo, Japan
6.3.1 Company Overview
6.3.2 LTE Price Plans
6.3.3 LTE Subscribers
6.3.4 Future Plans in LTE Segment
6.4 AT&T Mobility, USA
6.4.1 Company Overview
6.4.2 What advantage does AT&T carry over Verizon?
6.4.3 LTE Price Plans
6.4.4 Future Plans and Strategies
6.5 LG U+, South Korea
6.5.1  Company Overview
6.5.2 LTE subscribers
6.5.3 LTE Price Plans
6.5.4 Future Plans in LTE Segment
6.6 KT Corp., South Korea
6.6.1 Company Overview
6.6.2 LTE Subscribers
6.6.3 LTE Price Plans
6.6.4 Future Plans in LTE Segment
6.7 China Mobile, China
6.7.1  Company Overview
6.7.2  What restricts China Mobile’s 3G Growth?
6.7.3  Reasons for Delay in Launch of LTE Services
6.7.4  LTE Future Plans
6.8 Bharti Airtel, India
6.8.1  Company Overview
6.8.2  Data Price Plans
6.8.3  4G take-off on 3G struggle?
6.9 Sprint, USA
6.9.1  Company Overview
6.9.2  4G WiMAX Subscribers
6.9.3 Switching from WiMAX to LTE
6.9.4 Future Plans and Strategies
6.10  T- Mobile US, USA
6.10.1  Company Overview
6.10.2  HSPA+ Coverage and Data Consumption
6.10.3  Future Plans and Strategies
6.11  MetroPCS, USA (A Brand of T-Mobile US)
6.11.1  Company Overview
6.11.2  LTE price Plans
6.11.3  Why lower adoption rate?
6.12  TeliaSonera, Sweden
6.12.1  Company Overview
6.12.2  Strategy behind being the Global LTE Pioneer
6.12.3  TeliaSonera’s LTE Subscriber Base
6.12.4  LTE Price Plans
6.12.5  Future Plans in LTE Segment
6.13  Vodafone, Germany
6.13.1  Company Overview
6.13.2  LTE Price Plans
6.14 Telefonica, Spain [Telefonica O2, Czech Republic & Telefonica O2, Germany]
6.14.1  Company Overview
6.14.2  LTE Price Plans
6.15 Telecom Italia, Italy
6.15.1  Company Overview
6.16 Orange, France
6.16.1  Company Overview
6.16.2 Reasons for Delay in the Launch of LTE in France
6.17 Yota, Russia
6.17.1 Company Overview
6.17.2 What made Yota Shift to LTE?
6.17.3 LTE Unlimited Data Pricing Strategy
6.17.4 Future Plans in LTE Segment
6.18 KDDI, Japan
6.18.1 Company Overview
6.18.2  WiMAX Subscribers
6.18.3  Future Plans in LTE Segment
6.19 SoftBank, Japan
6.19.1  Company Overview
6.19.2  Data Price Plans
6.19.3  Future Plans in LTE Segment
6.20  Telstra, Australia
6.20.1  Company Overview
6.20.2  LTE Price Plans
6.20.3  Future Plans in LTE Segment
6.21  SingTel, Singapore
6.21.1  Company Overview
6.21.2  LTE Price Plans
6.22 VivaCell-MTS, Armenia
6.22.1 Company Overview
6.22.2 LTE Price Plans
6.23 Etisalat, UAE
6.23.1 Company Overview
6.23.2 LTE Price Plans
6.23.3 Etisalat’s Future Strategies
6.24 Zain, Saudi Arabia
6.24.1 Company Overview
6.24.2 LTE Price Plans
6.24.3 Recent Happenings in LTE/ Financing/ Network Management
6.25 Ucell, Uzbekistan
6.25.1 Company Overview
6.25.2 CAPEX Optimisations Strategy

Chapter 7:  Key Findings & Strategic Guidelines
7.1  Key Findings
7.2  Strategic Guidelines for MNOs
7.2.1 Migration & Interoperability (Backward Compatibility)
7.2.2 LTE Pricing – How does the end-user perceive it?
7.2.3 LTE Branding
7.2.4 Financing Strategies for LTE Devices
7.2.5 Customer Support & Billing
7.3  Recommendations for Device Manufacturers
7.4  Recommendations for Infrastructure Providers

List of Tables

Table 2-1 LTE Subscriber Growth of Selected Operators (In %), June 2012-June 2013
Table 2-2 Regional LTE Subscribers Forecast (In Million), 2013-2018
Table 2-3 LTE Value Added Services
Table 3-1 Top Five Investment Areas to Maximise ROI
Table 3-2 Financial Benefits of Different Network Sharing Models
Table 3-3 Operators Key LTE Requirements
Table 3-4 US LTE Time Build-outs
Table 3-5 LTE vs. LTE-Advanced Key Performance Indicators
Table 3-6 LTE Deployment by Countries, Operators & Launch Date, December 2009 - October 2013
Table 3-7 Different FDD and TDD Bands Defined by 3GPP
Table 3-8 Spectrum Bands Available in Different Regions
Table 3-9 Commercially Launched LTE TDD Networks, September 2013
Table 3-10 Commercial LTE TDD Networks in Deployment/ Planned, September 2013
Table 3-11 3GPP LTE TDD Spectrum Bands
Table 3-12 Global LTE deployments Status in 1800 MHz Current & Future, September 2013
Table 3-13 Key LTE Infrastructure Providers
Table 3-14 Key LTE Backhaul Solution Vendors
Table 3-15 Key LTE EPC Solution Providers
Table 3-16 Key LTE Chipset Providers
Table 3-17 Other Key Communities Offerings
Table 4-1 Apple iPhone 5 Models and LTE Band Support, 2013
Table 4-2 Global Monthly Mobile Data Traffic by Geographical Region (In TB), 2012-2017
Table 4-3 Bandwidth Consumption by Applications & Devices
Table 4-4 QoE Expectations and Performance Requirements by Service Type
Table 4-5 Backhaul Options and their Suitability to Meet Future Demand
Table 4-6 IP Overlay and ALL-IP – Network Attributes
Table 4-7 LTE User Devices (In Numbers), October 17, 2013
Table 5-1 Verizon’s Unlimited Talk & Text + Shared Data Plans, May 2013
Table 5-2 Telia Sweden – Telia Mobile Broadband Plan, July 2013
Table 5-3 Telia Sweden – Telia Mobile Broadband Plus Plan, July 2013
Table 5-4 Telia Sweden – Telia ExtraSim Plan, July 2013
Table 5-5 Telenor Sweden LTE Mobile Broadband Plans for Tablet, October 2013
Table 5-6 Tele2 Sweden LTE Mobile Broadband Plans, October 2013
Table 5-7 Vodafone Germany LTE Data Plans, 2013
Table 5-8 Major LTE MVNOs, 2013
Table 5-9 LTE Wholesale Business Model SWOT Analysis
Table 5-10 Advantages and Disadvantages of LTE for Early Movers
Table 6-1 Verizon’s Share Everything Plan for Phones and Internet Devices, October 2013
Table 6-2 Verizon’s Share Everything Plan for Internet only Devices, October 2013
Table 6-3 SK Telecom’s LTE Price Plans, 2012
Table 6-4 NTT DoCoMo’s New LTE Billing Plans, 2013
Table 6-5 NTT DoCoMo’s Monthly Charges (including Tax) for Voice Calls, 2013
Table 6-6 NTT DoCoMo’s Monthly Charges (including Tax) for Packet Data Billing Plans, 2013
Table 6-7 AT&T LTE Pricing Plans, July 2013
Table 6-8 New iPad Comparisons, AT&T vs. Verizon, July 2013
Table 6-9 LG U+ LTE Data-only Plan, October 2013
Table 6-10 KT's LTE Rate Plans, October 2013
Table 6-11 Airtel’s 3G Data Plans, October 2013
Table 6-12 Airtel’s 4G LTE Price Plans (Postpaid), October 2013
Table 6-13 T-Mobile US Mobile Broadband Plans, September, 2013
Table 6-14 MetroPCS LTE Price Plans, September 2013
Table 6-15 Telia Sweden – Telia Mobile Broadband Plan, September 2013
Table 6-16 Telia Sweden – Telia Mobile Broadband Plus Plan, September 2013
Table 6-17 Telia Sweden – Telia ExtraSim Plan, September 2013
Table 6-18 Key Regions of Vodafone Group (In Million), June 30, 2013
Table 6-19 Vodafone Germany LTE Data Plans for Laptops & Tablets, October 2013
Table 6-20 Telefonica (O2), Czech Republic’s LTE Price Plans, August 2013
Table 6-21 Telefonica (O2), Germany’s LTE Price Plans, August 2013
Table 6-22 Telecom Italia LTE Price Plans (Tablets), September 2013
Table 6-23 Yota (St. Petersburg) LTE Price Plans, September 2013
Table 6-24 SoftBank's 4G Unlimited Data Discount Flat Plan, July 2013
Table 6-25 Telstra’s Mobile Broadband Freedom Plans, October 2013
Table 6-26 Telstra’s Bigpond Mobile Broadband Plans, October 2013
Table 6-27 SingTel’s 4G Mobile Broadband Plans (for Laptops & Tablets), October 2013
Table 6-28 SingTel’s LTE Data Plans for Smartphones, October 2013
Table 6-29 VivaCell-MTS LTE Postpaid Data Plans (Modems only), October 2013
Table 6-30 Etisalat’s 4G LTE Mobile Broadband Plans, October 2013
Table 6-31 Zain’s “SPEED 4G” Broadband Data Plans, October 2013

List of Figures

Figure 2-1  Global LTE Deployments and Commitments, 2013
Figure 2-2  Commercial LTE Network Launches (In Numbers), 2009-2013
Figure 2-3  Number of Network Commitments after 6 months and 12 Months of 1st Commercial Launch
Figure 2-4  LTE Subscribers of Selected Operators (In Million), June 2012 and June 2013
Figure 2-5  Global LTE Market Forecast (In US$ Billion), 2013-2018
Figure 2-6  Global LTE Market Forecast by Type (In US$ Billion), 2013-2018
Figure 2-7  Global LTE Service Revenue (In US$ Billion), 2013-2018
Figure 2-8  Regional LTE Service Revenue Forecast (In %), 2018
Figure 2-9  LTE Devices Market Forecast (In US$ Billion), 2013-2018
Figure 2-10 LTE Infrastructure Market Forecast (In US$ Billion), 2013-2018
Figure 2-11 Global LTE RAN Market Forecast (In US$ Billion), 2013-2018
Figure 2-12 Global LTE EPC Market Forecast (In US$ Billion), 2013-2018
Figure 2-13 Global LTE Subscribers Forecast (In Million), 2011-2018
Figure 2-14 Regional LTE Subscribers Forecast (In Million), 2013-2018
Figure 2-15 Regional LTE Subscribers Market Share (In %), 2013-2018
Figure 2-16 LTE Subscriptions Market Share by Operator, March 2013
Figure 2-17 Global LTE Subscribers Forecast by Type (LTE TDD & LTE FDD) (In Million), 2013-2018
Figure 2-18 Monthly Global LTE Subscriber ARPU (In US$), 2013-2018
Figure 2-19 Multiple Facets of Convergence
Figure 2-20 Cloud offering Convergence
Figure 3-1  Global LTE CAPEX (In US$ Billion), 2013-2018
Figure 3-2  Top Five Investment Areas to Maximise ROI
Figure 3-3  Accumulated CAPEX and OPEX Savings from Network Sharing over 5 Years (In %)
Figure 3-4  Merits of SON Functions in Operator’s Operations & Maintenance Workflow
Figure 3-5  Large US Operators’ Cost Savings with SON (In Euro Million)
Figure 3-6  Various Global Operators Cost Savings with SON (In Euro Million)
Figure 3-7  MNO’s Typical CAPEX Costs per Site- Developed Vs Emerging Markets
Figure 3-8  MNO’s Typical OPEX Costs per Site- Developed Vs Emerging Markets
Figure 3-9  OPEX Break Down for an LTE Operator (In %), 2013
Figure 3-10 Global Expenditure on LTE Base Stations (In US$ Billion), 2013-2018
Figure 3-11 Global Small Cells Backhaul Capital Expenditure Forecast by Category (In US$ Billion), 2013-2018
Figure 3-12 Global Mobile Backhaul Operational Cost Forecast (In US$ Billion), 2013 - 2018
Figure 3-13 Various Deployment Paths Towards LTE
Figure 3-14 Deployment Strategy for Operators
Figure 3-15 LTE-Advanced Subscriber Growth (In Million), 2013-2018
Figure 3-16 LTE Future Deployment Trends
Figure 3-17 Commercial LTE Network Vendor Market Shares, Q2 2013
Figure 4-1  Building a Right Strategy to Monetise LTE
Figure 4-2  The 3 Phases of LTE Voice Evolution
Figure 4-3  SRVCC Architecture The Transfer from LTE to 2G/ 3G with Active Call
Figure 4-4  lobal Monthly Mobile Data Traffic by Geographical Region (In %), 2012-2018
Figure 4-5  Wi-Fi vs. Femtocells Penetration (In %), 2013 and 2018
Figure 4-6  LTE Network Capacity
Figure 4-7  Smartphones and Applications getting Customer’s Mindshare
Figure 4-8  Policy and Charging Control Architecture
Figure 4-9  PCRF Policy Cluster
Figure 4-10 IP Overlay Network Architecture
Figure 4-11 ALL-IP Network Architecture
Figure 4-12 TE Essential Patents Ownership (In %), Q2 2013
Figure 5-1  Network Deployment Strategies Adopted by Early Movers
Figure 5-2  TeliaSonera’s LTE Rollout Roadmap, 2009-2013
Figure 5-3  Mobile Broadband Wholesale Market (In US$ billion), 2012, 2016 & 2020
Figure 5-4  The Evolution of Data Pricing and ARPU Trend
Figure 5-5  LTE Oriented Services in Consumer Segment
Figure 5-6  LTE Oriented Services in Business Segment
Figure 6-1  Verizon’s LTE Subscribers (In Million), Q2 2012 and Q2 2013
Figure 6-2  Verizon’s 4G LTE POP (In Million), Q2 2012 and Q2 2013
Figure 6-3  Verizon’s 4G LTE Devices Sales (In Million), Q2 2012 and Q2 2013
Figure 6-4  SK Telecom’s LTE Subscribers (In Million), April 2013 - June 2013
Figure 6-5  NTT DoCoMo’s LTE Subscribers (In Thousands), December 2010- August 2012
Figure 6-6  LG U+ LTE Subscribers (In Million), Q2 2012 and Q2 2013
Figure 6-7  KT’s LTE Subscribers (In Million), Q2 2012–Q2 2013
Figure 6-8  China Mobile’s 3G Numbers (In Million), March 2013 – August 2013
Figure 6-9  Sprint Clearwire 4G WiMAX Subscribers (In Million), Q1 2011 - Q1 2012
Figure 6-10 MetroPCS’ LTE Subscriber Base (In Million), 2011, Q1 2012, Q2 2012 and Q1 2013
Figure 6-11 KDDI’s WiMAX Quarterly Subscribers (In Thousands), Q2 2012 – Q2 2013

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