China Electric Bus Industry Report, 2018-2021

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Date: 07-Jun-2018
No. of pages: 135
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Due to rushed installation in 2016, the output of electric buses fell by 22.2% over the previous year in China, to 105,000 units in 2017. Higher threshold of new energy bus subsidy policies greatly affected the Chinese new energy bus market in the first half of 2017. The market picked up in the second half of the year because of clearer trend in policy adjustment. Besides subsidies, there are more policy supports for new energy vehicle, and the demand from city bus and coach going electric will continue to expand over the next couple of years. However, the new energy bus market is still dominated by city bus and logistics vehicle, and other passenger transport markets remain to be tapped.

The new subsidy policy, introduced in Feb 2018, put forward higher requirements on Ekg compared with the 2017 version. The subsidies for plug-in electric bus were halved on the basis of the 2017 level.

Output mix: In 2017, battery electric bus output was 88,556 units, down 23.4% year on year and accounting for 84.2% of total new energy buses; 8-10m and 10m-and-above battery electric bus models prevailed.

About 76% of city bus sales in 2017 were new energy ones, but its penetration in bus stock market in tier-three or four cities remains low. Given that the country lowers subsidies for fuel-powered city-bus year after year and gives more support for electric city bus and the positive externality of new energy city-bus towards municipal administration and environment is distinct, it is expected the trend of city-bus going electric will continue and the penetration of new energy buses in existing city buses will be lifted further. Provinces like Guangdong, Hebei, Henan, Shaanxi and Hainan have rolled out plans to help implementation of new energy city bus promotion programmes.

Against the backdrop of subsidy transition, new energy bus shined in the first quarter of 2018, with single-season sales totaling 8,607 units, a year-on-year upsurge of 320.7%, including 8,198 city buses or 95.2%, up 308.67% over the same period of last year, largely thanks to extension of the 2017 subsidy policy. Following the end of transitional period, the subsidies come down but technical requirements grow stricter. Moreover, new capacity built in the past few years under the stimulation of policies will go into production. As a result, output and sales of new energy buses are unlikely to grow remarkably; the industry will be further reshuffled, with small new energy bus producers utterly relying on subsidies to be phased out from the market.

Given increments contributed by urbanization to the city bus market, especially the new energy city bus increments in tier-three or four cities, as well as higher penetration in intercity coach market following maturity of new energy technology and cost reduction, the output and sales of new energy buses are expected to surpass 150,000 units in 2021.

China Electric Bus Industry Report, 2018-2021 focuses on the followings:


  • Significance of electric bus popularization, status quo, and trends at home and abroad

  • Mainstream technical routes of electric bus in China, status quo and trend of bus battery, motor and electronic control industry chain;

  • Major subsidies for purchase (tax reduction & exemption and fiscal subsidies) and for use as well as popularization policies in China electric bus industry;

  • China’s electric bus production, sales and future trend, competition pattern, market share, sales forecast, investment and capacity of major electric bus enterprises;

  • China’s electric city bus sales, penetration, subsidy policies, etc.;

  • Level of technology, scale of production and sales, capacity and development planning of 12 major electric bus manufacturers in China.

China Electric Bus Industry Report, 2018-2021

Table of Contents

1 Overview of Electric Bus
1.1 Significance of Promotion
1.2 Environmental Friendliness and Economy
1.2.1 Environmental Friendliness
1.2.2 Economy
1.3 Status Quo and Trends of Promotion in China
1.3.1 Main Varieties of Electric Buses Being Promoted
1.3.2 Electric Intercity Coach Will Be New Growth Driver
1.3.3 Battery Electric City Bus Will Be Main Direction over the Next Four Years
1.4 Status Quo and Trends of Promotion Abroad
1.4.1 Status Quo of Electric City Bus Promotion Abroad
1.4.2 Technical Trends of Electric City Bus Abroad

2 Industry Chain
2.1 Technology Roadmap
2.2 Battery
2.3 Electric Motor and Controller

3 Major Industrial Policies
3.1 Purchase Tax Relief
3.2 Financial Subsidies
3.2.1 New Energy Bus Subsidy Policies in 2018
3.2.2 Fuel-cell Bus Subsidy Policies in 2018
3.3 Fuel Subsidy Removal Policy
3.4 EV Promotion Policies

4 Chinese Electric Bus Market
4.1 Electric Bus Market
4.1.1 Overall
4.1.2 Electric City Bus Market
4.1.3 Competition among Enterprises
4.1.4 Investment and Capacity
4.2 Bus Market
4.2.1 Overall
4.2.2 Competition among Enterprises

5 Chinese Electric Bus Manufacturers
5.1 Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co., Ltd.
5.1.1 Profile
5.1.2 Operating Data
5.1.3 Electric Bus Business
5.1.4 Bus Businesses
5.1.5 Bus Capacity
5.1.6 Spare Parts
5.2 BYD
5.2.1 Profile
5.2.2 Operating Data
5.2.3 Electric Bus Business
5.2.4 Battery Business
5.2.5 Electric Vehicle Business
5.3 Xiamen King Long Motor Group Co., Ltd.
5.3.1 Profile
5.3.2 Operating Data
5.3.3 Electric Bus Business
5.3.4 Bus Businesses
5.3.5 Bus Capacity
5.4 Nanjing Golden Dragon Bus Co., Ltd.
5.4.1 Profile
5.4.2 Electric Bus Business
5.5 Zhongtong Bus Holding Co., Ltd.
5.5.1 Profile
5.5.2 Operating Data
5.5.3 Electric Bus Business
5.5.4 Bus Business
5.5.5 Bus Capacity
5.6 Beiqi Foton Motor Co., Ltd.
5.6.1 Profile
5.6.2 Operating Data
5.6.3 Electric Bus Business
5.6.4 Bus Business
5.6.5 Bus Capacity
5.7 Shanghai Sunwin Bus Corporation
5.7.1 Profile
5.7.2 Electric Bus Business
5.7.3 Bus Businesses
5.7.4 Capacity
5.8 Hunan CSR Times Electric Vehicle Co., Ltd.
5.8.1 Profile
5.8.2 Operating Data
5.8.3 Electric Bus Business
5.8.4 Bus Capacity
5.9 Anhui Ankai Automobile Co., Ltd.
5.9.1 Profile
5.9.2 Operating Data
5.9.3 Electric Bus Business
5.9.4 Bus Businesses
5.9.5 Bus Capacity
5.10 Jinhua Youngman Automobile Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
5.10.1 Profile
5.10.2 Electric Bus Business
5.10.3 Bus Businesses
5.10.4 Bus Capacity
5.11 Chongqing Hengtong Bus Co., Ltd.
5.11.1 Profile
5.11.2 Operating Data
5.11.3 Electric Bus Business
5.11.4 Bus Businesses
5.12.5 Bus Capacity
5.12 Shenzhen Wuzhoulong Motors Co., Ltd.
5.12.1 Profile
5.12.2 Operating Data
5.12.3 Electric Bus Business

List of Charts

City Bus Ownership in China, 2008-2017
Structure of Urban Passenger Traffic in China, 2011-2017
Vehicle Pollutant Emission
CO2 Emission of Various City Buses Per Km (g/km, vehicle)
Pollutant Emission of Various City Buses inside City (Kg/a, vehicle)
Pollutant Emission of Various City Buses outside City (Kg/a, vehicle)
Overall Pollutant Emission of Various City Buses (Kg/a, vehicle)
Total Costs of Various City Buses during Whole Life Cycle – before Subsidies (RMB10,000)
Total Costs of Various City Buses during Whole Life Cycle – after Purchase Subsidies (RMB10,000)
Total Costs of Various City Buses during Whole Life Cycle – after Purchase and Fuel Subsidies (RMB10,000)
Results of Comprehensive Comparison among Different Technology Roadmaps
Promotion of Electric City Buses Worldwide
Technical Sketch Map of Wireless Charging City Buses
London Online Fast-Charging Electric City Bus Network Planning for 2020
Shared Vehicle Charging Infrastructure for City Buses and Private Cars
Technical Parameters of Electric City Buses with Different Technology Roadmaps
EV Battery, Motor, Electric Control Industry Chains
Requirements of Electric Vehicle on Performance of Battery and Battery System
Power Batteries for the 294th Catalogue of Battery Electric Bus Models
Motor and Controller Supply Relationship of Major Electric Bus Enterprises
MIIT’s 4th-17th Catalogue of Vehicle Models Exempted from Purchase Tax, 2015-2017
Subsidy Standards for Electric Buses in China (Central Finance), 2018
Changes in Central Financial Subsidies for Electric Vehicles in China, 2016-2018
Subsidy Standards for Fuel Cell Vehicle in China, 2018
Subsidy Standards for Energy-saving and New Energy Buses in Operation (2015-2019)
List of Cities or Areas Where Application of New Energy Vehicles Is Promoted (First Batch)
List of Cities or Areas Where Application of New Energy Vehicles Is Promoted (Second Batch)
Electric Bus Output in China, 2013-2021E
Monthly Electric Bus Output (by Type of Power) in China, 2017
Electric Bus Output in China (by Length), 2015-2017
Electric Bus Output in China (by Purpose), 2013-2021E
Penetration of Electric City Bus in Established Bus Market in China, 2014-2016
Electric City Bus Sales Volume and Electrification Rate in China, 2009-2017
Electric City Bus Sales Volume and Electrification Rate in China, 2018-2021E
Electric City Bus Ownership in Major Cities of China
Subsidies for Price Increase of Bus-use Refined Oil Decrease from the Base in 2013 (%)
Proportion of New Energy City Buses in New Buses in Key Air Pollution Areas (%)
New Energy City Bus Promotion Plans of Provinces and Cities, 2017-2020E
Top 10 Manufacturers of New Energy Buses by Output in China, 2015
Top 10 Manufacturers of New Energy Buses by Output in China, 2016
Top 10 Manufacturers of New Energy Buses by Output in China, 2017
Output and Market Share of Top10 Battery Electric Bus Enterprises in China, 2015
Output and Market Share of Top10 Battery Electric Bus Enterprises in China, 2016
Output and Market Share of Top10 Battery Electric Bus Enterprises in China, 2017
Top 10 Manufacturers of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Buses by Output in China, 2015
Top 10 Manufacturers of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Buses by Output in China, 2016
Top 10 Manufacturers of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Buses by Output in China, 2017
Battery Electric Bus Sales Volume of Main Electric Bus Enterprises in China, 2012-2017
Electric Bus Investment in China, 2009-2017
Bus Output (Including Bus and Bus Chassis) in China, 2015-2021E
Bus Sales Volume (Including Bus and Bus Chassis) in China, 2015-2021E
Monthly Bus Sales Volume in China, 2016-2017
Bus Sales Volume in China (by Model), 2015-2021E
Monthly Bus Sales Volume in China (by Model), 2017
Bus Sales Structure by Model, 2011-2017
Bus Sales Volume in China (by Length), 2016-2017
Bus Sales Volume in China (by Purpose), 2016-2017
Top 10 Enterprises by Large Bus Sales Volume, 2015
Top 10 Enterprises by Large Bus Sales Volume, 2016
Top 10 Enterprises by Large Bus Sales Volume, 2017
Market Share of Top 10 Enterprises by Large Bus Sales Volume in China, 2017
Top 10 Enterprises by Medium Bus Sales Volume, 2015
Top 10 Enterprises by Medium Bus Sales Volume, 2016
Top 10 Enterprises by Medium Bus Sales Volume, 2017
Market Share of Top 10 Enterprises by Medium Bus Sales Volume in China, 2017
Top 10 Enterprises by Light Bus Sales Volume, 2015
Top 10 Enterprises by Light Bus Sales Volume, 2016
Top 10 Enterprises by Light Bus Sales Volume, 2017
Market Share of Top 10 Enterprises by Light Bus Sales Volume in China, 2016
Market Share of Top 10 Enterprises by Light Bus Sales Volume in China, 2017
Top10 Shareholders of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus, 2017
Operating Results of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus, 2012-2018Q1
Revenue Breakdown of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus by Region, 2012-2017
R&D Costs of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus, 2011-2017
Performance Forecast of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus, 2016-2020E
Electric Bus (Battery Electric & Plug-in) Sales Volume of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus, 2011-2017
Percentage of Electric Bus Sales of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus, 2014-2017
Output of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus (by Model), 2011-Mar 2018
Sales Volume of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus (by Purpose), 2011-2017
Sales Structure of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus (by Purpose), 2011-2017
Capacity and Utilization Rate (Including Electric Bus) of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus, 2017
Operating Results of BYD, 2012-2018Q1
Revenue Structure of BYD (by Business), 2013-2017
Gross Margin of BYD (by Business), 2011-2017
Electric Bus Output of BYD, 2012-2017
Major New Energy Buses of BYD
Cost Breakdown of BYD K9 Battery Electric Bus
BYD’s Power & Energy Storage Battery Business Scale, 2011-2017
Technical Parameters of Ferric Manganese Phosphate Lithium Batteries
Capacity, Weight and Costs of BYD Power Battery Packs
Electric Vehicle Sales Volume of BYD, 2011-2017
Equity Structure of Xiamen King Long Motor Group, 2017
Main Financial Indexes of Xiamen King Long Motor Group, 2010-2018Q1
Revenue Breakdown of Xiamen King Long Motor Group by Region, 2011-2017
Electric Bus Sales Volume of Xiamen King Long Motor Group, 2011-2017
New Energy Bus Sales Volume of Xiamen King Long Motor Group (by Length), 2015-2017
Average Selling Price of New Energy Buses of Xiamen King Long Motor Group (by Length), 2015-2017
New Energy Bus Sales Volume of Xiamen King Long Motor Group (by Purpose), 2015-2017
Average Selling Price of New Energy Buses of Xiamen King Long Motor Group (by Purpose), 2015-2017
Series-parallel Power Hybrid System of Xiamen Golden Dragon Bus
Output of Xiamen King Long Motor Group (by Model), 2010-2018
Sales Volume of Xiamen King Long Motor Group (by Model), 2009-2018
Electric Bus Sales Volume of Nanjing Golden Dragon Bus, 2013-2017
Equity Structure of Zhongtong Bus Holding, 2017
Operating Results of Zhongtong Bus Holding, 2010-2018Q1
Revenue Breakdown and Gross Margin of Zhongtong Bus Holding (by Region), 2010-2017
Electric Bus Output of Zhongtong Bus Holding, 2011-2017
Proportion of Electric Bus Output of Zhogntong Bus Holding, 2011-2017
Core Suppliers for Electric Bus of Zhongtong Bus Holding
Sales Volume of Zhongtong Bus Holding, 2012-2018Q1
Equity Structure of Beiqi Foton Motor
Key Financial Indexes of Beiqi Foton Motor, 2012-2018Q1
Revenue Breakdown of Beiqi Foton Motor (by Product), 2010-2017
Revenue Breakdown of Beiqi Foton Motor (by Region), 2010-2017
Electric Bus Output of Beiqi Foton Motor, 2013-2017
New Energy Bus Sales Volume of Foton AUV, 2013-2017
Core Suppliers for Electric Buses of Beiqi Foton Motor
Commercial Vehicle Series of Beiqi Foton Motor
Small Bus Revenue and Sales Volume of Beiqi Foton Motor, 2011-2017
Medium and Large Bus Revenue and Sales Volume of Beiqi Foton Motor, 2011-2017
Bus Capacity Layout of Beiqi Foton Motor, 2017
Equity Structure of Shanghai Sunwin Bus Corporation
Electric Bus Output of Shanghai Sunwin Bus Corporation, 2013-2017
Output of Shanghai Sunwin Bus Corporation, 2011-2017
Sales Volume of Shanghai Sunwin Bus Corporation, 2011-2017
Bus (Including Electric Bus) Capacity Layout of Shanghai Sunwin Bus Corporation
Investment Plan of Shanghai Sunwin Bus Corporation
Operating Results of Hunan CSR Times Electric Vehicle, 2011-2017
Electric Bus Output of Hunan CSR Times Electric Vehicle, 2012-2017
Core Suppliers for Electric Bus of Hunan CSR Times Electric Vehicle
Electric Bus Capacity Layout of Hunan CSR Times Electric Vehicle
Equity Structure of Anhui Ankai Automobile, 2017
Key Financial Indexes of Anhui Ankai Automobile, 2010-2018Q1
Revenue Breakdown of Anhui Ankai Automobile (by Product), 2009-2017
Revenue Breakdown of Anhui Ankai Automobile (by Region), 2011-2017
Electric Bus Output of Anhui Ankai Automobile, 2012-2017
Core Suppliers for Electric Buses of Anhui Ankai Automobile
Output of Anhui Ankai Automobile (by Model), 2011-2018Q1
Sales Volume of Anhui Ankai Automobile (by Model), 2010-2018Q1
Capacity Layout (Including Electric Bus) of Anhui Ankai Automobile
Electric Bus Output of Jinhua Youngman Automobile Manufacturing, 2014-2017
Core Suppliers for Electric Buses of Jinhua Youngman Automobile Manufacturing
Output of Jinhua Youngman Automobile Manufacturing (by Model), 2010-2017
Sales Volume of Jinhua Youngman Automobile Manufacturing (by Model), 2010-2017
Capacity Layout of Jinhua Youngman Automobile Manufacturing
Equity Structure of Chongqing Hengtong Bus
Operating Results of Chongqing Hengtong Bus, 2012-2017
Electric Bus Sales Volume of Chongqing Hengtong Bus, 2012-2017
Operating Results of Electric Bus Business of Chongqing Hengtong Bus, 2012-2017
Output of Chongqing Hengtong Bus (by Model), 2011-2017
Sales Volume of Chongqing Hengtong Bus (by Model), 2011-2017
Operating Results of Shenzhen Wuzhoulong Motors, 2012-2017
Electric Bus Output of Shenzhen Wuzhoulong Motors, 2014-2017

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