Libya Oil and Gas Report Q1 2013

Publisher Name :
Date: 16-Jan-2013
No. of pages: 94

BMI View: Oil and gas production is expected to have bounced back strongly in 2012, despite the
obvious political risks associated with Libya’s transition to a new democratic government. Over the
longer term, both oil and gas volumes are likely to increase beyond pre-war levels as new investment
flows into under-explored areas – especially the offshore Sirte Basin. However, we note an eruption of
regional tensions under a still fragile government could destabilise upstream growth.
The key trends and developments in Libya’s oil & gas sector are:
?? We estimate total liquids production of 1.62mn barrels per day (b/d) in 2012, rising to 1.77mn
b/d in 2016 and 1.85mn b/d by 2021. Gas output is forecast to increase from an estimate of
12.0bcm in 2012 to 18.0bcm by 2016 and 20.3bcm by 2021.
?? These forecasts are subject to upside risks depending on the level of upstream investment. The
new democratic government has pledged to invest US$10bn raising oil and gas production
capacity from existing fields and US$20bn on new exploration over the next 10 years, according
to oil and gas minister, Abdurahman Benyezza. If that materialises, output could well increase
beyond our long-term projections.
?? International investment is also a big unknown. Foreign suitors are likely to be attracted by
Libya’s vast oil and gas reserves, which stood at an estimated at 46.4bn barrels (bbl) and 1.56trn
cubic metres (tcm) respectively in 2011. However, clear political risks, the introduction of new
production sharing contracts (PSC), and a revised hydrocarbons law are all likely to affect the
country’s business environment.
?? Before the civil war, there was some 378,000b/d of refining capacity in Libya (according to
BMI’s Downstream Projects Database). Throughput has been well below this level in H112
because the country’s 220,000b/d Ras Lanuf facility remained shut-in until late August 2012.
Our forecasts point to a gradual restoration of refinery utilisation, with 2013 set for a return to
pre-war levels.
?? Oil and gas consumption is set to return to pre-war levels gradually because damage to
infrastructure is likely to lead to lower domestic demand from power generation. However, over
the longer term, reconstruction efforts are likely to drive economic growth and oil demand
higher.
At the time of writing we assume an OPEC basket oil price for 2013 of US99.10/barrel (bbl), falling to
US$96.20/bbl in 2014. Global GDP in 2013 is forecast at 3.0%, up from an assumed 2.6% in 2012
reflecting some recovery in the US, though uncertainty with regard to the eurozone debt situation and an
apparent Chinese slowdown will continue to hamper growth. For 2014, growth is estimated at 3.2%.

Libya Oil and Gas Report Q1 2013

BMI Industry View 7
SWOT Analysis ..... 8
Libya Oil and Gas SWOT 8
Industry Forecast Scenario ............. 9
Oil And Gas Reserves ........... 9
Table: Libya Proven Oil and Gas Reserves and Total Petroleum Data, 2010-2016 .......... 9
Table: Libya Proven Oil and Gas Reserves and Total Petroleum Data, 2015-2021 ........ 10
Oil Supply And Demand ...... 13
Table: Libya Oil Production, Consumption and Net Exports, 2010-2016 .......... 13
Table: Libya Oil Production, Consumption and Net Exports, 2015-2021 .......... 14
Gas Supply And Demand .... 16
Table: Libya Gas Production, Consumption and Net Exports, 2010-2016 ........ 16
Table: Libya Gas Production, Consumption and Net Exports, 2015-2021 ........ 18
LNG ........ 20
Refining And Oil Products Trade ...... 20
Table: Libya Refining - Production and Consumption, 2010-2016 ...... 21
Table: Libya Refining - Production and Consumption, 2015-2021 ...... 22
Revenues/Import Costs........ 22
Regional and Country Risk/Reward Ratings ........... 23
Table: Africa's Oil & Gas Risk/Reward Ratings ...... 24
Table: Africa's Oil & Gas Upstream Risk/Reward Ratings .... 25
Table: Proposed And Planned Refineries In Africa . 29
Table: Africa's Downstream Risk/Reward Scores .... 30
Libya Upstream Rewards ............. 30
Libya Upstream Risks .... 30
Libya Downstream Scores ........... 31
Libya Energy Market Overview ..... 32
Overview/State Role ............ 33
Licensing and Regulation ............ 34
Tax Law ........... 34
Government Policy ........ 35
Licensing Rounds ........... 35
Fourth Licensing Round (First Gas Licensing Round) .......... 35
Third Licensing Round ... 35
Second Licensing Round 36
First Licensing Round .... 36
International Energy Relations .... 36
Oil And Gas Infrastructure ............ 38
Oil Refineries ........ 38
Table: Refineries In Libya ........... 38
Oil Terminals/Ports ............ 39
Oil Pipelines ......... 39
LNG Terminals ..... 40
Table: LNG Terminals In Libya ... 40
Gas Pipelines ........ 40
Competitive Landscape ... 41
Executive Summary ............. 41
Table: Key Players - Libyan Oil And Gas Sector .... 43
Table: Key Upstream Players ...... 43
Table: Key Downstream Player ... 43
Company Profiles ............. 44
National Oil Corporation (NOC) ...... 44
Eni North Africa ... 48
Total Libya ............ 50
OMV of Libya ....... 52
Repsol Libya ......... 54
Marathon Oil ........ 56
ConocoPhillips ..... 58
BP - Summary . 60
ExxonMobil - Summary . 60
Tatneft - Summary ......... 60
Occidental Petroleum - Summary 61
Hess - Summary ............ 61
Statoil - Summary .......... 62
Royal Dutch Shell - Summary ..... 62
Suncor - Summary ......... 62
PGNiG - Summary ........ 63
Gazprom - Summary ..... 63
RWE - Summary ............ 63
LIA/Verenex Energy - Summary .. 64
Indian Oil/Oil India - Summary .. 64
Others - Summary ......... 64
Regional Market Overview ............ 66
Global Energy Market Outlook ...... 71
Table: Global Oil Demand Forecasts - A Comparison ......... 73
Africa - Regional Appendix .......... 77
Table: Oil Consumption - Historical Data & Forecasts, 2009-2016 ('000b/d) . 77
Table: Oil Consumption - Long-Term Forecasts, 2014-2021 ('000b/d) ............ 77
Table: Oil Production - Historical Data & Forecasts, 2009-2016 ('000b/d) .... 78
Table: Oil Production - Long-Term Forecasts, 2014-2021 ('000b/d) . 79
Table: Refining Capacity - Historical Data & Forecasts, 2009-2016 ('000b/d) ............. 79
Table: Refining Capacity - Long-Term Forecasts, 2014-2021 ('000b/d) .......... 80
Table: Gas Consumption - Historical Data & Forecasts, 2009-2016 (bcm) ..... 80
Table: Gas Consumption - Long-Term Forecasts, 2014-2021 (bcm) .. 81
Table: Gas Production - Historical Data & Forecasts, 2009-2016 (bcm) ........ 82
Table: Gas Production - Long-Term Forecasts, 2014-2021 (bcm)...... 82
LNG Net Exports - Historical Data & Forecasts, 2009-2016 (bcm) ... 83
LNG Net Exports - Long-Term Forecasts, 2014-2021 (bcm) 83
Methodology And Risks To Forecasts ....... 84
Glossary Of Terms ........... 85
Table: Glossary Of Terms ............ 85
Oil And Gas Risk/Reward Ratings Methodology .... 87
Ratings Overview .. 87
Table: BMI's Oil & Gas Business Environment Ratings - Structure ... 88
Indicators 89
Table: BMI's Oil & Gas Upstream Ratings - Methodology .. 89
Table: BMI's Oil & Gas Business Environment Downstream Ratings - Methodology .... 90
BMI Methodology ............. 92
How We Generate Our Industry Forecasts ..... 92
Energy Industry .... 92
Cross checks ......... 93
Sources ... 93Table: Libya Proven Oil and Gas Reserves and Total Petroleum Data, 2010-2016
Table: Libya Proven Oil and Gas Reserves and Total Petroleum Data, 2015-2021
Table: Libya Oil Production, Consumption and Net Exports, 2010-2016
Table: Libya Oil Production, Consumption and Net Exports, 2015-2021
Table: Libya Gas Production, Consumption and Net Exports, 2010-2016
Table: Libya Gas Production, Consumption and Net Exports, 2015-2021
Table: Libya Refining - Production and Consumption, 2010-2016
Table: Libya Refining - Production and Consumption, 2015-2021
Table: Africa's Oil & Gas Risk/Reward Ratings
Table: Africa's Oil & Gas Upstream Risk/Reward Ratings
Table: Proposed And Planned Refineries In Africa
Table: Africa's Downstream Risk/Reward Scores
Table: Refineries In Libya
Table: LNG Terminals In Libya
Table: Key Players - Libyan Oil And Gas Sector
Table: Key Upstream Players
Table: Key Downstream Player
Table: Global Oil Demand Forecasts - A Comparison
Table: Oil Consumption - Historical Data & Forecasts, 2009-2016 ('000b/d)
Table: Oil Consumption - Long-Term Forecasts, 2014-2021 ('000b/d)
Table: Oil Production - Historical Data & Forecasts, 2009-2016 ('000b/d)
Table: Oil Production - Long-Term Forecasts, 2014-2021 ('000b/d)
Table: Refining Capacity - Historical Data & Forecasts, 2009-2016 ('000b/d)
Table: Refining Capacity - Long-Term Forecasts, 2014-2021 ('000b/d)
Table: Gas Consumption - Historical Data & Forecasts, 2009-2016 (bcm)
Table: Gas Consumption - Long-Term Forecasts, 2014-2021 (bcm)
Table: Gas Production - Historical Data & Forecasts, 2009-2016 (bcm)
Table: Gas Production - Long-Term Forecasts, 2014-2021 (bcm)
LNG Net Exports - Historical Data & Forecasts, 2009-2016 (bcm)
LNG Net Exports - Long-Term Forecasts, 2014-2021 (bcm)
Table: Glossary Of Terms
Table: BMI's Oil & Gas Business Environment Ratings - Structure
Table: BMI's Oil & Gas Upstream Ratings - Methodology
Table: BMI's Oil & Gas Business Environment Downstream Ratings - Methodology

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