2017-2022 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Market Report (Status and Outlook)

Publisher Name :
Date: 12-Jan-2018
No. of pages: 114

"This report will be delivered in 2-3 business days after the order is placed."

In 2016, the Vertical Turbine Pump market size was xx million USD in United States, and it will be xx million USD in 2022, with a CAGR of xx% between 2016 and 2022.

In United States market, the top players include

  • Ruhrpumpen

  • Grundfos

  • Simflo Pumps

  • Sulzer

  • Pentair Aurora Pump

  • Gorman Rupp (National Pump)

  • SMI

  • SPP Pumps

  • Xylem

  • Hydroflo Pumps

Split by product types/category, covering

  • Ductile Iron Pump

  • Stainless Steel Pump

  • Other Pump

Split by applications/end use industries, covers

  • Water & Irrigation

  • Fire Fighting

  • Municipal & Industrial

  • Others

2017-2022 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Market Report (Status and Outlook)

Table of Contents

2017-2022 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Market Report (Status and Outlook)

1 Vertical Turbine Pump Market Overview
1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Vertical Turbine Pump
1.2 Vertical Turbine Pump Market Segment by Types
1.2.1 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Present Situation and Outlook by Types (2012-2022)
1.2.2 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Market Share by Types in 2016
1.2.3 Ductile Iron Pump
1.2.3.1 Major Players of Ductile Iron Pump
1.2.4 Stainless Steel Pump
1.2.4.1 Major Players of Stainless Steel Pump
1.2.5 Other Pump
1.2.5.1 Major Players of Other Pump
1.3 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Market Segment by Applications/End Use Industries
1.3.1 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Present Situation and Outlook by Applications/End Industrials (2012-2022)
1.3.2 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Market Share by Applications in 2016
1.3.2 Water & Irrigation
1.3.3 Fire Fighting
1.3.4 Municipal & Industrial
1.3.5 Others
1.4 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Overview and Market Size (Value) (2012-2022)
1.4.1 United States Market Vertical Turbine Pump Overview
1.4.2 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Market Size (Value and Volume) Status and Forecast (2012-2022)

2 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue (Value) and Market Share by Players
2.1 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales and Market Share (2012-2017) by Players
2.2 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Revenue and Market Share by Players (2012-2017)
2.3 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Average Price by Players in 2016
2.4 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Manufacturing Base Distribution, Sales Area, Product Types by Players
2.5 Vertical Turbine Pump Market Competitive Situation and Trends
2.5.1 Vertical Turbine Pump Market Concentration Rate
2.5.2 Vertical Turbine Pump Market Share of Top 3 and Top 5 Players
2.5.3 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion

3 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue (Value) by Type and Application (2012-2017)
3.1 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Market Share and Price by Type (2012-2017)
3.1.1 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales and Market Share by Type (2012-2017)
3.1.2 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Revenue and Market Share by Type (2012-2017)
3.1.3 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Price by Type (2012-2017)
3.2 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales and Market Share by Application (2012-2017)
3.3 United States Market Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue (Million USD), Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)

4 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Players Profiles and Sales Data
4.1 Ruhrpumpen
4.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
4.1.2 Vertical Turbine Pump Product Types, Application and Specification
4.1.2.1 Type 1
4.1.2.2 Type 2
4.1.3 Ruhrpumpen Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
4.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview
4.1.5 Ruhrpumpen News
4.2 Grundfos
4.2.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
4.2.2 Vertical Turbine Pump Product Types, Application and Specification
4.2.2.1 Type 1
4.2.2.2 Type 2
4.2.3 Grundfos Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
4.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview
4.2.5 Grundfos News
4.3 Simflo Pumps
4.3.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
4.3.2 Vertical Turbine Pump Product Types, Application and Specification
4.3.2.1 Type 1
4.3.2.2 Type 2
4.3.3 Simflo Pumps Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
4.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview
4.3.5 Simflo Pumps News
4.4 Sulzer
4.4.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
4.4.2 Vertical Turbine Pump Product Types, Application and Specification
4.4.2.1 Type 1
4.4.2.2 Type 2
4.4.3 Sulzer Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
4.4.4 Main Business/Business Overview
4.4.5 Sulzer News
4.5 Pentair Aurora Pump
4.5.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
4.5.2 Vertical Turbine Pump Product Types, Application and Specification
4.5.2.1 Type 1
4.5.2.2 Type 2
4.5.3 Pentair Aurora Pump Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
4.5.4 Main Business/Business Overview
4.5.5 Pentair Aurora Pump News
4.6 Gorman Rupp (National Pump)
4.6.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
4.6.2 Vertical Turbine Pump Product Types, Application and Specification
4.6.2.1 Type 1
4.6.2.2 Type 2
4.6.3 Gorman Rupp (National Pump) Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
4.6.4 Main Business/Business Overview
4.6.5 Gorman Rupp (National Pump) News
4.7 SMI
4.7.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
4.7.2 Vertical Turbine Pump Product Types, Application and Specification
4.7.2.1 Type 1
4.7.2.2 Type 2
4.7.3 SMI Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
4.7.4 Main Business/Business Overview
4.7.5 SMI News
4.8 SPP Pumps
4.8.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
4.8.2 Vertical Turbine Pump Product Types, Application and Specification
4.8.2.1 Type 1
4.8.2.2 Type 2
4.8.3 SPP Pumps Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
4.8.4 Main Business/Business Overview
4.8.5 SPP Pumps News
4.9 Xylem
4.9.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
4.9.2 Vertical Turbine Pump Product Types, Application and Specification
9.9.2.1 Type 1
9.9.2.2 Type 2
4.9.3 Xylem Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
4.9.4 Main Business/Business Overview
4.9.5 Xylem News
4.10 Hydroflo Pumps
4.10.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
4.10.2 Vertical Turbine Pump Product Types, Application and Specification
4.10.2.1 Type 1
4.10.2.2 Type 2
4.10.3 Hydroflo Pumps Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
4.10.4 Main Business/Business Overview
4.10.5 Hydroflo Pumps News

5 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Market Forecast (2017-2022)
5.1 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue and Price Forecast (2017-2022)
5.1.1 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales and Growth Rate Forecast (2017-2022)
5.1.2 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2017-2022)
5.1.3 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Price Trend Forecast (2017-2022)
5.2 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Forecast by Type (2017-2022)
5.3 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Forecast by Application (2017-2022)

6 Production Cost Analysis of Vertical Turbine Pump
6.1 Main Raw Materials of Vertical Turbine Pump
6.1.1 List of Vertical Turbine Pump Main Raw Materials
6.1.2 Vertical Turbine Pump Main Raw Materials Price Analysis
6.1.3 Vertical Turbine Pump Raw Materials Major Suppliers
6.1.4 Vertical Turbine Pump Main Raw Materials Market Concentration Rate
6.2 Production Cost Structure of Vertical Turbine Pump
6.2.1 Raw Materials
6.2.2 Labor Cost
6.2.3 Production Expenses
6.3 Vertical Turbine Pump Manufacturing Process/Method

7 Value Chain, Purchasing Strategy and Downstream Buyers
7.1 Vertical Turbine Pump Value Chain Analysis
7.2 Upstream Raw Materials Purchasing
7.3 Raw Materials Sources of Vertical Turbine Pump Major Players in 2016
7.4 Downstream Buyers

8 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders
8.1 Sales Channel
8.1.1 Direct Sales
8.1.2 Indirect Sales
8.1.3 Sales Channel Development Trend
8.2 Product Market Positioning
8.2.1 Pricing Strategy
8.2.2 Brand Strategy
8.2.3 Target Client
8.3 Vertical Turbine Pump Distributors/Traders List in United States

9 Market Influences Factors Analysis
9.1 Changes from the Related Industries
9.2 Substitutes Threat
9.3 Customer Preference Change
9.4 Economic/Political Environmental Change
9.5 Upstream and Downstream Fluctuation

10 Research Findings and Conclusion

11 Appendix
11.1 Methodology
11.2 Data Source

List of Tables and Figures

Figure Picture of Vertical Turbine Pump
Table Product Specifications of Vertical Turbine Pump
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales (volume) for Each Type (2012-2022)
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Market Share by Types in 2016
Table Types of Vertical Turbine Pump
Figure Product Picture of Ductile Iron Pump
Table Major Players of Ductile Iron Pump
Figure Product Picture of Stainless Steel Pump
Table Major Players of Stainless Steel Pump
Figure Product Picture of Other Pump
Table Major Players of Other Pump
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Present Situation and Outlook by Applications (2012-2022)
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Market Share by Applications in 2016
Table Applications of Vertical Turbine Pump
Figure Water & Irrigation Examples
Figure Fire Fighting Examples
Figure Municipal & Industrial Examples
Figure Others Examples
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Revenue (Million USD) Status and Forecast (2012-2022)
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales (Volume) Status and Forecast (2012-2022)
Table United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales by Players (2012-2017)
Table United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Market Share (%) by Players (2012-2017)
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Share by Players in 2016
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Share by Players in 2017
Table United States Vertical Turbine Pump Revenue (Million USD) by Players (2012-2017)
Table United States Vertical Turbine Pump Revenue Market Share (%) by Players (2012-2017)
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Revenue Share by Players in 2016
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Revenue Share by Players in 2017
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Average Price by Players in 2016
Table United States Vertical Turbine Pump Manufacturing Base Distribution and Sales Area by Players
Table Players Vertical Turbine Pump Product Types
Figure Vertical Turbine Pump Market Share of Top 3 Players
Figure Vertical Turbine Pump Market Share of Top 5 Players
Table United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales by Type (2012-2017)
Table United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Market Share by Type (2012-2017)
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Market Share by Type 2016
Figure 2016 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Market Share by Type
Table United States Vertical Turbine Pump Revenue (Million USD) by Type (2012-2017)
Table United States Vertical Turbine Pump Revenue Market Share by Type (2012-2017)
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Revenue Market Share by Type 2016
Figure 2016 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Revenue Market Share by Type
Table United States Vertical Turbine Pump Price by Type (2012-2017)
Table United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales by Application (2012-2017)
Table United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Market Share by Application (2012-2017)
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Market Share by Application (2012-2017)
Figure 2016 United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Market Share by Application
Table United States Market Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue (Million USD), Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
Table Ruhrpumpen Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
Figure Ruhrpumpen Vertical Turbine Pump Market Share (2012-2017)
Table Grundfos Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
Table Grundfos Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
Figure Grundfos Vertical Turbine Pump Market Share (2012-2017)
Table Simflo Pumps Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
Table Simflo Pumps Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
Figure Simflo Pumps Vertical Turbine Pump Market Share (2012-2017)
Table Sulzer Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
Table Sulzer Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
Figure Sulzer Vertical Turbine Pump Market Share (2012-2017)
Table Pentair Aurora Pump Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
Table Pentair Aurora Pump Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
Figure Pentair Aurora Pump Vertical Turbine Pump Market Share (2012-2017)
Table Gorman Rupp (National Pump) Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
Table Gorman Rupp (National Pump) Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
Figure Gorman Rupp (National Pump) Vertical Turbine Pump Market Share (2012-2017)
Table SMI Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
Table SMI Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
Figure SMI Vertical Turbine Pump Market Share (2012-2017)
Table SPP Pumps Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
Table SPP Pumps Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
Figure SPP Pumps Vertical Turbine Pump Market Share (2012-2017)
Table Xylem Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
Table Xylem Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
Figure Xylem Vertical Turbine Pump Market Share (2012-2017)
Table Hydroflo Pumps Basic Information, Manufacturing Base, Sales Area and Its Competitors
Table Hydroflo Pumps Vertical Turbine Pump Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017)
Figure Hydroflo Pumps Vertical Turbine Pump Market Share (2012-2017)
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales and Growth Rate Forecast (2017-2022)
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2017-2022)
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Price Trend Forecast (2017-2022)
Table United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Forecast by Type (2017-2022)
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Market Share Forecast by Type (2017-2022)
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Market Share Forecast by Type in 2022
Table United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Forecast by Application (2017-2022)
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Market Share Forecast by Application (2017-2022)
Figure United States Vertical Turbine Pump Sales Market Share Forecast by Application in 2022
Table Production Base and Market Concentration Rate of Raw Material
Figure Vertical Turbine Pump Main Raw Materials Price Trend
Table Vertical Turbine Pump Raw Materials Major Suppliers List
Figure Production Cost Structure of Vertical Turbine Pump
Figure Vertical Turbine Pump Manufacturing Process/Method
Figure Vertical Turbine Pump Value Chain Analysis
Table Raw Materials Sources of Vertical Turbine Pump Major Players in 2016
Table Major Buyers of Vertical Turbine Pump
Table Vertical Turbine Pump Distributors/Traders List in United States
  • Global Geothermal Heat Pump Market Growth 2019-2024
    Published: 23-Jan-2019        Price: US 3660 Onwards        Pages: 163
    A geothermal heat pump or ground source heat pump (GSHP) is a central heating and/or cooling system that transfers heat to or from the ground. It uses the earth all the time, without any intermittency, as a heat source (in the winter) or a heat sink (in the summer). Geothermal heat pump systems consist of the heat pump unit, the ground heat exchanger, and the air delivery system (ductwork). The heat exchanger has a system of pipes called a loop, which is buried in the ground near the buil......
  • Global Electric Water Pumps Market Growth 2019-2024
    Published: 23-Jan-2019        Price: US 3660 Onwards        Pages: 133
    Electric water pump is activated by battery and motor only on demand for cooling. The just function minimizes the load on engine. In the future, the technology of Electric Water Pumps will be more and more mature, and the application regions will expand, it will have larger market share in the automotive battery. The future price will have great relationship with the power and frequency. China will be a potential market. According to this study, over the next five years the......
  • Global Industrial Lobe Pump Market Insights, Forecast to 2025
    Published: 22-Jan-2019        Price: US 4900 Onwards        Pages: 116
    Lobe pumps are similar to external gear pumps in operation in that fluid flows around the interior of the casing. Unlike external gear pumps, however, the lobes do not make contact. Lobe contact is prevented by external timing gears located in the gearbox. Pump shaft support bearings are located in the gearbox, and since the bearings are out of the pumped liquid, pressure is limited by bearing location and shaft deflection. Lobe pumps are used in a variety of industries including pulp and......
  • Variable Oil Pump Market Insights 2019, Global and Chinese Analysis and Forecast to 2024
    Published: 22-Jan-2019        Price: US 3000 Onwards        Pages: 142
    Variable Oil Pump Market Insights 2019, Global and Chinese Scenario is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the global Variable Oil Pump industry with a focus on the Chinese market. The report provides key statistics on the market status of the Variable Oil Pump manufacturers and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the industry. Overall, the report provides an in-depth insight of 2014-2024 global and Chinese Variable Oil......
  • Electric Oil Pump Market Insights 2019, Global and Chinese Analysis and Forecast to 2024
    Published: 22-Jan-2019        Price: US 3000 Onwards        Pages: 148
    Electric Oil Pump Market Insights 2019, Global and Chinese Scenario is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the global Electric Oil Pump industry with a focus on the Chinese market. The report provides key statistics on the market status of the Electric Oil Pump manufacturers and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the industry. Overall, the report provides an in-depth insight of 2014-2024 global and Chinese Electric Oil......
  • Global Wastewater Pumps Market Research Report 2019
    Published: 22-Jan-2019        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 114
    The global Wastewater Pumps market is valued at million US$ in 2018 is expected to reach million US$ by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of during 2019-2025. This report focuses on Wastewater Pumps volume and value at global level, regional level and company level. From a global perspective, this report represents overall Wastewater Pumps market size by analyzing historical data and future prospect. Regionally, this report focuses on several key regions: North America, Europe, C......
  • Global Electric Oil Pumps Market Research Report 2019
    Published: 22-Jan-2019        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 91
    The global Electric Oil Pumps market is valued at million US$ in 2018 is expected to reach million US$ by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of during 2019-2025. This report focuses on Electric Oil Pumps volume and value at global level, regional level and company level. From a global perspective, this report represents overall Electric Oil Pumps market size by analyzing historical data and future prospect. Regionally, this report focuses on several key regions: North America, Eur......
  • Global Positive Displacement Pumps Market Research Report 2019
    Published: 22-Jan-2019        Price: US 2900 Onwards        Pages: 119
    The global Positive Displacement Pumps market is valued at million US$ in 2018 is expected to reach million US$ by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of during 2019-2025. This report focuses on Positive Displacement Pumps volume and value at global level, regional level and company level. From a global perspective, this report represents overall Positive Displacement Pumps market size by analyzing historical data and future prospect. Regionally, this report focuses on several key ......
  • Global Electric Water Pumps Market 2019 by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2024
    Published: 21-Jan-2019        Price: US 3480 Onwards        Pages: 117
    Electric water pump is activated by battery and motor only on demand for cooling. The just function minimizes the load on engine. Scope of the Report: In the future, the technology of Electric Water Pumps will be more and more mature, and the application regions will expand, it will have larger market share in the automotive battery. The future price will have great relationship with the power and frequency. China will be a potential market. The worldwide market for ......
  • SERVICES
    Value for Money
    We believe in "optimum utilization of available budget and resources". While servicing our clients' (your) market research requirements, we keep the same approach in focus to help you get the best value for your $$s.
    Ever Growing Inventory
    Ranging from the smallest feasible / required data (datasheets, data facts, SWOT analysis, company profiles, etc) to full research reports that help you make decisions, our inventory is updated almost on a daily basis with the latest industry reports from domain experts that track more than 5000 niche sectors.
    One Stop Solution
    Need a custom research report on medical devices market? Require all available business intelligence on 3D printing industry? Exploring F&B sector of a particular country/region? RnRMarketResearch.com is your one-stop-solution to all market intelligence needs. We not only offer custom research and consulting services, we also "bundle" reports to meet your needs and help you fetch the data analysis you require for your business.
    Dedicated Client Engagement
    Not limited to only "finding" relevant reports for you, our client engagement team dedicates its efforts to understand your "business need" and accordingly maps available research data to help you move forward. Call "your" client engagement executive any time of your day and get your questions answered in order to make the correct business decision.
    Saving Time and Efforts
    Simply share your research requirement details with us and let us do all the hard work to find required intelligence for you. When you add up our "one stop solution" and "dedicated client engagement" services mentioned above, you obviously know the time and effort saving you do by working with us.
    Payment Flexibility
    Working with Fortune 500 organizations, we understand the importance of being flexible for payments. Share your payment terms with us and we will surely match up to them to ensure you get access to required business intelligence data without having to wait for the payment to be done.
    Post-Purchase Research Support
    Have questions after reading a report / datasheet bought through us? Not sure about the methodology used for data available in the research? Talk to us / Share your questions with us and if required, we will connect you with the analyst(s)/author(s) of the report(s) and ensure you get satisfactory answers for the same. Need more data / analysis / report(s) on the topic of your research/project? The RnRMarketResearch.com team is here for you 24X7 to support you with your post-purchase requirements. Subscription Offers & Packages (Get in touch with us for more details - sales@rnrmarketresearch.com / +1 888 391 5441 )
    • Ad Hoc
    • Pay - as - you - go / Bucket Subscriptions
    • Fixed Cost for #of reports
    • Customize / Personalize as per your needs