Africa - Mobile Network Operators and MVNOs

Publisher Name :
Date: 01-May-2019
No. of pages: 550

Overview

The report provides key information about the mobile operators in Africa. Topics covered include:


  • Brief company history and shareholder structure;

  • Licences and technology deployments;

  • Subscriber evolution;

  • Average Revenue per User (ARPU);

  • Market position.


The countries covered in this report include: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti,Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Executive Summary

Major MNOs in Africa seek to rationalise business markets

Africa is a region in which mobile telephony infrastructure is the mainstay for telecom services. In some markets up to 99% of voice and data connections are via mobile networks. This reflects the relative success of network deployments as much as the very poor condition of fixed-line infrastructure, which has suffered from neglect, under investment or destruction resulting from intermittent wars and civil dislocations. In a number of countries which remain war-torn or politically unstable - particularly in the Horn of Africa and in areas of Libya, the DRC, Cameroon and Burkina Faso – there are few inducements to extend fixed line services. Additional difficulties are the absence of reliable electricity and the low use of computers.

The size and range of the diverse markets within Africa have contributed to varied market penetration rates between countries. By early 2019 the highest mobile penetration was found in countries including South Africa (169%), Botswana (160%), Gabon (159%), and Mauritius (147%). To some degree high penetration reflects the popularity of consumers having multiple SIM cards despite efforts among most regulators to enforce measures by which operators must register SIM card users. These efforts are partly geared to removing dormant SIM cards from operators’ databases, and thereby providing a more accurate impression of market dynamics. There are also widely-held concerns among governments that crime, civil disturbances and terrorism can be facilitated or orchestrated via the use of mobile phones and that such activities can be curtailed by enforcing the registration of subscribers’ identities.

At the other end of the scale there are a number of countries in which far greater government direction, market competition and regulatory oversight are required for the local mobile markets to develop further. Some of the lowest penetration rates on the continent are in Madagascar and Malawi (both at about 35%), Chad and Djibouti (both at 41%), and Niger (49%). A number of other countries are notable for having suffered from considerable civil and economic disruption, including South Sudan and Eritrea (both at (11%).

The mobile market in Africa is almost entirely prepaid. Commonly, about 99% of all subscribers are prepaid since this offer a far more economically manageable means to gain access to voice and data services than does a contract plan. In addition, year-on-year a greater proportion of the continent’s population is able to afford mobile services, leading to a steady increase in the subscriber base. Affordability has been extended by the positive effects on pricing from market competition and by measures to reduce termination rates. In addition, many countries have signed up to regional agreements aimed at reducing international roaming charges. Regional roaming initiatives reduce charges for customers, increase regulated traffic, and curtail grey traffic (the re-origination of long-distance calls). The East Africa One Network Area has been in effect since April 2016, while the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) came into play in December 2016. The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) provides a similar agreement (signed in October 2017) among its 19-member bloc, stretching from Libya in the north to eSwatini (Swaziland) in the south.

While network operators have seen reduced revenue from roaming access, this has generally been recouped from a sharp increase in international traffic.

A few countries within Africa retain incumbent monopolies for the provision of services, while others have seen consolidation among players (largely due to operators such as Airtel and Tigo leaving certain markets, or the failure of some poorly managed enterprises). In sum, though, there is effective competition within the mobile sector across the region. This has also encouraged competition for services based on upgraded technologies, which in turn has encouraged investment. Africa remains the main region globally for m-money and m-banking services, for example, and while there is little focus on 5G deployments as yet there is considerable effort being undertaken to upgrade networks from 3G infrastructure to LTE. This process is uneven, since in many areas GSM remains the dominant technology. While MNOs are keen to invest in LTE and so capitalise on the revenue potential of mobile data services, they face difficulties related to the paucity of spectrum and delays in auctioning additional spectrum needed to extend services and upgrade network capacity.

The countries covered in this report include: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Africa - Mobile Network Operators and MVNOs

Table of Contents

Regional mobile market overview
Leading mobile operators by country
Africa Telecoms Maturity Index
Africa Telecom Maturity Index by tier
Africa Telecom Maturity Index by region
TMI versus GDP
Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
Africa fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Algeria
Market analysis
Operator statistics
Algerie Telecom (Mobilis)
Optimum Telecom Algerie (Djezzy)
Wataniya Telecom (Nedjma, Ooredoo)
Angola
Market analysis
Movicel (Angola Telecom)
Unitel
Benin
Market analysis
Operator statistics
MTN (Spacetel-Benin, Areeba)
Moov
Libercom (Benin Telecoms)
BBCom (Bell Benin)
Glo Mobile Benin (Globacom)
Botswana
Recent developments
Market analysis
Operator statistics
Mascom Wireless
Orange Botswana (formerly Vista Cellular)
BTC (beMobile)
MVNOs
Burkina Faso
Market analysis
Operator statistics
Orange Burkina Faso (formerly Airtel, Zain, Celtel)
Telmob (Onatel)
Moov (Telecel)
Cameroon
Market analysis
Operator statistics
MTN Cameroon
National backbone
Orange Cameroon
Nextell Cameroon (Viettel)
Camtel Mobile
Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO)
Chad
Market analysis
Operator statistics
Airtel Chad
Tigo Chad
Salam Mobile
Tchad Mobile (defunct)
Cote d’Ivoire
Mobile market
Operator statistics
Mobile operators overview
MTN Côte d’Ivoire (formerly Loteny)
Orange CI
Comium (KoZ)
Moov (Etisalat)
Green Network (Oricel, Lap Green)
Warid Telecom
Globacom
Democratic Republic of Congo
Market analysis
Operator statistics
Major mobile operators
Vodacom Congo
Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
Tigo (Millicom, Oasis)
Orange DRC (CCT)
Africell
Djibouti
Market Overview
Egypt
Market analysis
Operator statistics
Orange Egypt (Mobinil, ECMS)
Network development
ARPU and usage
Vodafone Egypt
Etisalat Misr
Telecom Egypt
Eritrea
Market overview
Privatisation of EriTel
Operator statistics - EriTel
Ethiopia
Market analysis
Operator statistics – Ethio Telecom
Gabon
Market analysis
Operator statistics
Airtel Gabon (formerly Zain, Celtel)
Libertis (Gabon Telecom)
Moov (Télécel Gabon)
Azur (USAN, BinTel)
Gambia
Market analysis
Gamcel
Africell
Comium
QCell
Ghana
Market analysis
Operator statistics
Vodafone Ghana (Ghana Telecom, OneTouch)
MTN Ghana (formerly ScanCom, Spacefon Areeba)
Tigo Ghana (Millicom Ghana, Mobitel)
Merger with Airtel Ghana
Expresso
Airtel Ghana (Zain/Celtel, Westel)
Glo Mobile
Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
Guinea
Market analysis
Operator statistics
MTN Guinea (Areeba)
Sotelgui (Lagui)
Orange Guinea (formerly Spacetel Guinee)
Intercel Guinea (formerly Télécel Guinea)
Cellcom Guinee
Kenya
Market analysis
Operator statistics
Safaricom
Privatisation and IPO
Airtel Kenya (formerly Zain, Celtel, KenCell)
Essar Telecom Kenya (yuMobile, formerly Econet)
Telkom Kenya
Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
Lesotho
Market analysis
Vodacom Lesotho
ETL
Liberia
Market analysis
MTN Liberia (LoneStar)
Orange Liberia (Cellcom)
Novafone GSM (Comium)
LiberCell
JamCell
Libya
Market analysis
Al-Madar
Libyana
LibyaPhone
Madagascar
Market analysis
Airtel Madagascar (formerly Madacom, Zain/Celtel)
Orange Madagascar (formerly SMM)
Telma Mobile (Telecom Malagasy)
Madamobil
Blueline
Malawi
Market analysis
TNM
Airtel Malawi (formerly Zain, Celtel)
G-Mobile (GAIN)
Celcom Malawi
Lacell Private (Smart Mobile)
Mali
Market analysis
Malitel
Orange Mali (formerly Ikatel)
Alpha Telecom Mali
Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
Mauritania
Market analysis
Mauritel Mobiles
Mattel
Chinguitel
Mauritius
Market analysis
My.t (Orange, MT, Cellplus)
Emtel
Mahanagar (MTML)
Morocco
Market analysis
Itissalatt Al-Maghrib (IAM, Maroc Telecom)
Orange Morocco (Méditel)
Inwi (Wana)
Mozambique
Market analysis
mCel
Vodacom Mozambique
Movitel
Namibia
Market analysis
MTC
Telecom Namibia Mobile (Cell One, Leo)
Paratus Telecom
MVNOs
Niger
Market Analysis
Operator statistics
Airtel Niger (formerly Celtel/Zain)
Orange Niger
Moov Niger
Niger Telecom
Nigeria
Market analysis
Major GSM mobile operators
MTN Nigeria
Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain/Celtel Nigeria)
Globacom
9Mobile (Etisalat Nigeria, EMTS, Mubadala)
M-Tel
Major CDMA mobile operators
Multi-Links Telkom
Reliance Telecommunications (Reltel, Zoom)
Starcomms (Capcom)
InterC Network (Intercellular Nigeria)
Visafone
Rwanda
Market analysis
Operator statistics
MTN Rwanda
Rwandatel (formerly Terracom Mobile)
Tigo Rwanda
Airtel Rwanda
Senegal
Market analysis
Operator statistics
Orange Senegal (Sonatel Mobiles)
Tigo Senegal (Sentel GSM)
Expresso (Sudatel)
Hayo Telecom
Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
Sierra Leone
Market analysis
Mobile licensing
Orange Sierra Leone (formerly Zain, Celtel)
Comium
Africell (Lintel)
Sierratel
Cellcom
Ambitel/GreenN
Smart Mobile
QCell
South Africa
Market analysis
Vodacom South Africa
MTN South Africa
Cell C
Telkom Mobile
Mobile Virtual Network Enablers (MVNEs)
Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
South Sudan
Market analysis
VivaCell
Gemtel
Zain South Sudan
MTN South Sudan
Sudani (Sudatel)
Sudan
Market analysis
Operator statistics
Zain Sudan
MTN Sudan (Bashair Telecom, Investcom/Areeba)
Sudani (Sudatel)
Swaziland
Market analysis
Swazi MTN
SPTC
Swazi Mobile
Tanzania
Market analysis
Operator statistics
TTC Mobile
Vodacom Tanzania
Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
Millicom Tanzania (Mobitel, Tigo)
Zanzibar Telecommunication (Zantel)
Halotel (Viettel Tanzania0
Mobile Virtual network Operators (MVNOs)
Tunisia
Market analysis
Operator statistics
Tunicell (Tunisie Telecom)
Ooredoo (Tunisiana)
Shareholder structure and major equity transactions
Network infrastructure
Orange Tunisie
Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
Uganda
Market analysis
MTN Uganda
Infrastructure
Airtel Uganda (formerly Zain, Celtel)
Infrastructure
Warid Telecom
Uganda Telecom (UTL)
Africell (Orange Uganda)
Smile Communications
Smart Telecom, Sure Telecom
Vodafone Uganda
Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
K2 Telecom
Zambia
Market analysis
Airtel Zambia (formerly Zain/Celtel, Zamcell)
Network development
MTN Zambia (formerly Telecel)
Zamtel Mobile (formerly Cell Z)
Vodafone Zambia
UZI Zambia
Zimbabwe
Market analysis
Operator statistics
Econet Wireless Zimbabwe (EWZ)
NetOne
Telecel Zimbabwe
Company sale
Mobile Virtual Network operators (MVNOs)

List of Tables

Table 1 – Africa – leading MNOs – 2012 - 2018
Table 2 – MTN mobile subscribers by country – 2013 – 2018
Table 3 – Orange Group mobile subscribers by country – 2013 - 2018
Table 4 – Etisalat mobile subscribers by country – 2012 – 2018
Table 5 – Zain mobile subscribers by country – 2012 – 2018
Table 6 – Vodacom mobile subscribers by country – 2012 – 2018
Table 7 – Airtel mobile subscribers by country – 2012 – 2018
Table 8 – Algeria - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 – 2016
Table 9 – Algeria - Mobilis subscribers – 2009 – 2017
Table 10 – Algeria - Djezzy subscribers – 2002 – 2018
Table 11 – Algeria - Djezzy financial data (DZD) – 2008 – 2018
Table 12 – Algeria - Djezzy financial data (USD) – 2013 – 2018
Table 13 – Algeria - Djezzy blended ARPU – 2012 – 2018
Table 14 – Algeria - Ooredoo financial data (QAR) – 2009 – 2018
Table 15 – Algeria - Ooredoo blended ARPU – 2009 – 2018
Table 16 – Algeria - Ooredoo mobile subscribers – 2005 – 2018
Table 17 – Algeria - Ooredoo wireless broadband subscribers – 2014 – 2018
Table 18 – Angola - Movicel mobile subscribers – 2014 – 2018
Table 19 – Angola - Unitel mobile subscribers – 2014 – 2017
Table 20 – Benin - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2012 – 2018
Table 21 – MTN Benin subscribers and ARPU – 2003 – 2018
Table 22 – MTN Benin revenue – 2011 – 2018
Table 23 – Benin - Moov subscribers – 2011 – 2018
Table 24 – Benin - Libercom subscribers – 2011 – 2018
Table 25 – Benin - BBCom subscribers – 2011 – 2015
Table 26 – Benin - Glo Mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2017
Table 27 – Botswana - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2010 – 2018
Table 28 – Mascom Botswana ARPU – 2005 – 2018
Table 29 – Mascom Botswana subscribers – 2011 – 2018
Table 30 – Mascom Botswana revenue – 2015 – 2018
Table 31 – Orange Botswana subscribers – 2007 – 2018
Table 32 – Orange Botswana mobile revenue (historic) – 2008 – 2014
Table 33 – Botswana - BTC subscribers – 2012 – 2018
Table 34 – Botswana - BTC mobile revenue by service – 2015 – 2018
Table 35 – Botswana - BTC mobile revenue by service – 2015 – 2018
Table 36 – Burkina Faso - Mobile operator market share of subscribers – 2011 – 2017
Table 37 – Orange Burkina Faso mobile subscribers – 2006 – 2018
Table 38 – Orange Burkina Faso financial data – 2016 – 2018
Table 39 – Burkina Faso - Onatel mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2018
Table 40 – Burkina Faso - Onatel revenue – 2011 – 2014
Table 41 – Burkina Faso - Historic - Onatel annualised ARPU – 2011 – 2015
Table 42 – Burkina Faso - Historic – Telecel mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2010
Table 43 – Cameroon - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2015 – 2017
Table 44 – Cameroon - Mobile market share of revenue by operator – 2014 – 2017
Table 45 – MTN Cameroon ARPU ($) – 2003 – 2018
Table 46 – MTN Cameroon ARPU (CFA) – 2013 – 2018
Table 47 – MTN Cameroon financial data – 2011 – 2018
Table 48 – MTN Cameroon revenue by type – 2015 – 2018
Table 49 – MTN Cameroon revenue (XAF) – 2016 – 2018
Table 50 – MTN Cameroon subscribers – 2012 – 2018
Table 51 – Orange Cameroon mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2018
Table 52 – Orange Cameroon revenue – 2012 – 2018
Table 53 – Orange Cameroon annualised ARPU – 2012 – 2017
Table 54 – Nextell Cameroon mobile subscribers – 2014 – 2018
Table 55 – Chad - Mobile base stations in service - 2000 – 2015
Table 56 – Chad - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2010 – 2015
Table 57 – Chad - Mobile voice traffic by operator – 2011 – 2015
Table 58 – Airtel Chad subscribers – 2005 - 2017
Table 59 – Tigo Chad subscribers – 2008 – 2017
Table 60 – Chad - Salam Mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2017
Table 61 – Tchad Mobile (defunct) subscribers – 2001 – 2004
Table 62 – Cote d’Ivoire - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2012 – 2018
Table 63 – MTN Côte d'Ivoire subscribers – 2002 – 2018
Table 64 – MTN Côte d'Ivoire revenue – 2012 – 2018
Table 65 – MTN Côte d’Ivoire ARPU – 2005 – 2018
Table 66 – Orange Côte d'Ivoire subscribers – 2002 – 2018
Table 67 – Orange Côte d'Ivoire revenue – 2011 – 2018
Table 68 – Comium Côte d’Ivoire subscribers – 2007 – 2016
Table 69 – Cote d’Ivoire - Moov subscribers – 2012 – 2018
Table 70 – Cote d’Ivoire - Green mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2016
Table 71 – Major mobile operator launch dates in the DRC
Table 72 – Vodacom Congo subscribers – 2002 – 2018
Table 73 – Vodacom Congo active data subscribers – 2013 – 2018
Table 74 – Vodacom Congo ARPU – 2003 – 2018
Table 75 – Vodacom Congo ARPU (ZAR) – 2012 – 2018
Table 76 – Vodacom Congo mobile revenue – 2016 – 2018
Table 77 – DRC - Airtel mobile subscribers – 2014 – 2018
Table 78 – DRC - Historic - Tigo subscribers – 2010 – 2015
Table 79 – Orange DRC subscribers – 2012 – 2018
Table 80 – Orange DRC revenue – 2013 – 2018
Table 81 – DRC - Africell mobile subscribers – 2014 – 2018
Table 82 – Egypt - Mobile market share of subscribers – 2014 – 2018
Table 83 – Orange Egypt subscribers – 2000 – 2018
Table 84 – Orange Egypt consolidated financial results (EGP) – 2002 – 2018
Table 85 – Orange Egypt financial results (€) – 2012 – 2018
Table 86 – Orange Egypt blended monthly ARPU (€) – 2012 – 2017
Table 87 – Vodafone Egypt financials (£) – 2013 – 2019
Table 88 – Vodafone Egypt financials (EGP) – 2012 – 2018
Table 89 – Vodafone Egypt mobile data traffic – 2013 – 2018
Table 90 – Vodafone Egypt subscribers – 2000 – 2018
Table 91 – Vodafone Egypt blended monthly ARPU – 2003 – 2018
Table 92 – Egypt - Etisalat Misr financial data – 2011 – 2018
Table 93 – Egypt - Etisalat Misr mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2018
Table 94 – Telecom Egypt mobile subscribers – 2016 – 2018
Table 95 – Eritrea - Telecom services revenue by platform – 2001 – 2015
Table 96 – Eritrea - Telecom services investment – 2001 – 2015
Table 97 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Eritrea – 2004 – 2018
Table 98 – Ethiopia - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
Table 99 – Ethiopia - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2019
Table 100 – Gabon - Mobile market share by operator – 2011 – 2018
Table 101 – Gabon - Mobile market share by operator – 2011 – 2018
Table 102 – Airtel Gabon subscribers – 2002 – 2018
Table 103 – Gabon - Libertis subscribers – 2007 – 2018
Table 104 – Gabon - Libertis mobile revenue – 2011 – 2014
Table 105 – Gabon - Libertis annualised mobile ARPU – 2013 – 2015
Table 106 – Gabon - Historic - Moov subscribers – 2010 – 2015
Table 107 – Gabon - Historic - Moov mobile ARPU – 2014 – 2015
Table 108 – Gabon - Azur subscribers – 2010 – 2017
Table 109 – Gambia - Gamcel mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2018
Table 110 – Gambia - Africell mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
Table 111 – Gambia - Comium mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2018
Table 112 – Gambia - QCell mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2018
Table 113 – Ghana - Mobile voice subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2018
Table 114 – Ghana - Mobile voice subscriber market share by operator – 2011 – 2018
Table 115 – Ghana - Overview of mobile network launch dates
Table 116 – Vodafone Ghana subscribers – 2008 – 2018
Table 117 – MTN Ghana financial data – 2011 – 2018
Table 118 – MTN Ghana revenue by type – 2015 – 2018
Table 119 – MTN Ghana mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2018
Table 120 – MTN Ghana ARPU – 2002 – 2018
Table 121 – Tigo Ghana mobile subscribers (regulator data) – 2013 – 2017
Table 122 – Tigo Ghana mobile subscribers (company data) – 2010 – 2017
Table 123 – Espresso Ghana mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2017
Table 124 – Airtel Ghana (Airtel Tigo) mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
Table 125 – Glo Mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
Table 126 – Guinea - Cumulative mobile market investment by operator – 2010 – 2017
Table 127 – Guinea - Mobile market revenue by operator – 2012 – 2017
Table 128 – Guinea - Mobile market share of revenue by operator – 2012 – 2018
Table 129 – Guinea - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2012 – 2018
Table 130 – Guinea - Mobile coverage of main towns by operator – 2011 – 2018
Table 131 – MTN Guinea financial data – 2011 – 2018
Table 132 – MTN Guinea financial data 9GNF) – 2017 – 2018
Table 133 – MTN Guinea subscribers and ARPU – 2006 – 2018
Table 134 – Orange Guinea subscribers – 2007 – 2018
Table 135 – Orange Guinea revenue – 2012 – 2018
Table 136 – Guinea - Intercel mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
Table 137 – Guinea - Cellcom mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
Table 138 – Kenya - Mobile services revenue and investments – 2009- 2017
Table 139 – Kenya - Mobile traffic share by operator – 2014 – 2018
Table 140 – Kenya - Market share of subscribers by operator – 2010 – 2018
Table 141 – Kenya - Safaricom revenue – 2011 – 2019
Table 142 – Kenya - Safaricom revenue by sector – 2010 – 2019
Table 143 – Kenya - Safaricom - proportion of service revenue by sector – 2014 – 2019
Table 144 – Kenya - Safaricom subscribers – 2010 – 2018
Table 145 – Kenya - Safaricom base stations by technology – 2013 – 2018
Table 146 – Airtel Kenya subscribers – 2010 – 2018
Table 147 – Kenya - Historic - Essar Telecom subscribers – 2010 – 2014
Table 148 – Telkom Kenya revenue – 2010 – 2014
Table 149 – Telkom Kenya mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2018
Table 150 – Kenya - Finserve Africa mobile subscribers – 2014 – 2018
Table 151 – Vodacom Lesotho subscribers and churn rate – 2002 – 2018
Table 152 – Vodacom Lesotho active data subscribers – 2014 – 2018
Table 153 – Vodacom Lesotho ARPU – 2011 – 2018
Table 154 – Vodacom Lesotho revenue – 2017 – 2018
Table 155 – Lesotho - ETL mobile subscribers – 2014 – 2016
Table 156 – Liberia - LoneStar/MTN Liberia subscribers, ARPU and market share – 2003 – 2018
Table 157 – Liberia - LoneStar/MTN Liberia revenue – 2013 – 2018
Table 158 – Liberia - Cellcom mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2018
Table 159 – Liberia - Novafone mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2016
Table 160 – Libya - Al-Madar mobile subscribers – 2013 - 201
Table 161 – Libyana mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2018
Table 162 – Madagascar - Mobile network coverage by technology and operator – 2017
Table 163 – Zain Madagascar financial data before takeover – 2006 – 2009
Table 164 – Airtel Madagascar mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
Table 165 – Orange Madagascar subscribers and ARPU – 2007 – 2018
Table 166 – Orange Madagascar revenue – 2012 – 2014
Table 167 – Madagascar - Telma Mobile mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
Table 168 – Malawi - TNM financial results – 2009 – 2018
Table 169 – Malawi - TNM ARPU ($) – 2003 – 2013
Table 170 – Malawi - TNM ARPU (MWK) – 2014 – 2016
Table 171 – Malawi - TNM mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2017
Table 172 – Malawi - TNM mobile bases stations in service – 2014 – 2016
Table 173 – Airtel Malawi mobile subscribers – 2016 – 2017
Table 174 – Malitel mobile subscribers – 2005 – 2018
Table 175 – Malitel mobile revenue – 2012 – 2014
Table 176 – Orange Mali mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2018
Table 177 – Orange Mali revenue (€) – 2007 – 2018
Table 178 – Orange Mali revenue (XOF) – 2005 – 2014
Table 179 – Orange Mali ARPU (€) – 2014 – 2016
Table 180 – Mauritel Mobiles mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
Table 181 – Mauritania - Mattel mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
Table 182 – Mauritania - Chinguitel mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
Table 183 – Mauritius - my-t mobile revenue – 2015 – 2017
Table 184 – Mauritius - my-t mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2017
Table 185 – Mauritius - my-t mobile subscribers (Orange Group own share) – 2015 – 2017
Table 186 – Mauritius - Emtel mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2014
Table 187 – Morocco - Maroc Telecom mobile subscribers and market share – 2002 – 2018
Table 188 – Morocco - Maroc Telecom mobile subscribers by platform – 2012 – 2018
Table 189 – Morocco - Maroc Telecom ARPU, churn rate – 2003 – 2018
Table 190 – Morocco - Maroc Telecom domestic mobile revenue – 2005 – 2018
Table 191 – Orange Morocco mobile subscribers and market share – 2002 – 2017
Table 192 – Orange Morocco mobile subscribers (company data) – 2016 – 2018
Table 193 –Orange Morocco revenue – 2015 – 2018
Table 194 – Morocco - Inwi mobile subscribers and market share – 2011 – 2017
Table 195 – Mozambique - Mobile market revenue – 2012 – 2016
Table 196 – Mozambique - mCel mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2017
Table 197 – Historical - Vodacom Mozambique financial results (ZAR) – 2007 – 2010
Table 198 – Vodacom Mozambique financial data (MZM) – 2016 – 2018
Table 199 – Vodacom Mozambique subscribers – 2008 – 2018
Table 200 – Vodacom Mozambique data subscribers – 2013 – 2018
Table 201 – Vodacom Mozambique ARPU – 2008 – 2018
Table 202 – Mozambique - Movitel mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2017
Table 203 – Namibia - MTC mobile subscribers – 2005 – 2016
Table 204 – Namibia - MTC mobile financial data – 2005 – 2017
Table 205 – Telecom Namibia mobile subscribers – 2015 – 2017
Table 206 – Niger - Mobile BTS in service by operator – 2012 – 2017
Table 207 – Niger - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 – 2018
Table 208 – Niger - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 – 2018
Table 209 – Airtel Niger mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2018
Table 210 – Orange Niger revenue – 2015 – 2018
Table 211 – Orange Niger mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2018
Table 212 – Moov Niger mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2018
Table 213 – Niger Telecom mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2018
Table 214 – Nigeria - MTN mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2018
Table 215 – MTN Nigeria financial data – 2010 – 2018
Table 216 – MTN Nigeria revenue by type – 2015 – 2018
Table 217 – MTN Nigeria ARPU – 2002 – 2018
Table 218 – Nigeria - Airtel mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2018
Table 219 – Nigeria - Globacom mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2018
Table 220 – Nigeria - Etisalat mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2018
Table 221 – Nigeria - 9Mobile mobile revenue and capex – 2013 – 2017
Table 222 – Nigeria - CDMA subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2017
Table 223 – Nigeria - Historic - Starcomms mobile subscribers – 2005 – 2014
Table 224 – Nigeria - Visafone mobile subscribers – 2009; 2013 – 2017
Table 225 – Rwanda - Prepaid and contract mobile subscribers –2016 – 2019
Table 226 – Rwanda - Mobile call tariff – 2009 – 2017
Table 227 – Rwanda - Mobile sector revenue – 2015 – 2018
Table 228 – Rwanda - Mobile geographic coverage by operator –2018
Table 229 – Rwanda - Mobile population coverage by operator – 2018
Table 230 – Rwanda - Mobile subscribers by operator (regulator data) – 2009 – 2018
Table 231 – Rwanda - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2011- 2019
Table 232 – MTN Rwanda ARPU – 2002 – 2018
Table 233 – MTN Rwanda financial data – 2011 – 2018
Table 234 – MTN Rwanda subscribers – 2012 – 2019
Table 235 – Tigo Rwanda B2C subscribers – 2010 – 2017
Table 236 – Tigo Rwanda mobile subscribers – 2015 – 2018
Table 237 – Airtel Rwanda subscribers – 2010 – 2019
Table 238 – Senegal - Market share of subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2018
Table 239 –Orange Senegal mobile subscribers – 1999 – 2018
Table 240 – Orange Senegal mobile revenue (€) – 2011 – 2018
Table 241 – Orange Senegal prepaid mobile ARPU (XOF) – 2011 – 2018
Table 242 – Orange Senegal blended mobile ARPU (€) – 2012 – 2016
Table 243 – Orange Senegal prepaid ARPU (XOF) – 2016 – 2018
Table 244 – Senegal - Tigo mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2018
Table 245 – Senegal - Expresso mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2018
Table 246 – Sierra Leone - GSM licence awards and operations in Sierra Leone
Table 247 – Sierra Leone - Historic - Celtel/Zain SL subscribers and market share – 2003 – 2009
Table 248 – Orange Sierra Leone mobile subscribers – 2016 – 2018
Table 249 – Vodacom South Africa mobile revenue – 2010 – 2019
Table 250 – Vodacom South Africa subscribers and market share – 2002 - 2018
Table 251 – Vodacom South Africa mobile data subscribers – 2013 – 2018
Table 252 – MTN South Africa subscribers and market share – 2002 – 2018
Table 253 – MTN South Africa financial data – 2012 – 2018
Table 254 – MTN South Africa mobile ARPU – 2013 – 2018
Table 255 – South Africa - Cell C mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
Table 256 – South Africa - Cell C mobile service revenue – 2013 – 2018
Table 257 – South Africa - Cell C mobile data revenue – 2017 – 2018
Table 258 – South Africa - Cell C financial data – 2016 – 2017
Table 259 – South Africa - Telkom mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2018
Table 260 – South Africa - Telkom prepaid and contract mobile subscribers – 2015 – 2018
Table 261 – South Africa - Telkom mobile financial data – 2014 - 2019
Table 262 – South Africa - Telkom mobile ARPU – 2014 – 2019
Table 263 – South Africa - Telkom mobile data traffic – 2017 – 2019
Table 264 – VivaCell South Sudan subscribers – 2013 – 2017
Table 265 – Zain South Sudan subscribers and ARPU – 2012 – 2018
Table 266 – Zain South Sudan financial data – 2012 – 2016
Table 267 – MTN South Sudan revenue (ZAR) – 2015 – 2018
Table 268 – MTN South Sudan subscribers – 2012 – 2018
Table 269 – MTN South Sudan ARPU – 2014 – 2018
Table 270 – Sudan - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2017
Table 271 – Zain Sudan subscribers and ARPU – 2003 – 2018
Table 272 – Zain Sudan financial data ($) – 2013 – 2017
Table 273 – Zain Sudan financial data (SDG) – 2015 – 2018
Table 274 – MTN Sudan subscribers and ARPU – 2006 – 2018
Table 275 – MTN Sudan financial data – 2013 – 2018
Table 276 –Sudani mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2018
Table 277 – Swazi MTN subscribers – 2012 – 2018
Table 278 – Swazi MTN revenue – 2015 – 2018
Table 279 – Swazi MTN ARPU – 2001 – 2018
Table 280 – Swazi Mobile subscribers – 2017 – 2018
Table 281 – Tanzania - Mobile voice subscriber market share by operator – 2011 – 2018
Table 282 – Tanzania - TTC mobile subscribers – 2006 – 2018
Table 283 – Vodacom Tanzania subscribers – 2000 – 2018
Table 284 – Vodacom Tanzania data subscribers – 2013 – 2016
Table 285 – Vodacom Tanzania ARPU ($) – 2003 – 2014
Table 286 – Vodacom Tanzania ARPU (TZS) – 2011 – 2016
Table 287 – Tanzania - Airtel subscribers – 2002 – 2018
Table 288 – Millicom Tanzania mobile subscribers – 2000 – 2018
Table 289 – Tanzania - Zantel mobile subscribers – 2000 – 2018
Table 290 – Tanzania - Halotel mobile subscribers – 2015 – 2018
Table 291 – Tunisia - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 - 2019
Table 292 – Tunisie Telecom mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2019
Table 293 – Ooredoo Tunisia blended monthly ARPU (QR) – 2010 - 2018
Table 294 – Ooredoo Tunisia revenue and EBITDA – 2010 - 2018
Table 295 – Ooredoo Tunisia mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2018
Table 296 – Orange Tunisie mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2019
Table 297 – Lycamobile Tunisie mobile subscribers – 2015 - 2019
Table 298 – MTN Uganda subscribers – 2000 – 2018
Table 299 – MTN Uganda financial data – 2013 – 2018
Table 300 – MTN Uganda ARPU – 2002 – 2018
Table 301 – Airtel Uganda subscribers – 2002 – 2017
Table 302 – Uganda - Telecel mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2017
Table 303 – Africell Uganda mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2017
Table 304 – Smile Uganda mobile subscribers – 2015 – 2017
Table 305 – Vodafone Uganda mobile subscribers – 2015 – 2017
Table 306 – Zambia - Annualised mobile ARPU – 2012 – 2017
Table 307 – Airtel Zambia subscribers – 2014 – 2017
Table 308 – MTN Zambia financial data– 2012 – 2018
Table 309 – MTN Zambia subscribers – 2012 – 2018
Table 310 – MTN Zambia mobile ARPU – 2013 – 2018
Table 311 – Zamtel mobile revenue – 2012 – 2013
Table 312 – Zamtel mobile subscribers – 2015 – 2017
Table 313 – Zimbabwe - Market share of 2G base stations by operator – 2015 – 2018
Table 314 – Zimbabwe - Market share of 3G base stations by operator – 2015 – 2018
Table 315 – Zimbabwe - Market share of 4G base stations by operator – 2015 – 2018
Table 316 – Zimbabwe - Active mobile subscriptions by operator– 2014 – 2017
Table 317 – Zimbabwe - Operator market share of active mobile subscriptions – 2013 – 2018
Table 318 – Zimbabwe - Econet Wireless financial data – 2010 – 2019
Table 319 – Zimbabwe - Econet Wireless data revenue – 2010 – 2019
Table 320 – Zimbabwe - Econet Wireless active mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2018
Table 321 – Zimbabwe - NetOne active mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2018
Table 322 – Zimbabwe - Telecel active mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2018

List of Charts

Chart 1 – Africa Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Leaders (top tier)
Chart 2 – Africa Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Challengers (middle tier)
Chart 3 – Africa Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Emergents (bottom tier)
Chart 4 – North Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index by country
Chart 5 – West Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index by country
Chart 6 – Southern Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index by country
Chart 7 – Central Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index by country
Chart 8 – East Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index by country
Chart 10 – North Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per capita
Chart 11 – West Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per capita
Chart 12 – Southern Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per capita
Chart 13 – Central Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per capita
Chart 14 – East Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per capita
Chart 15 – North Africa mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 16 – West Africa mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 17 – Southern Africa mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 18 – Central Africa mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 19 – East Africa mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 20 – North Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates
Chart 21 – West Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates
Chart 22 – Southern Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates
Chart 23 – Central Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates
Chart 24 – East Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates
Chart 25 – Algeria - Djezzy financial data – 2013 – 2018
Chart 26 – Algeria - Ooredoo financial data (QAR) – 2009 – 2018
Chart 27 – Benin - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2012 – 2018
Chart 28 – Botswana - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2010 – 2018
Chart 29 – Botswana - BTC mobile revenue by service – 2015 – 2018
Chart 30 – Burkina Faso - Mobile operator market share of subscribers – 2011 – 2017
Chart 31 – Cote d’Ivoire - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2012 – 2018
Chart 32 – Orange Côte d'Ivoire revenue – 2011 – 2018
Chart 33 – Orange Egypt financial results (EGP) – 2002 – 2018
Chart 34 – Vodafone Egypt financials (£) – 2013 – 2018
Chart 35 – Vodafone Egypt financials (EGP) – 2012 – 2018
Chart 36 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Eritrea – 2004 – 2018
Chart 37 – Ethiopia - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 – 2019
Chart 38 – Ghana - Mobile voice subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2018
Chart 39 – MTN Ghana financial data – 2011 – 2018
Chart 40 – MTN Ghana revenue by type – 2015 – 2018
Chart 41 – Guinea - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2012 – 2018
Chart 42 – Kenya - Market share of subscribers by operator – 2010 – 2018
Chart 43 – Kenya - Safaricom revenue – 2011 – 2019
Chart 44 – Kenya - Safaricom revenue by sector – 2010 – 2019
Chart 45 – Kenya - Safaricom - proportion of service revenue by sector – 2014 – 2019
Chart 46 – Malawi - TNM financial results – 2009 – 2018
Chart 47 – Namibia - MTC mobile financial data – 2005 – 2017
Chart 48 – MTN Nigeria financial data – 2010 – 2018
Chart 49 – MTN Rwanda financial data – 2011 – 2018
Chart 50 – Senegal - Market share of subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2018
Chart 51 – Vodacom South Africa mobile revenue – 2010 – 2019
Chart 52 – South Africa - Telkom mobile ARPU – 2014 – 2019
Chart 53 – Swazi MTN revenue – 2015 – 2018
Chart 54 – Tunisia - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 – 2019
Chart 55 – Ooredoo Tunisia financial data – 2010 – 2018
Chart 56 – Ooredoo Tunisia mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2018
Chart 57 – MTN Uganda financial data – 2013 – 2018
Chart 58 – MTN Zambia financial data– 2012 – 2018
Chart 59 – Zimbabwe - Active mobile subscriptions by operator– 2014 – 2018
Chart 60 – Zimbabwe - Operator market share of active mobile subscriptions – 2013 – 2018
Chart 61 – Zimbabwe - Econet Wireless financial data – 2010 – 2019

List of Exhibits

Exhibit 1 – Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
Exhibit 2 – Swazi MTN licence conditions
Exhibit 3 – Tanzania - Emergency rescue scheme for Lake Victoria
Exhibit 4 – Vodacom – in and out and back in Zambia

  • Global Mobile Communications Industry Market Research Report
    Published: 25-Jun-2019        Price: US 2960 Onwards        Pages: 125
    The Mobile Communications market revenue was xx.xx Million USD in 2014, grew to xx.xx Million USD in 2018, and will reach xx.xx Million USD in 2024, with a CAGR of x.x% during 2019-2024. Based on the Mobile Communications industrial chain, this report mainly elaborates the definition, types, applications and major players of Mobile Communications market in details. Deep analysis about market status (2014-2019), enterprise competition pattern, advantages and disadvantages of enterprise products, ......
  • Global Cloud Mobile Music Services Market Size, Status and Forecast 2019-2025
    Published: 25-Jun-2019        Price: US 3900 Onwards        Pages: 92
    Cloud mobile music services include internet services that help users to upload their personal music collection on the cloud. These (music collections) can be later retrieved from the Internet on laptops, smartphones, tablets, and other devices. A majority of the mobile music service providers have online music stores that offer songs to the user. Cloud-based online music enables listeners to move from the traditional way of owning music to a new model of 'anytime-anywhere' access to music. Movi......
  • Global Wireless Gas Detection Technology Market Size, Status and Forecast 2019-2025
    Published: 21-Jun-2019        Price: US 3900 Onwards        Pages: 103
    In 2018, the global Wireless Gas Detection Technology market size was million US$ and it is expected to reach million US$ by the end of 2025, with a CAGR of during 2019-2025. This report focuses on the global Wireless Gas Detection Technology status, future forecast, growth opportunity, key market and key players. The study objectives are to present the Wireless Gas Detection Technology development in United States, Europe and China. The key players covered in this ......
  • Global M Commerce Market Size, Status and Forecast 2019-2025
    Published: 21-Jun-2019        Price: US 3900 Onwards        Pages: 90
    In 2018, the global M Commerce market size was million US$ and it is expected to reach million US$ by the end of 2025, with a CAGR of during 2019-2025. This report focuses on the global M Commerce status, future forecast, growth opportunity, key market and key players. The study objectives are to present the M Commerce development in United States, Europe and China. The key players covered in this study - Ericsson Inc. - PayPal - Visa - M......
  • Global Near Field Communication Enabled Handsets Market Insights, Forecast to 2025
    Published: 19-Jun-2019        Price: US 3900 Onwards        Pages: 127
    Near Field Communication (NFC) is a standards-based short-range wireless connectivity technology that makes life easier and more convenient for consumers around the world by making it simpler to make transactions, exchange digital content, and connect electronic devices with a touch. NFC is compatible with hundreds of millions of contactless cards and readers already deployed worldwide. Global Near Field Communication Enabled Handsets market size will increase to xx Million US$ by 2025, f......
  • Global NFC Chips Market Insights, Forecast to 2025
    Published: 11-Jun-2019        Price: US 4900 Onwards        Pages: 110
    NFC chips refer to the ICs in mobile devices, POS terminals, and retail products that store information and control transactions. NFC chips enable communication between NFC-enabled devices within a radius of 4 inches. These chips provide ease of transaction and data exchange between devices without the need to pair them. This has resulted in increased adoption of NFC chips across various segments. Near field communication is a technology which is generally used in electronics devices such......
  • Global Mobile Communication Antennas Market Research Report 2012-2024
    Published: 10-Jun-2019        Price: US 1800 Onwards        Pages: 73
    Summary The global Mobile Communication Antennas market will reach xxx Million USD in 2019 with CAGR xx% 2019-2024. The objective of report is to define, segment, and project the market on the basis of product type, application, and region, and to describe the content about the factors influencing market dynamics, policy, economic, technology and market entry etc. Based on products type, the report describes major products type share of regional market. Products men......
  • Global (United States, European Union and China) Mobile Communication Antennas Market Research Report 2019-2025
    Published: 06-Jun-2019        Price: US 3280 Onwards        Pages: 115
    In 2019, the market size of Mobile Communication Antennas is million US$ and it will reach million US$ in 2025, growing at a CAGR of from 2019; while in China, the market size is valued at xx million US$ and will increase to xx million US$ in 2025, with a CAGR of xx% during forecast period. In this report, 2018 has been considered as the base year and 2019 to 2025 as the forecast period to estimate the market size for Mobile Communication Antennas. This report studies the ......
  • Mobile Communication Antennas Market Research: Global Status & Forecast by Geography, Type & Application (2015-2025)
    Published: 05-Jun-2019        Price: US 2280 Onwards        Pages: 54
    According to 99Strategy, the Global Mobile Communication Antennas Market is estimated to reach xxx million USD in 2019 and projected to grow at the CAGR of xx% during the 2020-2025. The report analyses the global Mobile Communication Antennas market, the market size and growth, as well as the major market participants. The analysis includes market size, upstream situation, market segmentation, market segmentation, price & cost and industry environment. In addition, the report outl......
  • SERVICES
    Value for Money
    We believe in "optimum utilization of available budget and resources". While servicing our clients' (your) market research requirements, we keep the same approach in focus to help you get the best value for your $$s.
    Ever Growing Inventory
    Ranging from the smallest feasible / required data (datasheets, data facts, SWOT analysis, company profiles, etc) to full research reports that help you make decisions, our inventory is updated almost on a daily basis with the latest industry reports from domain experts that track more than 5000 niche sectors.
    One Stop Solution
    Need a custom research report on medical devices market? Require all available business intelligence on 3D printing industry? Exploring F&B sector of a particular country/region? RnRMarketResearch.com is your one-stop-solution to all market intelligence needs. We not only offer custom research and consulting services, we also "bundle" reports to meet your needs and help you fetch the data analysis you require for your business.
    Dedicated Client Engagement
    Not limited to only "finding" relevant reports for you, our client engagement team dedicates its efforts to understand your "business need" and accordingly maps available research data to help you move forward. Call "your" client engagement executive any time of your day and get your questions answered in order to make the correct business decision.
    Saving Time and Efforts
    Simply share your research requirement details with us and let us do all the hard work to find required intelligence for you. When you add up our "one stop solution" and "dedicated client engagement" services mentioned above, you obviously know the time and effort saving you do by working with us.
    Payment Flexibility
    Working with Fortune 500 organizations, we understand the importance of being flexible for payments. Share your payment terms with us and we will surely match up to them to ensure you get access to required business intelligence data without having to wait for the payment to be done.
    Post-Purchase Research Support
    Have questions after reading a report / datasheet bought through us? Not sure about the methodology used for data available in the research? Talk to us / Share your questions with us and if required, we will connect you with the analyst(s)/author(s) of the report(s) and ensure you get satisfactory answers for the same. Need more data / analysis / report(s) on the topic of your research/project? The RnRMarketResearch.com team is here for you 24X7 to support you with your post-purchase requirements. Subscription Offers & Packages (Get in touch with us for more details - sales@rnrmarketresearch.com / +1 888 391 5441 )
    • Ad Hoc
    • Pay - as - you - go / Bucket Subscriptions
    • Fixed Cost for #of reports
    • Customize / Personalize as per your needs