The World Economic Forum (WEF) and Scientific American lately unveiled the major technological innovation list of the top ten emerging technologies of 2016. This list emphasizes on the technological developments which have the supremacy to transform industries, protect the planet, and improve lives. It also presents an opening to discuss any societal, human, economic or environmental jeopardies and apprehensions that the technologies may arise prior to extensive acceptance.
The list consists of certain technologies that have been known for quite some time, but are only now attaining meaningful maturity.
The top 10 technologies ruling 2016 are:
1. Nanosensors and the Internet of Nanothings
With the Internet of Things (IoT) estimated to involve 30 billion connected devices by 2020, the utmost thrilling zones of attention currently is nowadays on nanosensors. These are adept in mingling in the human body or being used in construction resources. When linked, this Internet of Nanothings are predicted to have a massive influence on the future of architecture, medicine, agriculture and drug manufacture.
2. Next Generation Batteries
One of the ultimate hindrances faced by renewable energy is coordinating supply with demand. However, latest progresses in energy storing packed with aluminium, sodium, and zinc based batteries makes mini-grids viable which are capable of providing clean, consistent, 24×7 energy sources to the whole villages.
3. The Blockchain
Bitcoin, the online currency, has granted many advantages owing to its distributed electronic ledger. With linked project investment surpassing $1 billion in 2015 only, the economic and social effect of blockchain’s prospective to essentially modify the method of markets and governments is a growing trend.
4. 2D Materials
There are many single-atom layer materials apart from graphene. Sinking manufacture expenses it can be deduced that these kinds of 2D materials are incipient in an array of applications, from new generations of wearables and batteries to air and water filters.
5. Autonomous Vehicles
Self-driving cars are the next big thing. With probability for reducing pollution, saving lives, enhancing economies, and refining quality of life for all fragments of the society – has directed prompt disposition towards this technology.
Miniature models of human organs allow researchers to observe biological mechanism behaviours more accurately. Though in infancy, this is all set to revolutionize medical research and drug discovery.
7. Perovskite Solar Cells
With easy manufacture, easy access, and, efficient power generation, the perovskite solar cells have clearly advantages over the traditional silicon solar cell.
8. Open AI Ecosystem
According to WEF, smart digital assistants like Siri and Cortana are vouched to be indispensable in our lives. Owing to social awareness algorithms, natural language processing, and augmented data stores, these digital bots are getting even niftier.
Recent developments in optogenetics – the use of light and colour to record the activity of neurons in the brain – promises innovative breakthrough in the treatment of people with brain disorders.
10. Systems Metabolic Engineering
According to WEF, scientists are starting to unravel the building blocks of biology in ways that allow them to refabricate nature and substitute fossil fuels with renewable chemicals derived from plants.
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