Global Plumbing blanket Sales Market Report 2016

Publisher Name :
Date: 03-Oct-2016
No. of pages: 120
Inquire Before Buying

Notes:

Sales, means the sales volume of Plumbing blanket

Revenue, means the sales value of Plumbing blanket

This report studies sales (consumption) of Plumbing blanket in Global market, especially in USA, China, Europe, Japan, India and Southeast Asia, focuses on top players in these regions/countries, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player in these regions, covering

- Abaxis

- Marui Ji

- Morita

- ...

Market Segment by Regions, this report splits Global into several key Regions, with sales (consumption), revenue, market share and growth rate of Plumbing blanket in these regions, from 2011 to 2021 (forecast), like

- USA

- China

- Europe

- Japan

- India

- Southeast Asia

Split by product Types, with sales, revenue, price and gross margin, market share and growth rate of each type, can be divided into

- Type I

- Type II

- Type III

Split by applications, this report focuses on sales, market share and growth rate of Plumbing blanket in each application, can be divided into

- Application 1

- Application 2

- Application 3

Global Plumbing blanket Sales Market Report 2016

Table of Contents
Global Plumbing blanket Sales Market Report 2016
1 Plumbing blanket Overview
1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Plumbing blanket
1.2 Classification of Plumbing blanket
1.2.1 Type I
1.2.2 Type II
1.2.3 Type III
1.3 Application of Plumbing blanket
1.3.1 Application 1
1.3.2 Application 2
1.3.3 Application 3
1.4 Plumbing blanket Market by Regions
1.4.1 USA Status and Prospect (2011-2021)
1.4.2 China Status and Prospect (2011-2021)
1.4.3 Europe Status and Prospect (2011-2021)
1.4.4 Japan Status and Prospect (2011-2021)
1.4.5 India Status and Prospect (2011-2021)
1.4.6 Southeast Asia Status and Prospect (2011-2021)
1.5 Global Market Size (Value and Volume) of Plumbing blanket (2011-2021)
1.5.1 Global Plumbing blanket Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
1.5.2 Global Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
2 Global Plumbing blanket Competition by Manufacturers, Type and Application
2.1 Global Plumbing blanket Market Competition by Manufacturers
2.1.1 Global Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share of Key Manufacturers (2011-2016)
2.1.2 Global Plumbing blanket Revenue and Share by Manufacturers (2011-2016)
2.2 Global Plumbing blanket (Volume and Value) by Type
2.2.1 Global Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
2.2.2 Global Plumbing blanket Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
2.3 Global Plumbing blanket (Volume and Value) by Regions
2.3.1 Global Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Regions (2011-2016)
2.3.2 Global Plumbing blanket Revenue and Market Share by Regions (2011-2016)
2.4 Global Plumbing blanket (Volume) by Application
3 USA Plumbing blanket (Volume, Value and Sales Price)
3.1 USA Plumbing blanket Sales and Value (2011-2016)
3.1.1 USA Plumbing blanket Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
3.1.2 USA Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
3.1.3 USA Plumbing blanket Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)
3.2 USA Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers
3.3 USA Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Type
3.4 USA Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Application
4 China Plumbing blanket (Volume, Value and Sales Price)
4.1 China Plumbing blanket Sales and Value (2011-2016)
4.1.1 China Plumbing blanket Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
4.1.2 China Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
4.1.3 China Plumbing blanket Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)
4.2 China Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers
4.3 China Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Type
4.4 China Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Application
5 Europe Plumbing blanket (Volume, Value and Sales Price)
5.1 Europe Plumbing blanket Sales and Value (2011-2016)
5.1.1 Europe Plumbing blanket Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
5.1.2 Europe Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
5.1.3 Europe Plumbing blanket Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)
5.2 Europe Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers
5.3 Europe Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Type
5.4 Europe Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Application
6 Japan Plumbing blanket (Volume, Value and Sales Price)
6.1 Japan Plumbing blanket Sales and Value (2011-2016)
6.1.1 Japan Plumbing blanket Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
6.1.2 Japan Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
6.1.3 Japan Plumbing blanket Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)
6.2 Japan Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers
6.3 Japan Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Type
6.4 Japan Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Application
7 India Plumbing blanket (Volume, Value and Sales Price)
7.1 India Plumbing blanket Sales and Value (2011-2016)
7.1.1 India Plumbing blanket Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
7.1.2 India Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
7.1.3 India Plumbing blanket Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)
7.2 India Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers
7.3 India Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Type
7.4 India Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Application
8 Southeast Asia Plumbing blanket (Volume, Value and Sales Price)
8.1 Southeast Asia Plumbing blanket Sales and Value (2011-2016)
8.1.1 Southeast Asia Plumbing blanket Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
8.1.2 Southeast Asia Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
8.1.3 Southeast Asia Plumbing blanket Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)
8.2 Southeast Asia Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers
8.3 Southeast Asia Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Type
8.4 Southeast Asia Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Application
9 Global Plumbing blanket Manufacturers Analysis
9.1 Abaxis
9.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors
9.1.2 Plumbing blanket Product Type, Application and Specification
9.1.2.1 Type I
9.1.2.2 Type II
9.1.3 Abaxis Plumbing blanket Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
9.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview
9.2 Marui Ji
9.2.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors
9.2.2 120 Product Type, Application and Specification
9.2.2.1 Type I
9.2.2.2 Type II
9.2.3 Marui Ji Plumbing blanket Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
9.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview
9.3 Morita
9.3.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors
9.3.2 141 Product Type, Application and Specification
9.3.2.1 Type I
9.3.2.2 Type II
9.3.3 Morita Plumbing blanket Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
9.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview
10 Plumbing blanket Maufacturing Cost Analysis
10.1 Plumbing blanket Key Raw Materials Analysis
10.1.1 Key Raw Materials
10.1.2 Price Trend of Key Raw Materials
10.1.3 Key Suppliers of Raw Materials
10.1.4 Market Concentration Rate of Raw Materials
10.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure
10.2.1 Raw Materials
10.2.2 Labor Cost
10.2.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Plumbing blanket
11 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers
11.1 Plumbing blanket Industrial Chain Analysis
11.2 Upstream Raw Materials Sourcing
11.3 Raw Materials Sources of Plumbing blanket Major Manufacturers in 2015
11.4 Downstream Buyers
12 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders
12.1 Marketing Channel
12.1.1 Direct Marketing
12.1.2 Indirect Marketing
12.1.3 Marketing Channel Development Trend
12.2 Market Positioning
12.2.1 Pricing Strategy
12.2.2 Brand Strategy
12.2.3 Target Client
12.3 Distributors/Traders List
13 Market Effect Factors Analysis
13.1 Technology Progress/Risk
13.1.1 Substitutes Threat
13.1.2 Technology Progress in Related Industry
13.2 Consumer Needs/Customer Preference Change
13.3 Economic/Political Environmental Change
14 Global Plumbing blanket Market Forecast (2016-2021)
14.1 Global Plumbing blanket Sales, Revenue Forecast (2016-2021)
14.2 Global Plumbing blanket Sales Forecast by Regions (2016-2021)
14.3 Global Plumbing blanket Sales Forecast by Type (2016-2021)
14.4 Global Plumbing blanket Sales Forecast by Application (2016-2021)
15 Appendix
Author List
Disclosure Section
Research Methodology
Data Source
China Disclaimer
List of Tables and Figures
Figure Picture of Plumbing blanket
Table Classification of Plumbing blanket
Figure Global Sales Market Share of Plumbing blanket by Type in 2015
Figure Type I Picture
Figure Type II Picture
Table Applications of Plumbing blanket
Figure Global Sales Market Share of Plumbing blanket by Application in 2015
Figure Application 1 Examples
Figure Application 2 Examples
Figure USA Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
Figure China Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
Figure Europe Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
Figure Japan Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
Figure India Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
Figure Southeast Asia Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
Figure Global Plumbing blanket Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
Figure Global Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)
Table Global Plumbing blanket Sales of Key Manufacturers (2011-2016)
Table Global Plumbing blanket Sales Share by Manufacturers (2011-2016)
Figure 2015 Plumbing blanket Sales Share by Manufacturers
Figure 2016 Plumbing blanket Sales Share by Manufacturers
Table Global Plumbing blanket Revenue by Manufacturers (2011-2016)
Table Global Plumbing blanket Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2011-2016)
Table 2015 Global Plumbing blanket Revenue Share by Manufacturers
Table 2016 Global Plumbing blanket Revenue Share by Manufacturers
Table Global Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
Table Global Plumbing blanket Sales Share by Type (2011-2016)
Figure Sales Market Share of Plumbing blanket by Type (2011-2016)
Figure Global Plumbing blanket Sales Growth Rate by Type (2011-2016)
Table Global Plumbing blanket Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
Table Global Plumbing blanket Revenue Share by Type (2011-2016)
Figure Revenue Market Share of Plumbing blanket by Type (2011-2016)
Figure Global Plumbing blanket Revenue Growth Rate by Type (2011-2016)
Table Global Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Regions (2011-2016)
Table Global Plumbing blanket Sales Share by Regions (2011-2016)
Figure Sales Market Share of Plumbing blanket by Regions (2011-2016)
Figure Global Plumbing blanket Sales Growth Rate by Regions (2011-2016)
Table Global Plumbing blanket Revenue and Market Share by Regions (2011-2016)
Table Global Plumbing blanket Revenue Share by Regions (2011-2016)
Figure Revenue Market Share of Plumbing blanket by Regions (2011-2016)
Figure Global Plumbing blanket Revenue Growth Rate by Regions (2011-2016)
Table Global Plumbing blanket Sales and Market Share by Application (2011-2016)
Table Global Plumbing blanket Sales Share by Application (2011-2016)
Figure Sales Market Share of Plumbing blanket by Application (2011-2016)
Figure Global Plumbing blanket Sales Growth Rate by Application (2011-2016)
Figure USA Plumbing blanket Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
Figure USA Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
Figure USA Plumbing blanket Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)
Table USA Plumbing blanket Sales by Manufacturers (2011-2016)
Table USA Plumbing blanket Market Share by Manufacturers (2011-2016)
Table USA Plumbing blanket Sales by Type (2011-2016)
Table USA Plumbing blanket Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
Table USA Plumbing blanket Sales by Application (2011-2016)
Table USA Plumbing blanket Market Share by Application (2011-2016)
Figure China Plumbing blanket Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
Figure China Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
Figure China Plumbing blanket Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)
Table China Plumbing blanket Sales by Manufacturers (2011-2016)
Table China Plumbing blanket Market Share by Manufacturers (2011-2016)
Table China Plumbing blanket Sales by Type (2011-2016)
Table China Plumbing blanket Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
Table China Plumbing blanket Sales by Application (2011-2016)
Table China Plumbing blanket Market Share by Application (2011-2016)
Figure Europe Plumbing blanket Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
Figure Europe Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
Figure Europe Plumbing blanket Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)
Table Europe Plumbing blanket Sales by Manufacturers (2011-2016)
Table Europe Plumbing blanket Market Share by Manufacturers (2011-2016)
Table Europe Plumbing blanket Sales by Type (2011-2016)
Table Europe Plumbing blanket Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
Table Europe Plumbing blanket Sales by Application (2011-2016)
Table Europe Plumbing blanket Market Share by Application (2011-2016)
Figure Japan Plumbing blanket Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
Figure Japan Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
Figure Japan Plumbing blanket Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)
Table Japan Plumbing blanket Sales by Manufacturers (2011-2016)
Table Japan Plumbing blanket Market Share by Manufacturers (2011-2016)
Table Japan Plumbing blanket Sales by Type (2011-2016)
Table Japan Plumbing blanket Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
Table Japan Plumbing blanket Sales by Application (2011-2016)
Table Japan Plumbing blanket Market Share by Application (2011-2016)
Figure India Plumbing blanket Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
Figure India Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
Figure India Plumbing blanket Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)
Table India Plumbing blanket Sales by Manufacturers (2011-2016)
Table India Plumbing blanket Market Share by Manufacturers (2011-2016)
Table India Plumbing blanket Sales by Type (2011-2016)
Table India Plumbing blanket Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
Table India Plumbing blanket Sales by Application (2011-2016)
Table India Plumbing blanket Market Share by Application (2011-2016)
Figure Southeast Asia Plumbing blanket Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
Figure Southeast Asia Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)
Figure Southeast Asia Plumbing blanket Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)
Table Southeast Asia Plumbing blanket Sales by Manufacturers (2011-2016)
Table Southeast Asia Plumbing blanket Market Share by Manufacturers (2011-2016)
Table Southeast Asia Plumbing blanket Sales by Type (2011-2016)
Table Southeast Asia Plumbing blanket Market Share by Type (2011-2016)
Table Southeast Asia Plumbing blanket Sales by Application (2011-2016)
Table Southeast Asia Plumbing blanket Market Share by Application (2011-2016)
Table Abaxis Basic Information List
Table Abaxis Plumbing blanket Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Figure Abaxis Plumbing blanket Global Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Marui Ji Basic Information List
Table Marui Ji Plumbing blanket Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Figure Marui Ji Plumbing blanket Global Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Morita Basic Information List
Table Morita Plumbing blanket Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)
Figure Morita Plumbing blanket Global Market Share (2011-2016)
Table Production Base and Market Concentration Rate of Raw Material
Figure Price Trend of Key Raw Materials
Table Key Suppliers of Raw Materials
Figure Manufacturing Cost Structure of Plumbing blanket
Figure Manufacturing Process Analysis of Plumbing blanket
Figure Plumbing blanket Industrial Chain Analysis
Table Raw Materials Sources of Plumbing blanket Major Manufacturers in 2015
Table Major Buyers of Plumbing blanket
Table Distributors/Traders List
Figure Global Plumbing blanket Sales and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)
Figure Global Plumbing blanket Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)
Table Global Plumbing blanket Sales Forecast by Regions (2016-2021)
Table Global Plumbing blanket Sales Forecast by Type (2016-2021)
Table Global Plumbing blanket Sales Forecast by Application (2016-2021)
  • Global Plastic Bins Market by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2021
    Published: 08-Dec-2016        Price: US 3480 Onwards        Pages: 113
    "A bin refers to a large container or enclosed space for storing something in bulk, such as coal, grain, or wool and many more. Plastic Bins can be used for inventory, storage, transport or other use. Plastic bins with high impact strength of the HDPE (low-pressure high-density polyethylene) and PP (polypropylene) as the raw material injection molding. Most box technology is made of a plastic injection, and some plastic box is also supporting the lid (flat cover and flip two). "......
  • Global Upholstery Fabric Market Research Report 2016
    Published: 08-Dec-2016        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 108
    Notes: Production, means the output of Upholstery Fabric Revenue, means the sales value of Upholstery Fabric This report studies Upholstery Fabric in Global market, especially in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, focuses on top manufacturers in global market, with capacity, production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - Morbern - Brentano - Carnegie - Panaz - Milliken......
  • Global Glass Screen Protector Market Research Report 2016
    Published: 08-Dec-2016        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 124
    Notes: Production, means the output of Glass Screen Protector Revenue, means the sales value of Glass Screen Protector This report studies Glass Screen Protector in Global market, especially in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, focuses on top manufacturers in global market, with Production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - RunGiant - SZGXS - ZAGG - XUENAIR - Belkin ......
  • Global Boxing Equipment Market Research Report 2016
    Published: 08-Dec-2016        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 118
    Notes: Production, means the output of Boxing Equipment Revenue, means the sales value of Boxing Equipment This report studies Boxing Equipment in Global market, especially in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, focuses on top manufacturers in global market, with Production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - Adidas - Everlast - Brucelee - Venum - Top king - Faiex......
  • Global Beauty Personal Care Products Market Research Report 2016
    Published: 08-Dec-2016        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 101
    Notes: Production, means the output of Beauty Personal Care Products Revenue, means the sales value of Beauty Personal Care Products This report studies Beauty Personal Care Products in Global market, especially in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, focuses on top manufacturers in global market, with Production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - Estee Lauder - Hain Celestial - Loreal......
  • Global Anti-Mold Sticker Market Research Report 2016
    Published: 08-Dec-2016        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 104
    Notes: Production, means the output of Anti-Mold Sticker Revenue, means the sales value of Anti-Mold Sticker This report studies Anti-Mold Sticker in Global market, especially in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, focuses on top manufacturers in global market, with Production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - MICRO-PAK LTD - KOBAORI - Topone Anti-mold Technology - Romeway Industr......
  • Global Sequins Apparels Market Research Report 2016
    Published: 08-Dec-2016        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 124
    Notes: Production, means the output of Sequins Apparels Revenue, means the sales value of Sequins Apparels This report studies Sequins Apparels in Global market, especially in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, focuses on top manufacturers in global market, with Production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - Christinas Fashion - Rent the Runway - Badgleymischka - La sposa - ......
  • Global Business Bag Market Research Report 2016
    Published: 08-Dec-2016        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 114
    Notes: Production, means the output of Business Bag Revenue, means the sales value of Business Bag This report studies Business Bag in Global market, especially in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, focuses on top manufacturers in global market, with Production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - LOUIS VUITTON - Gucci - Prada - Armani - Goldlion - Dunhill - Mo......
  • Global Wheelchair Cushion Market Research Report 2016
    Published: 08-Dec-2016        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 119
    Notes: Production, means the output of Wheelchair Cushion Revenue, means the sales value of Wheelchair Cushion This report studies Wheelchair Cushion in Global market, especially in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, focuses on top manufacturers in global market, with Production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering - Sunrise Medical - Comfort Company - Supracor - Roho - Varilit......
  • SERVICES
    Value for Money
    We believe in "optimum utilization of available budget and resources". While servicing our clients' (your) market research requirements, we keep the same approach in focus to help you get the best value for your $$s.
    Ever Growing Inventory
    Ranging from the smallest feasible / required data (datasheets, data facts, SWOT analysis, company profiles, etc) to full research reports that help you make decisions, our inventory is updated almost on a daily basis with the latest industry reports from domain experts that track more than 5000 niche sectors.
    One Stop Solution
    Need a custom research report on medical devices market? Require all available business intelligence on 3D printing industry? Exploring F&B sector of a particular country/region? RnRMarketResearch.com is your one-stop-solution to all market intelligence needs. We not only offer custom research and consulting services, we also "bundle" reports to meet your needs and help you fetch the data analysis you require for your business.
    Dedicated Client Engagement
    Not limited to only "finding" relevant reports for you, our client engagement team dedicates its efforts to understand your "business need" and accordingly maps available research data to help you move forward. Call "your" client engagement executive any time of your day and get your questions answered in order to make the correct business decision.
    Saving Time and Efforts
    Simply share your research requirement details with us and let us do all the hard work to find required intelligence for you. When you add up our "one stop solution" and "dedicated client engagement" services mentioned above, you obviously know the time and effort saving you do by working with us.
    Payment Flexibility
    Working with Fortune 500 organizations, we understand the importance of being flexible for payments. Share your payment terms with us and we will surely match up to them to ensure you get access to required business intelligence data without having to wait for the payment to be done.
    Post-Purchase Research Support
    Have questions after reading a report / datasheet bought through us? Not sure about the methodology used for data available in the research? Talk to us / Share your questions with us and if required, we will connect you with the analyst(s)/author(s) of the report(s) and ensure you get satisfactory answers for the same. Need more data / analysis / report(s) on the topic of your research/project? The RnRMarketResearch.com team is here for you 24X7 to support you with your post-purchase requirements. Subscription Offers & Packages (Get in touch with us for more details - sales@rnrmarketresearch.com / +1 888 391 5441 )
    • Ad Hoc
    • Pay - as - you - go / Bucket Subscriptions
    • Fixed Cost for #of reports
    • Customize / Personalize as per your needs